General Science and Philosophy

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Recent submissions

Any replacements are listed farther down

[942] viXra:1807.0038 [pdf] submitted on 2018-07-01 08:55:57

Antena Libro

Authors: Carlos Alejandro Chiappioni
Comments: 4 Pages. English: The expenditure of money to build the antenna is minimal.

English : It is an antenna project based on new physics. The design was not decided freely. It has resulted from the conditions that, according to that new physics, optimize the transfer of energy from matter (antenna) to radiation. It has been the simplest way to meet the optimization requirements deduced from that physics. --------- Español : Es un proyecto de antena basado en física nueva. El diseño no fue decidido libremente. Ha resultado de las condiciones que, según esa física nueva, optimizan la transferencia de energía desde la materia (antena) hacia la radiación. Ha sido la manera más sencilla de cumplir los reuisitos de optimización deducidos de esa física.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[941] viXra:1806.0461 [pdf] submitted on 2018-06-29 07:34:07

Nothingness: a Sketch

Authors: Alexander Balatsky
Comments: 19 Pages.

The paper claims that certain problems faced by both physical cosmology and quantum mechanics trace back to a misconception of the nature of nothingness. In addressing this challenge, the paper assumes that the physics and the mathematics of nothingness constitute an epistemic complementary pair that lies at the heart of the edifice of the universe. Given such insight, we are able not only to explain how some fundamental physics challenges might be met, but also to reveal that both inanimate matter and living beings are exactly parallel in their attempts to overcome chaos and maintain order.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[940] viXra:1806.0378 [pdf] submitted on 2018-06-26 03:14:47

On the Origin of Extraterrestrial Industrial Civilizations

Authors: Steven Suan Zhu
Comments: 365 Pages. This is the 2nd version originally published on Feb 26th, 2018 on Researchgate, DOI: DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.2.19408.00004/1

The emergence of intelligence is likely a relatively recent phenomena throughout the cosmos. The total number of habitable extraterrestrial planets within the Milky Way capable of supporting advanced, intelligent life within the next 500 Myr is <10,799. Almost all of which are earth-like orbiting around a single star with mass ranges from 0.628 to 1 solar mass. No exomoons are capable of supporting advanced life, and a negligible number of low mass binary systems (<0.628 solar mass) are habitable. The nearest extraterrestrial industrial civilization lies at least 88.7 million light years away, and possibly 111 million light years beyond. No extraterrestrial civilization arises before 232.74 Mya within the observable universe, and no extraterrestrial civilization arises before 270.95 Mya within the universe by co-moving distance. Despite great distances between the nearest civilizations and the low probability of emergence within our vicinity, given the sheer size of the universe, the total number of intelligent extraterrestrial civilizations likely approaches infinity or 1 4.4·107 3 · 3.621 · 106 · 101010122 if the universe is finitely bounded. Based on incentives for economic growth, all civilizations tend to expands near the speed of light and will eventually universally connect with each other via wormhole networks. Within such a network, the furtherst distances traversable from earth can be either infinite or 3.621 · 106 · 101010122 light years in radius if the universe is finitely bounded.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[939] viXra:1806.0328 [pdf] submitted on 2018-06-22 11:41:03

Lucifer, Humanity’s Warden

Authors: Salvatore Gerard Micheal
Comments: 2 Pages.

why we NEED to get OFF this rock, Earth
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[938] viXra:1806.0290 [pdf] submitted on 2018-06-21 01:08:40

Hyper­time and Temporal Elasticity

Authors: Salvatore Gerard Micheal
Comments: 3 Pages.

a 3-page anecdote about my experiences with time
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[937] viXra:1806.0289 [pdf] submitted on 2018-06-21 01:14:17

Our Misconceptions of the Unknown

Authors: Salvatore Gerard Micheal
Comments: 4 Pages.

a two-category essay about a theological concept, the Quadry, and temporal elasticity, part of gravitation, physics
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[936] viXra:1806.0266 [pdf] submitted on 2018-06-15 15:39:22

Regenerative Engineering, Engineering Symbiosis and Resilience

Authors: Salvatore Gerard Micheal
Comments: 4 Pages.

preface to the undergraduate textbook
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[935] viXra:1806.0253 [pdf] submitted on 2018-06-16 14:06:23

Refutation that "It is Impossible for Humans to Implement Moral Absolutism" Copyright © 2008, 2018 by Colin James III All Rights Reserved.

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 1 Page. © Copyright 2018 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Note that comments on Disqus are not forwarded or read, so respond to author's email address: info@cec-services dot com.

The contra example as "It is possible for humans to implement moral absolutism" is confirmed as tautologous.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[934] viXra:1806.0249 [pdf] submitted on 2018-06-16 23:56:07

Regenerative Engineering, a Textbook for Tomorrow’s Sustainable Engineering

Authors: Salvatore Gerard Micheal
Comments: 26 Pages.

[version 0] Contents: Systems-Reliability John Hardman and Regenerative Leadership Regenerative Engineering Case Studies of Pre-RE Engineering Space Shuttle Challenger Space Shuttle Columbia Tacoma Narrows Bridge Software Engineering Colonizing Mars – Missions Planning Genetic Engineering – Organism Design Advanced Robotics and RE Space Systems Engineering
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[933] viXra:1806.0195 [pdf] submitted on 2018-06-14 20:38:17

Unification in Context

Authors: Salvatore Gerard Micheal
Comments: 1 Page.

imbued and derivable core features of our universe putting Unification concepts in context
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[932] viXra:1806.0194 [pdf] submitted on 2018-06-14 22:14:34

On Relativity and Absolutism in Morality

Authors: Jonathan W. Tooker
Comments: 1 Page.

We demonstrate that it is impossible for humans to implement moral absolutism. The resolution to any moral proposition is, in all cases, an implementation of moral relativity.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[931] viXra:1806.0182 [pdf] submitted on 2018-06-13 13:10:05

Satanic Doctoring of Data in Government Labs

Authors: Salvatore Gerard Micheal
Comments: 2 Pages.

in some ways, I hope I'm wrong
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[930] viXra:1806.0176 [pdf] submitted on 2018-06-12 08:24:06

Why I Will Never Receive the Nobel Prize in Physics

Authors: Salvatore Gerard Micheal
Comments: 3 Pages.

5 reasons why and a reasonable compromise
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[929] viXra:1806.0169 [pdf] submitted on 2018-06-12 14:19:31

Unequivocal Proof Wikipedia, the Nobel Committee, and Physics Have Been Satanically Manipulated

Authors: Salvatore Gerard Micheal
Comments: 3 Pages.

circumstantial evidence, as in a civil case, how we've been manipulated
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[928] viXra:1806.0167 [pdf] submitted on 2018-06-12 15:28:38

My 12 Favorite Bugs

Authors: Salvatore Gerard Micheal
Comments: 1 Page.

a humorous brief essay
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[927] viXra:1806.0143 [pdf] submitted on 2018-06-12 04:23:32

The Physics of Time

Authors: Salvatore Gerard Micheal
Comments: 5 Pages.

This essay contains three sub-essays: 1. Science and Bad Sci-fi 2. Antimatter and Time 3. Special Relativity and Time
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[926] viXra:1806.0132 [pdf] submitted on 2018-06-10 21:09:24

Why the Standard Model is a House of Cards

Authors: Salvatore Gerard Micheal
Comments: 3 Pages.

an explanation of why the Standard Model is so precariously teetering on the verge of catastrophic failure
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[925] viXra:1806.0123 [pdf] submitted on 2018-06-09 06:42:07

Science and Bad Sci-fi

Authors: Salvatore Gerard Micheal
Comments: 3 Pages.

an essay about three new technologies, bad science fiction concepts, physics, and Christianity
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[924] viXra:1805.0548 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-31 06:37:26

Physics and True Civilization

Authors: Salvatore Gerard Micheal
Comments: 2 Pages.

the links between physics and true civilization are explored
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[923] viXra:1805.0529 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-31 00:05:26

Why there is Something Rather Than Nothing

Authors: John A. Gowan
Comments: 2 Pages.

The "matter-only" asymmetry of our Cosmos is why we exist and why there is "something rather than nothing".
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[922] viXra:1805.0473 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-26 09:04:32

Planting of Jaboticaba Trees for Landscape Repair o f Degraded Area

Authors: Marcia Regina Risso Gobato, Ricardo Gobato, Alireza Heidari
Comments: 9 Pages. Keywords: Eugenia cauliflora , Garden, Guapuru, Jaboticaba, Jia Bao Fuit, Landsc ape, Myrciaria cauliflora , Ybapuru. Landscape Architecture and Regional Planning 2018; 3(1): 1-9 http://www.sciencepublishinggroup.com/j/larp doi: 10.11648/j.larp.2018

The Jaboticaba, (Myrciaria cauliflora, Berg), known as black pearl fruit and grape of the trees in China. Native to South America, mainly in south-central Brazil, Paraguay and Argentina. Also grown in South Florida (U. S.), Caribbean, Venezuela, Peru and China (Mainland). The fruit stands out in the popular preference due to the sweetness of the fruits which makes the consumption in natura viable. Chosen as a suggestion of recovery and revitalization of the landscape of small urban area degraded by human intervention. From tasty fruits like tropical grapes, their flowers sprout on the trunk and on the main branches, and sometimes on the new branches. It pre sents small white flowers, of small pollen and yellow that emits a delicious fragrance. Once formed, the Jaboticaba wi ll leave the central bed with lush environment presents good shading, delicious fruits to be enjoyed for human consumption and local wildlife, such as wild birds and hares.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[921] viXra:1805.0444 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-25 03:38:56

Review, World on Edge

Authors: Miguel A. Sanchez-Rey
Comments: 5 Pages.

On the edge?
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[920] viXra:1805.0429 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-23 19:31:10

Fine Soccer(5)

Authors: Morio Kikuchi
Comments: 322 Pages.

We modify the present rule of soccer in order to be able to get points of plural kinds referring to the point system of rugby.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[919] viXra:1805.0428 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-23 19:35:11

Fine Soccer(6)

Authors: Morio Kikuchi
Comments: 286 Pages.

We modify the present rule of soccer in order to be able to get points of plural kinds referring to the point system of rugby.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[918] viXra:1805.0403 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-21 13:52:40

Risk-Deformed Regulation: What Went Wrong with Nfpa 805

Authors: Raymond HV Gallucci
Comments: 50 Pages. This documents the twists and turns necessary for the US commercial nuclear power regulation for "risk-informed, performance-based" fire protection to be established and then adopted at half of the US plants, and declared a "success."

Before proceeding, and lest opponents of nuclear power think this paper lends support to their efforts to shut down the nuclear industry, I must state the following. NFPA 805 will have been successful in that plants transitioning to it will be as safe as or safer than prior to transition. Plants that made no changes will have at least assessed their fire risks and be more knowledgeable of potential weaknesses that could compromise safety. Having found none, they will not have the need for changes. Plants that made effective changes will be safer than before. If you are one who believes the end justifies the means, then this “bottom line” is all that matters and you need read no further. However, if you are one who believes the means are also important, then you are the audience that I address. I am in no way contending that adoption of NFPA 805 compromised safety – I, too, believe that plants will be as safe or safer as a result of the transition. Why I wrote this paper is to express frustration over the “compromises” allowed by the NRC, and the “short-cuts” and “deviations” taken by the nuclear industry, to fulfill the promise of a “sea change” in fire protection at nuclear power plants through risk-informed, performance-based regulation. And, while no diminution of safety will have occurred, it is possible there were missed opportunities to improve safety if changes might have been made, or different changes substituted for those that were made, if not for these “compromises,” “short-cuts” and “deviations.” I must confess to being guilty of false optimism in December 2006 when I wrote “perhaps the single achievement most responsible for the improved regulatory environment for fire protection at commercial nuclear power plants has been the modification to 10CFR50.48 that allows licensees to ‘maintain a fire protection program that complies with NFPA 805 as an alternative to complying with [past, purely deterministic regulations]’” (Gallucci, “Thirty-Three Years of Regulating Fire Protection at Commercial U.S. Nuclear Power Plants: Dousing the Flames of Controversy,” Fire Technology, Vol. 45, pp. 355-380, 2009).
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[917] viXra:1805.0367 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-21 03:40:05

The Use of Renewable Energy in High-Rise Buildings in Seaside Cities

Authors: Ri Un-Chol, Ri Gum-Chol, Ri Kwang-Chon, Mun Gil-Woon,Han Sun-Hyok
Comments: 2 Pages.

Solar energy is one of the cleanest energy sources. The proportion of renewable energy used in total building energy consumption is more than 5%. "Preferences:" The amount of renewable energy used in the total building energy consumption is more than 10%. "Explanatory Notes on the Indicators Explanatory Notes on Solar Hot Water the system description is: 5% the following indicators can be used to judge - if the cell
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[916] viXra:1805.0350 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-20 09:01:20

42, It’s Just a Number

Authors: Salvatore Gerard Micheal
Comments: 3 Pages.

a humorous essay about life and physics unification
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[915] viXra:1805.0331 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-19 00:53:29

The Nature of Science; the Process of Axiomatization

Authors: Salvatore Gerard Micheal
Comments: 2 Pages.

Outline: I. students can 'do' science II. science requires self-discipline III. scientists should organize their minds from childhood IV. scientists must ask 'the hard' questions V. great theoretical scientists need fluency in axiomatization VI. in the process of learning, significant achievements can be made
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[914] viXra:1805.0310 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-15 11:30:55

The Logic of Elements of Reality

Authors: Max Null, Sergey Belov
Comments: 30 Pages. I am sorry

We define the logic of elements of reality. The logic of elements of reality is not a logic in the classical sense. It is an abstract language for constructing models of a certain kind. In part, it corresponds to the language of propositional logic. We define the logic of elements of reality on arbitrary sets of elements of reality. The basic relation between arbitrary elements of reality p, q is the relation p |> q (if there exists p, then there exists q). We consider the physical space and the property: if p |> q then takes place E(p) >= E(q) (E() is energy). For strongly deterministic spaces the law of energy conservation is described as follows: from p |> q, q |> p it follows E(p) = E(q).
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[913] viXra:1805.0282 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-13 07:29:01

Metaphysical Problem of Why there is Something Instead of Nothing © Copyright 2018 by Colin James III All Rights Reserved.

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 1 Page. © Copyright 2018 by Colin James III All rights reserved. info@cec-services.com

For "Why there is something rather than nothing", we rewrite as "Nothing implies something". (1) For "Why there is anything rather than nothing", we rewrite as "Nothing implies anything". (2) The difference from (1) to (2) is in the modal or quantified operator in the consequent going from possibility to necessity or from one/some to all. Both expressions (1) and (2) are tautologous and theorems. This means nothing implies anything, but anything does not imply nothing. Hence the metaphysical problem is answered.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[912] viXra:1805.0218 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-10 20:15:20

Analysis of Various Biblical Themes

Authors: Peter Bissonnet
Comments: 16 Pages.

The author believes that people are turning away from Christianity because (due to their free will) they cannot believe in the validity of various concepts, such as a unique and universal Crucifixion. They believe that everything was localized to this insignificant planet and nowhere else, and, hence, Christianity is pretty blasé and probably has a lot of deceptions, misconceptions, etc., just like most of human history has. Of course, the Crucifixion occurred locally on this planet, but the implications for other planets in far off galaxies are just as crucial. Do earthlings make better Christians than those in some galaxy residing out where the quasars roam? No, we don’t. The Bible tells us to “prove all things”; in other words, reason analytically, responsibly, determine the truth! That is just what science does, or is supposed to do, but when scientists ally themselves too closely to government, their objectivity is capable of being bought or skewed by those governments, which keeps some subjects taboo as far as being investigated properly. This paper is trying desperately to determine what the truth is in those, admittedly strange events which have happened in the history of the New Testament. The author has also included a section on the search for new physical principles, by establishing working hypotheses and using these to analyze certain Bible miracles and such other phenomena which might seem appropriate. As a physicist and mathematician, the author finds the miracles of the Bible to be filled with a vast potential for discovery of new physical principles. The author hopes you will too.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[911] viXra:1805.0191 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-09 10:36:03

Test

Authors: Ja
Comments: 2 Pages.

fafafafafafafa
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[910] viXra:1805.0066 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-03 06:34:55

Refutation of Hegel's Dialectical Method © Copyright 2018 by Colin James III All Rights Reserved.

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 2 Pages. © Copyright 2018 by Colin James III All rights reserved. info@cec-services dot com

Three equations as rendered are tautologous and six are not tautologous, with three of those as contradictions. The definition of Being-for-itself in so called State 3 is a contradiction. Subsequently the main results for Stages 4, 5, and 6 are not tautologous. We conclude that this refutes Hegel's dialectical method, and in only one variable.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[909] viXra:1805.0063 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-03 07:04:51

One Approach to Understanding the Big Picture [reality]

Authors: John Raymond
Comments: 8 Pages.

Abstract I have constructed an illustrative work written more especially for people who may care to look at wider reality and our associated lives. This is in a different manner from which you have probably heard before. This is a philosophical document that may also be useful for student perusal. I say that Big Picture Reality may have informationally emerged from an imaginary jigsaw like matrix of information before the Big Bang. I say that information before the Big Bang is virtual and information after the Big bang is real. I talk about how virtual and real information may come together to help us to understand how our universe might work as well as how it may impact upon our daily lives. This includes how we might make the types of decisions that we do and subsequently behave. conceptscience@bigpond.com
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[908] viXra:1805.0060 [pdf] submitted on 2018-05-03 07:11:21

Analysis and Calculation for High Frequency Amplifier Circuits

Authors: Haofeng Zhang
Comments: 271 Pages.

This is in Chinese that is about the high frequency character of amplifier circuits.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[907] viXra:1804.0402 [pdf] submitted on 2018-04-26 21:44:14

A Study on the Improvement of Servo Control Characteristics of Ultra Precision Machine Tools by ANFIS-PID Controller

Authors: Su-Bom Yun, On-Jeng Sim
Comments: 17 Pages. Ultra-precision machine tools are highly demanding machining environments.

The demand for ultra-precision machining is increasing day by day. In particular, demand for ultra-precision processing products is increasing in many fields such as defense industry, space industry, and economy. Accordingly, ultra-precision processing technology is also increasing. However, the precision of machining varies depending on the environment. The most influential factors are vibration, temperature, and wear. Therefore, a special tool setting a micro-thermosensor is installed to measure the temperature change at the cutting point in real time. Recently, various artificial intelligence manipulation techniques have been studied to overcome these deficiencies. In this paper, we describe the improvement of the control accuracy compared to the previous controllers by applying the adaptive neuro-fuzzy controller that takes into account the model uncertainty of the subject and by conducting the simulation.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[906] viXra:1804.0350 [pdf] submitted on 2018-04-25 09:53:45

Back to Enchantment ?

Authors: Elemer E Rosinger
Comments: 49 Pages.

The fundamental concept of the "UNKNOWN UNKNOWN" introduced seemingly accidentally by Donald Rumsfeld in 2002, is shown to have a rather unique ontological role which may make it suitable for a disenchanted modern generation to wake up to the existence and fundamental role of what traditionally is called the "transcendental".
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[905] viXra:1804.0319 [pdf] submitted on 2018-04-23 09:13:23

Torsion Field and Interstellar Communication

Authors: Victor Shkatov, Vitaliy Zamsha
Comments: 34 Pages. For education and for communication engineers

Authors of this book made attempt to explain what is Torsion Field and how this can be used to build communication systems or for further research ...
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[904] viXra:1804.0308 [pdf] submitted on 2018-04-21 08:42:43

Magnetic Scalar Field Generator

Authors: Vitaliy Zamsha, Vladimir Shevtsov
Comments: 8 Pages. innovation in magnetic scalar field

In this paper work, authors represent an innovative construction of the scalar field generator, which is named as “scalar gun”. Scalar gun proposed in this article can be used as a magnetic scalar field generator for educational purpose, for some research in physics or biology or medicine or as part of the communication system etc.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[903] viXra:1804.0199 [pdf] submitted on 2018-04-14 05:29:00

Lyme Disease and Bee Venom Therapy

Authors: Mit Skolov
Comments: 3 Pages.

Abstract. It is reported about the growing interest in bee venom therapy in the treatment of Lyme disease (borreliosis) in the USA. Key words: Lyme disease, Lyme borreliosis, bee venom therapy, apitoxin therapy, honeybee venom, apitoxin, melittin.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[902] viXra:1804.0115 [pdf] submitted on 2018-04-07 10:20:52

Does wu Kun’s Philosophy of Information Define What is Information?

Authors: Emanuel Diamant
Comments: 2 Pages.

The need for a generally accepted definition of “what is information” is self-evident and acute. However, Kun’s definition of information as a philosophical category indicating indirect being is unable to satisfy this need, especially when it comes to an everyday usage of the term. That forced me to seek for a more suitable definition of information. Despite the differences, Kun and I agree that we witness today a paradigm shift from data-based computational way of thinking to information-based cognitive way of thinking (Kun calls that “informalization of science”). Below is provided a short comment on the issue.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[901] viXra:1804.0084 [pdf] submitted on 2018-04-05 12:33:41

Corrigendum Apendix

Authors: Prado, Pf
Comments: 1 Page.

Corrigendum apendix
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[900] viXra:1804.0034 [pdf] submitted on 2018-04-03 02:33:54

Does Music Enable us to Understand Foreign Lyrics

Authors: Yahya Awad Sharif Mohammed
Comments: 2 Pages.

This article aims to clarify briefly that music might be the reason behind our ability to understand a song foreign lyrics
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[899] viXra:1804.0030 [pdf] submitted on 2018-04-01 08:50:34

Omnipresent Consciousness and Free Will

Authors: Claus Janew
Comments: 10 Pages. CC-BY 4.0 / Janew, Claus. 2011. Omnipresent Consciousness and Free Will. Journal of Consciousness Exploration & Research 2, no. 6: 868-876

This article is not an attempt to explain consciousness in terms basically of quantum physics or neuro-biology. Instead I should like to place the term "Consciousness" on a broader footing. I shall therefore proceed from everyday reality, precisely where we experience ourselves as conscious beings. I shall use the term in such a general way as to resolve the question whether only a human being enjoys consciousness, or even a thermostat. Whilst the difference is considerable, it is not fundamental. Every effect exists in the perception of a consciousness. I elaborate on its freedom of choice, in my view the most important source of creativity, in a similarly general way. The problems associated with a really conscious decision do not disappear by mixing determination with a touch of coincidence. Both must enter into a higher unity. In so doing it will emerge that a certain degree of freedom of choice is just as omnipresent as consciousness - an inherent part of reality itself.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[898] viXra:1804.0005 [pdf] submitted on 2018-04-01 02:01:40

Heroical Apatheism: Mala Fide Bootstrapping Obligations

Authors: Ian von Hegner
Comments: 20 Pages.

Discussions regarding hypothetical gods’ virtually always focuses on their existence or nonexistence. These, however, are only the secondary questions. Heroical apatheism distingue these questions from the question about the gods’ relevancy, which is the primary question. It is a deeply ingrained assumption, that if the gods’ have created the universe and humankind, then this also implicit entails the obligations that the gods’ must be worshipped and obeyed. These relations between existence and acts and worship and obedience to the gods are so commonplace, that virtually no one questions whether they exist at all. The gods’ rights are simply assumed at face value. However, the issue regarding these necessary relations are in no way trivial. In this article these relations will be illuminated through first formulating two cosmological models for the initial condition of the universe, and thereafter apply these in analyses of the claims regarding these relations. By doing so it is shown, that the justifications for these obligations always ends in a Münchhausen bootstrapping circularity or is ad hoc. There cannot be demonstrated any necessary relations between existence and worship, between acts of creation and obedience. Furthermore, these assumptions rests on an overlooked point. Arguing for or against obligations to the gods’ assumes implicit, that these gods’ have a right to obligations to begin with. However, all that can be shown is power to enforce obedience. Thus, heroical apatheism is neither founded on doubt, nor on disobedience, because disobedience implies an authority, and an authority’s right presuppose, that there is such a right. However, there is no such right, and we no longer equate might with right.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[897] viXra:1803.0707 [pdf] submitted on 2018-03-29 12:09:25

Fine-Structure Constant from Golden Ratio Geometry

Authors: Michael A. Sherbon
Comments: 17 Pages. International Journal of Mathematics and Physical Sciences Research, 5, 2, 89-100 (2018).

After a brief review of the golden ratio in history and our previous exposition of the fine-structure constant and equations with the exponential function, the fine-structure constant is studied in the context of other research calculating the fine-structure constant from the golden ratio geometry of the hydrogen atom. This research is extended and the fine-structure constant is then calculated in powers of the golden ratio to an accuracy consistent with the most recent publications. The mathematical constants associated with the golden ratio are also involved in both the calculation of the fine-structure constant and the proton-electron mass ratio. These constants are included in symbolic geometry of historical relevance in the science of the ancients.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[896] viXra:1803.0402 [pdf] submitted on 2018-03-21 16:35:25

Letter to a Friend on Rumsfeld's Unknown Unknown ...

Authors: Elemer E Rosinger
Comments: 14 Pages. It may also interest the VIXRA Category of "Religion and Spirituality"

The essay is about how to recover the vast majority of the present day Western world from their aggressive secularism, and do so with the help of the concept of UNKNOWN UNKNOWN introduced - rather accidentally - back in 2002 by Donald Rumsfeld ...
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[895] viXra:1803.0280 [pdf] submitted on 2018-03-19 09:50:26

Holistic Resource Management System

Authors: InResLab scarl
Comments: 7 Pages.

I sistemi di facility management, definiti come dei sistemi contenenti dei veicoli e del personale al quale vengono associati dei determinati oggetti in un determinato spazio tridimensionale per lo svolgimento di una determinata operazione, sono un luogo di lavoro dinamico e complesso: mezzi in movimentazione, alta quantità di personale, elevato numero di potenziali situazioni di rischio, grande varietà di strumentazioni (talora anche pericolose), alto numero di scenari differenti. In un contesto così variegato, pertanto, risulta di fondamentale importanza una gestione meticolosa e puntale di tutti gli aspetti caratteristici del sistema di facility management stesso, al fine di migliorare la gestione e la sicurezza dei lavoratori. Vista la varietà di scenari in cui il facility management si cala, nel presente progetto si è cercato di astrarre gli aspetti fondamentali, studiando tecniche e metodologie per realizzare un management intelligente di tali sistemi sotto vari punti di vista, tra cui: gestione delle risorse, sicurezza, prevenzione degli infortuni, alerting e reportistica. Lo studio portato avanti è di tipo metodologico e modellistico, legato all’accuratezza del dato acquisito e al grado di automatizzazione dell’acquisizione. Per tale motivo si è proceduto alla realizzazione di un sistema di tracciamento delle entità – basato non solo sul più noto GPS, ma anche su tecnologie trasversali, in grado di avere informazioni valide in molteplici scenari – in grado di fornire informazioni con elevata accuratezza. Il progetto si prefigge in seguito l’obiettivo di validare statisticamente la precisione delle misurazioni, incrociando i dati provenienti da dispositivi, tecnologie e modalità di acquisizione dati differenti.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[894] viXra:1803.0275 [pdf] submitted on 2018-03-18 12:23:21

Sustainable Reason-Based Governance After the Globalisation Complexity Threshold

Authors: Andrei P. Kirilyuk
Comments: 17 pages, 17 refs; work submitted for the Global Challenges Prize 2017, https://globalchallenges.org/en/our-work/the-new-shape-prize; only minor linguistic corrections and references added in this version with respect to the original article

We propose a qualitatively new kind of governance for the emerging need to efficiently guide the densely interconnected, ever more complex world development, which is based on explicit and openly presented problem solutions and their interactive implementation practice within the versatile, but unified professional analysis of complex real-world dynamics, involving both the powerful central units and the attached creative worldwide network of professional representatives. We provide fundamental and rigorous scientific arguments in favour of introduction of just that kind of governance at the modern development stage, after the complexity threshold in the real world dynamics evolution (sometimes intuitively designated as "globalisation"), where the traditional spontaneous-empirical kind of development and related administrative governance lose dramatically and inevitably their efficiency and the necessity of explicit consistent understanding and guidance of complex real-world dynamics becomes evident.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[893] viXra:1803.0270 [pdf] submitted on 2018-03-18 22:29:23

The Course of History :Substantive Philosophy of History and the Scientific Study of History Explained

Authors: Rochelle Forrester
Comments: 14 Pages.

The ultimate cause of much historical, social and cultural change is the gradual accumulation of human knowledge of the environment. Human beings use the materials in their environment to meet their needs and increased human knowledge of the environment enables human needs to be met in a more efficient manner. The human environment has a particular structure so that human knowledge of the environment is acquired in a particular order. The simplest knowledge is acquired first and more complex knowledge is acquired later. The order of discovery determines the course of human social and cultural history as knowledge of new and more efficient means of meeting human needs, results in new technology, which results in the development of new social and ideological systems. This means human social and cultural history, has to follow a particular course, a course that is determined by the structure of the human environment. Given that a certain level of knowledge will result in a particular type of society, it is possible to ascertain the types of societies that were inevitable in human history. The course of history is not random and can be rationally and scientifically understood.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[892] viXra:1803.0259 [pdf] submitted on 2018-03-18 03:39:59

Mysticism of the Russian Flag.

Authors: Alexander I. Dubinyansky
Comments: 4 Pages. dubinyansky@mail.ru

Similarities were found between the colors of the Russian flag and the location of haplogupp N1 and R1a on the territory of Russia.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[891] viXra:1803.0042 [pdf] submitted on 2018-03-04 04:37:38

Alternating Consciousness. From Perception to Infinities and Back to Free Will

Authors: Claus Janew
Comments: 46 Pages. CC-BY 4.0 / Janew, Claus. 2014. Dialogue on Alternating Consciousness: From Perception to Infinities and Back to Free Will. Journal of Consciousness Exploration & Research 5, no. 4: 351-391.

Can we trace back consciousness, reality, awareness, and free will to a single basic structure without giving up any of them? Can the universe exist in both real and individual ways without being composed of both? This dialogue founds consciousness and freedom of choice on the basis of a new reality concept that also includes the infinite as far as we understand it. Just the simplest distinction contains consciousness. It is not static, but a constant alternation of perspectives. From its entirety and movement, however, there arises a freedom of choice being more than reinterpreted necessity and unpredictability. Although decisions ultimately involve the whole universe, they are free in varying degrees also here and now. The unity and openness of the infinite enables the individual to be creative while this creativity directly and indirectly enters into all other individuals without impeding them. A contrary impression originates only in a narrowed awareness. But even the most conscious and free awareness can neither anticipate all decisions nor extinguish individuality. Their creativity is secured.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[890] viXra:1802.0331 [pdf] submitted on 2018-02-23 10:24:19

Methods of Inquiry in Social Sciences: an Introduction

Authors: Coccia Mario
Comments: 18 Pages.

The purpose of this paper is an introduction to scientific methods that are organized and systematic scientific approaches used by scholars for controlled investigations and experiments to efficiently solve theoretical and practical problems, generate discoveries and/or advance scientific fields. The paper presents, briefly, the development of methods of inquiry in the philosophy of science. After that it will be discussed general methods of inquiry (deduction, induction, abduction and hypothetical-deductive) and specific models of scientific inquiry in social sciences. In general, modern research fields are multifaceted, requiring diverse processes for generating new concepts, for creating new hypothesis and performing controlled experiments. Different methods of inquiry are never contradictory, often they are complementary tools that facilitate problem solving and knowledge creation within and between research fields.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[889] viXra:1802.0320 [pdf] submitted on 2018-02-22 08:05:02

Objective Fundamental Reality Structure by the Unreduced Complexity Development

Authors: Andrei P. Kirilyuk
Comments: 7 pages, 3 eqs, 16 refs; paper presented at the FQXi essay contest 2017-2018 "What Is “Fundamental”", https://fqxi.org/community/forum/topic/3052

We explain why exactly the simplified abstract scheme of reality within the standard science paradigm cannot provide the consistent picture of “truly fundamental” reality and how the unreduced, causally complete description of the latter is regained within the extended, provably complete solution to arbitrary interaction problem and the ensuing concept of universal dynamic complexity. We emphasize the practical importance of this extension for both particular problem solution and further, now basically unlimited fundamental science development (otherwise dangerously stagnating within its traditional paradigm).
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[888] viXra:1802.0214 [pdf] submitted on 2018-02-17 10:12:33

The Cult of Mountains, Exact Geostructures, and Cybernetic Aspects of Physics

Authors: Yu. N. Bratkov
Comments: 14 pages, Russian. Consciousness and Physical Reality, 2003, v. 8, N 5, pp. 40-51.

The main ideas of "Theory of Hyperobjects" (viXra:1207.0079) and new results. Mathematical (topological) modelling in mythology, with applications to geology. Some new classes of physical objects are described. Cybernetic level of geology (planetology) is demonstrated. The existence of the ideal preimage of the Earth is demonstrated.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[887] viXra:1802.0168 [pdf] submitted on 2018-02-14 08:39:29

Theory of Everything, Ultimate Reality and the End of Humanity: Extended Sustainability by the Universal Science of Complexity

Authors: Andrei P. Kirilyuk
Comments: 5 pages, abstract and extended abstract of a book, https://www.morebooks.de/store/gb/book/theory-of-everything,-ultimate-reality-and-the-end-of-humanity/isbn/978-3-659-31673-9

Instead of postulated fixed structures and abstract principles of usual positivistic science, the unreduced diversity of living world reality is consistently derived as dynamically emerging results of unreduced interaction process development, starting from its simplest configuration of two coupled homogeneous protofields. The dynamically multivalued, or complex and intrinsically chaotic, nature of these real interaction results extends dramatically the artificially reduced, dynamically single-valued projection of standard theory and solves its stagnating old and accumulating new problems, “mysteries” and “paradoxes” within the unified and causally complete picture of intrinsically evolving, dynamically complex reality. The permanently unfolding complexity progress thus revealed is fundamentally unlimited and does not need to stop at the directly observed diversity of usual matter complexity. The exciting, but rigorously substantiated and objectively inevitable prospects of further civilisation complexity development towards its superior levels of genuine sustainability and global Noosphere are outlined, with practically important conclusions for today’s critical problem solution.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[886] viXra:1802.0157 [pdf] submitted on 2018-02-13 13:37:08

A Brief Note on Why there is Something Rather Than Nothing

Authors: H.Q. Armstrong
Comments: 1 Page.

Existence supersedes non-existence
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[885] viXra:1802.0081 [pdf] submitted on 2018-02-08 03:40:15

Theorem of not Independence of Any Technological Innovation

Authors: Coccia Mario
Comments: 11 Pages.

The theorem of not independence of any technological innovation states that in the long run, the behavior and evolution of any technological innovation is not independent from the behavior and evolution of the other technological innovations. The philosophical foundations of this theory are concepts from systems science and architecture of complexity. The theoretical implications of this theorem is that technological innovations form systems of inter-related technologies with fundamental interactions of physical and social factors. In particular, any technological innovation does not function as an independent system per se, but each innovation depends on the other technological innovations to form a complex system of parts that interact and coevolve in a non-simple way. The theorem of not independence of any technological innovation can explain and generalize, whenever possible, one of the characteristics of the evolution of technology that generates technological and economic change in human society.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[884] viXra:1802.0003 [pdf] submitted on 2018-02-01 11:45:52

The BioDARPA Concept

Authors: Ilya Klabukov
Comments: 12 Pages.

The dramatic development of biomedical technologies inevitably raises a question of the increasing “gap” between basic biomedical discoveries and their use in clinical practice. Created in 1958 with the same purpose, DARPA has had to bridging the gap in defense technologies (mostly in rocket and radar sciences). Today we can talk about the relevance of the idea of “biomedical DARPA” (BioDARPA) as a concept of organizational design for priority research and development of emerging biotechnologies.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[883] viXra:1801.0383 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-27 13:01:47

Endosymbiosis in Late Stage Stellar Evolution According to the General Theory

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 2 Pages.

It is explained that endosymbiosis happened as a result of the collapse of "bioclines" in the interior of a star as it loses its thick atmosphere in later stages of evolution. This paper is meant to combine both endosymbiosis with the general theory's principles which include life evolving on stars as they evolve.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[882] viXra:1801.0289 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-22 22:40:08

Chronology of my Papers

Authors: John A. Gowan
Comments: 20 Pages. addressing possible issues of priority

An approximate chronology (original dates) of my papers is presented, with some biographical notes. A chronology of translation requests is also given.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[881] viXra:1801.0178 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-15 05:10:11

Conquering Strangeness-the Universe in us

Authors: Michael Muteru
Comments: 9 Pages.

When Beauty runs deeper than the skin, it’s a truth, if the truth adds up to simplicity that’s elegance. After all complexity is the sun total of repeated simplicity & behind every complex system lays a simple beautiful principle that makes it work. Like tortoise carries shell on its back. Do we carry the universe in our heads? I later invoke U-Duality to examine symmetries on a circle at D=11 and reveal why space-time on a Brane is tantamount to that on a brain.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[880] viXra:1801.0111 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-09 22:28:28

The Future Science Institute (Volume two issue 2016-2017)

Authors: Cheng Tianren
Comments: 304 Pages.

This journal is not a popular journal for public, it is a professional research level journal for scientist and artist, even for litterateur. It focus on many topics in mainstream science, especially for future science. Since this journal is very complicated and professional, so we use the “problem-proposed problem-analysis problem-solving” mode to explain our research,to make readers easier to understand. If you truly want to improve your knowledge by reading this journal, it is better for you to study the problems mentioned in this journal carefully. To write down your unusual solutions for these problems after you have read them. Any good idea about the problems appeared in this journal can be mail to author cheng.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[879] viXra:1801.0016 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-02 14:00:13

Covert Channel by Abusing X509 Extensions

Authors: Jason Reaves
Comments: 11 Pages. Malware; x509 Certificate; SSL; TLS; Botnet; Security

Malicious actors in the world are using more ingenuity than ever for both data infiltration and exfiltration purposes, also known as command and control communications. In this paper I aim to describe a system that could be used to send or receive data from both a client and a server perspective utilizing research into x509 certificates specifically in areas where you can place arbitrary binary data into the certificate or utilizing them as a covert channel. While lots of attention is given to data infiltration and exfiltration techniques they are commonly done so after they’ve been used in an incident, making this area of cyber security very retroactive in a defensive posture. The aim in presenting this material is to demonstrate that we can take some lessons from the other areas of cyber security research, namely exploitation, and look at potential use cases in how malware authors could utilize technologies outside of their intended purposes to not only accomplish their goals but also end up bypassing common security measures in the process. Doing this sort of research can lead to more advances in defensive security postures by spurring discussions in the community on how a technique either does or doesn’t bypass security measures.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

Replacements of recent Submissions

[204] viXra:1807.0119 [pdf] replaced on 2018-07-09 20:29:47

Cellular Automaton Graphics(2)

Authors: Morio Kikuchi
Comments: 51 Pages.

Developping a regular polyhedron on a plane, setting discrete coordinates on the development and applying a boundary condition of regular polyhedron to it, we realize a symmetrical graphics.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[203] viXra:1806.0215 [pdf] replaced on 2018-07-12 07:23:00

Light, Electricity and Liquids

Authors: Vitaliy Zamsha, Vladimir Shevtsov
Comments: 10 Pages. For Scientists, Engineers and Hobby

The authors of this article represents some effects in liquids under the influence of the light and electricity. It was investigated liquid's reaction on exposure of lights from LEDs in different spectrum range. Also some interesting phenomena was observed in some liquids.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[202] viXra:1806.0194 [pdf] replaced on 2018-07-06 09:11:39

On Relativity and Absolutism in Morality

Authors: Jonathan W. Tooker
Comments: 1 Page.

We demonstrate that it is impossible for humans to implement moral absolutism. The resolution to any moral proposition is, in all cases, an implementation of moral relativity.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[201] viXra:1805.0529 [pdf] replaced on 2018-06-02 12:36:53

Why there is Something Rather Than Nothing

Authors: John A. Gowan
Comments: 2 Pages.

The "matter-only" asymmetry of our Cosmos is why we exist and why there is "something rather than nothing".
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[200] viXra:1805.0427 [pdf] replaced on 2018-07-09 20:24:15

Cellular Automaton Graphics

Authors: Morio Kikuchi
Comments: 50 Pages.

Developping a regular polyhedron on a plane, setting discrete coordinates on the development and applying a boundary condition of regular polyhedron to it, we realize a symmetrical graphics.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[199] viXra:1805.0310 [pdf] replaced on 2018-06-26 20:56:28

The Logic of Elements of Reality

Authors: Max Null, Sergey Belov
Comments: 60 Pages.

We define the logic of elements of reality. The logic of elements of reality is not a logic in the classical sense. It is an abstract language for constructing models of a certain kind. In part, it corresponds to the language of propositional logic. We define the logic of elements of reality on arbitrary sets of elements of reality. The basic relation between arbitrary elements of reality p, q is the relation p |> q (if there exists p, then there exists q). We consider the physical space and the property: if p |> q then takes place E(p) >= E(q) (E() is energy). For strongly deterministic spaces the law of energy conservation is described as follows: from p |> q, q |> p it follows E(p) = E(q).
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[198] viXra:1805.0310 [pdf] replaced on 2018-06-23 22:45:18

The Logic of Elements of Reality

Authors: Max Null, Sergey Belov
Comments: 53 Pages.

We define the logic of elements of reality. The logic of elements of reality is not a logic in the classical sense. It is an abstract language for constructing models of a certain kind. In part, it corresponds to the language of propositional logic. We define the logic of elements of reality on arbitrary sets of elements of reality. The basic relation between arbitrary elements of reality p, q is the relation p |> q (if there exists p, then there exists q). We consider the physical space and the property: if p |> q then takes place E(p) >= E(q) (E() is energy). For strongly deterministic spaces the law of energy conservation is described as follows: from p |> q, q |> p it follows E(p) = E(q).
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[197] viXra:1805.0310 [pdf] replaced on 2018-05-19 19:26:27

The Logic of Elements of Reality

Authors: Max Null, Sergey Belov
Comments: 35 Pages. I add new chapter 11 (russian text)

We define the logic of elements of reality. The logic of elements of reality is not a logic in the classical sense. It is an abstract language for constructing models of a certain kind. In part, it corresponds to the language of propositional logic. We define the logic of elements of reality on arbitrary sets of elements of reality. The basic relation between arbitrary elements of reality p, q is the relation p |> q (if there exists p, then there exists q). We consider the physical space and the property: if p |> q then takes place E(p) >= E(q) (E() is energy). For strongly deterministic spaces the law of energy conservation is described as follows: from p |> q, q |> p it follows E(p) = E(q).
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[196] viXra:1804.0005 [pdf] replaced on 2018-06-27 06:01:17

Heroical Apatheism: Mala Fide Bootstrapping Obligations

Authors: Ian von Hegner
Comments: 20 Pages.

Abstract: Discussions on hypothetical gods virtually always focus on the latter’s existence or nonexistence. However, these are only the secondary questions. Heroical apatheism distinguishes these questions from the primary question, which pertains to the importance of these gods. It is a deeply ingrained assumption that if the gods have created the universe and humankind, then this implicitly entails the obligations that these gods must be worshipped and obeyed. These relations between existence and acts and worship and obedience to the gods are so commonplace that virtually no one questions their existence. The rights of these gods are simply assumed at face value. However, the issues pertaining to these necessary relations are not trivial in any respect. This paper highlights these relations by first formulating two cosmological models for the initial condition of the universe and, thereafter, applying these in the analyses of the claims regarding these relations. By doing so, it shows that the justifications for the aforementioned obligations always result in a Münchhausen bootstrapping circularity or are ad hoc. Any necessary relations between existence and worship and between acts of creation and obedience cannot be demonstrated. Furthermore, these assumptions are based on the frequently overlooked reasoning that arguing for or against the obligations to the gods implicitly assumes that these gods have a right to such obligations to begin with. However, all that can be shown is the power to enforce obedience. Thus, heroical apatheism is founded on neither doubt nor disobedience because disobedience implies that an authority exists and an authority’s right presupposes that there is such a right. However, there is no such right, and we do not equate might with right.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[195] viXra:1804.0005 [pdf] replaced on 2018-06-09 07:00:48

Heroical Apatheism: Mala Fide Bootstrapping Obligations

Authors: Ian von Hegner
Comments: 21 Pages.

Discussions on hypothetical gods virtually always focus on the latter’s existence or nonexistence. However, these are only the secondary questions. Heroical apatheism distinguishes these questions from the primary question, which pertains to the importance of these gods. It is a deeply ingrained assumption that if the gods have created the universe and humankind, then this implicitly entails the obligations that these gods must be worshipped and obeyed. These relations between existence and acts and worship and obedience to the gods are so commonplace that virtually no one questions their existence. The rights of these gods are simply assumed at face value. However, the issues pertaining to these necessary relations are not trivial in any respect. This paper highlights these relations by first formulating two cosmological models for the initial condition of the universe and, thereafter, applying these in the analyses of the claims regarding these relations. By doing so, it shows that the justifications for the aforementioned obligations always result in a Münchhausen bootstrapping circularity or are ad hoc. Any necessary relations between existence and worship and between acts of creation and obedience cannot be demonstrated. Furthermore, these assumptions are based on the frequently overlooked reasoning that arguing for or against the obligations to the gods implicitly assumes that these gods have a right to such obligations. However, all that can be shown is the power to enforce obedience. Thus, heroical apatheism is founded on neither doubt nor disobedience because disobedience implies that an authority exists and an authority’s right presupposes that there is such a right. However, there is no such right, and we do not equate might with right.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[194] viXra:1801.0085 [pdf] replaced on 2018-01-13 21:03:02

Fine Soccer(4)

Authors: Morio kikuchi
Comments: 296 Pages.

We modify the present rule of soccer in order to be able to get points of plural kinds referring to the point system of rugby.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[193] viXra:1801.0072 [pdf] replaced on 2018-02-09 23:11:39

The True Human Condition

Authors: Rodney Bartlett
Comments: 8 Pages. Published by AAAS at http://science.sciencemag.org/content/337/6098/1041/tab-e-letters

My article began as a very short 250 words inspired by astrophysicist Jeff Hester's (pro-evolution) pages on entropy (Astronomy magazine - Oct. and Nov. 2017 - http://www.astronomy.com/magazine/jeff-hester/2017/09/entropys-rainbow and http://www.astronomy.com/magazine/jeff-hester/2017/10/entropy-redux). The letter I wrote pointed out evolution's pluses (eg adaptations) and minuses (regarding origins). It went on to speak of a human, scientific, entirely natural explanation for what is called God. It proposes that the true human condition after death and before birth is as a member of the Elohim - a name used for God in the Old Testament which, according to World Book Encyclopedia, means the PLURAL MAJESTY OF THE ONE GOD. This led to a few hundred more words about why some people call an entirely natural process "supernatural". I speculate that it must be because of the applications in thousands of years of finding a successful theory of quantum gravity (union of quantum mechanics and Einstein's theory of gravity - general relativity). Like quantum mechanics and gravitation, those apps would include all space and all time, and would undoubtedly be as mysterious to us as our technology would initially be to the builders of Egypt's first pyramids. In years past, the denial of divine beings by science may have been logical. But times sometimes change radically. Such a paradigm shift seems to be upon us now, with the recent discovery of gravitational waves and the anticipation of quantum gravity. In changing times, scientists and philosophers and everyone must always keep open minds. Of course, proposing that the human condition after death and before birth is as a member of the Elohim means that humans of the far distant future must be capable of the creation attributed to God by many people throughout the centuries. Therefore, a subsection entitled Creation Of The Infinite, Eternal Cosmos Using Electronic BITS, Pi And Imaginary Time has been added to the end of this article.
Category: General Science and Philosophy