Classical Physics

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Recent submissions

Any replacements are listed farther down

[1461] viXra:1903.0383 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-20 08:06:53

Terminal Theory

Authors: Mohammed Rashed
Comments: 14 Pages.

This is a new scientific theory, studying different terminal effects of all objects. Starting from macro-scale objects ending to Nano- scale particles, depends on the terminal shape. Thus, we want to focus on the effect of the terminal and its transfer effect. After studying a known phenomenon, we can find a solution of unknown problem. By using this new theory, we can combine and simulate a more sophisticated process with simplest one. Also, we can invent new materials with a new terminal shapes have new properties, after find a new way to produce and control the atomic shape. This new theory, is so wide and deep, and we can apply it on the most physics, communications and other branches, and we can find a new effect of the objects. Specially, atomic scale, because, we can modify, manipulate and Tailor the shape of new materials as we desire. Everyone knows the terminal theory and its effects is exist, but no one refer to it, like the gravity is exist before Newton refer to it.
Category: Classical Physics

[1460] viXra:1903.0309 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-17 02:34:33

Kinematics with Poisson Brackets

Authors: Armin Zjajo
Comments: 2 Pages.

Kinematics is quite simple, however, Poisson brackets are not. This shows the most convoluted way of deriving kinematic motion.
Category: Classical Physics

[1459] viXra:1903.0227 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-13 04:06:09

Electromechanical Gyroscope-Accelerometer (Invention)

Authors: Karlo Moistsrapishvili
Comments: 7 Pages.

This paper proposes a new, simple design of a gyroscope with operating principles used to create an accelerometer with a number of advantages compared to its predecessors. Special electric circuit to measure acceleration is based on electromagnetic induction principles, ensuring high accuracy of measurements. The proposed device allows to measure acceleration of linear as well as curvilinear motions.
Category: Classical Physics

[1458] viXra:1903.0194 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-10 09:52:07

Технология и метафизика гравитации

Authors: Попов Борис Михайлович
Comments: 95 Pages. Язык русский, Изд. 2-е, перераб. и доп. / АО «Концерн «Созвездие». Воронеж, 2018. 92 с.: ил. 37

В настоящей книге автор, руководствуясь установкой Исаака Ньютона, что природа во всѐм предельно проста и экономна и если она чем и наделила тела в процессе их порождения, то одной только силой инерции, в качестве основополагающего принципа действия гравитации рассматривает инерцию. Благодаря подходу, основанному на такой установке, осуществлена категоризация феномена гравитации под такую рубрику опыта как инерция, показана законность еѐ членства в этой категории, закон всемирного тяготения и три остальных закона Ньютона сведены к одному закону – закону инерции, сформулированному и обоснованному задолго до Ньютона Галилео Галилеем. Это позволило, с опорой на основополагающий принцип действия, известный со времѐн Эйлера как сохранение углового момента, дать конструктивное определение гравитации. А именно предложить технологию организации произвольной группы вещественных тел в локализованную в свободном пространстве стабильную ассоциацию, обладающую внутрисистемным эффектом гравитации заданной интенсивности. Реальность технологии подтверждена контролируемыми экспериментами, которые читатель может легко повторить самостоятельно. В метафизическом аспекте, без выхода за пределы основных положений классической механики, рассмотрена природа и собственно самой инерции, а также основа стабильности и принцип порождения и существования вещественных образований, уточнены предельные возможности реактивного движения.
Category: Classical Physics

[1457] viXra:1903.0185 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-10 19:56:43

Gravedad Longitudinal

Authors: Carlos Alejandro Chiappini
Comments: 17 Pages.

Naturaleza electrodinámica de la gravedad. Significado de la fórmula de Newton. Naturaleza de la constante G . Consecuencias. Posibilidades tecnológicas.
Category: Classical Physics

[1456] viXra:1903.0178 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-11 03:40:57

Theory of Everything

Authors: Mahesh Khati
Comments: 43 Pages.

This paper gives answer to all questions 1) Why is world expanding with accelerated velocity? 2) What is dark matter? 3) Dual nature of particles (Wave & particle) 4) Why antimatter is not present in world abundantly? 5) Total energy of photon is kinetic energy, still it is moving of electromagnetic vibration & rest mass or energy of photon is zero & also, it has wave nature? How is this possible at one time? 6) How can photon disintegrate into electron & positron pair and electron, positron get combine to form photon? 7) Why does charge less particles like photons & neutrino have more velocity? 8) Many heavy but unstable particles are forming in LHC at CERN.
Category: Classical Physics

[1455] viXra:1903.0106 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-06 14:04:44

Maxwell Field Equation Tutorial: Its Causal Lorentz-Covariant Solution in Integral Form

Authors: Steven Kenneth Kauffmann
Comments: 5 Pages.

This tutorial sets out the detailed steps which produce the causal solution in integral form of the Maxwell field equation set, the causal solution being the one which vanishes in the absence of the source charge-current density, including during the time prior to that source being switched on. After warming up by obtaining the causal solution in integral form for the static source and field case, the Lorentz-covariant antisymmetric electromagnetic field tensor is defined, and the Maxwell field equation set is converted to its Lorentz-covariant form, whose formal causal solution is obtained in nine lines, but whose Green's function initially is ill-defined, a subtle issue whose ultimate causal resolution prompts a substantial effusion of ink. The integral solution which emerges can be exhibited either as manifestly Lorentz covariant or as very closely related to the static-case solution, except for systematic causal time retardation. Although direct solution for the electromagnetic field tensor is emphasized, the algebraically less involved four-vector intermediary potential approach is outlined in parallel.
Category: Classical Physics

[1454] viXra:1903.0043 [pdf] submitted on 2019-03-04 03:56:28

Lorentz Magnetic Force Law Not Precisely Verified.

Authors: Chan Rasjid Kah Chew
Comments: 8 Pages.

The Lorentz magnetic force law has not been precisely verified. The experimental basis of it is in the early experiments done through the pioneers around the 1840s and 1850s; no new experiment has since been done when Hendrik Lorentz presented it in 1895 in its current form : F = q(v × B). The NIST data base of atomic mass of the various nuclides is actually the experimental data collected in a international distributed experiment to verify the Lorentz magnetic force law by using it to predict the atomic mass of nuclides. By comparing the predicted values with actual values measured using chemical methods, we could indirectly confirm the correctness of the law quantitatively to as much as 1 part in 10 7 .
Category: Classical Physics

[1453] viXra:1902.0495 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-28 11:31:59

About Arrow of Time

Authors: Ilgaitis Prūsis, Peteris Prūsis
Comments: 4 pages, 3 figures

All laws of physics are time-invariant. Quantum mechanical experiments show time reversibility in micro-scale conditions. Everyday experience demonstrates that time flows only from past to future and never back. This conundrum of physics has not been solved until now. The article discloses an explanation of nature of time based on the statement that time itself does not exist. Time is one characteristic of movement as such.
Category: Classical Physics

[1452] viXra:1902.0421 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-24 09:50:23

'ai' Physics – Energy Fields – Part 1.

Authors: Brian Strom
Comments: 21 Pages.

In this second paper on AI Physics, Artificial Intelligence is used to analyse simple experiments on energy fields (presently referred to as magnetic and electromagnetic fields). The AI searches for trends and patterns in the behavior of energy fields and the interactions between energy fields. The AI first observes the similarities between energy fields surrounding conductors, solenoids, permanent magnets and rotating bodies (such as the Earth). It examines the interactions between various energy fields, proposes new experiments, and predicts results. The AI concludes that energy fields will turn or move, if free to do so, to reduce the net field between them. From the behavior of permanent magnets, it is assumed that this movement will also reduce the total energy of the combined energy fields to a minimum.
Category: Classical Physics

[1451] viXra:1902.0420 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-24 11:02:10

Interference Fringes Offset in the Lloyd’s Experiment

Authors: Radi I. Khrapko
Comments: 1 Page.

It is shown that a rotation of the Lloyd mirror causes a shift in the interference pattern.
Category: Classical Physics

[1450] viXra:1902.0413 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-24 15:52:34

Stationary Momentum and the Moment of Momentum in the Field of a Rotating Dipole

Authors: Radi I. Khrapko
Comments: 14 Pages. In Russian. Submitted to "Physics-Uspekhi"

Attention is drawn to the fact that speed and mass are not needed for the existence of momentum, mass flux, and momentum flux, generally speaking. However, a centripetal force is needed for a momentum flux along a curved path even in the absence of speed. In relation to the electromagnetic field of a rotating dipole, it is shown that the known angular momentum flux is not radiation, it is not associated with energy and has an orbital character. Regardless of this flux, there is a spin radiation, not noticed by modern electrodynamics.
Category: Classical Physics

[1449] viXra:1902.0246 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-15 04:42:33

Ultraviolet Outburst in the M87 Jet: Subluminal or Superluminal?

Authors: Giorgio Capezzali
Comments: 29 Pages. Accepted for publication in Physics Essays, Vol. 32, No. 1 (March 2019)

The observations of the M87 jet with the STIS instrument mounted on board the Hubble Space Telescope revealed that an outburst originating in the HST-1 knot occurred. Measuring the dimensions of the outburst in the epochs between 2001 July 30 and 2003 July 27 and correcting for optical illusion an expansion velocity v/c = 0.99893 +/- 0.00007 is found. However,the relativistic model fails to correctly predict the dimensions of the source and the outburst brightness. For this reason, as the apparent motion suggests, a superluminal mechanical model where even the light rays travel faster than light is introduced. By applying this model to correct for optical illusion an expansion velocity v/c = 21.8 +/- 0.7 is found along with reasonable source dimensions and brightness. This result, the study of the apparent motion of features in the M87 jet and the time-of-flight measurements of muonic neutrinos seem to confirm the possibility to travel faster than light. That does not imply a refusal of special relativity. Instead only the common interpretations of it are refused.Without them, we will also see that the so-called twin paradox does not have any reason to exist.
Category: Classical Physics

[1448] viXra:1902.0075 [pdf] submitted on 2019-02-05 03:49:15

New Theory of Emdrive & How Break Conservation of Momentum

Authors: Electrical Engineer
Comments: 5 Pages. Emdrive is not fantasy, It is real technology.

I succeeded to prove breaking of conservation of momentam and emdrive phenomenons by electromagnetism. conservation of energy is correct,but conservation of momentum is incorrect.
Category: Classical Physics

[1447] viXra:1901.0470 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-31 07:10:03

Antena Libro Español

Authors: Carlos Alejandro Chiappini
Comments: 8 Pages.

La antena libro es la aplicación práctica más sencilla de un desarrollo teórico nuevo en física. Tiene tamaño mínimo, buen rendimiento, se construye fácilmente y demanda poco dinero. El diseño se basa en dos condiciones. Una corresponde a la transferencia óptima de energía entre la materia y la radiación (entre el material conductor de la antena y las ondas emitidas o recibidas). Otra es la condición de resonancia dentro de la banda de operación. Es una buena oportunidad para ensayar algo distinto de lo habitual.
Category: Classical Physics

[1446] viXra:1901.0459 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-30 19:59:45

Heat Conductivity of Gas in Gravitational Field

Authors: V.S. Vasilenko, A.A. Malgota
Comments: 10 Pages.

An exact solution was got for heat conductivity of gas in the gravitational field with the use of model in that vector of speeds of molecules equiprobable distributions for everything to directions as a result of collision in an elementary volume dV. The thermal stream in horizontal direction is described by the law of Fourier: =-λ , and in vertical - = − − . Coefficient of heat conductivity = − 1 3 < ˃ < > coincides with the coefficient got in the model of discrete equiprobable distribution of vectors of speeds of molecules in parallel and антипараллельно to the cartesian axes of coordinates 0x, 0y, 0z and discrete dispersion of molecules in select planes. At the same time number of molecules flying from one side through an arbitrary single ground (n) /4 in 1,5 time exceeds a value (n) /6, given by the classic theory of distribution of speeds of molecules along Cartesian axes of coordinates.
Category: Classical Physics

[1445] viXra:1901.0414 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-27 19:19:05

Electrical Propulsion Device with Improved Propulsion Force Using Electrostatic and Flame Jet Ehd Power Generation

Authors: Taku Saiki
Comments: 4 Pages.

A principle for the propulsion system that uses electrostatic and flame jet EHD power generation which has been greatly improved in propulsion force had been shown, and an experimental result had been also shown as one example. Electro hydro dynamic (EHD) and electrostatic propulsion devices were developed in the 1920s by Thomas Townsend Brown. One such device, has no moving parts and, in the air, operates on electrical energy. In addition to the conventional electrostatic and EHD propulsion unit, a weakly ionized plasma column (flame jet) is installed at the center in the device to improve the propulsion force. Voltage was amplified by flame jet inside the center column and boosted to close to 200 kV.
Category: Classical Physics

[1444] viXra:1901.0403 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-27 13:06:17

Photoelectric Effect as Resonance Phenomena

Authors: Walter Orlov
Comments: 7 Pages.

It is explicitly stated in the literature that classical electrodynamics can not explain the photoelectric effect. In my view, there is at least one possibility. The system of metal ion and quasi-free electron can be considered as a resonator. A simple estimation has revealed that its resonance frequency is close to the thershold frequency of the photoeffect.
Category: Classical Physics

[1443] viXra:1901.0388 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-26 07:11:41

Technische Anwendungen Zur Umwandlung Der Rotationsenergie Der Erde in Elektrische Energie in Theorie Und Praxis Teil 12

Authors: Robert Stach
Comments: 22 Pages.

Aufgezeigt werden Möglichkeiten zur Umwandlung der Rotationsenergie der Erde in elektrische Energie. Neben einem geschichtlichen Exkurs erfolgt die detaillierte Beschreibung der Anlagen. Durchgeführt werden Berechnungen zur Winkelgeschwindigkeit und Leistung der Präzessionsbewegung sowohl für Kreisel mit fortlaufend horizontal kippender Achse, als auch für Kreisel mit einer fortlaufend horizontalen Achsverschiebung. Erklärt wird auch die resultierende Bewegungsänderung eines Kreisels bei nur einem wirkenden Impuls.
Category: Classical Physics

[1442] viXra:1901.0380 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-25 17:43:02

The Relation of Ohm's Law to Newton's 2nd Law

Authors: Jeff Yee
Comments: 6 pages

Ohm’s law relates voltage, current and resistance in electrical systems as V=IR. Newton’s 2nd law relates force, mass and acceleration as F=ma. Although electrical and mechanical systems are supported by different equations to describe these relationships today, it will be shown that the laws of Ohm and Newton are related and are built from the same foundation that governs the force of particles and all of matter.
Category: Classical Physics

[1441] viXra:1901.0343 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-23 09:31:13

Redefining the Electron (Part 1): The Implications for Electricity

Authors: David Johnson
Comments: 15 pages - seeking feedback and comment before part 2 submission

By redefining the electron to be a toroidal solenoidal form of concentrated energy, rather than the monopole point-charge definition underpinning the orbital nuclear atomic model of the Standard Model and Quantum Mechanics, the explanation of electromagnetism and electricity becomes more logical, straight forward and consistent. Redefining the Electron (Part 1) addresses the nature of electric and magnetic fields, electrons, positrons, electric current flow, electric capacitors and the induction of electric current. The follow-up paper, Redefining the Electron (Part 2), extends the Toroidal Solenoidal Electron (TSE) model to explore the implications for atomic structure and the physical characteristics of elements in the Periodic Table, molecules and compounds; and how they interact with each other chemically. Part 2 examines the role of electrons and positrons within normal matter, providing insight into the particle-wave nature of EMR and alternative explanations for spectral line emission and absorption, the photo-electric effect, the Compton Effect, electron pair generation and annihilation, beta and electron capture radiation, and Gravity.
Category: Classical Physics

[1440] viXra:1901.0321 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-22 00:47:15

Effect of Gravitation on Heat Conductivity of Perfect Gas

Authors: V.S. Vasilenko, A. Malgota, T.I. Maklygina, V.O. Komar, A.Yu. Yurkovskaya
Comments: 9 Pages. 9 p., Russian

The effect of gravity on the vertical thermal conductivity of a gas is theoretically investigated. To do this, we used the law of energy conservation and added to the average energy of the thermal motion of the molecule its potential energy in the gravitational field: <>= 2+. The formula for calculating the vertical heat flux =− − was obtained. From the formula it follows that in a gravitational field in an ideal gas with a temperature uniform in volume there a heat flux will exist 0=−V . For dry nitrogen, calculations give 0=1,3∙10−4 Вт м2 .
Category: Classical Physics

[1439] viXra:1901.0241 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-17 03:15:57

About Energy of Photon

Authors: Ilgaitis Prūsis, Peteris Prūsis
Comments: 4 pages, 4 Figures

There is a widespread view in contemporary physics that the electric field of an electromagnetic wave is in the phase with the magnetic field. This statement is incorrect. The article discloses in detail that the above statement leads to violating the law of energy conservation. The right statement is that electric and magnetic fields in the photon are shifted mutually by 90 degrees. In this case the electric field converts to the magnetic field and vice versa. The energy of the photon over time remains constant.
Category: Classical Physics

[1438] viXra:1901.0229 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-16 11:23:47

Increase the Angular Resolution Beyond the Classical Limits

Authors: Domenico Oricchio
Comments: 1 Page.

I try an increase of the angular resolution of telescope, and microscope, with numerical methods: I try to obtain the real image (without interferences) using a learning algoritm on sample images
Category: Classical Physics

[1437] viXra:1901.0219 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-15 23:45:06

Our Universe and Chaotic Determinism.

Authors: Durgadas Datta.
Comments: 5 Pages. For further research and experiments to understand a New Physics beyond Standard Model.

The concept of absolute space and time from Newtonian outlook and the effects of relativistic dilated concepts in Quantum Physics .
Category: Classical Physics

[1436] viXra:1901.0216 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-15 10:49:02

A Possible Variant of Herschelian Reflector

Authors: Domenico Oricchio
Comments: 1 Page.

I hypothesize a new Herschelian reflector using two parabola sections
Category: Classical Physics

[1435] viXra:1901.0094 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-07 09:37:11

Hodge Experiment Photographs Quantified with a Color Function

Authors: John Hodge
Comments: 8 Pages.

The Hodge Experiment of the Scalar Theory of Everything (STOE) model is the Fraunhofer pattern from a first mask with a single slit impinges on a second mask. The pattern from a second mask slit and the pattern from an edge that differs only in the removal of one of the mask sides are compared. The second mask provides more to the screen pattern than only blocking light as wave models suggest. The second mask contributes to form the screen image as the STOE model suggests.
Category: Classical Physics

[1434] viXra:1901.0083 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-06 10:40:39

A Test of the Superposition Principle in Intense Laser Beams

Authors: Alexander Unzicker
Comments: 10 Pages.

A test of a nonlinear effect hitherto unknown in classical electrodynamics is proposed. For the possible nonlinearity to be observed, a high-intensity standing wave with circular polarization in a resonator is required. If the effect exists, an electric voltage should be induced between the mirros and an electric current can be measured. Motivation, quantitative expectations and the design of the experiment are discussed.
Category: Classical Physics

[1433] viXra:1901.0067 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-05 10:49:28

Technische Anwendungen Zur Umwandlung Der Rotationsenergie Der Erde in Elektrische Energie in Theorie Und Praxis Teil 9

Authors: Robert Stach
Comments: 21 Pages.

Aufgezeigt werden Möglichkeiten zur Umwandlung der Rotationsenergie der Erde in elektrische Energie. Neben einem geschichtlichen Exkurs erfolgt die detaillierte Beschreibung der Anlagen. Es wird zudem verdeutlicht, dass durch eine unterschiedliche Anzahl der Freiheitsgrade eines Kreisels auch unterschiedliche Berechnungsalgorithmen für die Winkelgeschwindigkeit der Präzessionsbewegung resultieren. Aufgezeigt werden auch die Unterschiede beim resultierenden Impuls der Präzessionsbewegung zwischen kippenden und parallel ausweichenden Kreiselachsen.
Category: Classical Physics

[1432] viXra:1901.0036 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-03 09:11:36

New Concept of Mass

Authors: Ilgaitis Prūsis, Peteris Prūsis
Comments: 3 pages

In contemporary physics mass is a basic property of any physical object, but there is no consistent definition of what mass is. This article formulates a new concept of mass based on the statement that space and force field are synonyms, i.e., mass is the charge of gravity.
Category: Classical Physics

[1431] viXra:1901.0015 [pdf] submitted on 2019-01-02 11:41:26

Mathematics of Combined Theory of Time

Authors: Suraj Deshmukh
Comments: 16 Pages. Do not contain explanations for equations.

This theory is about time. I have represented time in a new manner. First we consider time to be isolated then merge it with space. These are equations governing this theory. Before you read I request to read combined theory of time(CTT). These are first few equations emerging in CTT. Excluding DOX mechanism all other topics of CTT are covered.
Category: Classical Physics

[1430] viXra:1812.0462 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-28 10:24:53

Our Universe and Some Thoughts.

Authors: Durgadas Datta.
Comments: 3 Pages. FOR FURTHER RESEARCH.

MODERN PHYSICS DWELLING ON WRONG TIME.
Category: Classical Physics

[1429] viXra:1812.0436 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-28 00:58:56

Galileo's Solution for the 'Path of Quickest Descent'

Authors: Radhakrishnamurty padyala
Comments: 12 Pages.

Path of the quickest descent of a material particle from a point A to another point B at a lower lever, in a constant gravitational field, is a famous problem in mathematics. It was solved by Galileo around 1638. Galileo’s solution was that the quickest path is the arc of a circle with B as the lower end of the vertical diameter of the circle in the vertical plane. It is important to note that Galileo does not use the summation of time intervals of travel along the successive chords that connect A and B. He compares the times of travel between two paths from A to B. One path consists of the direct shortest path – the chord connecting A and B. The second path consists of two chords AC and CB. Galileo proves that the two chord path ACB is quicker than the single chord path. Then he compares the two chord path with the three chord path, AC, CD, DB and proves the three chord path ACDB is quicker than the two chord path ACB. He extends this procedure indefinitely to more and more chords and proves that the arc of the circle is the quickest path of travel from A to B. Later, John Bernoulli solves this problem and poses it as a challenge to peers to solve it. Many well known mathematicians that include Bernoulli’s elder brother Jacob Bernoulli, Newton, Pascal among others solved it. John Bernoulli’s solution was based on Fermat’s least time principle. To account for the path followed by a ray of light between two points, Fermat enunciated the principle of least time. According to this principle light takes the path of minimum time in going from the initial to the final point involving reflections or of refractions on its way. Bernoulli argued that if light follows Fermat’s principle in economizing the time of travel between two points, why not a material particle also follow that principle, so that nature economizes on the number of principles required to govern various processes? Arguing thus, he employed Fermat’s least time principle and arrived at a different solution from that of Galileo’s solution. This solution became very famous and gave rise to many other mathematical developments. In contrast to Galileo’s circular path, Bernoulli’s solution was a ‘brachistochrone’. We discussed Bernoulli’s solution in an article in this journal earlier. Bernoulli’s solution involves the summation of time intervals of travel along the successive chords of the brachistochrone. Galileo did not add the time intervals because time intervals along paths of different accelerations are not additive – they are additive if and only if they are along path of the same value of acceleration. Students must get a good grasp of this idea in order to appreciate Galileo’s solution. As Erlichson says, this study provides some very interesting information on Galileo’s geometrical methods.
Category: Classical Physics

[1428] viXra:1812.0431 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-26 15:02:17

Motion of a Spinning Symmetric Top

Authors: Vedat Tanrıverdi
Comments: 53 Pages.

We firstly reviewed the symmetric top problem, then we have solved different possible motions numerically. We have given explanation about the rise of the symmetric top during nutation in terms of torque and angu- lar momentum. We have encountered with previously unnoticed proper- ties of motion and studied them. During the study, calculations gave some surprising results that the symmetric top can change its spin direction.
Category: Classical Physics

[1427] viXra:1812.0409 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-24 17:44:12

The Impetus of Firenado

Authors: Kiyoung Kim
Comments: 10 Pages.

For the vortex formation of fire whirl, the mechanism or physics behind is discussed. If the driving force for the updraft of fire whirl is just buoyancy of heated-air and flame inside the vortex, the vortex of firenado reaching up to a few kilometers, even more, above the ground surface cannot be explained. There should be an additional driving force for the updraft. The driving force for the vortex formation of firenado is supposed to be the electric interaction of electric charges in the vortex of firenado with the induced electric charges in a crustal conducting body underground.
Category: Classical Physics

[1426] viXra:1812.0390 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-21 08:59:28

A New? Definition of the Second Law of the Thermodynamics

Authors: Domenico Oricchio
Comments: 1 Page.

I try a new definition of second law of thermodynamics
Category: Classical Physics

[1425] viXra:1812.0365 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-20 11:30:21

New Conception of Space Curvature

Authors: Ilgaitis Prūsis, Peteris Prūsis
Comments: 4 pages, 4 Figures

According the new statement of Space, Space and the Force field are synonyms. Therefore Space is curved in the same way as a gravity field around celestial bodies. Far away from stars and planets Space is flat. The gravity Space is curved around each atom in micro scale distances.
Category: Classical Physics

[1424] viXra:1812.0357 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-21 04:27:22

Physics since Einstein

Authors: Sjaak Uitterdijk
Comments: 138 Pages.

All my theoretical research on physics, created by and since Einstein, have led me to the belief that the higher the level of intelligence of the physicist, the more that can be a threat to the health of physical sciences. Einstein started the decline of this science with his Special Theory of Relativity!
Category: Classical Physics

[1423] viXra:1812.0281 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-16 12:39:15

Controlled Artificial Nucleosyntheses and Electron Nuclear Reactor

Authors: Alexander Bolonkin
Comments: 11 Pages.

By now, about 3000 nuclides are known, which decay and pass into each other. Many of them can be obtained in nuclear reactors. The author offers a method for searching for the desired nuclides and a simple controlled method for obtaining artificial nuclides, such that in the chain of subsequent decays they contain an alpha decay. With alpha decay, a large amount of nuclear energy is generated that can easily be converted into electricity and reactive traction. This method is simple and safe, does not require large, expensive laser, magnetic installations, million temperatures, it can be used in small and medium engines for cars, airplanes, rockets, space vehicles and for unlimited energy on Earth.
Category: Classical Physics

[1422] viXra:1812.0276 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-17 00:23:35

The Photoelectric Effect, Wave-Particle Duality and Atomic Structure

Authors: David Johnson
Comments: 52 page extension of an earlier article to include the photoelectric effect and improve the coverage of elctricity

n 1905 Albert Einstein provided an explanation of the photoelectric effect by postulating the existence of "light quanta" (later called photons) to explain the photoelectric effect which the wave theory of light of that time was incapable of explaining: this sparked the particle versus wave debate because the particle approach cannot adequately explain interference, diffraction and polarisation and the wave approach cannot explain the photoelectric effect. The De Broglie hypothesis, which attributed wave-like nature to matter, was confirmed experimentally for the electron, and wave-particle duality was formalised by Schrödinger's equation, and extended by Dirac’s equations, to form a theoretical foundation for Quantum Mechanics. Although the use of the wave-particle duality has been widely accepted, the meaning or physical interpretation has not been satisfactorily resolved. In this thesis paper, electrons, positrons and preons are postulated to have a toroidal solenoid structure, whereas photons are postulated to have a helical solenoid structure (these solenoidal models are similar to those proposed by Oliver Consa in 2018 for non-static electrons and preons). The proposed helical solenoidal structure of photons provides them with wave-like and particle characteristics supportive of a wave-particle duality. Quarks are postulated to be built from preons, and nucleons from up- and down-quarks. The model for atomic structure developed using these fundamental and derived sub-atomic particles is considerably different to the orbital nuclear model based upon the monopole electrons and protons The model developed provides a feasible explanation of different allotropic forms of elements and their various bonding geometries, beta decay, electron capture, electronpositron annihilation, electric current (a ‘hole’ free explanation), the ionization process during plasma formation, Gravity and Gravity waves. It also provides good correlation between the atomic structure of the elements within the Periodic Table and their physical and chemical characteristics, which is something the orbital nuclear model fails to do.
Category: Classical Physics

[1421] viXra:1812.0263 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-15 11:07:34

A Conservative Standard Model

Authors: Salvatore Gerard Micheal
Comments: 4 Pages.

the most conservative Standard Model of elementary particle physics that is possible
Category: Classical Physics

[1420] viXra:1812.0249 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-14 14:55:21

Guilt by Association – Weak Higgs and More

Authors: Salvatore Gerard Micheal
Comments: 3 Pages.

reductionism and the anthropic principle are understood with respect to the Higgs and weak force, antimatter, and gravitation
Category: Classical Physics

[1419] viXra:1812.0239 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-13 16:12:24

Ten Explanations on Essential Subjects of the Modern Theoretical Physics which need Immediate and Radical Re-studying. Part One.

Authors: Vaggelis Talios
Comments: 14 Pages.

Many explanations on essential subjects of the modern theoretical physics leave a lot of unanswered questions. Certainly, the proposal of these explanations has been formulated based on the rationale that their definite establishment would take place only when all questions on each and every explanation would have been answered. However, as time passed by, the questions that had to be answered have been forgotten and the explanations have been established without the provision of the respective answers. The result of this tactic was the introduction of a lot of erroneous explanations in the modern theoretical physics; which need immediate and radical re-studying. In the present paper, I describe these explanations, adding some new proposals, which I believe will help this re-studying.
Category: Classical Physics

[1418] viXra:1812.0146 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-09 01:43:34

Rotation Operators and Head Piece Fashion

Authors: Armin Zjajo
Comments: 6 Pages.

Ever since caps were worn, fashion deemed it necessary that everyone eventuallymigrate to new styles as the older styles became ”worn” and ”uncool.” Unfor-tunately, as of yet, there have been no mathematical explanations for how thesenew styles have come about. We henceforth set about creating a mathemati-cal foundation for the styles people use for wearing their hats, caps, and otherheadpieces of choice.
Category: Classical Physics

[1417] viXra:1812.0138 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-07 09:20:05

Небесная Механика Эфира

Authors: Геннадий Бражник
Comments: 128 Pages.

Современное представление о гравитационном взаимодействии планет Солнечной системы основано на гелиоцентрической системе мира. Вместе с тем теоретическая аналитика показывает, что Солнце в структуре окружающего бытия вращается вокруг Меркурия, а Земля — вокруг Луны… Объяснение этих «парадоксов небесной механики» можно найти в предлагаемой публикации.
Category: Classical Physics

[1416] viXra:1812.0076 [pdf] submitted on 2018-12-04 13:21:29

Euclid Riemann and TET

Authors: Salvatore Gerard Micheal
Comments: 6 Pages.

a humorous discussion of why we need a new branch of mathematics called 'theory of attribute spaces'
Category: Classical Physics

[1415] viXra:1811.0515 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-30 18:43:40

Две задачи для физиков и астрофизиков (Two Tasks for Physicists and Astrophysicists)

Authors: Robert Yusupov
Comments: 4 Pages. In Russian. Robert Yusupov © Two Tasks for Physicists and Astrophysicists. DEC 1, 2018

В настоящей статье формулируются две задачи, которые предлагаются вниманию физиков и астрофизиков. В основе лежит авторская концепция мироустройства, изложенная в его «Теории Природы». ++++++++++++++ This article formulates two tasks that are presented to the attention of physicists and astrophysicists. It is based on the author’s conception of the world order set forth in his “Theory of Nature”.
Category: Classical Physics

[1414] viXra:1811.0473 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-28 21:10:35

A Study of Hentenna : Analysis, Simulation, Construction and Antenna Pattern Measurements

Authors: E.A. Babli, N.I. Yannopoulou, P.E. Zimourtopoulos
Comments: 29 Pages.

The radiation characteristics of Hentenna is the objective of this paper. Furthermore, the analytical study of antenna pattern, as well as, the simulation results for both electric and electromagnetic characteristics (Input Impedance, Standing Wave Ratio SWR, Antenna Pattern and Directivity) are presented. A thorough research using 465 simulation models, in which the Hentenna's total dimension and the position of its feeding segment are the variables, proves that Hentenna is an extremely narrow band antenna. Thus, the investigation was directed not only to SWR minimalization, in terms of three most commonly used transmission lines of characteristic impedance 50-75-300 [Ω], but also to operating bandwidth improvement under an almost invariable antenna pattern. Four experimental Hentenna models were finally selected and constructed. Their antenna patterns were measured in an anechoic chamber and the measurements were found to be in good agreement with the analytical and simulated results.
Category: Classical Physics

[1413] viXra:1811.0470 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-29 04:24:22

EMR Wave-Particle Duality and Atomic Structure

Authors: David Johnson
Comments: This 51 page paper presents a wave-particle model for EMR different to that an earlier paper 'The Butterfly Effect and the Electron'

In 1905 Albert Einstein provided an explanation of the photoelectric effect by postulating the existence of "light quanta" (later called photons) to explain the photoelectric effect which the wave theory of light of that time was incapable of explaining: this sparked the particle versus wave debate because the particle approach cannot adequately explain interference, diffraction and polarisation and the wave approach cannot explain the photoelectric effect. The De Broglie hypothesis, which attributed wave-like nature to matter, was confirmed experimentally for the electron, and wave-particle duality was formalised by Schrödinger's equation, and extended by Dirac’s equations, to form a theoretical foundation for Quantum Mechanics. Although the use of the wave-particle duality has been widely accepted, the meaning or physical interpretation has not been satisfactorily resolved. In this paper however, electrons, positrons and preons are considered to have a toroidal solenoid structure, whereas photons are considered to have a helical solenoid structure (these solenoidal models are similar to those proposed by Oliver Consa in 2018 for non-static electrons and preons). The proposed solenoidal structure of photons, electrons, positrons and preons provides them with wave-like and particle characteristics supportive of wave-particle duality. Quarks are considered to be built from preons, and nucleons from up and down quarks. The model for atomic structure developed using these fundamental and derived sub-atomic particles is considerably different to the orbital nuclear model based upon the monopole electrons and protons. It provides a strong correlation between the atomic structure of the elements within the Periodic Table and their physical and chemical characteristics, which is something the orbital nuclear model fails to do. The model also provides a feasible explanation of different allotropic forms of elements and their various bonding geometries, beta decay, electron capture, electron-positron annihilation and the ionization process during plasma formation. Peripheral issues such as EMR, electricity and Gravity are covered in the appendices to reduce distractions within the body of the paper.
Category: Classical Physics

[1412] viXra:1811.0450 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-27 14:01:03

Principia Physica

Authors: Peter Schuttevaar
Comments: 25 pages english text, submitted as a request for peer review

A hypothetical phenomenon Bp is introduced as a building block of all physical reality. The Bp has a velocity, a charge and an inertia. The magnitudes of the charge and the velocity of the Bp are deduced from the behavior of the electrostatic force. The inertia to mass ratio of the Bp is deduced from the characteristics of a photon. There is also an a-symmetry between two types of Bp, namely Bh and Bl, resulting in a dependency of its velocity and charge on its mass. The nature of this dependency is deduced from the behavior of the neutron. Then the deduced properties are used to theorize about the structure, the dimension and the gyro-magnetic ratio of the electron, proton and neutron, as well as their anti-particles. It shows that particles that are constructed of Bp’s conform to observed reality, such as their gyro-magnetic ratio and their behavior within the structure of an atom. In the course of former deductions, a number of theoretical innovations are developed and integrated in a coherent theoretical framework. There is for example a general formal relation between the mass of a particle and its size (any particle, not just the photon). As another example, the electrostatic as well as the electrodynamical interaction are modeled as phenomena that emerge from a common underlying dynamical interaction, integrating them in a more thorough manner than is currently the state of the art. The general significance of the proposed theoretical framework is in validating a significant theoretical simplification of particle physics, that can enable advancement in a number of disciplines, especially in nuclear physics, where contemporary modeling techniques are known to be very complex.
Category: Classical Physics

[1411] viXra:1811.0290 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-18 08:15:32

Press or Expanding Force on a Charged Object Located in a Special Zero Electric Field

Authors: Yannan Yang
Comments: 3 Pages.

In this paper, combining Newton’s third law, the interaction conditions are analyzed for the system that a negative charged conductor ball is located inside a uniformly negative charged spherical shell. Under the premise of not violating Newton’s third law, interesting phenomena are predicted. They are against current widely accepted recognition in electrostatics, such as a non-zero electric field exists in a charged conductor under the special electrostatic equilibrium.
Category: Classical Physics

[1410] viXra:1811.0280 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-19 04:48:45

The Motion of a Liquid with Constant and Variable Volume( Whirlwinds and Tea Leaf Paradox)

Authors: Viktor Strohm
Comments: 6 Pages.

A set of experiments is presented. The two main types of the movement of incompressible liquid were investigated. In the first case liquid moved with no changes in volume. The elastic deformation made liquid move. In the second case a formation of curl took place during the expansion of the liquid getting an additional kinetic energy. Some formulas modeling curl's evolution were derived.
Category: Classical Physics

[1409] viXra:1811.0248 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-17 01:27:55

The Butterfly Effect and the Electron

Authors: David Lindsay Johnson
Comments: Conclusions on page 34

Benjamin Franklin considered electricity to be analogous to a fluid, labelling objects containing high levels of electricity as having a negative charge and those with low levels a positive charge. In 1897 J.J. Thomson's cathode ray tube experiments identified electrons, and adopting Franklins’s negative charge convention, he determined their charge-by-mass-ratio (e/m), which contributed significantly to the development of the orbital nuclear model of the atom. Dirac’s equations, so important to the development of Quantum Mechanics, are predicated by a mathematical definition of an electron in terms of an electric point monopole with a negative charge, thus re-enforcing the monopole electron concept. Although since the mid 1960’s nucleons have been considered to be hadrons consisting of up and down quarks, protons are still represented as positively charged monopole particles within the nucleus, maintaining the strong co-dependency between the nuclear model and mono pole charged particles.   A toroidal ring model for the electron was first proposed by Alfred Lauck Parson in 1915, variations of which provide a feasible alternative to the monopole concept of the electron. This paper explores implications of adopting a toroidal rather than a monopole model for the electron (the flutter of a butterfly’s wing) and extends the toroidal concept to include Preons, the sub-components of quarks, and thus of nucleons. The resulting atomic structure model is considerably different to the orbital nuclear model (hence the Butterfly Effect). It provides strong correlation between the atomic structure of the elements within the Periodic Table and their physical and chemical characteristics, which is something the orbital nuclear model fails to do. The model also provides a feasible explanation of different allotropic forms of elements and their various bonding geometries, beta decay, electron capture, electron-positron annihilation and the ionization process during plasma formation. Peripheral issues such as EMR, electricity and Gravity are covered in the appendices to reduce distractions within the body of the paper. The implications for Physics and Chemistry theory and practice of simply re-defining the structure of the electron are significant, particularly if the toroidal structure proves to be valid, and demonstrates the major impact of quite minor changes to basic assumptions.
Category: Classical Physics

[1408] viXra:1811.0237 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-15 14:07:07

Self-Standing End-Fed Electrically Quasi-Uniform Linear Arrays: Analysis, Design, Construction, Measurements and FLOSS

Authors: K. Th. Kondylis, N. I. Yannopoulou, P. E. Zimourtopoulos
Comments: 20 Pages.

Based on the analysis presented by the authors in their previous work for end-fed space arrays, where an application to geometrically uniform self-standing linear arrays of parallel dipoles was given, this paper presents the results of a single driving-point, self-standing, fully uniform linear array, that is one which has electrical uniformity, as well as, an application to the constrained pattern design. During the synthesis process and due to the multiplicity of solutions resulting from the complex analytical relations given here, the criterion of Electrically Quasi-Uniform Linear Array EQ-ULA was introduced. An experimental array model was designed, simulated, constructed, and its three main-plane radiation patterns were measured. The measurements were found in good agreement with analytical, computational, and theoretical results, and thus the proposed technique was experimentally proved. The developed software applications are available as FLOSS Free Libre Open Source Software.
Category: Classical Physics

[1407] viXra:1811.0205 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-13 11:55:31

Increase of Reliability of Escalators at Metro Stations

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 2 Pages. -

The reason of frequent repairs of escalators is considered
Category: Classical Physics

[1406] viXra:1811.0198 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-12 07:04:54

Unresolved Question of the Piloted Astronautics

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 2 Pages. -

The question of adaptation to zero gravity is considered
Category: Classical Physics

[1405] viXra:1811.0172 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-10 05:55:54

Gravity Between Moving Masses

Authors: Dezso Sarkadi
Comments: 5 Pages.

In this paper, a previously unknown form of gravity is presented what has been named by "dy- namic gravity". Under dynamic gravity, we mean the phenomenon of gravitation between moving masses. The nearly 300-year success of the Newtonian gravitation theory has always been based on the implicit assumption that the gravitational force is the same size between standing and moving masses in non-relativistic cases. In the 1990s, gravitational experiments were carried out in Hungary in which the gravitational eects were studied between moving masses. Surprisingly, the moving source masses generated more powerful gravitational force than expected by the Newtonian gravity. In addition, in these experiments gravitational repulsion also appeared with the same strength as the attraction, depending on the moving directions of the interactive masses. The theoretical investigations have shown that the newly explored gravitational phenomenon is direct consequence of the special relativity. Keywords: experimental gravity, dynamic gravity, special relativity, physical pendulum, speed-dependent gravity
Category: Classical Physics

[1404] viXra:1811.0162 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-10 19:50:44

AI Physics - Atomic Structure

Authors: Brian Strom
Comments: 15 Pages.

With the help of Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Deep Learning, the structure of the atom is computed from the results of established experiments on ionization energies and spectral emissions. The AI searches for trends and patterns in the ionization energy levels – when electrons are energized to escape from an atom. The AI first observes that the “depth” of the atomic Potential Energy Well is directly proportional to the number of protons in the nucleus, but is not dependent on the number of neutrons. The AI computes the energy levels for a “multi-layered ball” of electrons in a Potential Energy Well, and compares them to the ionization energy levels and electron depths. It identifies close similarities and proposes that electrons simply fill the three-dimensional atomic Potential Energy Well around the nucleus – loosely-packed for the lighter elements, and more tightly-packed for the heavier elements. The AI concludes that electrons are much larger than we presently imagine.
Category: Classical Physics

[1403] viXra:1811.0129 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-09 01:20:23

An Ideal About the Forces

Authors: Jianping Mao
Comments: 2 Pages.

All of the forces may be a reflection of electromagnetic force in different scales, if the opposite charges attract was very faintly larger than like charges repel.
Category: Classical Physics

[1402] viXra:1811.0121 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-07 09:51:42

New Concept of Conservation Laws

Authors: Ilgaitis Prūsis, Peteris Prūsis
Comments: 3 pages

In contemporary physics a conservation law states that the total sum of particular measurable properties of an isolated physical system remains constant over time. This statement is incomplete. This article formulates a complete set of conservation laws.
Category: Classical Physics

[1401] viXra:1811.0101 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-06 11:37:35

Force on an Electric Current Flowing Through the Inner Area of a Long Uniformly Cylindrical Shell Current

Authors: Yannan Yang
Comments: 4 Pages.

It is generally considered that an electric current does not experience any force when it flows through any area where the magnetic field is zero and any places having zero magnetic fields are identical in magnetism. However, if Newton’s third law works, an electric current must feel a pressure or expansibility when it flowing through the inside area of a uniformly cylindrical shell current, where the magnetic field is zero. Concerning the pressure or expansibility on an electric current, the zero magnetic field area inside a long uniformly cylindrical shell current is not identical in magnetism with the absolute zero magnetic field which is far away from any magnetic sources.
Category: Classical Physics

[1400] viXra:1811.0092 [pdf] submitted on 2018-11-07 02:36:46

Multiverse Shrinkage with C Speed

Authors: Aurelian Dan Ivan
Comments: 2 Pages.

The notions of length, mass and time are the result of sensory perception. Physics is based on images created by us through observation and transmitted for mathematical or experimental confirmations. In modern physics and cosmology, what could not be noticed, being below or above the limit of observation of our instruments, are simple hypotheses that mathematical sciences have to confirm. We evaluate the cosmic space in terms of objects, bodies and particles, dividing the universe into a macrocosm and a microcosm, and establishing absolute results for distances and relative masses, which is illogical. The multiverse is infinite and consists of an infinite number of universes The multiverse is composed of multiverse elements The multiverse elements are perceived by humans as a substance or field function within the human observation . The measures of multiverse elements space-time dimensions, tend to mathematically 0. Applying number 0 to physics formulas is erroneous, except for addition and decrease operations, this being only a neutral element to add; the defining property of 0 is that 0 + a = a for all numbers a. The expressions "something / 0 = infinite" and "something x 0 = 0" can not describe the physical reality. The multiverse is shrinking by changing the scale. The shrinking takes place across the entire space and temporal scale, thus preserving our perception of the relative scale of the universe and of all the multiverse elements that make up at one point. For disqus : daurelian52@gmail.com
Category: Classical Physics

Replacements of recent Submissions

[563] viXra:1902.0420 [pdf] replaced on 2019-03-16 19:40:23

Interference Fringes Offset in the Lloyd’s Experiment

Authors: Radi I. Khrapko
Comments: 1 Page. Submitted to JMO

It is shown that a rotation of the Lloyd mirror causes a shift in the interference pattern.
Category: Classical Physics

[562] viXra:1901.0229 [pdf] replaced on 2019-02-01 19:38:37

Software Increase of the Angular Resolution Beyond Diffraction Limit

Authors: Domenico Oricchio
Comments: 2 Pages.

I try an increase of the angular resolution of telescope, and microscope, with numerical methods: I try to obtain the real image (without interferences) using an orthonormal basis
Category: Classical Physics

[561] viXra:1901.0229 [pdf] replaced on 2019-01-28 08:52:43

Software Increase of the Angular Resolution Beyond Diffraction Limit

Authors: Domenico Oricchio
Comments: 2 Pages.

I try an increase of the angular resolution of telescope, and microscope, with numerical methods: I try to obtain the real image (without interferences) using an orthonormal basis
Category: Classical Physics

[560] viXra:1901.0229 [pdf] replaced on 2019-01-26 10:16:24

Software Increase of the Angular Resolution Beyond Diffraction Limit

Authors: Domenico Oricchio
Comments: 2 Pages.

I try an increase of the angular resolution of telescope, and microscope, with numerical methods: I try to obtain the real image (without interferences) using an orthonormal basis
Category: Classical Physics

[559] viXra:1812.0431 [pdf] replaced on 2019-02-20 12:08:52

Motion of a Spinning Symmetric Top

Authors: Vedat Tanrıverdi
Comments: 64 Pages.

We firstly reviewed the symmetric top problem, then we have solved different possible motions numerically. We have given explanation about the rise of the symmetric top during nutation in terms of torque and angu- lar momentum. We have encountered with previously unnoticed proper- ties of motion and studied them. During the study, calculations gave some surprising results that the symmetric top can change its spin direction.
Category: Classical Physics

[558] viXra:1812.0431 [pdf] replaced on 2019-02-06 14:55:08

Motion of a Spinning Symmetric Top

Authors: Vedat Tanrıverdi
Comments: 62 Pages.

We firstly reviewed the symmetric top problem, then we have solved different possible motions numerically. We have given explanation about the rise of the symmetric top during nutation in terms of torque and angu- lar momentum. We have encountered with previously unnoticed proper- ties of motion and studied them. During the study, calculations gave some surprising results that the symmetric top can change its spin direction.
Category: Classical Physics

[557] viXra:1812.0431 [pdf] replaced on 2019-01-04 03:23:36

Motion of a Spinning Symmetric Top

Authors: Vedat Tanrıverdi
Comments: 53 Pages.

We firstly reviewed the symmetric top problem, then we have solved different possible motions numerically. We have given explanation about the rise of the symmetric top during nutation in terms of torque and angu- lar momentum. We have encountered with previously unnoticed proper- ties of motion and studied them. During the study, calculations gave some surprising results that the symmetric top can change its spin direction.
Category: Classical Physics

[556] viXra:1812.0431 [pdf] replaced on 2018-12-29 03:10:21

Motion of a Spinning Symmetric Top

Authors: Vedat Tanrıverdi
Comments: 53 Pages.

We firstly reviewed the symmetric top problem, then we have solved different possible motions numerically. We have given explanation about the rise of the symmetric top during nutation in terms of torque and angu- lar momentum. We have encountered with previously unnoticed proper- ties of motion and studied them. During the study, calculations gave some surprising results that the symmetric top can change its spin direction.
Category: Classical Physics

[555] viXra:1812.0431 [pdf] replaced on 2018-12-27 07:33:20

Motion of a Spinning Symmetric Top

Authors: Vedat Tanrıverdi
Comments: 53 Pages.

We firstly reviewed the symmetric top problem, then we have solved different possible motions numerically. We have given explanation about the rise of the symmetric top during nutation in terms of torque and angu- lar momentum. We have encountered with previously unnoticed proper- ties of motion and studied them. During the study, calculations gave some surprising results that the symmetric top can change its spin direction.
Category: Classical Physics

[554] viXra:1812.0276 [pdf] replaced on 2018-12-29 03:06:41

The Photoelectric Effect, Wave-Particle Duality and Atomic Structure

Authors: David Johnson
Comments: 52 pages long: Diamond C-12 model altered and more explanation of bar models.

n 1905 Albert Einstein provided an explanation of the photoelectric effect by postulating the existence of "light quanta" (later called photons) to explain the photoelectric effect which the wave theory of light of that time was incapable of explaining: this sparked the particle versus wave debate because the particle approach cannot adequately explain interference, diffraction and polarisation and the wave approach cannot explain the photoelectric effect. The De Broglie hypothesis, which attributed wave-like nature to matter, was confirmed experimentally for the electron, and wave-particle duality was formalised by Schrödinger's equation, and extended by Dirac’s equations, to form a theoretical foundation for Quantum Mechanics. Although the use of the wave-particle duality has been widely accepted, the meaning or physical interpretation has not been satisfactorily resolved. In this thesis paper, electrons, positrons and preons are postulated to have a toroidal solenoid structure, whereas photons are postulated to have a helical solenoid structure (these solenoidal models are similar to those proposed by Oliver Consa in 2018 for non-static electrons and preons). The proposed helical solenoidal structure of photons provides them with wave-like and particle characteristics supportive of a wave-particle duality. Quarks are postulated to be built from preons, and nucleons from up- and down-quarks. The model for atomic structure developed using these fundamental and derived sub-atomic particles is considerably different to the orbital nuclear model based upon the monopole electrons and protons The model developed provides a feasible explanation of different allotropic forms of elements and their various bonding geometries, beta decay, electron capture, electronpositron annihilation, electric current (a ‘hole’ free explanation), the ionization process during plasma formation, Gravity and Gravity waves. It also provides good correlation between the atomic structure of the elements within the Periodic Table and their physical and chemical characteristics, which is something the orbital nuclear model fails to do.
Category: Classical Physics

[553] viXra:1811.0470 [pdf] replaced on 2018-11-29 20:54:20

EMR Wave-Particle Duality and Atomic Structure

Authors: David Johnson
Comments: This 51 page paper presents a wave-particle model for EMR different to that an earlier paper 'The Butterfly Effect and the Electron'

In 1905 Albert Einstein provided an explanation of the photoelectric effect by postulating the existence of "light quanta" (later called photons) to explain the photoelectric effect which the wave theory of light of that time was incapable of explaining: this sparked the particle versus wave debate because the particle approach cannot adequately explain interference, diffraction and polarisation and the wave approach cannot explain the photoelectric effect. The De Broglie hypothesis, which attributed wave-like nature to matter, was confirmed experimentally for the electron, and wave-particle duality was formalised by Schrödinger's equation, and extended by Dirac’s equations, to form a theoretical foundation for Quantum Mechanics. Although the use of the wave-particle duality has been widely accepted, the meaning or physical interpretation has not been satisfactorily resolved. In this paper however, electrons, positrons and preons are considered to have a toroidal solenoid structure, whereas photons are considered to have a helical solenoid structure (these solenoidal models are similar to those proposed by Oliver Consa in 2018 for non-static electrons and preons). The proposed solenoidal structure of photons, electrons, positrons and preons provides them with wave-like and particle characteristics supportive of wave-particle duality. Quarks are considered to be built from preons, and nucleons from up and down quarks. The model for atomic structure developed using these fundamental and derived sub-atomic particles is considerably different to the orbital nuclear model based upon the monopole electrons and protons. It provides a strong correlation between the atomic structure of the elements within the Periodic Table and their physical and chemical characteristics, which is something the orbital nuclear model fails to do. The model also provides a feasible explanation of different allotropic forms of elements and their various bonding geometries, beta decay, electron capture, electron-positron annihilation and the ionization process during plasma formation. Peripheral issues such as electricity and Gravity are covered in the appendices to reduce distractions within the body of the paper.
Category: Classical Physics

[552] viXra:1811.0450 [pdf] replaced on 2018-12-01 08:26:02

Principia Physica

Authors: Peter Schuttevaar
Comments: 25 pages english text, submitted as a request for peer review

A hypothetical phenomenon Bp is introduced as a building block of all physical reality. The Bp has a velocity, a charge and an inertia. The magnitudes of the charge and the velocity of the Bp are deduced from the behavior of the electrostatic force. The inertia to mass ratio of the Bp is deduced from the characteristics of a photon. There is also an a-symmetry between two types of Bp, namely Bh and Bl, resulting in a dependency of its velocity and charge on its mass. The nature of this dependency is deduced from the behavior of the neutron. Then the deduced properties are used to theorize about the structure, the dimension and the gyro-magnetic ratio of the electron, proton and neutron, as well as their anti-particles. It shows that particles that are constructed of Bp’s conform to observed reality, such as their gyro-magnetic ratio and their behavior within the structure of an atom. In the course of former deductions, a number of theoretical innovations are developed and integrated in a coherent theoretical framework. There is for example a general formal relation between the mass of a particle and its size (any particle, not just the photon). As another example, the electrostatic as well as the electrodynamical interaction are modeled as phenomena that emerge from a common underlying dynamical interaction, integrating them in a more thorough manner than is currently the state of the art. The general significance of the proposed theoretical framework is in validating a significant theoretical simplification of particle physics, that can enable advancement in a number of disciplines, especially in nuclear physics, where contemporary modeling techniques are known to be very complex.
Category: Classical Physics

[551] viXra:1811.0162 [pdf] replaced on 2019-03-19 08:52:05

"AI" Physics Atomic Structure – Part 1.

Authors: Brian Strom
Comments: minor corrections. 15 pages. Title corrected on viXra.

With the help of Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Deep Learning, the structure of the atom is computed from the results of established experiments on ionization energies and spectral emissions. The AI searches for trends and patterns in the ionization energy levels - when electrons are energized to escape from an atom. The AI first observes that the “depth” of the atomic Potential Energy Well is directly proportional to the number of protons in the nucleus, but is not dependent on the number of neutrons. The AI computes the energy levels for a “multi-layered ball” of electrons in a Potential Energy Well, and compares them to the ionization energy levels and electron depths. It identifies close similarities and proposes that electrons simply fill the three-dimensional atomic Potential Energy Well around the nucleus - loosely-packed for the lighter elements, and more tightly-packed for the heavier elements. The AI concludes that electrons are much larger than we presently imagine.
Category: Classical Physics

[550] viXra:1811.0162 [pdf] replaced on 2019-02-24 11:13:37

'ai' Physics Atomic Structure – Part 1.

Authors: Brian Strom
Comments: minor corrections. 15 pages.

With the help of Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Deep Learning, the structure of the atom is computed from the results of established experiments on ionization energies and spectral emissions. The AI searches for trends and patterns in the ionization energy levels - when electrons are energized to escape from an atom. The AI first observes that the “depth” of the atomic Potential Energy Well is directly proportional to the number of protons in the nucleus, but is not dependent on the number of neutrons. The AI computes the energy levels for a “multi-layered ball” of electrons in a Potential Energy Well, and compares them to the ionization energy levels and electron depths. It identifies close similarities and proposes that electrons simply fill the three-dimensional atomic Potential Energy Well around the nucleus - loosely-packed for the lighter elements, and more tightly-packed for the heavier elements. The AI concludes that electrons are much larger than we presently imagine.
Category: Classical Physics