**Previous months:**

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2010 - 1001(3) - 1002(1) - 1003(6) - 1004(3) - 1005(4) - 1006(5) - 1007(4) - 1008(3) - 1009(6) - 1010(6) - 1011(9) - 1012(6)

2011 - 1101(5) - 1102(3) - 1103(8) - 1104(5) - 1105(7) - 1106(5) - 1107(3) - 1108(8) - 1109(7) - 1110(6) - 1111(9) - 1112(18)

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2014 - 1401(15) - 1402(12) - 1403(12) - 1404(5) - 1405(12) - 1406(11) - 1407(17) - 1408(11) - 1409(18) - 1410(16) - 1411(18) - 1412(13)

2015 - 1501(19) - 1502(14) - 1503(15) - 1504(9) - 1505(13) - 1506(15) - 1507(19) - 1508(15) - 1509(20) - 1510(28) - 1511(22) - 1512(18)

2016 - 1601(12) - 1602(29) - 1603(21) - 1604(18) - 1605(22) - 1606(19) - 1607(21) - 1608(24) - 1609(16) - 1610(17) - 1611(25) - 1612(18)

2017 - 1701(25) - 1702(24) - 1703(15) - 1704(9) - 1705(13) - 1706(13) - 1707(13) - 1708(14) - 1709(16) - 1710(23) - 1711(15) - 1712(23)

2018 - 1801(18) - 1802(11) - 1803(22) - 1804(11) - 1805(22) - 1806(10) - 1807(17) - 1808(11) - 1809(12) - 1810(14) - 1811(21) - 1812(17)

2019 - 1901(12) - 1902(16)

Any replacements are listed farther down

[1475] **viXra:1902.0351 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-02-22 04:22:01*

**Authors:** George Rajna

**Comments:** 23 Pages.

Simulations by an international team of researchers have shown that new measurements of gravitational waves could finally resolve the discrepancy in Hubble’s constant reported using different measurement techniques. [20]
The improvement will see the twin observatories — located near Hanford, Washington and Livingston, Louisiana in the US – double their sensitivity to gravitational waves. [19]
A group of scientists from the Niels Bohr Institute (NBI) at the University of Copenhagen will soon start developing a new line of technical equipment in order to dramatically improve gravitational wave detectors. [18]

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1474] **viXra:1902.0349 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-02-20 07:17:11*

**Authors:** Leo Vuyk

**Comments:** 29 Pages.

The Electric Universe theory (EU) for years is a well-known “out of the box” model and subject of criticism for professionals in the field.
Examples of some criticized subjects of EU:
1, The introduction of an all-pervasive Ether,
2, the non-expansion of the universe,
3, General relativity (GR) is wrong,
4, dipole gravity, etcetera.
However, Quantum FFF Theory has similar but more complex “out of the box” assumptions described as follows:
1, The Zero Point Energy (ZPE) based oscillating Axion-Higgs Ether created by the explosion of the Electric Dark Matter Big Bang Black Hole,
2, The pulsating cyclic super symmetric raspberry shaped multiverse,
3, Einstein Rosen bridges are the same as EPR entanglement between CP symmetric universal bubbles.
4, Gravity/Mass related variable lightspeed, (LASOF) Local Anti-Symmetric Oscillating Vacuum Frame
5, The Bell interpretation of Special Relativity, (real relativistic length contraction)
6, Multiple directional dual pressure gravity, (dipole gravity)
7, Black holes repel fermions and but eat bosons and the vacuum.
8, All particles and fields are based on real 3D rigid strings, transformable by mutual collision.
Reason for a more detailed comparison and extension of the Electric Universes model.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1473] **viXra:1902.0330 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-02-21 04:46:17*

**Authors:** Ho Dong Jo, Chol Song Kim

**Comments:** 10 Pages.

We showed, through a simple example for creation and annihilation of particles well known in physics, why classical fields and further all physical fields must be unified. Also, we considered the difficulties of the present electromagnetic field theory and gravitational field theory in the view that the total energy of matter and all fields produced by it must be finite and be conserved. Unified field theory to be built in the future should be a true theory in which all those difficulties were removed.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1472] **viXra:1902.0321 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-02-19 12:11:46*

**Authors:** Satnam Singh

**Comments:** 41 Pages.

ABSTRACT
The Universe is governed by the hidden energy field called Anhad Naad Energy Field (ANEF) which is responsible for its origin, existence and working. Universe is either continuously being created or continuously being destroyed by the Supreme Consciousness of the Eternal existence which is the most fundamental reality. There is only one force called Anhad Naad Force (AF force) which along with all the particles emerge from the infinite formless physical Eternal existence (physical vacuum or void) through the process of primordial vibration having cosmic frequency limit. Knowing the exact nature of the infinite formless physical Eternal Existence is beyond our ability. In this paper author has tried to reveal the hidden physics of the universe to explain the mysteries like origin of mass and charge of particles, nature of gravity, unification of the fundamental forces of nature, matter/ antimatter asymmetry, arrow of time, quantum entanglement and so called accelerated expansion of the universe etc. with the help of a New Theory of hidden variables called Anahad Naad Energy Field Theory of the Universe inspired from Sri Guru Granth sahib and Dasam Granth.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1471] **viXra:1902.0311 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-02-18 19:10:01*

**Authors:** Masamichi Sato

**Comments:** 15 Pages.

We consider the capability of holographic principle in information theory.
We see the equivalence of information geometry to general relativity, when the data process follows the same principle as the physical causality.
We introduce stochastic Brownian motion as a deviation from Einstein's general theory of relativity.
We see the relationship to holographic principle in the first order of perturbative expansion.
The theory that we established is the non-perturbative quantum theory of gravity.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1470] **viXra:1902.0270 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-02-15 12:38:38*

**Authors:** Sylwester Kornowski

**Comments:** 3 Pages.

To ensure invariance of the basic physical constants, spacetime can not expand. The Scale-Symmetric Theory (SST) shows that when in the Einstein spacetime the gravitational pressure surpassed the dynamic pressure, it produced a stable boundary and it considerably increased the local spacetime density which is a necessary condition for the production of dark matter (DM) particles with a mass of 727.43 MeV. The vast majority of such DM particles decayed into single DM loops.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1469] **viXra:1902.0268 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-02-15 20:13:39*

**Authors:** Ankur S. Bhatt, F.M. Becker

**Comments:** 7 Pages.

The following derivation shows that the neutrino mass effectively replaces the Planck mass as a fundamental particle associated to Newton's Gravity Law. The neutrino mass is deduced from the cosmic microwave background and matches a previous obtained experimental value. Using a ratio of forces between two Planck mass pairs in comparison to two neutrino pairs, a proportion to the dimension of the Planck length and a Rindler horizon is formed. The work done on the two pairs are equivalent using this proportion. Additionally, it has been concluded that the cosmic diameter, as a particle horizon, can be written in terms of fundamental constants using Wien's displacement law and the Cosmic Microwave Background temperature.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1468] **viXra:1902.0261 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-02-16 05:08:58*

**Authors:** Kuyukov Vitaly

**Comments:** 3 Pages.

We propose a more general formula for the Bousso limit in the form of a surface integral

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1467] **viXra:1902.0192 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-02-11 12:49:39*

**Authors:** Sylwester Kornowski

**Comments:** 7 Pages.

This is a review paper on electroweak (EW) interaction. Here we compared the orthodox EW theory with the EW theory described in the Scale-Symmetric Theory (SST). We showed the true origin of the three mechanisms by which neutrinos and scalar and vector bosons/condensates acquire their gravitational mass. We calculated the surplus of baryonic matter from the properties of the inflation field and densities of fields. We present the EW equation that leads to the atom-like structure of baryons and we raise many other key issues on the basis of earlier scientific papers.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1466] **viXra:1902.0191 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-02-11 13:21:03*

**Authors:** Risto Raitio

**Comments:** 6 Pages.

Consenting to negative results in standard model superpartner search at the LHC and elsewhere an alternative point of view has been proposed, a preon model with unbroken supersymmetry. It offers a natural basis for constructing the standard model and going beyond it. Significance of the supersymmetric particle model to superstring theory is discussed briefly on the basis of Weinberg rationale.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1465] **viXra:1902.0186 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-02-10 23:08:47*

**Authors:** Michael John Sarnowski

**Comments:** 7 Pages.

How does one get to zero dimension? In “The Ultimate Answer to Life, the Universe, and Everything is an Entangled 42” we found that the universe could be spheres made out of spheres, made of spheres, down to a cuboctahedron with outer layer of 42 spheres. The equation follows the patter of x^2+x.
This same pattern can be used to become a ring of 6 spheres to two spheres to one sphere. This may be a mathematical curiosity, or it may have some basis in reality. The origin of the number 42 is shown in the appendix.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1464] **viXra:1902.0175 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-02-09 19:49:27*

**Authors:** Ravindra Sidramappa Mundase

**Comments:** 9 Pages.

Basically this theory has been developed to propose an oscillating universe. According to my theory, the matter is the only origin of gravity. In this theory all fundamental physical entities such as space, time, matter, force, energy and others are used in their usual meanings as in classical mechanics. The space and time are not related to each other. The space and time are independent.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1463] **viXra:1902.0110 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-02-06 04:57:52*

**Authors:** Michael John Sarnowski

**Comments:** 3 Pages.

The strong force, within the proton, has been measured by Jefferson Laboratories [1], to about 7000 newtons. This paper proposes that Planck Force, Planck Pressure are manifestations of the properties of the Neutron and the Planck Sphere which is the building block of our Hubble Universe.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1462] **viXra:1902.0094 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-02-06 02:13:33*

**Authors:** Sylwester Kornowski

**Comments:** 1 Page.

How much time does it take for the great mathematicians in physics to understand that...

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1461] **viXra:1902.0034 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-02-03 04:53:53*

**Authors:** René Friedrich

**Comments:** 8 Pages.

General relativity and quantum mechanics both have been confirmed by experiments. In order to unify them, a new theory of quantum gravity is searched, but without success.
The current theories of quantum gravity are based on the tacit assumption of a continuous, differentiable Lorentzian spacetime manifold. Little attention has been paid to this assumption, but no theory is complete without the prior verification of the soundness of its underlying assumptions.
Surprisingly, we will see in the following that, whatever is the approach we choose, nothing is corroborating the assumption of a continuous spacetime manifold.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1460] **viXra:1902.0009 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-02-01 09:06:32*

**Authors:** Kuyukov Vitaly

**Comments:** 2 Pages.

Bekenstein used such thought experiments to show that a black hole should have an entropy
proportional to the area of its event horizon in Planck units. In fact, it has been proven that semiclassical gravity is insufficient to account for this entropy.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1459] **viXra:1901.0426 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-01-29 04:46:08*

**Authors:** Leo Vuyk

**Comments:** 25 Pages.

Quantum FFF ( Function Follows Form) theory is a Rigid String Theory postulating, that the vacuum is filled with a local variable Planck scaled lattice of oscillating closed torus strings called Axion-Higgs (AH) particles, analog to Dark Energy and the origin of Casimir effects.
These AH strings are able to transform over 4x internal hinges due to real particle collision into different singular open Strings, such as the Electron and Positron or all Photons and Gluons.
Photons and Gluons, Electrons and Positrons can wrap around each other, to form a series of compound Quarks or Bosons, well know as the “Standard Model” (SM) with new physics extensions like monopole photons.
Model research on string form possibilities, show that only the single so called general photon and two monopole magnetic photons ( N and S) are able to form very rigid closed complex rigid string knots.
Three copy magnetic monopole particles ( North or South) are able to form two different ring shaped string knots, which are both called the Higgs particles possessing 124,5 and 126 GeV.
Four general photon copy strings however, are able to form a ring shaped knot which is also called Higgs which is assumed to possess more mass. Indications of a third high mass Higgs particle are already showed up in the LHC at Geneva at about 375 GeV.
As a consequence of these ring shaped Higgs particles, I suggest, that the ring shape is a suitable form to connect with other ring shaped Higgses and form more complex compound black hole nuclei.
Such combined Higgs nuclei could be able to grow by laser- of magnetic interference into a more massive particle which can become stable and resistant for the vacuum oscillations after it has reached a certain minimum volume.
The result is called a Bose Einstein stringy black hole, which can be compared with a Ball Lightning nucleus.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1458] **viXra:1901.0416 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-01-27 15:03:44*

**Authors:** Shawn Halayka

**Comments:** 1 Page.

The emission of gravitons by matter is considered.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1457] **viXra:1901.0413 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-01-28 02:47:42*

**Authors:** Durgadas Datta.

**Comments:** 6 Pages. A relook on our theories.

Why quantum physics is so difficult to understand? Is it the wrong way we are putting up.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1456] **viXra:1901.0327 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-01-22 09:13:26*

**Authors:** F.M.Sanchez

**Comments:** 14 Pages.

The observed fine tuning between Physical dimensionless parameters is interpretated as relations between optimal calculation basis of a Deterministic Grandcosmos Computer. The Eddington's Large Number gives a good approximation of the equivalent number of neutrons in the canonical trivial fraction 3/10 of the visible universe critical mass. The Monster Group cardinal order appears in three c-free analysis. The unique cosmic hypothesis implies that differential equations must be replaced by integral ones. Indeed, Holographic relations ties the cosmic Background wavelength to micro-physics ones. The mathematical constants p, e and g enter fine-tuning relations with the Hierarchical numbers 137 and 2127, specifying micro-physics main constants and the gravitational constant G to ppb precision (10-9). The formula simplifies by introducing Atiyah constant, and show a 9D reduction to 3D, confirming Superstring Theory. In particular, this unification Physics-Mathematics excludes the Multiverse hypothesis. ....To Michaelangelo Francis Atiyah

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1455] **viXra:1901.0222 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-01-15 14:01:08*

**Authors:** S.Natarajan, R.Chandramohan

**Comments:** 6 Pages. article published in IJRAR - International Journal of Research and Analytical Reviews. DoI: http://doi.one/10.1729/Journal.19102

The beginning of the universe is explained by many theoretical aspects. The cosmological evolution begins with the singularity. Such singularities predict the initial conditions of the universe. To deal the singularity there are lots of mathematical models have been proposed. In particular universe from nothing model, that deals the beginning of the universe as nonsingular and initiated out of nothing scenario. Similarly loop quantum cosmology resolves the initial singularity with quantum geometry. That resolution replaces the big bang with big bounce. Initial conditions of the universe in vacuum dominated states and loop quantum cosmological bouncing solutions is analyzed in this work. Minimal scale factor and critical density is analyzed to scrutinize the formation of universe from nothing. It is been interpreted that the universe from vacuum solutions replicate the dark energy dominated final stages of the universe , which leads to cyclic cosmology.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1454] **viXra:1901.0218 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-01-15 07:01:36*

**Authors:** Carlos Castro

**Comments:** 19 Pages. Canadian Journal of Physics

Starting with a brief description of Born's Reciprocal Relativity Theory (BRRT), based on a maximal proper-force, maximal speed of light, inertial and non-inertial observers,
we derive the $exact$ Thermal Relativistic $corrections$ to the Schwarzschild, Reissner-Nordstrom, Kerr-Newman black hole entropies, and provide a detailed analysis
of the many $novel$ applications and consequences to the physics of black holes, quantum gravity, minimal area, minimal mass, Yang-Mills mass gap, information paradox, arrow of time, dark matter, and dark energy. We finalize by outlining our proposal towards a Space-Time-Matter Unification program where matter can be converted into spacetime quanta, and vice versa.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1453] **viXra:1901.0207 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-01-14 23:21:31*

**Authors:** Dong-Yih Bau

**Comments:** 9 Pages.

Understanding the universe is a treasured pursuit of humanity. The success/failure system hypothesis (success/failure system) reflects the mesoscopic structure of the universe, just as quantum mechanics formalizes the microcosmos, and general relativity, the macrocosmos. Herein, we depict the logical analysis of the success/failure system using Einstein’s principle theory and apply Russell’s analytic philosophy to examine the logical structure of the universe critically. This paper has two goals. First, it aims to show that humanity is able to analyse the cosmos to reveal rationality or intelligence manifested in the universe, as demonstrated by the success/failure system. Second, it emphasizes that the success/failure system may need to be incorporated into our understanding of the cosmos or a final theory of our universe, which would become the triad of quantum mechanics, general relativity and success/failure system.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1452] **viXra:1901.0201 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-01-15 04:07:42*

**Authors:** Ravindra Sidramappa Mundase

**Comments:** 8 Pages.

The rotation curve of galaxy is a graph of the rotational velocity of stars, gas and other bodies orbiting around the center of galaxy and their radial distance from the centre of galaxy. The orbital speeds of stars, gas and other bodies contained in the galaxy do not obey the rules found in the other orbital systems. Stars are orbiting around their galaxy's centre at equal or increasing speed over a large range of distances. In contrast, the orbital velocities of planets in solar system and moons orbiting around the planets decrease with distance. The galaxy rotation problem is the discrepancy between observed galaxy rotation curve and theoretical prediction based on the observed luminous or baryonic material or bodies. When mass profiles of galaxies are calculated from the distribution of stars and mass- to- light ratios in stellar disk, they do not match with the masses derived from the observed rotation curve and law of gravity. None of the existing theories including Newtonian gravity and general relativity can explain the Galaxy rotation curve correctly. The rotation curve of galaxies will be explained by using new quantum gravity developed by me.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1451] **viXra:1901.0181 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-01-13 08:53:59*

**Authors:** Sylwester Kornowski

**Comments:** 6 Pages.

The different size scales in Nature and CP violation lead to very simple our pre-Cosmos with left-handed polarization which has transformed into the left-handed internal helicity of the baryons - it solves the matter-antimatter asymmetry. The simplest grainy surface that can have internal helicity is the torus/charge/spin (or loop) with toroidal and poloidal speeds. Here we showed that the ratio of such speeds leads to both the Jarlskog invariant and a spilled half-jet in grainy spacetime (i.e. to an additional arrow of time) which is responsible for CP violation. The Jarlskog invariant allows you to calculate the lifetimes of the neutron and weakly decaying hyperons.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1450] **viXra:1901.0143 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-01-10 07:56:39*

**Authors:** Remi Cornwall

**Comments:** 3 Pages.

This enquiry follows the investigation into a propulsion system purportedly utilising the QED vacuum as reactive momenergy. The QFT vacuum is contentious because the “naïve” value for it is extraordinarily large, yet on the cosmic scale it is hardly present. This begs the question as to whether it is really real and further highlights the problem between General Relativity on very large scales, with Quantum Mechanics on very small scales. We find a mathematical procedure that: to the 1st order removes the “embarrassing” QFT vacuum constant from the Einstein tensor and then covers nearly all of the 120 orders of magnitude difference between the Cosmological Constant and Vacuum Energy by introducing it as an higher order correction in (G/c4)3. There is a proviso for further work, that the difference of a few orders we calculate, might be made up by considering fluctuations or running constants in the QFT vacuum and Cosmic Inflation.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1449] **viXra:1901.0087 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-01-08 03:46:50*

**Authors:** Kuyukov Vitaly

**Comments:** 1 Page.

Holographic the time and holographic principle

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1448] **viXra:1901.0081 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2019-01-06 13:04:56*

**Authors:** Sylwester Kornowski

**Comments:** 11 Pages.

To make it easier to confront unsolved problems in orthodox physics with the solutions proposed in the SST, we grouped problems in the same way as it is done in Wikipedia. Here we have very roughly described the way of solving the problem and refer to the SST literature where you can find more detailed qualitative and quantitative descriptions. Emphasize that SST is derived ab initio.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1447] **viXra:1812.0479 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-12-31 00:47:52*

**Authors:** Ravindra Sidramappa Mundase

**Comments:** 4 Pages.

A number of theories of gravity have been developed by many physicists to explain the different unsolved problems in physics. None of them is able to explain all the observed unsolved problems like perihelion precession of mercury, precession of orbits of stars near super dense bodies (black holes), galaxy rotation curve, accelerating bodies after super nova explosion and few others. A new theory of quantum gravity has been developed by me. This theory explains many of the unsolved problems in the field of gravity.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1446] **viXra:1812.0433 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-12-26 12:34:45*

**Authors:** Savior F. Eason

**Comments:** 13 Pages.

This paper proposes not a 5th, but 9 fundamental forces, and why the 8th might establish M-theory as not just incomplete, but wrong, and presents a hypersymettric marrying of relativity and quantum mechanics, in a thought proposing a cheat to the infamous e=mc^2. A solution we've been on a quest for since the 20th century.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1445] **viXra:1812.0427 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-12-25 13:17:50*

**Authors:** Antoine Khai Nguyen

**Comments:** 32 Pages.

A new attempt to find a theory of everything based on theoretical quantum hook elements. The quantum hooks were deduced from actual quantum facts (link between double slit experiment and photon based image projection) and cosmic facts (link between flipped pole of Venus, Saturn's rings, Uranus' horizontal pole, tidal lock of celestial bodies, synchronized orbital planes of planets in the solar system,...)

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1444] **viXra:1812.0405 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-12-23 15:34:33*

**Authors:** M. D. Sheppeard

**Comments:** 13 Pages.

Important polytope sequences, like the associahedra and permutohedra, contain one object in each dimension. The more particles labelling the leaves of a tree, the higher the dimension required to compute physical amplitudes, where we speak of an abstract categorical dimension. Yet for most purposes, we care only about low dimensional arrows, particularly associators and braiding arrows. In the emerging theory of motivic quantum gravity, the structure of three dimensions explains why we perceive three dimensions. Some higher dimensional data, such as the e8 lattice, is encoded in two or three dimensions. Here we give a very elementary overview of the key quantum data from an axiomatic perspective, focusing on the permutoassociahedra of Kapranov.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1443] **viXra:1812.0380 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-12-22 00:23:45*

**Authors:** Satish Malhotra

**Comments:** 11 Pages. with the foundation of physics gone, we will need to rewrite all physics

: Einstein told us that gravity has some intrinsic (yet not understood) connection to the geometry of spacetime. To understand this real connection between geometry of space and gravity we restate the postulates (same postulates explain special theory of relativity as well as the general theory) nothing new needs to be added): a) space and time are the continuing absolute (equivalent to the absoluteness of velocity of light) quantum gravity flow it gives us the meaning to length, mass and time. Working through this postulate, we derive a law of force which tells us that force does not act on the body on which force is applied, but it acts to change the homogeneity and isotropy of space and bodies move in the curved space and time. This is what the Einstein’s unknown connection between the gravity and curvature in space is; the curvature is, however, local and not general for the entire space. This is the a new falsifiable version on quantum gravity (which has nothing to do with quantum mechanics) which revolutionizes entire physics).
There is a) an absolute space, a flow of quantum gravity, and b) it is this absolute space that matter curves only locally, which otherwise i.e. in the absence of matter is flat (inside of a large spreading sphere can only be flat)! What was rejected by Einstein (the absolute character of space and time) now returns (as an absolute flow of quantum gravity) to solve all the contentious problem physics faces today, including the velocity-curvature relation and the equivalence principle. In the bargain get a common law of force (including gravity) which is not the way Newton applied, or the way Einstein worked with, but which has something from both.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1442] **viXra:1812.0373 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-12-20 05:43:31*

**Authors:** Michael John Sarnowski

**Comments:** 4 Pages.

Sphere Theory is a theory that the universe is a sphere made of spheres, made of spheres, etc. (1) It was shown by Sphere Theory that Planck Pressure is a pressure of gravitational force between adjacent Hubble Sphere universes. (2) We can use a simple calculation to show why the Golden Ratio is prevalent in our universe. The Golden Ratio can be shown to be produced by the charge or gravity between two, uniform, and symmetrical spheres. The acceleration of gravity or the electromagnetic force of particles, increases as we get farther from the center of the sphere linearly, the gravity or electromagnetic force from adjacent elementary particles decreases by the square of the distance from the center of that sphere. The point at which these two accelerations, become equal, is found to be related to the Golden Ratio.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1441] **viXra:1812.0320 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-12-18 12:41:59*

**Authors:** George Rajna

**Comments:** 28 Pages.

The relationship may even unlock the quantum nature of gravity. "It is among our best clues to understand gravity from a quantum perspective," said Witten. [11]
Scientists at the University of British Columbia have proposed a radical new theory to explain the exponentially increasing size of the universe. [10]
Researchers playing with a cloud of ultracold atoms uncovered behavior that bears a striking resemblance to the universe in microcosm. [9]

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1440] **viXra:1812.0315 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-12-18 19:04:03*

**Authors:** Andrew Beckwith

**Comments:** 53 Pages. being reviewed by JHEPGC for possible acceptance. Lots of comments from interaction with a referee

53 page thought experiment as to how Quantum gravity emerges from a quintic polynomial, and its relationship to galois theory. Focus is on wormhole throats, as a precursor to the thought experiment

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1439] **viXra:1812.0313 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-12-19 03:57:11*

**Authors:** Michael Tzoumpas

**Comments:** 5 Pages.

According to the unified theory of dynamic space the inductive-inertial phenomenon and its forces has been developed. These forces act on the electric units of the dynamic space, forming the grouping units (namely electric charges or forms of the electric field). So, by this inductive phenomenon and the phenomenon of motion the wave function will be calculated. This wave function, which essentially interprets the phenomena of motion waves, replaces the Schrödinger’s equation.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1438] **viXra:1812.0311 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-12-17 05:51:21*

**Authors:** George Rajna

**Comments:** 23 Pages.

Instead, a kilogram will be defined by choosing an exact value of Planck's constant, a quantity that relates weight to electrical current. [10]
A team of researchers affiliated with several institutions in China and one in Russia has devised two new ways to measure the gravitational constant. [9]
The historic first detection of gravitational waves from colliding black holes far outside our galaxy opened a new window to understanding the universe. [8]
Using data from the first-ever gravitational waves detected last year, along with a theoretical analysis, physicists have shown that gravitational waves may oscillate between two different forms called "g" and "f"-type gravitational waves. [7]
Astronomy experiments could soon test an idea developed by Albert Einstein almost exactly a century ago, scientists say. [6]
It’s estimated that 27% of all the matter in the universe is invisible, while everything from PB&J sandwiches to quasars accounts for just 4.9%. But a new theory of gravity proposed by theoretical physicist Erik Verlinde of the University of Amsterdam found out a way to dispense with the pesky stuff. [5]

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1437] **viXra:1812.0243 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-12-13 08:06:20*

**Authors:** George Rajna

**Comments:** 22 Pages.

The gravitational waves created by black holes or neutron stars in the depths of space have been found to reach Earth. [19] A group of scientists from the Niels Bohr Institute (NBI) at the University of Copenhagen will soon start developing a new line of technical equipment in order to dramatically improve gravitational wave detectors. [18] A global team of scientists, including two University of Mississippi physicists, has found that the same instruments used in the historic discovery of gravitational waves caused by colliding black holes could help unlock the secrets of dark matter, a mysterious and as-yet-unobserved component of the universe. [17] The lack of so-called " dark photons " in electron-positron collision data rules out scenarios in which these hypothetical particles explain the muon's magnetic moment. [16] By reproducing the complexity of the cosmos through unprecedented simulations, a new study highlights the importance of the possible behaviour of very high-energy photons. In their journey through intergalactic magnetic fields, such photons could be transformed into axions and thus avoid being absorbed. [15] Scientists have detected a mysterious X-ray signal that could be caused by dark matter streaming out of our Sun's core. Hidden photons are predicted in some extensions of the Standard Model of particle physics, and unlike WIMPs they would interact electromagnetically with normal matter. In particle physics and astrophysics, weakly interacting massive particles, or WIMPs, are among the leading hypothetical particle physics candidates for dark matter. The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron – proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1436] **viXra:1812.0210 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-12-11 08:23:49*

**Authors:** Michael A. Ivanov

**Comments:** 6 Pages. Contribution to the 15th Marcel Grossmann Meeting (MG15), Rome, Italy, July 1-7, 2018

Cosmological observations of remote objects may be interpreted in
the model of low-energy quantum gravity by the author without dark
energy. The theoretical Hubble diagram of the model fits
observations very well. Additionally, this diagram should be the
multivalued function of the redshift for soft and hard radiations;
perhaps, this feature may be seen for the GRBs data set with the
Yonetoku calibration. In the model, the ratio H(z)/(1+z) should
be equal to the Hubble constant; the constancy of this ratio is
verified up to $z< 2$ with high probability using compilations of
H(z) observations.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1435] **viXra:1812.0145 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-12-09 01:46:35*

**Authors:** Kuyukov Vitaly

**Comments:** 5 Pages.

A link is established between tunneling and the nature of space-time.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1434] **viXra:1812.0073 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-12-04 18:47:19*

**Authors:** Savior F. Eason

**Comments:** 14 Pages.

Infinite dimensions, the sub-planck Quantum realm, and the Quantum web of dimensional interactions, and it's implications for our universe, the physical forces, and even consciousness.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1433] **viXra:1812.0068 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-12-05 00:29:38*

**Authors:** Michael John Sarnowski

**Comments:** 6 Pages.

Most everyone is aware off gravity, some are aware of the gravitational constant, less are aware of the strong force, and virtually no one knows about the strong gravitational constant or what it would be. The author proposes that the same format can be used for the strong force that is used for the gravitational constant. The calculations will be shown here.
Sphere Theory is a theory that the universe is made of spheres that are made of spheres perhaps indefinitely. It is the discontinuities in the spheres that give rise to imperfection and make the universe interesting. The equations, so far have shown the forces from elementary charge, weak charge, and gravity. This paper shows the building of the equation for the unit strong force. The unit strong force is the force of one strong force carrier at its closest interaction. The unit strong force has a very short distance of action as the attraction loops back on itself very quickly due to its extreme strength that basically pulls apart space and makes new quarks. The equation developed herein is only for the force at its closest interaction, which is strong enough to hold the protons and neutrons and other nucleons together within the nucleus of the atom.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1432] **viXra:1812.0041 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-12-04 00:47:46*

**Authors:** Miheev Sergey Vladimirovich

**Comments:** 2 Pages.

The requirement of invariance with respect to phase change imposed on free oscillations in discrete space limits the wavelength of free oscillations to discrete values that are multiples of the minimum wavelength. The minimum wavelength is twice the fundamental length — the distance between adjacent lattice points of a discrete space.
The old calculations of the cosmological constant do not contain significant errors. The result of the calculations was incorrectly interpreted. Since the energy of standing oscillations related to the size of the discrete space was summed, the energy density of the discrete space was obtained. In fact, the binding energy was obtained, ensuring connectivity and stability of space.
Our universe was formed from free oscillations of discrete space, therefore its density is 120 orders of magnitude lower than the density of discrete space in which it exists.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1431] **viXra:1812.0030 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-12-02 22:27:07*

**Authors:** Michael John Sarnowski

**Comments:** 5 Pages.

Sphere Theory is a theory that the universe is made of spheres that are made of spheres perhaps indefinitely. It is the discontinuities in the spheres that give rise to imperfection and make the universe interesting. The equations, so far have shown the forces from elementary charge, weak charge, and gravity. This paper shows the building of the equation for the unit strong force. The unit strong force is the force of one strong force carrier at its closest interaction. The unit strong force has a very short distance of action as the attraction loops back on itself very quickly due to its extreme strength. The equation developed herein is only for the force at its closest interaction, which is strong enough to hold the protons and neutrons and other nucleons together within the nucleus of the atom. An article from Nature “The pressure distribution inside the proton”[1] states the peak pressure is on the order of 10^35 Pascals. This peak pressure can be converted to a force, which the other proposes it mostly due to the strong force.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1430] **viXra:1811.0494 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-11-28 07:18:11*

**Authors:** Savior F. Eason

**Comments:** 43 Pages.

This paper goes more in-depth about Hyperstrings and Filloms, which presents a model suggesting space-time to be a Multi-dimensional fluid. All matter exists on the surface of an infinite, eternal ocean of space-time, influenced by dark matter and dark energy, but "Underwater", you have hyperspace; Multi-dimensional space consisting of infinite dimensions. Integrated into the "Surface" are hyper-strings; A grid of strings existing in multiple dimensional states simultaneously, infinite, the grid spanning across the entire surface of the spatial ocean. If we are to think of quantum code in lines of coding, these hyper-strings would be physical lines of code, both generating and procedurally generative. This also introduces Eason particles, or femeons, multi-dimensional units further described in this model. Further more, detected through neurotomic waves, it also introduces filloms as the nature of particles. Filloms, coming from the latin word for string, are born when 2 hyperstrings intercross on the grid, creatings a string that extends into hyperspace. However, the end of this string or "Front" of it, created by the fusion of Quantum digits, appears to be a point or sphere, which is what we call a particle. However, depending on which hyperstrings collide, a sphere could be created instead, resulting in a multi-dimensional particle. This also explains electromagnetism as the entanglement of these strings combined with dark matter. This paper also talks about the multiverse, reality planes, the cosmic Mandelbrot, and the infinity web, and ways I've already proven this and ways we could further test this in the future.
Also details unpardonable mistakes in physics leading to falsely accepted theories, and the misinterpretation of the Cosmic microwave background and what it REALLY means.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1429] **viXra:1811.0481 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-11-28 11:58:24*

**Authors:** Mohammad Sharifi

**Comments:** 7 Pages.

In this paper we analyze the subject of the wave function and observer. we propose a solution to the problem of the Schrödinger cat. we elucidate the relation between consciousness, identity and the final theory of physics and finally explain the hardship
that we face in reaching to the final theory of physics in passing from the quantum model to another mechanism that admit the final reasonable and universal answer to the paradox of the Schrödinger cat.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1428] **viXra:1811.0478 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-11-28 16:45:02*

**Authors:** Michael John Sarnowski

**Comments:** 3 Pages. Dirac's Large Numbers Hypothesis

The Dirac large numbers hypothesis (LNH) is an observation made by Paul Dirac in 1937 relating ratios of size scales in the Universe to that of force scales. The ratios constitute very large, dimensionless numbers: some 40 orders of magnitude in the present cosmological epoch. According to Dirac's hypothesis, the apparent similarity of these ratios might not be a mere coincidence but instead could imply a cosmology with these unusual features:[1]
In this paper we show the start of the Large Numbers Hypothesis, but we find that the numbers that have been used aren’t quite correct, and if the correct number is used we can find what the Planck units are really referring to.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1427] **viXra:1811.0477 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-11-28 18:08:04*

**Authors:** Andrew Beckwith

**Comments:** 8 Pages.

Abstract.First of all, we will reiterate a mechanism for relic early universe gravitons. This is the precursor of the main result of this paper and involves the decay of micro black holes, with relic graviton production. . For the 2nd part of graviton physics, we invoke re acceleration of the universe The case for a four-dimensional graviton mass (non-zero) influencing reacceleration of the universe in five dimensions is stated, with particular emphasis on whether five-dimensional geometries as given below give us new physical insights as to cosmological evolution . The final question is, can DM/DE be explained by a Kaluza Klein particle construction? I.e., the author presents a Kaluza Klein particle representation of a graviton mass with the first term to the right equal to a DM contribution and with the 2nd term to the right being effective DE. This is the 2nd era of DE production. Finally we in the third part invoke the methodology of a modification of 1/r potentials, and the re acceleration of the universe as a bridge between the first and second parts of this document, in terms of the physics of DE and gravitons.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1426] **viXra:1811.0449 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-11-27 15:54:51*

**Authors:** Savior F. Eason

**Comments:** 56.7 Pages. All claims in this document have been scientifically proven under controlled experiments through my own research using DIY-SOTA tech, as explained in the document. Mechanical Methods of research, such as nuclear acceleration, are authorized by the NSA.

Proposes a solution to dark matter, stating that all gravity has mass just as all mass has gravity, and this mass of gravity is a 5th-dimensional quintessence that causes things to sink into the fabric of space-time, creating gravity. But this mass is also Multi-universal, meaning it exists in all universes with gravity simultaneously. The Quintessence accumulates into a physical concentration when large amounts of itself are concentrated into a small point resulting from the implosion of mass, creating a black hole. The singularity is a point of planck energy, infinitely dense, and surrounding it is a field of weirdness resulting from every possible state of the quintessence existing as one, devoid of any consistent quantum programming beyond the event horizon(Which our quantum computer brains don't process, hence the illusion of an event horizon). It also suggests space-time to be a hyperfluid, proposes concepts such as hyperstrings and filloms(As the state of particles), suggests an infinite universe and an infinite vibrational multiverse in which there is no expansion because dark matter simply displaces the fluid into hyperspace(Dark energy), and presents various possible applications for this theory, including Massively faster than light space travel and a power source so powerful, both philosophically and energetically, that scientists would have to see it personally with their own eyes to believe it; A contained universe as a source of infinite power, procedurally generating and expanding within a 5th-dimensional vacuum allowing it to be contained within something the size of a shoe box, riding on an arrow of time we could control. Ridiculous? Read this paper to find out more about why it's not, and the proof of it; And how a civilization once millenia away, could be just around the corner with this theory and it's applications.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1425] **viXra:1811.0438 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-11-28 02:08:11*

**Authors:** Andrey N. Smirnov

**Comments:** 7 Pages.

A model based on subjective idealism, allowing the deriving of spacetime with the Lorentz metric on Euclidean space without time and dynamics, is proposed. This model also allows the deriving of curved spacetime with the metrics of the general theory of relativity. It is shown that the principle of causality and the anthropic principle follow from the model. It is shown that a strong principle of equivalence of gravity and acceleration follows from the model. All principles and postulates on which the special and general theories of relativity are based are derived. The article proposes a fundamentally new model for the construction of physical theories.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1424] **viXra:1811.0418 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-11-26 22:04:04*

**Authors:** Miheeev Sergey Vladimirovich

**Comments:** 5 Pages.

It is shown that the share of zero-point oscillations ¾ in the energy of a homogeneous universe does not depend on the chosen shape factor. The temperature of zero-point oscillations is weak and indirectly depends on the shape factor, through the minimum wavelength. It is shown that the coefficient of the form must be taken equal to the classical value - 8π. At the same time, in a homogeneous universe with a gravitational radius of 4.4 × 1026 m, the temperature of zero-point oscillations is T = 2,76 K.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1423] **viXra:1811.0378 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-11-23 09:14:10*

**Authors:** Savior F. Eason

**Comments:** 42 Pages. All claims in this document have been scientifically proven under controlled experiments through my own research using DIY-SOTA tech, as explained in the document. Mechanical Methods of research, such as Quantum experimentation, are authorized by the NSA.

In light of the positive, albeit scarce reviews of my prior paper, I now present a view diverging from but continuing to build on the separate concept for a theory of everything discussed in another paper. In this is discuss a radical but almost certainly correct alternative perspective in science.
In the book "Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy", a computer by the name of deep thought calculates the meaning of life, the universe, and everything, to be a number; 42. Confusing? It was to the computer's creators too. Thing is, they didn't actually know what they were asking for with such a question. Could they ever comprehend what they truly meant. Dare we admit this? Apparently not, as our search for a unifying theory abounds. But the true 42 eludes us. What is the actual "42"?
In this extensive paper, I postulate a new perspective divergent of both the views expressed in the writings of a younger me and all existing scientific views. What continuously puzzles me is not just the cosmos, but how we consider it. The universe has no requirement to seem logical to us, and yet we treat it that way, using conventional and contemporary thinking as though they were the universe's thoughts themselves. Mathematical frameworks as though they were the cosmic blueprint. And then we are surprised, when the universe throws a curveball? This is a paradox most use to latch on the notion of giving up on a theory of everything, or claiming only god can explain it all. I say that's just as illogical. In my contemplations, I've concluded the way to a TOE is simple; We have to alter how we think, and scientific logic at it's most foundational pillars. Realizing that consistently sufficient doesn't mean infinitely applicable.
In my ceaseless postulations and relentless research, I've had both revelations and breakthroughs amounting to my conclusion of a new theory of everything, and a new thinking. To develop a true theory of everything, we needed a new way of thinking. A transcendental way of thinking and even language; a new form of math, based on this new thinking, beyond the fabricated barriers of human thinking, allowing for a theory of everything, redefining what that would mean in an exploration of a new cosmos based on Quantum 1s and 0s, a new kind of cosmic component replacing string theory, beyond what we could truly comprehend, which I've dubbed simply "Quantum digits". A theory exploring our possible nature as Quantum computers, the structure of this information as an infinite Mandelbrot set, and the body of infinity in an equation I developed describing the cosmic code, our universe's Quantum HTML in all it's unbounded infinity. Exploring my research and why this can't be another misinterpretation and Introducing a new cosmic and scientific perspective. A proposal rewriting science at it's most fundamental foundations of thinking, realizing "Consistently sufficient" doesn't mean "Infinitely applicable", and rewriting our thinking so that our method is that way. A concept not simply diverging from, but building on all previous scientific thinking, ending with a reflection on the implications of this latest candidate for "42", and a radical solution to the Rubik's cube of the universe's mysteries and the most fundamental aspects of human existence.
(I just realized the irony of this paper numbering 42 pages in length)

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1422] **viXra:1811.0362 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-11-22 07:24:05*

**Authors:** Miheev Sergey Vladimirovich

**Comments:** 4 pages, book S.V. Miheev (2006) ISBN 5-9710-0074-8

It is shown that the zero-point energy determines 3⁄4 of the energy of a homogeneous universe.
The zero-point temperature was calculated, which is close to the background radiation
temperature. The problem of the cosmological constant is solved by wavelength quantization.
The minimum wavelength is determined, which divides any wavelength by an integer number of
parts.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1421] **viXra:1811.0354 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-11-22 22:02:38*

**Authors:** Dong-Yih Bau

**Comments:** 7 Pages.

The ancient Greeks saw the universe as a well-ordered system called the cosmos. Current scientific research seeks the cosmos in terms of a final theory, which remains in progress. By applying Einstein’s principle theory, we developed the success/failure system hypothesis (success/failure system) and recently made it available in the literature. Herein, we consider the cosmos subsequent to the existence of this hypothesis. After a brief introduction, we focus on two themes: the success/failure system principle and a final theory of our universe. A key message is that the success/failure system principle is a new universal biological principle identified in the twenty-first century, and the success/failure system hypothesis may need to be incorporated into a final theory of the life-laden universe.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1420] **viXra:1811.0327 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-11-22 05:20:04*

**Authors:** Alfonso De Miguel

**Comments:** 16 Pages.

Thinking of the atom as a dual topological system of two intersected manifolds vibrating with the same or opposite phases, the submanifolds created by their intersection will be the subatomic particles of the nucleus shared by the dual atom, acting as fermions when the phases of variation of the intersecting manifolds are opposite and acting as bosons when those phases synchronize becoming equal. The quarks of the system - considered as the pushing forces caused by the displacement of the two intersecting manifolds while vibrating - will remain identical in the bosonic and fermionic times. The point of the intersection of the system, that also will remain the same during the whole phases of variation but moving left to right in the fermionic phase and upward and downward in the bosonic one, will be the point of convergence of all the fermionic and bosonic weak and strong interactions, constituting the structural unification of the gauge couplings.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1419] **viXra:1811.0314 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-11-20 13:44:12*

**Authors:** John A. Gowan

**Comments:** 7 Pages. new and long abstract summarizes work

The conceptual basis of the Unified Field Theory as presented in these pages may be deduced from "Noether's Theorem": The charges of matter are symmetry debts of light.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1418] **viXra:1811.0297 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-11-19 13:11:23*

**Authors:** Seamus McCelt

**Comments:** 4 Pages.

Quantum Bang Theory is a universe creation theory.

It is based on real things - neutrinos - with absolutely no magic involved.

It also explains the creation and expansion of new space and dark energy stretching.

The fabric of space is created from the expansion of neutrinos - The Microcosmic Bang.

A neutrino ● can expand - Bang - into one unit of fabric-of-space ∗

The same thing happened everywhere and is still happening everywhere now.

That is why the CMB is smooth.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1417] **viXra:1811.0245 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-11-17 05:41:24*

**Authors:** Steffen Kühn

**Comments:** 184 Pages.

The report summarizes the current state of research of quantino-theory, which is an approach to explain fundamental physical phenomena based on Weber electrodynamics. The core concept of quantino-theory is a force-carrier model, which fulfils the postulates of special relativity without the spacetime. The field theory that follows out of this model does not turn for slow charge-carrier velocities into Maxwell electrodynamics but Weber electrodynamics. Based on the quantino-mechanism, numerous physical effects can be reinterpreted and explained. For example, it is possible to show that gravity is a thermodynamic electromagnetic relativistic effect of fourth order. Furthermore, quantino-theory seems to be an interesting approach to explain the reason for the existence of quantum mechanical effects, inertia and anti-matter. The report furthermore discusses the perihelion precession of the planet Mercury, the mass-energy-relation, photons and electromagnetic waves.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1416] **viXra:1811.0232 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-11-14 07:27:56*

**Authors:** Bernard Riley

**Comments:** 13 pages

The spin angular momentum of the sun precisely equals the quantum h-bar multiplied by 2 raised to the power 250. Between them the next five nearest G or K-type stars take the exponents 247, 248, 249, 250 and 251, the binary star Alpha Centauri AB taking exponents (249 and 251) either side of 250 and Epsilon Eridani taking the exponent 250. The red dwarfs Proxima Centauri and Barnard’s Star both take the exponent 240. The spin angular momentum quantisation scheme also applies to the planets of the solar system. Again, exponents that are multiples of 5 are preferred. Jupiter and Saturn behave as a binary planet, with exponents centred on 240. Uranus and Neptune behave as a binary planet, with exponents centred on 233. Earth and Mars take the exponents 225 and 220, respectively. The geometric mean orbital angular momentum of the eight planets equals the spin angular momentum of the sun. With spin parameters of intermediate value, the supermassive black holes located in the Milky Way and M31 galaxies take the exponents 295 and 305, respectively.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1415] **viXra:1811.0223 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-11-14 13:55:10*

**Authors:** Adrian Ferent

**Comments:** 252 Pages. © 2014 Adrian Ferent

“In the photoelectric effect the photons interact with the electrons at Planck length”
Adrian Ferent
“In photon-photon collisions, the photons interact at Planck length”
Adrian Ferent
“The photons see the Electron’s size as Planck length”
Adrian Ferent
“In Ferent Quantum Gravity l = 0 at the speed of light from Special theory of relativity, means l = Planck length”
Adrian Ferent
“In Ferent Quantum Gravity riding alongside a light beam you will see the Planck length”
Adrian Ferent
“There are not Black Holes at Planck wall”
Adrian Ferent
“What you learned from your professors, from your books, from the greatest scientists… about Black Holes is wrong”
Adrian Ferent
“In Ferent Quantum Gravity l = 0 at the speed Faster Than Light from Special theory of relativity, means l < Planck length”
Adrian Ferent
“In Ferent Quantum Gravity l = 0 at the speed of the gravitons v = 1.001762 × 10^(17) m/s from Special theory of relativity, means l = Ferent length”
Adrian Ferent
“In Ferent Quantum Gravity riding alongside a graviton you will see the Ferent length”
Adrian Ferent
“Because Gravitons travel Faster Than Light, they do not see Matter, they see only Dark Matter”
Adrian Ferent
“Gravitons moving Faster Than Light, they see Black Holes”
Adrian Ferent
“What you learned from your professors, from your books, from the greatest scientists… about Dark Matter is wrong”
Adrian Ferent
The photoelectric effect is the emission of electrically charged particles like electrons or other free carriers when it absorbs electromagnetic radiation.
The photoelectric effect was first observed in 1887 by Heinrich Hertz.
Einstein was awarded the Nobel Prize in 1921 for ‘his discovery of the law of the photoelectric effect’.
Einstein riding alongside a light beam.
Einstein was still puzzled by his attempts to imagine riding alongside a light beam, all his life and did not find an answer for it.
Einstein later wrote, “I should observe such a beam of light as an electromagnetic field at rest.”
That is why Einstein and your professors were not able to explain the photoelectric effect.
“The photons see the Electron’s size as Planck length”
Adrian Ferent
Planck length: lP = 1.6 × 10^(-35) m
Einstein and your professors did not understand:
“In the photoelectric effect the photons interact with the electrons at Planck length”
Adrian Ferent
“In photon-photon collisions, the photons interact at Planck length”
Adrian Ferent
“In Ferent Quantum Gravity l = 0 at the speed of light from Special theory of relativity, means l = Planck length”
Adrian Ferent
Einstein and your professors did not understand that photons interact with the electrons at Planck length, because they did not understand Special theory of relativity and Quantum mechanics.
“In Ferent Quantum Gravity riding alongside a light beam you will see the Planck length”
Adrian Ferent
That is why:
“There are not Black Holes at Planck wall”
Adrian Ferent
“What you learned from your professors, from your books, from the greatest scientists… about Black Holes is wrong”
Adrian Ferent
Length contraction:
Length contraction is the phenomenon of a decrease in length of an object as measured by an observer which is traveling at any non-zero velocity relative to the object and it is usually only noticeable at a substantial fraction of the speed of light.
What means l = 0 from Special theory of relativity in Ferent Quantum Gravity?
“In Ferent Quantum Gravity l = 0 from Special theory of relativity, means l ≤ Planck length”
Adrian Ferent
This means:
“In Ferent Quantum Gravity l = 0 at the speed of light from Special theory of relativity, means l = Planck length”
Adrian Ferent
“In Ferent Quantum Gravity l = 0 at the speed Faster Than Light from Special theory of relativity, means l < Planck length”
Adrian Ferent
“In Ferent Quantum Gravity l = 0 at the speed of the gravitons v = 1.001762 × 10^17 m/s from Special theory of relativity, means l = Ferent length”
Adrian Ferent
That is why Special theory of relativity is wrong.
Ferent length: lF = 1.296 × 10^(-69) m
“In Ferent Quantum Gravity riding alongside a graviton you will see the Ferent length”
Adrian Ferent
That is why:
“Because Gravitons travel Faster Than Light, they do not see Matter, they see only Dark Matter”
Adrian Ferent
“Gravitons moving Faster Than Light, they see Black Holes”
Adrian Ferent
“What you learned from your professors, from your books, from the greatest scientists… about Dark Matter is wrong”
Adrian Ferent
You learned from your professors, from your books, from journals, from the greatest scientists… about Dark Matter:
The majority of Dark Matter is non-baryonic in nature.
Candidates for non-baryonic Dark Matter are hypothetical particles such as axions, sterile neutrinos…
This means Dark Matter is limited to Planck length, but I explained there are not Black Holes at Planck wall because there are Photons.
Stolen (quotations against Plagiarism) from Ferent Quantum Gravity in 2016–2017 the idea of dense Dark Matter or Dark Matter being Black Holes, Primordial Black Holes. The idea of dense Dark Matter or Dark Matter being Black Holes, Primordial Black Holes following results of gravitational wave detection.
LIGO and gravitational wave detection is a fraud.
You learned at universities, from books, from journals…about Black Holes, Primordial Black Holes at Planck wall, but Black Holes, Primordial Black Holes at Planck wall do not exist.
Dense Dark Matter is Ferent Matter. Ferent Matter was created at Ferent wall, beyond the Planck wall.
That is why:
“Black Holes are Ferent Matter”
Adrian Ferent
But you see on TV, YouTube wrong things about Wormholes, how scientists like Michio Kaku, Kip Thorne… can travel trough a Black Hole!
“What you learned from your professors, from your books, from the greatest scientists… about Black Holes is wrong”
Adrian Ferent
This is another proof that Ferent Quantum Gravity is the right Gravitation theory and all quantum gravity theories like String theory, LQG… are wrong theories because Einstein’s Gravitation theory is wrong and limited to the speed of light.
142. I am the first who discovered that in the photoelectric effect the photons interact with the electrons at Planck length
143. I am the first who discovered that in photon-photon collisions, the photons interact at Planck length
144. I am the first who discovered that the photons see the Electron’s size as Planck length
145. I am the first who discovered that there are not Black Holes at Planck wall
146. I am the first who explained that what you learned from your professors, from your books, from the greatest scientists… about Black Holes is wrong
147. I am the first who explained that in Ferent Quantum Gravity l = 0 at the speed Faster Than Light from Special theory of relativity, means l < Planck length
148. I am the first who explained that in Ferent Quantum Gravity l = 0 at the speed of the gravitons v = 1.001762 × 10^17 m/s from Special theory of relativity, means l = Ferent length
149. I am the first who discovered that in Ferent Quantum Gravity riding alongside a Graviton you will see the Ferent length
150. I am the first who discovered that Gravitons travel Faster Than Light, they do not see Matter, they see only Dark Matter
151. I am the first who discovered that Gravitons moving Faster Than Light, they see Black Holes
152. I am the first who explained what you learned from your professors, from your books, from the greatest scientists… about Dark Matter is wrong

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1414] **viXra:1811.0201 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-11-14 00:46:56*

**Authors:** Kuyukov Vitaly

**Comments:** 4 Pages.

The emergence of space-time from a common Hilbert space.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1413] **viXra:1811.0146 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-11-09 22:16:25*

**Authors:** F.M.Sanchez

**Comments:** 1 Page.

A simple fine tuning relation using the Atiyah Constant, the Eddington number 137 and the Fermi coupling constant defines the latter in its 5 × 10-7 indetermination, compatible with the 2 × 10-8 muon mass indetermination in another Cosmic Oscillation fine tuning relation. This confirms Atiyah's claims about Eddington rehabilitation and the exclusion of the Multiverse hypothesis.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1412] **viXra:1811.0127 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-11-09 04:17:34*

**Authors:** AP Klimets

**Comments:** 30 Pages.

In the article, with the help of various models, the thesis about the fundamental nature of the field form of matter as the basis of elementary particles is considered. In the first chapter a model of special relativity is constructed, on the basis of which the priority of the massless form of matter is revealed. In the second chapter a field model of inert and heavy mass is constructed and the mechanism of inertness and gravity of weighty bodies is revealed. In the third chapter, the example of geons shows the fundamental nature of a massless form of matter on the Planck scale. The three-dimensionality of the observable space is substantiated. In the fourth chapter, we consider a variant of solving the problem of singularities in general relativity using the example of multidimensional spaces. The last chapter examines the author's approach to quantum gravity. The conclusions do not contradict the main thesis of the article on the fundamental nature of the massless form of matter.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1411] **viXra:1811.0105 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-11-06 06:32:41*

**Authors:** Adrian Ferent

**Comments:** 240 Pages. © 2014 Adrian Ferent

“Matter does not have Gravitation”
Adrian Ferent
“Moving Faster Than Light you will see Black Holes”
Adrian Ferent
“Because Gravitons travel Faster Than Light, they do not see Matter, only Dark Matter”
Adrian Ferent
“Because Gravitons do not see Matter, this means Matter does not have Gravitation”
Adrian Ferent
“What you learned from your professors, from your books, from the greatest scientists… about Gravitation is wrong”
Adrian Ferent
“Dark Matter does not emit light, Matter does not emit Gravitons”
Adrian Ferent
“Ferent Quantum Gravity theory is the right Gravitation theory”
Adrian Ferent
“Riding on a beam of light you will see Dark Matter”
Adrian Ferent
“In Ferent Quantum Gravity l = 0 at the speed of light from Special theory of relativity, means l < Planck length”
Adrian Ferent
“What you learned from your professors, from your books, from the greatest scientists… about Special theory of relativity is wrong”
Adrian Ferent
“At Ferent wall was created Dark Matter”
Adrian Ferent
You learned from your professors, from your books, from the greatest scientists…about Special theory of relativity:
Special theory of relativity is "special" in that it only applies in the special case where the curvature of spacetime due to gravity is negligible. In order to include gravity, Einstein and Hilbert formulated general relativity in 1915.
If you move fast enough through space, the observations that you make about space and time differ to some extent from the observations of other people, who are moving at different speeds.
The speed of light is the same for all observers, regardless of their motion relative to the light source.
Length contraction:
Length contraction is the phenomenon of a decrease in length of an object as measured by an observer which is traveling at any non-zero velocity relative to the object and it is usually only noticeable at a substantial fraction of the speed of light.
Time dilatation
The rate of a single moving clock indicating its proper time t0 is lower with respect to two synchronized resting clock indicating time t.
This means the duration of the clock cycle of a moving clock increased, it is measured to be running slow.
This means ‘Riding on a beam of light’ time would stop, and distance would be zero.
“What you learned from your professors, from your books, from the greatest scientists… about Special theory of relativity is wrong”
Adrian Ferent
In Ferent Quantum Gravity beyond the Planck wall is another wall, the Ferent wall.
At Ferent wall were created Ferent matter and gravitons.
“Ferent Matter is Dark Matter with the density greater than Planck density”
Adrian Ferent
“At Ferent wall was created Dark Matter”
Adrian Ferent
Today we know that the space is not an infinitely divisible continuum, it is not smooth but granular, with the Planck length and Ferent length.
At Ferent wall was created Dark Matter and at Planck wall was created Matter.
What means l = 0 at the speed of light from Special theory of relativity in Ferent Quantum Gravity?
“In Ferent Quantum Gravity l = 0 at the speed of light from Special theory of relativity, means l < Planck length”
Adrian Ferent
This means:
“Riding on a beam of light you will see Dark Matter”
Adrian Ferent
“Moving Faster Than Light you will see Black Holes”
Adrian Ferent
“Because Gravitons travel Faster Than Light, they do not see Matter, only Dark Matter”
Adrian Ferent
“Because Gravitons do not see Matter, this means Matter does not have Gravitation”
Adrian Ferent
The conclusion:
“Matter does not have Gravitation”
Adrian Ferent
You learned the wrong thing, that anything that has mass also has Gravity.
This means:
“What you learned from your professors, from your books, from the greatest scientists… about Gravitation is wrong”
Adrian Ferent
All quantum gravity theories like String theory, LQG… are wrong theories because Einstein’s Gravitation theory is wrong and are limited to speed of light.
“Dark Matter doesn’t emit light, Matter does not emit Gravitons”
Adrian Ferent
This is another proof that:
“The elementary particles contain Dark Matter”
Adrian Ferent
“Ferent Quantum Gravity theory is the right Gravitation theory”
Adrian Ferent
The apple did fall on Newton's head not because the apple has Mass and Gravitation, but because the Dark Matter inside the apple has Gravitation!
129. I am the first who discovered that Matter does not have Gravitation
130. I am the first who discovered that at Ferent wall was created Dark Matter
131. I am the first who discovered that in Ferent Quantum Gravity l = 0 at the speed of light from Special theory of relativity, means l < Planck length
132. I am the first who discovered that riding on a beam of light you will see Dark Matter
133. I am the first who discovered that moving Faster Than Light you will see Black Holes
134. I am the first who discovered because Gravitons travel Faster Than Light, they do not see Matter, only Dark Matter
135. I am the first who discovered because Gravitons do not see Matter, this means Matter does not have Gravitation
136. I am the first who explained that what you learned from your professors, from your books, from the greatest scientists… about Special theory of relativity is wrong
137. I am the first who explained what you learned from your professors, from your books, from the greatest scientists… about Gravitation is wrong
138. I am the first who discovered that Dark Matter doesn’t emit light, Matter does not emit Gravitons
139. I am the first who explained that Ferent Quantum Gravity theory is the right Gravitation theory
140. I am the first who explained that the apple did fall on Newton's head not because the apple has Mass and Gravitation, but because the Dark Matter inside the apple has Gravitation

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1410] **viXra:1811.0091 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-11-07 03:15:29*

**Authors:** Carlos Castro

**Comments:** 15 Pages. Submitted to Advances in Applied Clifford Algebras

We review briefly how {\bf R} $\otimes$ {\bf C} $\otimes$ {\bf H} $\otimes$ {\bf O}-valued Gravity (real-complex-quaterno-octonionic Gravity) naturally can describe a
grand unified field theory of Einstein's gravity with a Yang-Mills theory containing the Standard Model group $SU(3) \times SU(2) \times U(1)$. In particular, the $ C \otimes H \otimes O$ algebra is explored deeper. It is found that it can furnish the gauge group {\bf [SU(4)]}$^4$ revealing the possibility of extending the Standard Model by introducing additional gauge bosons, heavy quarks and leptons, and a $fourth$ family of fermions with profound physical implications.
An analysis of $ C \otimes H \otimes O$-valued gravity reveals that it bears a connection to Nonsymmetric Kaluza-Klein theories and complex Hermitian Matrix Geometry. The key behind these connections is in finding the relation between $ C \otimes H \otimes O$-valued metrics in $two$ $complex$ dimensions with metrics in $higher$ dimensional $real$ manifolds ($ D = 32 $ real dimensions in particular). It is desirable to extend these results to hypercomplex, quaternionic manifolds and Exceptional Jordan Matrix Models.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1409] **viXra:1811.0068 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-11-06 04:52:52*

**Authors:** Michael John Sarnowski

**Comments:** 5 Pages.

In Sphere Theory, the universe is a sphere made of spheres. Most of these spheres are packed in a cuboctahedron structure, but there are inclusion and dislocation defects. As part of the theory the high mass particles come from combinations of the layers of the cuboctahedron structures. Especially the first few layers of a cuboctahedron structure. The new 28 GeV particle conforms to this model. It is shown, in this model to come from the 3rd layer of the cuboctahedron with 92 spheres. Also included in this paper are the other high mass particles, all of which conform to a cuboctahedron structure layers for their mass.
Due to the propagation of light, gravity, charge, magnetism etc., and their quantized values, it has been hypothesized that, the universe should be filled with some type of almost homogeneous structure. It was shown in “Discrete Calculations of Charge and Gravity with Planck Spinning Spheres and Kaluza Spinning Spheres”( 1) that charge and gravity could be modeled by a sphere with a Compton wavelength radius of the neutron. If the neutron Compton wavelength is important to the propagation of charge and gravity then it is proposed that it also must be connected to some structure of the volume in which these forces are transmitted. “Underlying Cuboctahedron Packing of Planck Spinning Spheres Structure of the Hubble Universe” establishes a strong correlation, on multiple levels, between the larger mass quarks and bosons, and a cuboctahedron –Vector Equilibrium structure using the mass of the neutron and the combining of the layers of a cuboctahedron packing of spheres.
The layers of a cuboctahedron follow a consistent progression for the quantity of spheres that can be packed in a layer. The masses of the w boson, z boson, bottom quark, top quark and the Higgs can be directly correlated to the first few layers of a cuboctahedron structure, and in a mirror manner described in this paper.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1408] **viXra:1811.0011 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-11-01 20:12:00*

**Authors:** Savior F. Eason, Gifted Physics enthusiast

**Comments:** 21 Pages. All claims in this document have been scientifically proven under controlled experiments through my own research using DIY-SOTA tech, as explained in the document. Mechanical Methods of research, such as nuclear acceleration, are authorized by the NSA.

In my paper, I discuss a possibility posing a solution to one of the largest problems in theoretical physics, presenting a possible explanation of what space-time actually is, as well as positing an explanation for dark matter, Hyperspace, An infinite multiverse, and a
galilean-possibility of the nature of space, time, consciousness, energy, explaining matter, information, and positing an eternal universe with no beginning or end, in a vibrational multiverse rather than an inflationary or bubble one, and additionally presenting a trippy new reality for how we perceive the universe physically and philosophically; A new theory of everything, as presented by a physics-enthusiastic child in sinking spring.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1407] **viXra:1811.0002 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-11-02 05:48:57*

**Authors:** Leo Vuyk

**Comments:** 16 Pages.

Quantum FFF ( Function Follows Form) theory is a Rigid String Theory which states, that all attraction forces are subjected to a dual repulsion process between the dark energy of the oscillating Axion Higgs string vacuum lattice and less repulsion force of graviton strings or monopole photon strings ( electric- magnetic) radiated by fermionic matter.
Black hole nuclei are assumed to be rigid stringy quantum knots highly compressed by the external attack of the oscillating vacuum particles, which mostly are added to the outside of the growing nucleus depending on the pressure difference between the vacuum and the internal black hole quantum knot.
As a consequence most black holes are growing by consuming vacuum strings and also by merging with other black holes of different sizes.
Black hole with equal sizes do not merge, but are supposed to pair up to a certain distance after which they recede from each other to become a Herbig Haro system with star formation in the middle .
The giant central black holes often present inside galaxies are also supposed to merge with other black holes to grow in size.
As the ultimate consequence, however, the universe will contract into a Big Crunch, (BC) by the growing black holes which constantly consume the vacuum lattice around us.
However the vacuum pressure at the BC nucleus will decrease in time and become in balance with the growing internal rigid string pressure between the rigid strings inside the BC nucleus, which is the moment of the start of the big bang into chunks of smaller black hole nuclei evaporating also gradually into a surrounding oscillating vacuum lattice.
As a consequence we seem to live inside one of the super symmetric “material” bubble universe created by the explosion of a black hole.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1406] **viXra:1810.0501 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-10-30 20:11:45*

**Authors:** Michael John Sarnowski

**Comments:** 10 Pages.

The standard model predicts there should be equal parts of matter and antimatter. This paper proposes a simple mathematical solution to this problem. It basically proposes that the universe is built from the ground up, and antimatter is just a temporary state created by tearing the universe up a little and then reconstructing. It.
In “The Ultimate Answer to Life, the Universe, and Everything is an Entangled 42”, (1) we found that the smallest realm in the universe was spheres packed in a cuboctahedron of 3 layers. In the first realm of the cuboctahedron there was a perfect 42 spheres on the outside of 3 layer cuboctahedron. When one looks at the equation of breaking up a layer, there are positive and negative real solutions.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1405] **viXra:1810.0492 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-10-29 11:01:25*

**Authors:** Sylwester Kornowski

**Comments:** 5 Pages.

Higgs boson can not shrink spacetime to zero because its components are indestructible. The created electron-positron pairs inside the uncharged scalar in centre of baryons force contraction of the distances between spacetime components. At energy equal to mass of the W boson, we obtain that the fine-structure constant is about 1/128. We show also that particles emitted by fermions increase their effective ranges. We calculated that maximum distance between electrons in Cooper pairs should be 1161 nm.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1404] **viXra:1810.0455 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-10-27 16:43:31*

**Authors:** Eran Sinbar

**Comments:** 4 Pages.

Heisenberg’s uncertainty principle in energy and time, comes in the form of virtual particle pairs in empty space. These virtual pairs of matter and anti-matter in empty space pop in and out of existence. Their short existence can be measured directly through the Casimir effect [1]. These virtual particles constitute the Hawking radiation. They carry the latent black hole information from the surface of the event horizon into the void of space during the evaporation process of the black hole[2],[3].In this article I suggest a model in which these virtual particles in the vacuum are the source for gravity, curvature of space and time dilation.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1403] **viXra:1810.0440 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-10-26 18:21:26*

**Authors:** Michael John Sarnowski

**Comments:** 11 Pages.

In “The Ultimate Answer to Life, the Universe, and Everything is an Entangled 42”, (1) we found that the smallest realm in the universe was spheres packed in a cuboctahedron of 3 layers. In the first realm of the cuboctahedron there was a perfect 42 spheres on the outside of 3 layer cuboctahedron. In each subsequent layer the packing of spheres formed a larger sphere. But, the final layer of spheres the average number was not a whole integer. I suspect that in actuality each sphere does have integer number of spheres, but adjacent spheres have a slightly number of spheres. This slightly different number gives us a slightly different constant of nature, ever so small and different, but enough to contribute to a lumpy universe.
In “The Holographic Principle and How can the Particles and Universe be Modeled as a Hollow Sphere”(2). We found that the amount of discontinuities, or imperfections, when packing spheres around a group of spheres in equal to 4pir^2+4pir. This is basically the outside of the sphere contains the amount of information a universe can carry. The discontinuities or imperfections formed when packing spheres around a sphere, however small a percentage this may be contributes to the lumpy universe.
Our Realm of the universe would have a difference in particle size of about one in over ten to the 40th power.
In addition
What is the Ultimate Answer to Life the Universe and Everything? According to the “Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Galaxy” an advanced race of beings invented a supercomputer called Deep Thought, which after 7.5 million years came up with the answer of 42.
The real answer, to this question, could very well be related to 42. Sphere Theory is a theory where the universe is made of spheres, which are made of spheres etc. It is also a theory where perfection and imperfection are in competition, where perfect packing is cuboctahedron packing and imperfect packing is spheres packed around spheres. This imperfect packing always results in the imperfect amount of packing is nearly equal to the outer layer of spheres, which is likely related to the holographic principle. This paper shows that this spherical structure of nature is followed until the structure becomes a cuboctahedron with an outer layer of 42 spheres. The Hubble Sphere was found to have a surface area 1.0471*10^80 Planck spheres. The Planck Spheres were found to have a surface area of 6.57920 *10^40 Kaluza spheres. This paper works to help explain where these quantities come from.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1402] **viXra:1810.0427 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-10-25 12:02:12*

**Authors:** Ravindra Sidramappa Mundase

**Comments:** 6 Pages.

Galaxy rotation curve of triangulum galaxy has been explained by new quantum gravity theory. This theory correctly predicted the rotational velocities at different distances from the centre of galaxy. This is a non relativistic theory. This theory is based on baryonic matter only.This theory completely rejects dark matter hypothesis.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1401] **viXra:1810.0422 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-10-26 01:36:40*

**Authors:** Sylwester Kornowski

**Comments:** 11 Pages.

Here I present a structured extension of the content from the three previous articles in which I described how to read the Wow! signal. There are three different motivated ways to divide the signal. The most important is the division which within the same rule leads to the degrees of freedom of the stable and meta-stable manifolds described in the Scale-Symmetric Theory (SST). The SST manifolds appear at different levels of Nature. Wow! signal leads also to the angles in the neutrino-mixing matrix, to the fine-structure constant, to the asymptote for the coupling constant for the pure strong-weak interactions, or to discoverer of the Planck constant, and so on. All listed elements, especially the SST manifolds, are the foundations of Theory of Everything.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1400] **viXra:1810.0253 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-10-16 23:11:19*

**Authors:** Kuyukov Vitaly

**Comments:** 4 Pages.

This paper explains the emergence of a space-time interval using a modified holographic principle.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1399] **viXra:1810.0214 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-10-13 16:43:03*

**Authors:** Michael John Sarnowski

**Comments:** 8 Pages.

The standard model predicts a weak charge of SM prediction, Q p w(SM) = 0.0710 ± 0.0007. This value, SM prediction, Q p w(SM) = 0.0710 ± 0.0007, is the ratio of the weak charge to elementary charge. This paper shows that granular spacetime equations show a ratio of weak charge to elementary charge of .071776±.000001 We also show that the ratio of weak charge and elementary charge are simply the square root of the mass of the neutron to the mass of two times the z boson.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1398] **viXra:1810.0188 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-10-11 07:01:28*

**Authors:** George Rajna

**Comments:** 21 Pages.

RUDN mathematicians analyzed the properties of gravitational waves in a generalized affine-metrical space (an algebraic construction operating on the notions of a vector and a point) similarly to the properties of electromagnetic waves in Minkowski space-time. [19] A group of scientists from the Niels Bohr Institute (NBI) at the University of Copenhagen will soon start developing a new line of technical equipment in order to dramatically improve gravitational wave detectors. [18] A global team of scientists, including two University of Mississippi physicists, has found that the same instruments used in the historic discovery of gravitational waves caused by colliding black holes could help unlock the secrets of dark matter, a mysterious and as-yet-unobserved component of the universe. [17] The lack of so-called " dark photons " in electron-positron collision data rules out scenarios in which these hypothetical particles explain the muon's magnetic moment. [16] By reproducing the complexity of the cosmos through unprecedented simulations, a new study highlights the importance of the possible behaviour of very high-energy photons. In their journey through intergalactic magnetic fields, such photons could be transformed into axions and thus avoid being absorbed. [15] Scientists have detected a mysterious X-ray signal that could be caused by dark matter streaming out of our Sun's core. Hidden photons are predicted in some extensions of the Standard Model of particle physics, and unlike WIMPs they would interact electromagnetically with normal matter. In particle physics and astrophysics, weakly interacting massive particles, or WIMPs, are among the leading hypothetical particle physics candidates for dark matter. The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron – proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1397] **viXra:1810.0140 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-10-09 20:02:35*

**Authors:** Michael John Sarnowski

**Comments:** 7 Pages.

This paper shows the magnitude of the weak force and weak charge with calculations and makes predictions of the weak charge. It also postulates that the weak force may be a result of w boson pairs and z boson pairs. Tommaso Dorigo discusses W boson pairs [2]. The equations to derive a value of weak charge to elementary charge in this paper seem to imply that weak charge, of .076447, may be the result of W boson pairs or perhaps .071776 of a Z boson pairs. This paper uses the cuboctahedron structure shown in “Proton Electron Universe and Their Directions of Force”[1]. We also show that the ratio of weak charge and elementary charge are simply the square root of the mass of the neutron to the mass of two times the w boson or perhaps two times the z boson or a combination of these two numbers.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1396] **viXra:1810.0107 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-10-07 15:10:20*

**Authors:** F. Winterberg

**Comments:** 11 Pages.

We adopt here an attempt first pioneered by Dehnen to reformulate Einstein’s general theory of relativity as a kind of non-Abelian gauge theory, as is quantum chromodynamics. This approach permits the formulation of Einstein’s gravitational field equation by the same Lagrangian of the Einstein-Hilbert action, albeit with two event horizons: an “outer” one in ordinary space for Einstein’s theory with a cut-off at the Planck energy (~〖10〗^19 GeV), and an “inner” one in three-dimensional color space for quantum chromodynamics with a cut-of at ~〖10〗^2 GeV. This conclusion is reached by the analogy between general relativity and quantum chromodynamics at one hand, and Newtonian point particle classical mechanics and Helmholtz line vortex dynamics at the other hand.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1395] **viXra:1810.0062 [pdf]**
*submitted on 2018-10-06 04:24:58*

**Authors:** Adrian Ferent

**Comments:** 215 Pages. © 2014 Adrian Ferent

“In Ferent Quantum Gravity theory Supermassive Black Holes have very small mass”
Adrian Ferent
“Mass–energy equivalence for Dark Matter: E = md × vp^2 “
Adrian Ferent
“Supermassive Black Holes have very small mass: md = m × c^2 / vp^2 ”
Adrian Ferent
“I am the first who calculated the mass and the energy of a Black Hole”
Adrian Ferent
“Everything what you learned from your professors, from your books, from the greatest scientists…about Dark Matter and Black Holes is wrong”
Adrian Ferent
“Ferent Quantum Gravity theory explains that Supermassive Black Holes have very small mass, because the Gravitons inside the Supermassive Black Holes have high energy”
Adrian Ferent
“Dark Photons are faster than light, have higher frequencies than photons”
Adrian Ferent
“In Ferent Quantum Gravity theory the mass of supermassive Black Hole from the center of our galaxy is not 8.2 × 10^36 kg, it is 7.3 × 10^19 kg”
Adrian Ferent
“Sun’s core is Ferent Matter with the mass much smaller than the Sun’s mass, but with much higher energy than Sun’s energy”
Adrian Ferent
“The elementary particles contain Dark Matter with the mass much smaller than particles mass, but with much higher energy”
Adrian Ferent
“The electrons contain Dark Matter with the mass much smaller than electrons mass, but with much higher energy”
Adrian Ferent
“Because the elementary particles contain Dark Matter with the mass much smaller than particles mass, Dark Matter is not detected at CERN”
Adrian Ferent
“Physics is much more complicated than you learned, with Dark Matter”
Adrian Ferent
We know that all forms of energy contribute to the gravitational field generated by an object, because all forms of energy interact gravitationally.
For massless particles with zero rest mass, their relativistic mass is their relativistic energy divided by c^2.
85% of the matter in the universe is Dark Matter.
“Everything what you learned from your professors, from your books, from the greatest scientists…about Dark Matter and Black Holes is wrong”
Adrian Ferent
Mass–energy equivalence for matter: E = m × c^2
I am the first who calculated the Dark Matter energy:
“Mass–energy equivalence for Dark Matter: E = md × vp^2 “
Adrian Ferent
Where md is the Dark Matter mass and vp is the Dark Photons speed.
“The speed of Dark Photons is vp = 1.001762 × 10^17 m/s”
Adrian Ferent
Ferent Quantum Gravity theory explains:
“The Gravitons and the Dark Photons are faster than light”
Adrian Ferent
“Black Holes are Dark Matter”
Adrian Ferent
You learned from your professors, from your books, from the greatest scientists…that Supermassive Black Holes have very big mass!
“In Ferent Quantum Gravity theory Supermassive Black Holes have very small mass”
Adrian Ferent
I am the first who calculated the Dark Matter mass:
How I calculated that Supermassive Black Holes have very small mass:
This means:
“Supermassive Black Holes have very small mass: md = m × c^2 / vp^2”
Adrian Ferent
This is impossible in Einstein Gravitation theory, because Einstein Gravitation theory is wrong.
“Ferent Quantum Gravity theory explains that Supermassive Black Holes have very small mass, because the Gravitons inside the Supermassive Black Holes have high energy”
Adrian Ferent
“Dark Photons are faster than light, have higher frequencies than photons”
Adrian Ferent
You learned that Milky Way galaxy has a supermassive Black Hole, 4.1 million solar masses, 8.2 × 10^36 kg, at its center, 26000 light-years from the Solar System.
“In Ferent Quantum Gravity theory the mass of supermassive Black Hole from the center of our galaxy is not 8.2 × 10^36 kg, it is 7.3 × 10^19 kg”
Adrian Ferent
The mass of supermassive Black Hole from the center of our galaxy is 7.3 × 10^19 kg, much smaller than the Moon mass.
“I am the first who calculated the mass and the energy of a Black Hole”
Adrian Ferent
How I explained before:
“Sun’s core is Ferent Matter”
Adrian Ferent
“Ferent Matter is Dark Matter with density higher than Planck density”
Adrian Ferent
“The elementary particles are created around Dark Matter”
Adrian Ferent
“The elementary particles contain Dark Matter”
Adrian Ferent
“Unification between Matter and Dark Matter:
Adrian Ferent
“Stars and planets contain Dark Matter in proportion to their mass”
Adrian Ferent
This means:
“Sun’s core is Ferent Matter with the mass much smaller than the Sun’s mass, but with much higher energy than Sun’s energy”
Adrian Ferent
This is a very important discovery in Particle Physics:
“The elementary particles contain Dark Matter with the mass much smaller than particles mass, but with much higher energy”
Adrian Ferent
That is why:
“The electrons contain Dark Matter with the mass much smaller than electrons mass, but with much higher energy”
Adrian Ferent
“Because the elementary particles contain Dark Matter with the mass much smaller than particles mass, Dark Matter is not detected at CERN”
Adrian Ferent
That is why:
“Without Ferent Matter, there is no Gravitation”
Adrian Ferent
“Physics is much more complicated than you learned, with Dark Matter”
Adrian Ferent
This is another proof that Ferent Quantum Gravity theory is right and Einstein Gravitation theory, String theory, LQG… are wrong theories.
108. I am the first who discovered that Supermassive Black Holes have very small mass
109. I am the first who discovered the Mass–energy equivalence for Dark Matter: E = md × vp^2
110. I am the first who calculated that Supermassive Black Holes have very small mass: md = m × c^2 / vp^2
111. I am the first who calculated the mass and the energy of a Black Hole
112. I am the first who explained that everything you learned from your professors, from your books, from the greatest scientists…about Dark Matter and Black Holes is wrong
113. I am the first who calculated that Supermassive Black Holes have very small mass, because the Gravitons inside the Supermassive Black Holes have high energy
114. I am the first who discovered that Dark Photons are faster than light, have higher frequencies than photons
115. I am the first who calculated that the mass of supermassive Black Hole from the center of our galaxy is not 8.2 × 10^36 kg, it is 7.3 × 10^19 kg
116. I am the first who discovered that Sun’s core is Ferent Matter with the mass much smaller than the Sun’s mass, but with much higher energy than Sun’s energy
117. I am the first who discovered that the elementary particles contain Dark Matter with the mass much smaller than particles mass, but with much higher energy
118. I am the first who explained that the electrons contain Dark Matter with the mass much smaller than electrons mass, but with much higher energy
119. I am the first who explained because the elementary particles contain Dark Matter with the mass much smaller than particles mass, Dark Matter is not detected at CERN
120. I am the first who explained that Physics is much more complicated than you learned, with Dark Matter

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1250] **viXra:1902.0175 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2019-02-11 08:43:46*

**Authors:** Mundase Ravindra Sidramappa

**Comments:** 9 Pages.

Basically this theory has been developed to propose an oscillating universe. According to my theory, the matter is the only origin of gravity. In this theory all fundamental physical entities such as space, time, matter, force, energy and others are used in their usual meanings as in classical mechanics. The space and time are not related to each other. The space and time are independent.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1249] **viXra:1902.0034 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2019-02-15 03:09:04*

**Authors:** René Friedrich

**Comments:** 9 Pages.

General relativity and quantum mechanics both have been confirmed by experiments. In order to unify them, a new theory of quantum gravity is searched, but without success.
The current theories of quantum gravity are based on the tacit assumption of a continuous, differentiable Lorentzian spacetime manifold. Little attention has been paid to this assumption, but no theory is complete without the prior verification of the soundness of its underlying assumptions.
Surprisingly, we will see in the following that, whatever is the approach we choose, nothing is corroborating the assumption of a continuous spacetime manifold.
Based on the principles of general relativity we will find that the universe is not consisting of discrete points in spacetime (events), but of discrete worldlines of particles.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1248] **viXra:1901.0416 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2019-02-22 19:44:44*

**Authors:** Shawn Halayka

**Comments:** 2 Pages.

The emission of gravitons by a mass is considered.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1247] **viXra:1901.0416 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2019-02-21 15:59:15*

**Authors:** Shawn Halayka

**Comments:** 2 Pages.

The emission of gravitons by a mass is considered.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1246] **viXra:1901.0416 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2019-02-20 13:58:22*

**Authors:** Shawn Halayka

**Comments:** 1 Page.

The emission of gravitons by a mass is considered.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1245] **viXra:1901.0416 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2019-02-01 11:42:51*

**Authors:** Shawn Halayka

**Comments:** 1 Page.

The emission of gravitons by a mass is considered.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1244] **viXra:1901.0416 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2019-01-31 14:03:18*

**Authors:** Shawn Halayka

**Comments:** 1 Page.

The emission of gravitons by a mass is considered.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1243] **viXra:1901.0416 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2019-01-28 12:11:11*

**Authors:** Shawn Halayka

**Comments:** 1 Page.

The emission of gravitons by a mass is considered.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1242] **viXra:1901.0327 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2019-02-07 10:18:36*

**Authors:** F. M. Sanchez

**Comments:** 24 Pages. absract, introduction and conclusion in French

A la mémoire de Michael Atiyah... The observed fine tuning between Physical dimensionless parameters is interpreted as relations between optimal calculation basis of a Deterministic Grandcosmos Computer. The Large Period is given by the conjunction of two mandatory c-free dimensional analysis (CFDA), corresponding to the holic dimension 30 of the Topological axis f(n) = exp(2^(n/4)), with the Compton Electron wavelength as unit length. The Cartan-Bott period 8 define the gauge bosons : GUT (n = 22), Weak (n = 14), and Gluon (n = 6) with a non-standard mass about 10 me. The visible Universe horizon radius R is given both by ADHC, Eddington's statistical theory, and the gravitational Hydrogen molecule model. R is tied to the dimension 26 of Bosonic Tachyonic String Theory, corresponding to the cosmic photon (n = 18), the Atom and Pion (n = 10, canonic Supersting dimension) and the String (n = 2). The Atiyah constant Gamma = gamma a/p c, where a = 137.035991... is the electrical constant, corresponds to the virtual dimension √(a/3) and enters ppb (10^-9) relations which confirm Superstring Theory, implying the weak interaction and intermediate bosons, the gravitation and the fermions mu and tau. The Brout – Englert – Higgs scalar boson is tied both to the type 1 string gauge dimension 496 and the virtual dimension gamma x Gamma. This third perfect number 496 plays a central role in a Geo-combinatorial Relation tying the four coupling constants. The terminal fermion tau is related (10^-7) to the Moonshine dimension D =196883 of the Monster. The ACDFA gives also the CMB temperature. tied to a double holographic relation 1D-2D-3D. This correspond to the mandatory replacement, in a Single Cosmos, of differential equations by integral ones. The Eddington's Large Number enters a Machian relation implying the trivial fraction 3/10 of the critical Universe mass and main particle masses, showing that back energy is a false problem. In a Cosmos with ultra-plankian reconstruction mater-antimater, black matter would be in phase quadrature. The ACDA relies also three unexplained facts: Kotov, Tifft and Pioneer, probably tied to the tachyonic Space-Time-Matter regeneration. The Large Period is tied to the Kotov one by the cardinal order of the Monster, which presents, as well as the canonic f(30) and the holographic Grandcosmos radius impressive relations with free parameters of the standard Model. It is suggested that 26 of them could be defined by the 26 sporadic groups. In particular, this unification Physics-Mathematics justifies the Inverse Anthropic Principle and excludes the non-scientific Multiverse hypothesis. It is concluded that present mathematics is incomplete, not recognizing physical parameters as mathematical ones. This could lead to a super-informatics.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1241] **viXra:1901.0327 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2019-02-04 02:57:30*

**Authors:** F. M. Sanchez

**Comments:** 21 Pages. French absract added

A la mémoire de Michael Atiyah... The observed fine tuning between Physical dimensionless parameters is interpreted as relations between optimal calculation basis of a Deterministic Grandcosmos Computer. The Large Period is given by the conjunction of two mandatory c-free dimensional analysis (CFDA), corresponding to the holic dimension 30 of the Topological axis f(n) = exp(2^(n/4)), with the Compton Electron wavelength as unit length. The Cartan-Bott period 8 define the gauge bosons : GUT (n = 22), Weak (n = 14), and Gluon (n = 6) with a non-standard mass about 10 me. The visible Universe horizon radius R is given both by ADHC, Eddington's statistical theory, and the gravitational Hydrogen molecule model. R is tied to the dimension 26 of Bosonic Tachyonic String Theory, corresponding to the cosmic photon (n = 18), the Atom and Pion (n = 10, canonic Supersting dimension) and the String ( n = 2). The Atiyah constant Gamma = gamma x a/pi, where a = 137.035991... is the electrical constant, corresponds to the virtual dimension √(a/3) and enters ppb relations which confirm Superstring Theory, implying the weak interaction and intermediate bosons, the gravitation and the fermions mu and tau. The Brout – Englert – Higgs scalar boson is tied both to the type 1 string gauge dimension 496 and the virtual dimension gamma x Gamma. This third perfect number 496 plays a central role in a Geo-combinatorial Relation tying the four coupling constants. The terminal fermion tau is related to 10^-7 to the Moonshine dimension D = 196883 of the Monster. The ACDFA gives also the CMB temperature. tied to a double holographic relation 1D-2D-3D. This correspond to the mandatory replacement, in a Single Cosmos, of differential equations by integral ones. The Eddington's Large Number enters a Machian relation implying the trivial fraction 3/10 of the critical Universe mass and main particle masses, showing that back energy is a false problem. In a Cosmos with ultra-plankian reconstruction mater-antimater, black matter would be in phase quadrature. The ACDA relies also three unexplained facts: Kotov, Tifft and Pioneer, probably tied to the tachyonic Space-Time-Matter regeneration. The Large Period is tied to the Kotov one by the cardinal order of the Monster, which presents, as well as the canonic f(30) impressive relations with free parameters of the standard Model. It is suggested that 26 of them could be defined by the 26 sporadic groups. In particular, this unification Physics-Mathematics justifies the Inverse Anthropic Principle and excludes the non-scientific Multiverse hypothesis.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1240] **viXra:1901.0327 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2019-02-03 07:55:43*

**Authors:** F. M. Sanchez

**Comments:** 21 Pages. added abstract in French

A la mémoire de Michael Atiyah... The observed fine tuning between Physical dimensionless parameters is interpreted as relations between optimal calculation basis of a Deterministic Grandcosmos Computer. The Large Period is given by the conjunction of two mandatory c-free dimensional analysis (CFDA), corresponding to the holic dimension 30 of the Topological axis f(n) = exp(2^(n/4)), with the Compton Electron wavelength as unit length. The Cartan-Bott period 8 define the gauge bosons : GUT (n = 22), Weak (n = 14), and Gluon (n = 6) with a non-standard mass about 10 me. The visible Universe horizon radius R is given both by ADHC, Eddington's statistical theory, and the gravitational Hydrogen molecule model. R is tied to the dimension 26 of Bosonic Tachyonic String Theory, corresponding to the cosmic photon (n = 18), the Atom (n = 10, canonic Supersting dimension) and the String ( n = 2). The Atiyah constant G = ga/p c, where a = 137.035991... is the electrical constant, corresponds to the virtual dimension √(a/3) and enters ppb relations which confirm Superstring Theory, implying the weak interaction and intermediate bosons, the gravitation and the fermions mu and tau. The Brout – Englert – Higgs scalar boson is tied both to the type 1 string gauge dimension 496 and the virtual dimension gG. The third perfect number 496 plays a central role in a Geo-combinatorial Relation tying the four coupling constants. The terminal fermion tau is related to 10^-7 to the Moonshine dimension D =196883 of the Monster. The ACDFA gives also the CMB temperature. tied to a double holographic relation 1D-2D-3D. This correspond to the mandatory replacement, in a Single Cosmos, of differential equations by integral ones. The Eddington's Large Number enters a Machian relation implying the trivial fraction 3/10 of the critical Universe mass and main particle masses, showing that back energy is a false problem. In a Cosmos with ultra-plankian reconstruction mater-antimater, black matter would be in phase quadrature. The ACDA relies also three unexplained facts: Kotov, Tifft and Pioneer, probably tied to the tachyonic Space-Time-Matter regeneration. The Large Period is tied to the Kotov one by the cardinal order of the Monster, which presents, as well as the canonic f(30) impressive relations with free parameters of the standard Model. It is suggested that 26 of them could be defined by the 26 sporadic groups. In particular, this unification Physics-Mathematics justifies the Inverse Anthropic Principle and excludes the non-scientific Multiverse hypothesis.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1239] **viXra:1901.0327 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2019-02-01 00:16:15*

**Authors:** F. M. Sanchez

**Comments:** 18 Pages.

A la mémoire de Michael Atiyah... The observed fine tuning between Physical dimensionless parameters is interpreted as relations between optimal calculation basis of a Deterministic Grandcosmos Computer. The Large Period is given by two mandatory c-free dimensional analysis (CFDA), corresponding to the holic dimension 30 of the Topological axis f(n) = exp(2^(n/4)), with the Compton Electron wavelength as unit length. The Cartan-Bott period 8 define the gauge bosons : GUT (n = 22), Weak (n = 14, et Gluon (n = 6) with a non-standard mass about 10 me. The visible Universe horizon radius R is given both by ADHC, Eddington's statistical theory, and the gravitational Hydrogen molecule model. R is tied to the dimension 26 of Bosonic Tachyonic String Theory, corresponding to the cosmic photon (n = 18), the Atom (n = 10, canonic Supersting dimension) and the String ( n = 2). The Brout – Englert – Higgs scalar boson is tied both to the string dimension 496 and the virtual dimension 137/3pi , where 137 is the whole part of the electrical constant, identified as the principal prime of Rieman series. The third perfect number 496 plays a central role in a Geo-combinatorial Relation tying the four coupling constants. The Atiyah constant a x gamma/pi corresponds to the virtual dimension √(a/3) and enters ppb relations which confirm Superstring Theory, implying the weak interaction and intermediate bosons, the gravitation and the fermions mu and tau. The terminal fermion tau is related to 10^-7 to the Moonshine dimension D = 196883 of the Monster. The ACDFA gives also the CMB temperature. tied to a double holographic relation 1D-2D-3D. This correspond to the replacement, in a Single Cosmos, of differential equations by integral ones. The Eddington's Large Number enters a Machian relation implying the trivial fraction 3/10 of the critical mass and main particles, showing that black energy is a false problem. In a Cosmos with ultra-plankian reconstruction mater versus antimater, black matter woud be a quadrature reconstruction. The ACDA relies also three unexplained facts: Kotov, Tifft and Pioneer, probably tied to the tachyonic Space-Time-Matter regeneration. The Large Period is tied to the Kotov one by the cardinal order of the Monster, which presents, as well as the canonic f(30) impressive relations with free parameters of the standard Model. It is suggested that 26 of them could be defined by the 26 sporadic groups. In particular, this unification Physics-Mathematics justifies the Inverse Anthropic Principle and excludes the non-scientific Multiverse hypothesis.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1238] **viXra:1901.0327 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2019-01-27 03:48:52*

**Authors:** F. M. Sanchez

**Comments:** 17 Pages.

To the memory of Sir Michael Atiyah...The observed fine tuning between Physical dimensionless parameters is interpreted as relations between optimal calculation basis of a Deterministic Grandcosmos Computer. The Eddington's Fundamental Theory is rehabilitated: his Large Number is very close to the equivalent number of neutrons in the canonical trivial fraction 3/10 of the visible universe critical mass, showing that dark energy is a false problem. The Monster Group cardinal order appears in three c-free dimensional analysis, with the Kotov period involved twice, which confirm the Topological Axis, rehabilitating String Theory, in particular its tachyonic bosonic version. The Cartan-Bott periodicity define the gauge bosons (with massive Gluon) from the value n = 30, characteristic of the reduced Holic Principle. The c-free connexion between the Kotov, Tifft and Pionner effects constrains the String Theory. The Single Cosmos hypothesis implies that differential equations must be replaced by integral ones. Indeed, generalized holographic relations ties the cosmic Background wavelength to micro-physics ones. The string dimension 496 plays a central role in a Geo-combinatorial Relation tying the four coupling constants. 496^2 is a good candidate for the Scalar Boson/electron mass ratio, so confirming that the Particle standard model is uncompleted. The mathematical constants pi, e and gamma enter fine-tuning relations with the Hierarchical numbers 137 and 2^127, specifying micro-physics main constants and the gravitational constant G to ppb precision (10^-9). The formula simplifies by introducing Atiyah constant, and show a 9D reduction to 3D, confirming Superstring Theory. In particular, this unification Physics-Mathematics excludes the non-scientific Multiverse hypothesis.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1237] **viXra:1901.0327 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2019-01-25 23:39:52*

**Authors:** F. M. Sanchez

**Comments:** 16 Pages.

To the memory of Sir Michael Atiyah...The observed fine tuning between Physical dimensionless parameters is interpreted as relations between optimal calculation basis of a Deterministic Grandcosmos Computer. The Eddington's Fundamental Theory is rehabilitated: his Large Number is very close to the equivalent number of neutrons in the canonical trivial fraction 3/10 of the visible universe critical mass, showing that dark energy is a false problem. The Monster Group cardinal order appears in three c-free dimensional analysis, with the Kotov period involved twice, which confirm the Topological Axis, rehabilitating String Theory, in particular its tachyonic bosonic version. The Cartan-Bott periodicity define the gauge bosons (with massive Gluon) from the value n = 30, characteristic of the reduced Holic Principle. The c-free connexion between the Kotov, Tifft and Pionner effects constrain the String Theory. The Single Cosmos hypothesis implies that differential equations must be replaced by integral ones. Indeed, generalized holographic relations ties the cosmic Background wavelength to micro-physics ones. The mathematical constants pi, e and gamma enter fine-tuning relations with the Hierarchical numbers 137 and 2^127, specifying micro-physics main constants and the gravitational constant G to ppb precision (10-9). The formula simplifies by introducing Atiyah constant, and show a 9D reduction to 3D, confirming Superstring Theory. In particular, this unification Physics-Mathematics excludes the non-scientific Multiverse hypothesis.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1236] **viXra:1901.0327 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2019-01-24 01:38:05*

**Authors:** F. M. Sanchez

**Comments:** 15 Pages.

To the memory of Sir Michael Atiyah...The observed fine tuning between Physical dimensionless parameters is interpreted as relations between optimal calculation basis of a Deterministic Grandcosmos Computer. The Eddington's Fundamental Theory is rehabilitated: his Large Number gives a good approximation of the equivalent number of neutrons in the canonical trivial fraction 3/10 of the visible universe critical mass, showing that dark energy is a false problem. The Monster Group cardinal order appears in three c-free dimensional analysis, with the Kotov period involved twice, which confirm the Topological Axis, rehabilitating String Theory, in particular its tachyonic bosonic version. The Cartan-Bott periodicity define the gauge bosons (with massive Gluon) from the value n = 30. The unique cosmic hypothesis implies that differential equations must be replaced by integral ones. Indeed, generalized holographic relations ties the cosmic Background wavelength to micro-physics ones. The mathematical constants pi, e and gamma enter fine-tuning relations with the Hierarchical numbers 137 and 2^127, specifying micro-physics main constants and the gravitational constant G to ppb precision (10^-9). The formula simplifies by introducing Atiyah constant, and show a 9D reduction to 3D, confirming Superstring Theory. In particular, this unification Physics-Mathematics excludes the non-scientific Multiverse hypothesis.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1235] **viXra:1901.0327 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2019-01-23 04:01:15*

**Authors:** F. M. Sanchez

**Comments:** 15 Pages.

To Sir Michaelangelo Francis Atiyah...The observed fine tuning between Physical dimensionless parameters is interpreted as relations between optimal calculation basis of a Deterministic Grandcosmos Computer. The Eddington's Fundamental Theory is rehabilitated: his Large Number gives a good approximation of the equivalent number of neutrons in the canonical trivial fraction 3/10 of the visible universe critical mass, showing that dark energy is a false problem. The Monster Group cardinal order appears in three c-free dimensional analysis, with the Kotov period involved twice, which confirm the Topological Axis, rehabilitating String Theory, in particular its tachyonic bosonic version. The Carton-Bott periodicity define the gauge bosons (with massive Gluon) from the value n = 30. The Unique cosmic hypothesis implies that differential equations must be replaced by integral ones. Indeed, generalized holographic relations ties the cosmic Background wavelength to micro-physics ones. The mathematical constants pi, e and gamma enter fine-tuning relations with the Hierarchical numbers 137 and 2^127, specifying micro-physics main constants and the gravitational constant G to ppb precision (10^-9). The formula simplifies by introducing Atiyah constant, and show a 9D reduction to 3D, confirming Superstring Theory. In particular, this unification Physics-Mathematics excludes the non-scientific Multiverse hypothesis.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1234] **viXra:1901.0181 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2019-01-14 13:42:22*

**Authors:** Sylwester Kornowski

**Comments:** 7 Pages.

The different size scales in Nature and CP violation lead to very simple our pre-Cosmos with left-handed polarization which has transformed into the left-handed internal helicity of the baryons - it solves the matter-antimatter asymmetry. The simplest grainy surface that can have internal helicity is the torus/charge/spin (or loop) with toroidal and poloidal speeds. Here we showed that the ratio of such speeds leads to both the Jarlskog invariant and a spilled half-jet in grainy spacetime (i.e. to an additional arrow of time) which is responsible for CP violation. The Jarlskog invariant allows you to calculate the lifetimes of the neutron and weakly decaying hyperons.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1233] **viXra:1901.0143 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2019-01-11 06:43:36*

**Authors:** Remi Cornwall

**Comments:** 3 Pages.

This enquiry follows the investigation into a propulsion system purportedly utilising the QED vacuum as reactive momenergy. The QFT vacuum is contentious because the “naïve” value for it is extraordinarily large, yet on the cosmic scale it is hardly present. This begs the question as to whether it is really real and further highlights the problem between General Relativity on very large scales, with Quantum Mechanics on very small scales. We find a mathematical procedure that: to the 1st order removes the “embarrassing” QFT vacuum constant from the Einstein tensor and then covers nearly all of the 120 orders of magnitude difference between the Cosmological Constant and Vacuum Energy by introducing it as an higher order correction in (G/c4)3. There is a proviso for further work, that the difference of a few orders we calculate, might be made up by considering fluctuations, running constants in the QFT vacuum, extra degrees of freedom/dimensions, Inflation or even non-constant G.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1232] **viXra:1812.0405 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2019-01-06 15:31:43*

**Authors:** M. D. Sheppeard

**Comments:** 16 Pages.

Important polytope sequences, like the associahedra and permutohedra, contain one object in each dimension. The more particles labelling the leaves of a tree, the higher the dimension required to compute physical amplitudes, where we speak of an abstract categorical dimension. Yet for most purposes, we care only about low dimensional arrows, particularly associators and braiding arrows. In the emerging theory of motivic quantum gravity, the structure of three dimensions explains why we perceive three dimensions. The Leech lattice is a simple consequence of quantum mechanics. Higher dimensional data, like the e8 lattice, is encoded in three dimensions. Here we give a very elementary overview of key data from an axiomatic perspective, focusing on the permutoassociahedra of Kapranov.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1231] **viXra:1812.0315 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2018-12-23 01:07:02*

**Authors:** Andrew Beckwith

**Comments:** 45 page re do. Accepted after being reformatted as to JHEPGC instructions. Added one Eq. (53) as to Kaluza Klein, plus material as to polarization for future work and review. Deleted over 2/3rds of the referee questions at request of JHEPGC type setters

45 page thought experiment as to how Quantum gravity emerges from a quintic polynomial, and its relationship to galois theory. Focus is on wormhole throats, as a precursor to the thought experiment. Added material and cut referee questions and replies at request of JHEPGC editors, and the present form of paper is accepted by JHEPGC

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1230] **viXra:1812.0068 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2019-01-07 14:39:27*

**Authors:** Michael John Sarnowski

**Comments:** 6 Pages.

Most everyone is aware off gravity, some are aware of the gravitational constant, less are aware of the strong force, and virtually no one knows about the strong gravitational constant or what it would be. The author proposes that the same format can be used for the strong force that is used for the gravitational constant. The calculations will be shown here.
Sphere Theory is a theory that the universe is made of spheres that are made of spheres perhaps indefinitely. It is the discontinuities in the spheres that give rise to imperfection and make the universe interesting. The equations, so far have shown the forces from elementary charge, weak charge, and gravity. This paper shows the building of the equation for the unit strong force. The unit strong force is the force of one strong force carrier at its closest interaction. The unit strong force has a very short distance of action as the attraction loops back on itself very quickly due to its extreme strength that basically pulls apart space and makes new quarks. The equation developed herein is only for the force at its closest interaction, which is strong enough to hold the protons and neutrons and other nucleons together within the nucleus of the atom.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1229] **viXra:1812.0030 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2019-01-07 14:57:33*

**Authors:** Michael John Sarnowski

**Comments:** 6 Pages.

We find that the peak force measured at Jefferson Laboratory could be about 7000 newtons inside the proton, and the peak strong force calculated in equation 16,17 to be about 6150 Newtons. Both are similar and the author proposes that what Jefferson Laboratory measured in their test was mostly the strong force.
It is not clear what surface area Jefferson Laboratory was using for their calculation of pressure. The author believes it was an area from a space that had a radius of 0.6 femtometers as discussed in the Nature article [1]. Also, in Nature article, it is clear that the Pascals, is a rough number, on which they intend to find improvement.
The author of this paper proposes that Jefferson Laboratory only state what the force was as the area may not be measurable and could in fact be the Planck Area, which would put the pressure up into the Pascals pressure.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1228] **viXra:1812.0030 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2018-12-03 19:09:03*

**Authors:** Michael John Sarnowski

**Comments:** 5 Pages.

Sphere Theory is a theory that the universe is made of spheres that are made of spheres perhaps indefinitely. It is the discontinuities in the spheres that give rise to imperfection and make the universe interesting. The equations, so far have shown the forces from elementary charge, weak charge, and gravity. This paper shows the building of the equation for the unit strong force. The unit strong force is the force of one strong force carrier at its closest interaction. The unit strong force has a very short distance of action as the attraction loops back on itself very quickly due to its extreme strength that basically pulls apart space and makes new quarks. The equation developed herein is only for the force at its closest interaction, which is strong enough to hold the protons and neutrons and other nucleons together within the nucleus of the atom. An article from Nature “The pressure distribution inside the proton”[1] states the peak pressure is on the order of Pascals. This peak pressure can be converted to a force, which the author proposes is mostly due to the strong force.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1227] **viXra:1811.0478 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2019-02-16 22:46:40*

**Authors:** Michael John Sarnowski

**Comments:** 3 Pages.

This paper is the start of showing that the Dirac large number hypothesis is missing a certain a missing dimensionless number and this dimensionless number converts to describing a neutron like particle that builds the universe. In earlier papers by Michael John Sarnowski it is called the Planck Sphere.
The Dirac large numbers hypothesis (LNH) is an observation made by Paul Dirac in 1937 relating ratios of size scales in the Universe to that of force scales. The ratios constitute very large, dimensionless numbers: some 40 orders of magnitude in the present cosmological epoch. According to Dirac's hypothesis, the apparent similarity of these ratios might not be a mere coincidence but instead could imply a cosmology with these unusual features:[1]
In this paper we show the start of the Large Numbers Hypothesis, but we find that the numbers that have been used aren’t quite correct, and if the correct number is used we can find what the Planck units are really referring to.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1226] **viXra:1811.0201 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2018-11-24 21:19:36*

**Authors:** Kuyukov Vitaly

**Comments:** 5 Pages.

The emergence of space-time from a common Hilbert space.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1225] **viXra:1811.0201 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2018-11-20 01:57:07*

**Authors:** Kuyukov Vitaly

**Comments:** 4 Pages.

The emergence of space-time from a common Hilbert space.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1224] **viXra:1811.0146 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2018-11-25 00:31:39*

**Authors:** F. M. Sanchez

**Comments:** 8 Pages.

Fine tuning relations using Eddington number 137 and the central mathematical constants e, pi, gamma connect with the Fermi coupling constant, the muon and tau masses, and the G value. The latter is compatible, within 10^-7 with the G value deduced from the Coherent Cosmology, and within 10^-9 to the electron magnetic moment. The formula simplify by introducing a super Euler - constant, and show a 9D reduction to 3D, confirming Superstring Theory, while c-free analysis confirms the Topological Axis and the tachyonic Bosonic String Theory, with emphasis on a 30 dimension Space, connected through triple Bott reduction with a massive Gluon in 6 dimension space. The 26 sporadic groups are tied to the three microphysics coupling constant and the gauge group dimension 496, whose square give the Higgs boson/Electron mass ratio. The Baby-Monster is directly tied to the observable Universe. The Monster Group, whose cardinal order is directly tied to Rydbergh energy appears in the c-free analysis giving the overall periodicity of a Deterministic Grandcosmos Computer. This confirms the exclusion of the Multiverse hypothesis and Eddington's rehabilitation.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1223] **viXra:1811.0146 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2018-11-23 10:38:34*

**Authors:** F. M. Sanchez

**Comments:** 7 Pages.

Fine tuning relations using Eddington number 137 connect with the Fermi coupling constant, the muon mass, the electron magnetic moment and the G value, compatible within 10^-7 with G deduced from the Coherent Cosmology. The tachyonic Bosonic String Theory is confirmed by c-free analysis, with emphasis on a 30 dimension Space. This confirms Eddington's rehabilitation and the exclusion of the Multiverse hypothesis.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1222] **viXra:1811.0146 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2018-11-22 02:26:40*

**Authors:** F. M. Sanchez

**Comments:** 7 Pages.

Fine tuning relations using Atiyah constant and Eddington number 137 connect with the Fermi coupling constant, the muon mass, the electron magnetic moment and the G value, compatible within 10^-7 with G deduced from the Coherent Cosmology. This shows a 9D and 6D reduction to 3D, confirming Superstring Theory, while the tachyonic Bosonic String Theory is confirmed by c-free analysis, with emphasis on a 30 dimension Space. This confirms Atiyah's claims about Eddington rehabilitation and the exclusion of the Multiverse hypothesis.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1221] **viXra:1811.0146 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2018-11-21 03:31:43*

**Authors:** Atiyah Approach excludes the Multiverse Hypothesis, confirms Coherent Cosmology, Eddington's, String Theories

**Comments:** 6 Pages.

Fine tuning relations using Atiyah cosnstant and Eddington number 137 connect with the Fermi coupling constant, the muon mass and the G value, in 10-9 compatibility with both the Coherent Cosmology G value and the electron magnetic moment. This shows a 9D and 6D reduction to 3D, confirming Superstring Theory, while the tachyonic Bosonic one is confirmed by c-free analysis, with emphasis on a 30 dimension Space. This confirms Atiyah's claims about Eddington rehabilitation and the exclusion of the Multiverse hypothesis.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1220] **viXra:1811.0146 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2018-11-19 09:33:28*

**Authors:** F. M. Sanchez

**Comments:** 2 Pages.

A simple fine tuning relation using the Atiyah Constant, the Eddington number 137 and the Fermi coupling constant defines the latter in its 5 × 10^-7 indetermination, compatible with the 2 × 10^-8 muon mass indetermination in another Cosmic Oscillation fine tuning relation. A symmetrical extension showing superstring 6D and 9D spaces gives a G value compatible with the Quinn measurement (2.5 × 10^-5), and the Coherent Cosmology value (10^-7), showing the superstring reduction from 9D to 3D. A very simple formula connects G and the electron magnetic moment to 10^-9. This confirms Atiyah's claims about Eddington rehabilitation and the exclusion of the Multiverse hypothesis.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1219] **viXra:1811.0146 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2018-11-16 23:37:25*

**Authors:** F. M. Sanchez

**Comments:** 2 Pages.

A simple fine tuning relation using the Atiyah Constant, the Eddington number 137 and the Fermi coupling constant defines the latter in its 5 × 10-7 indetermination, compatible with the 2 × 10-8 muon mass indetermination in another Cosmic Oscillation fine tuning relation. A symmetrical extension showing superstring 6D and 9D spaces, showing the superstring reduction from 9D to 3D, gives a G value compatible with the Quinn measurement (2.5 × 10^-5) and the Coherent Cosmology value (10^-7). This confirms Atiyah's claims about Eddington rehabilitation and the exclusion of the Multiverse hypothesis.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1218] **viXra:1811.0146 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2018-11-15 00:18:01*

**Authors:** F. M. Sanchez

**Comments:** 1 Page.

A simple fine tuning relation using the Atiyah Constant, the Eddington number 137 and the Fermi coupling constant defines the latter in its 5 × 10-7 indetermination, compatible with the 2 × 10-8 muon mass indetermination in another Cosmic Oscillation fine tuning relation. A symmetrical extension showing superstring 6D and 9D spaces gives a G value compatible with the Quinn measurement (2.5 × 10-5), and the Coherent Cosmology value (10-7). This confirms Atiyah's claims about Eddington rehabilitation and the exclusion of the Multiverse hypothesis.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1217] **viXra:1810.0427 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2018-11-23 10:09:40*

**Authors:** Ravindra Sidramappa Mundase

**Comments:** 7 Pages.

A detailed study of roatation curve of triangulum galaxy(M33) has been done using new quantum gravity theory.The new quantum gravity theory is based on baryonic matter only. This new theory is not based on the dark matter. Hence the existence of dark matter is rejected. The new theory is different from Newton’s gravitational theory or any other gravitational theory postulated at present. The new theory is non-relativistic theory in which space and time are constant and not related to each other. This theory is a quantum gravity theory in which gravity is made up of small quantas.It is observed that the theoretical rotational velocities curve form a cusp at the radius of 20 kly. This is a dominant and most important aspect of new quantum gravitational theory. The halo cusp problem cannot be solved by dark matter hypothesis. Inability to solve halo cusp problem is main drawback of dark matter hypothesis. This new quantum gravitational theory solves the halo cusp problem of rotation curve of galaxy.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1216] **viXra:1810.0427 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2018-11-07 22:47:42*

**Authors:** Ravindra Sidramappa Mundase

**Comments:** 7 Pages.

A detailed study of roatation curve of triangulum galaxy(M33) has been done using new quantum gravity theory.The new quantum gravity theory is based on baryonic matter only. This new theory is not based on the dark matter. Hence the existence of dark matter is rejected. The new theory is different from Newton’s gravitational theory or any other gravitational theory postulated at present. The new theory is non-relativistic theory in which space and time are constant and not related to each other. This theory is a quantum gravity theory in which gravity is made up of small quantas.It is observed that the theoretical rotational velocities curve form a cusp at the radius of 20 kly. This is a dominant and most important aspect of new quantum gravitational theory. The halo cusp problem cannot be solved by dark matter hypothesis. Inability to solve halo cusp problem is main drawback of dark matter hypothesis. This new quantum gravitational theory solves the halo cusp problem of rotation curve of galaxy.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1215] **viXra:1810.0422 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2018-11-11 06:44:57*

**Authors:** Sylwester Kornowski

**Comments:** 14 Pages.

Here I show how to read the Wow! signal. There are three different motivated ways to divide the signal. The most important is the division which within the same rule leads to the degrees of freedom of the stable and meta-stable manifolds described in the Scale-Symmetric Theory (SST). The SST manifolds appear at different levels of Nature. Wow! signal leads also to the angles in the neutrino-mixing matrix, to the fine-structure constant, to the asymptote for the coupling constant for the pure strong-weak interactions or to discoverer of the Planck constant, and so on. All listed here elements are the foundations of Theory of Everything.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1214] **viXra:1810.0422 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2018-11-10 12:40:45*

**Authors:** Sylwester Kornowski

**Comments:** 13 Pages.

Here I show how to read the Wow! signal. There are three different motivated ways to divide the signal. The most important is the division which within the same rule leads to the degrees of freedom of the stable and meta-stable manifolds described in the Scale-Symmetric Theory (SST). The SST manifolds appear at different levels of Nature. Wow! signal leads also to the angles in the neutrino-mixing matrix, to the fine-structure constant, to the asymptote for the coupling constant for the pure strong-weak interactions or to discoverer of the Planck constant, and so on. All listed here elements are the foundations of Theory of Everything.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1213] **viXra:1810.0422 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2018-11-04 10:00:50*

**Authors:** Sylwester Kornowski

**Comments:** 11 Pages.

Here I show how to read the Wow! signal. There are three different motivated ways to divide the signal. The most important is the division which within the same rule leads to the degrees of freedom of the stable and meta-stable manifolds described in the Scale-Symmetric Theory (SST). The SST manifolds appear at different levels of Nature. Wow! signal leads also to the angles in the neutrino-mixing matrix, to the fine-structure constant, to the asymptote for the coupling constant for the pure strong-weak interactions or to discoverer of the Planck constant, and so on. All listed here elements are the foundations of Theory of Everything.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[1212] **viXra:1810.0140 [pdf]**
*replaced on 2018-10-10 08:36:39*

**Authors:** Michael John Sarnowski

**Comments:** 7 Pages. Corrected Typos

This paper shows the magnitude of the weak force and weak charge with calculations and makes predictions of the weak charge. It also postulates that the weak force may be a result of w boson pairs and z boson pairs. Tommaso Dorigo discusses W boson pairs [2]. The equations to derive a value of weak charge to elementary charge in this paper seem to imply that weak charge, of .076447, may be the result of W boson pairs or perhaps .071776 of a Z boson pairs. This paper uses the cuboctahedron structure shown in “Proton Electron Universe and Their Directions of Force”[1]. We also show that the ratio of weak charge and elementary charge are simply the square root of the mass of the neutron to the mass of two times the w boson or perhaps two times the z boson or a combination of these two numbers.

**Category:** Quantum Gravity and String Theory