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Recent submissions

Any replacements are listed farther down

[28756] viXra:1904.0369 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-18 07:25:21

Refutation of Huemer’s Confirmation Theory

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 2 Pages. © Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to author by email only: info@cec-services dot com. See updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com. (We warn troll Mikko at Disqus to read the article four times before hormonal typing.)

Huemer proposed a confirmation theory to solve the problem of induction. In lieu of the excess of content from Popper and Miller, the proposed replacement is also not tautologous, so we correct it for the intended use. That applied to the subsequent proposal in three parts shows one part is not tautologous, hence denying the proposal. Therefore Huemer’s confirmation theory is a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[28755] viXra:1904.0368 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-18 07:23:24

Photoacoustic Computed Tomography

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 50 Pages.

Photoacoustic computed tomography (PACT) is a non-invasive hybrid imaging technique that excites biological tissues with light and detects the subsequently generated ultrasound to form images. [29] ETH researchers have integrated two CRISPR-Cas9-based core processors into human cells. This represents a huge step towards creating powerful biocomputers. [28] The discovery that protein therapeutics can hijack the HOPS complex to gain access to the cell interior should help scientists design therapeutic proteins to treat diseases that are not adequately treated using other approaches, Schepartz said. [27] DNA regions susceptible to breakage and loss are genetic hot spots for important evolutionary changes, according to a Stanford study. [26] For the English scientists involved, perhaps the most important fact is that their DNA read was about twice as long as the previous record, held by their Australian rivals. [25] Researchers from the University of Chicago have developed a high-throughput RNA sequencing strategy to study the activity of the gut microbiome. [24] Today a large international consortium of researchers published a complex but important HYPERLINK "https://www.nature.com/articles/s41586-018-0734-6" study looking at how DNA works in animals. [23] Asymmetry plays a major role in biology at every scale: think of DNA spirals, the fact that the human heart is positioned on the left, our preference to use our left or right hand ... [22] Scientists reveal how a 'molecular machine' in bacterial cells prevents fatal DNA twisting, which could be crucial in the development of new antibiotic treatments. [21] In new research, Hao Yan of Arizona State University and his colleagues describe an innovative DNA HYPERLINK "https://phys.org/tags/walker/" walker, capable of rapidly traversing a prepared track. [20]
Category: Physics of Biology

[28754] viXra:1904.0367 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-18 07:43:31

Revolutionise Internet Communication

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 30 Pages.

A team of University of Otago/Dodd-Walls Centre scientists have created a novel device that could enable the next generation of faster, more energy efficient internet. [22] UCLA researchers and colleagues have designed a new device that creates electricity from falling snow. [21] Two-dimensional (2-D) semiconductors are promising for quantum computing and future electronics. Now, researchers can convert metallic gold into semiconductor and customize the material atom-by-atom on boron nitride nanotubes. [20]
Category: Data Structures and Algorithms

[28753] viXra:1904.0366 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-18 08:12:55

Maxwell's Demon at Nanoscale

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 41 Pages.

Now, researchers at the University of Barcelona have presented the first theoretical and experimental solution of a continuous version of Maxwell's demon in a single molecule system. [27] Lensless microscopy with X-rays, or coherent diffractive imaging, is a promising approach. It allows researchers to analyse complex three-dimensional structures, which frequently exist in nature, from a dynamic perspective. [26]
Category: Quantum Physics

[28752] viXra:1904.0365 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-18 08:26:57

Refutation of Parikh’s Axiomatization of Game Logic G and Completeness of Logic System Par

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 2 Pages. © Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to author by email only: info@cec-services dot com. See updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com. (We warn troll Mikko at Disqus to read the article four times before hormonal typing.)

Three equations of Parikh’s axiomatization of game logic G are not tautologous. Hence, the extended logic system Par is refuted, and Parikh’s completeness conjecture is also refuted. Therefore these artifacts are non tautologous fragments of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[28751] viXra:1904.0364 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-18 08:48:29

Dark Matter at Large Hadron Collider

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 59 Pages.

Now that they've identified the Higgs boson, scientists at the Large Hadron Collider have set their sights on an even more elusive target. [44] A team of researchers in the Republic of Korea, the U.S., Brazil, Indonesia and the U.K. have recently carried out a direct search for inelastic boosted dark matter (IBDM) using a terrestrial detector. [33] After watching YouTube videos of people supercooling water in a bottle and then triggering it to freeze by banging it, something about this concept solidified for Matthew M. Szydagis, an assistant professor of physics at the University at Albany, State University at New York, especially when he saw it again during the Disney movie "Frozen." [32]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[28750] viXra:1904.0363 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-18 08:52:44

A Brief Analysis of the Research Scheme of the Cyclotron Radiation from a Single Electron

Authors: DING Jian
Comments: 16 Pages.

The experiments of Project 8 have been excellent, but the expected goals still difficult to achieve. So much so that some of the results at your fingertips were also missing. In view of this, the focus of this article is to clarify several easy confused concepts. Only in this way, we can reasonably explain the experimental data. The main points are as follows: 1. The value c of the light speed in vacuum and a particle with zero static mass, both of which do not exist in the reality. That is to say, the so-called a photon's static mass is equal to zero but has energy, which is a paradox that confuses two different definitional domains. 2. In the reality, photons are high-speed particles generated by electromagnetic radiation. They must have the characteristics of (static) mass, energy and wave, in order to describe the main body to aim at photons from different angles. 3. After any main body comes into being electromagnetic radiation, its static mass will inevitably decrease according ly. 4. The charge-mass ratio of an electron is a physical constant, which is the ratio of its charge to the amount of matter, and is not affected by relativistic effects and electromagnetic radiation. 5. The uncertainty of moving electrons is caused by random electromagnetic radiations. Finally, it is pointed out that if the cyclotron frequency of a single electron is measured, and at the same time, its de Broglie wavelength or frequency can also be measured, then its static mass can be obtained. Even so, the expected goals are still difficult to achieve, because random electromagnetic radiations are always taking away continually the matter composition of the single electron being measured. However, this was precisely a result of the research obtained by Project 8, and had universality, which should be reflect on.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[28749] viXra:1904.0362 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-18 09:13:14

Room-Temperature Polar Skyrmions

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 52 Pages.

An international team of researchers has discovered a way to create and observe room-temperature polar skyrmions. [32] Unique physical properties of these "magic knots" might help to satisfy demand for IT power and storage using a fraction of the energy. [31] A skyrmion is the magnetic version of a tornado which is obtained by replacing the air parcels that make up the tornado by magnetic spins, and by scaling the system down to the nanometre scale. [30]
Category: Quantum Physics

[28748] viXra:1904.0361 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-18 11:03:15

The Law of the Dynamics of Self-Acting Movement // Закон динамики самодейственного движения

Authors: Bogdan Szenkaryk "Pinopa"
Comments: 2 Pages.

The article shows that the law of conservation of energy does not exist. Evidence of this can be significantly different particles, for example, a proton and a neutron. These different particles accelerate each other in different ways.// В статье показано, что закон сохранения энергии не существует. Свидетельством тому могут быть существенно разные частицы, например, протон и нейтрон. Эти различные частицы ускоряют друг друга по-разному.
Category: Classical Physics

[28747] viXra:1904.0360 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-18 13:19:38

Surprising Integral Definition of the Number e

Authors: Jesús Álvarez Lobo
Comments: 2 Pages. MSC2010: 58C05

A new definition of the number e is presented by the integral of a function that involves an infinite product of nested radicals whose indexes form the sequence 1, 2, 3, ... ____________________________________________________________________
Category: Functions and Analysis

[28746] viXra:1904.0359 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-18 15:46:35

The Ricci Flow for Connections

Authors: Antoine Balan
Comments: 1 page, written in english

We define a natural Ricci flow for connections over a Riemannian manifold.
Category: Geometry

[28745] viXra:1904.0358 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-18 17:11:53

Komplexe Nichtlineare Optik: Theoretische Charakterisierung Der 2 Photonen Resonanz Nichtzentrosymmetrischer Materie

Authors: Peter Krampl
Comments: 153 Pages.

Es gibt mehrere Gründe für diese Arbeit. Anfänglich war das Ziel die höheren Har-monischen, insbesondere die "Second Harmonic Generation" (SHG) und das damit zusammenhängende "Simplified bond- hyperpolarizability model" (SBHM) zu verstehen, um Versuche u. a. über SHG und DFG einführen zu können. Doch schnell wurde offensichtlich, dass das zugrundliegende aktuelle nichtlineare Modell (siehe, z. B. [BRW03]) sehr ungenau und nicht allgemeingültig war. Speziell die frequenz-abhängige Amplitude und die Entstehung von höheren Photonenresonanzen in der Subharmonischen- bzw. höheren Harmonischen Region sowie deren genaue zugrundeliegende physikalische Theorie wurden dadurch nur sehr unbefriedigend wiedergegeben. Aus diesem Grund wurde die Theorie allgemein betrachtet, welche diese Mankos behebt und die Ergebnisse zu einer neuen, genaueren Modellbildung führt. Speziell die Berücksichtigung der frequenzabhängigen Amplitude ist interessant, weil es zusätzlich den Weg für eine nichtrelativistische bzw. relativistische atomare Interpretation der nichtlinearen Optik von zentrosymmetrischer und nichtzentrosymmetrischer Materie öffnet und auch auf biologische Materialien anwendbar ist. Zur Lösung dieses nichtlinearen optischen Problems wurden ein störungstheoretischer sowie ein analytischer Ansatz gewählt und numerisch überprüft. Die störungstheoretische Lösung liefert die natürlichen Resonanzen des Systems. Um sicherzustellen, dass alle Eigenschaften des nichtlinearen Responses berücksichtigt werden, wurde die Singularität zentro- und nichtzentrosymmetrisch gebundener Materieelektronen mathematisch exakt modelliert. Zunächst wurde gefunden, dass eine einfache Berechnung mittels Störungsrechnung, die Amplitude des Elektronenpartikels im nichtlinearen Regime nur für lorentzartige Materialien typische Verteilungen aufweist und sich proportional zum Nichtlinearitätsparameter α verhält. Die Numerische Lösung lieferte aber einen "exotischen" Skewness- Effekt, der nur in der Nichtlinearität begründet ist. Dieses Dilemma wurde schließlich analytisch gelöst. In nichtdissipativer Umgebung, in der die Singularitätslinie nicht mehr senkrecht verläuft, wie für Lorentz- Materialien üblich, sondern in Abhängigkeit der Materiesymmetrie eine signifikante Kurve ergibt. Die ermittelten Skewnesskoeffizienten weisen eine quadratische Nichtlinearitätsabhängigkeit auf. Dieses Problem wurde schließlich mit den störungstheoretischen Ergebnissen gelöst. Die Antwort ist, dass sowohl die störungstheoretischen Terme, als auch die nichtlinearen Skewnesskoeffizienten den Nicht-linearitätsparameter enthalten. Letztendlich verbleibt damit eine lineare α -Abhängigkeit in der Frequenzfunktion im Nenner, dessen Ergebnis hervorragend durch die Numerische Lösung bestätigt wird. Aus diesen Erkenntnissen heraus konnte zugunsten künftiger Forschungsvorhaben verbesserte Ausdrücke für die nichtlineare Amplitude, Suszeptibilität, Brechungsindex und Polarisation entwickelt werden. Diese mathematischen Konfigurationen zeigen ausdrücklich in den einzelnen Frequenz- Beiträgen eine lineare Abhängigkeit des Nichtlinearitätsparameters im Nenner. Dadurch kann die Skewness berücksichtigt werden. Im Prinzip sollte man damit alle NLO- Phänomene beschreiben können. Als weitere Ergebnisse dieser Arbeit wurden auch andere Aspekte der nichtlinearen Optik herausgearbeitet. So ergeben sich die höheren Harmonischen erst durch Invertierung der Summenfrequenzordnung. Es ergibt sich für die natürliche Fundamentale des Systems ein Transparenzfenster. In Anwesenheit der 2- Photonen Resonanz ergeben sich ein deformierter rotverschobener Übertragungskanal niedrigerer Übertragungsleistung und ein blauverschobener leistungsstärkerer Übertragungskanal, was bereits auf eine asymmetrische Amplitudenentwicklung schließen ließ. Diese asymmetrische Verteilung wird durch Erzeugung höherer Harmonischer wieder behoben. Zuletzt wurden Ergebnisse des "Simplified bond- hyperpolarizability models" (SBHM) präsentiert und als standardmäßige Referenz die zugrundeliegende Funktion gezeigt, damit die SHG und DFG Versuche verstanden werden können.
Category: Condensed Matter

[28744] viXra:1904.0357 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-18 18:00:01

Extreme Nichtlineare Fourier Optik Und Multiphotonen Quantenoptik: Nichtlineare Singularitäten Von Höheren, Hohen Und Sehr Hohen Harmonischen (HHG) Und (Ultra-) Subharmonischen ((u)subhg) an Nichtzentrosymmetrischer Materie

Authors: Peter Krampl
Comments: 12 Pages.

Wir berechnen ausgehend von den Prinzipien der Nichtlinearen Optik die exakte nichtlineare Amplitude ax^2 (Parameter) für die Licht- Materie Wechselwirkung an Oberflächen, welche bislang ungelöst ist und geben hierfür eine numerische, sowie die dazugehörige analytische Lösung bis zur 8. Ordnung an. Es wird gezeigt, dass mit den entwickelten Formeln die Problematik der Heisenberg`schen Unschärferelation, der Unmöglichkeit der gleichzeitigen Bestimmung von Ort und Impuls eines Teilchens, lösbar ist oder wie Einstein schon sagte „Hunde können nicht fliegen“. Mit diesen entwickelten Formeln ist es zudem möglich die exakten optischen Parameter, wie z. B. die nichtlineare Suszeptibilität oder der nichtlineare Brechungsindex, analytisch exakt zu bestimmen.
Category: Condensed Matter

[28743] viXra:1904.0356 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-18 18:11:07

Electrons Pressure Heat Effect

Authors: Adham Ahmed Mohamed Ahmed
Comments: 1 Page. ty

electrons can get cooled down indefinitely by doing pressure on it the more you do pressure thr more the electrons start to emit heat energy and that effect is forever
Category: Condensed Matter

[28742] viXra:1904.0355 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-18 18:28:12

Complex Nonlinear Optics of Noncentrosymmetric Matter: Extended SBHM Model for Theoretical Describing of Nonlinear High-Order Harmonic Light Matter Interaction of Surfaces

Authors: Peter Krampl
Comments: 15 Pages.

In dieser Arbeit wird ein verbessertes Simplified bond- hyperpolarizability model vorgestellt, welche bislang nur experimentell und theoretisch angenähert zugänglich sind. Die bislang daraus resultierenden Oberflächenspektren durch nichtlineare Materialanregung sind zu ungenau und deshalb ist eine verbesserte Modellbildung notwendig um die Oberflächenspektren exakt zu bestimmen und von den Schnittstellensignalen und Bulksignalen exakt separieren zu können. Dazu wird ein leistungsfähigeres mikroskopisch physikalisches und mathematisches Modellbild zur Beschreibung der SHG Oberflächensignale gezeigt, welche auf Standard phänomenologischer Verfahren entwickelter Tensor bzw. Fourier Korrektur- Koeffizienten beruht. Dieses Modellbild liefert erstmals analytische Lösungen für die reinen nichtlinearen Emissionsfelder, welche zur exakten Vorhersage des SHG responses besispielhaft gezeigt an (111) Si- SiO2 Schnittstellen, welche durch Vergleich mit den bisherigen Daten von Aspnes et. al. verifiziert wurden. Mit diesen analytischen Ausdrücken konnten darüberhinaus die nichtlineare Emission (Intensität) von rotierenden Kristallen beschrieben werden. Die entwickelten mathematischen Ausdrücke ermöglichen es nichtlineare Systeme, welche auf Dipol-, Quadrupol- Octapol-… -Näherungen beruhen unabhängig ihrer bislang nicht separierbaren linearen Feldanteile rein nichtlinear zu lösen. Die Ergebnisse zeigen in Anlehnung an die experimentell gewonnenen nichtlinearen SBHM Spektren, dass vollständige Phasenanpassung die unabdingbare zentrale Voraussetzung für nichtlineare Feldpropagation in kondensierter Materie ist. Der Erfolg dieser verbesserten Formulierung impliziert die verbesserte Beschreibung von SHG ohne die Einfachheit des Ausgangsmodells unnötig zu verkomplizieren. Damit ist es möglich SHG Spektren simulationstechnisch zugänglich zu machen und zuverlässige Vorhersagen von SHG Antworten und darüberhinaus noch höherer Harmonischer und Subharmonischer bzw. Ultraharmonischer gerader Ordnung für Oberflächen und Schnittstellen beliebiger Stoffklassen zu machen.
Category: Condensed Matter

[28741] viXra:1904.0354 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-19 02:17:23

Triplet Superconductivity Demonstrated

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 20 Pages.

Researchers in France and Japan have demonstrated a theoretical type of unconventional superconductivity in a uranium-based material, according to a study published in the journal Physical Review Letters. [32] Researchers from Tokyo Metropolitan University have found that crystals of a recently discovered superconducting material, a layered bismuth chalcogenide with a four-fold symmetric structure, shows only two-fold symmetry in its superconductivity. [31]
Category: Quantum Physics

[28740] viXra:1904.0353 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-19 02:39:22

Quantum Simulations on Larger Systems

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 62 Pages.

Through randomly selected measurements, Austrian physicists can now determine the quantum entanglement of many-particle systems. [36] In a recent study published in Nature Physics, a team of researchers at Max Planck Institute Dresden, Heidelberg University, University of Cologne, and DESY-Hamburg attempted to image a material's active orbitals directly in real space, without any modeling. [35] Scientists have shown how an optical chip can simulate the motion of atoms within molecules at the quantum level, which could lead to better ways of creating chemicals for use as pharmaceuticals. [34] Chinese scientists Xianmin Jin and his colleagues from Shanghai Jiao Tong University have successfully fabricated the largest-scaled quantum chip and demonstrated the first two-dimensional quantum walks of single photons in real spatial space, which may provide a powerful platform to boost analog quantum computing for quantum supremacy. [33] To address this technology gap, a team of engineers from the National University of Singapore (NUS) has developed an innovative microchip, named BATLESS, that can continue to operate even when the battery runs out of energy. [32] Stanford researchers have developed a water-based battery that could provide a cheap way to store wind or solar energy generated when the sun is shining and wind is blowing so it can be fed back into the electric grid and be redistributed when demand is high. [31] Researchers at AMOLF and the University of Texas have circumvented this problem with a vibrating glass ring that interacts with light. They thus created a microscale circulator that directionally routes light on an optical chip without using magnets. [30] Researchers have discovered three distinct variants of magnetic domain walls in the helimagnet iron germanium (FeGe). [29] Magnetic materials that form helical structures-coiled shapes comparable to a spiral staircase or the double helix strands of a DNA molecule-occasionally exhibit exotic behavior that could improve information processing in hard drives and other digital devices. [28]
Category: Quantum Physics

[28739] viXra:1904.0352 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-19 02:59:16

Charm Quarks at CEBAF

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 88 Pages.

The world's most advanced particle accelerator for investigating the quark structure of the atom's nucleus has just charmed physicists with a new capability. [47] Bob Zwaska, a scientist at the U.S. Department of Energy's Fermilab, was watching a contestant on the cooking show Chopped spin sugar for their dessert when he realized the same principle might be applicable to accelerator targets. [46] Physicists at the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL) have discovered valuable information about how electrically charged gas known as "plasma" flows at the edge inside doughnut-shaped fusion devices called "tokamaks." [45] A class exercise at MIT, aided by industry researchers, has led to an innovative solution to one of the longstanding challenges facing the development of practical fusion power plants: how to get rid of excess heat that would cause structural damage to the plant. [44] Schematic of a magnetic nozzle rf plasma thruster (helicon plasma thruster) having two open source exits and photographs of the three operation modes in the laboratory test. [43] Researchers at MIT's Plasma Science and Fusion Center (PSFC) have now demonstrated how microwaves can be used to overcome barriers to steady-state tokamak operation. [42] Plasma particle accelerators more powerful than existing machines could help probe some of the outstanding mysteries of our universe, as well as make leaps forward in cancer treatment and security scanning-all in a package that's around a thousandth of the size of current accelerators. [41] The Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory has started to assemble a new facility for revolutionary accelerator technologies that could make future accelerators 100 to 1,000 times smaller and boost their capabilities. [40]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[28738] viXra:1904.0351 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-19 03:16:50

Protons Spin Flipper

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 89 Pages.

Protons spin. It's an intrinsic property that can affect experiments at accelerators that use beams of protons. [48] The world's most advanced particle accelerator for investigating the quark structure of the atom's nucleus has just charmed physicists with a new capability. [47] Bob Zwaska, a scientist at the U.S. Department of Energy's Fermilab, was watching a contestant on the cooking show Chopped spin sugar for their dessert when he realized the same principle might be applicable to accelerator targets. [46] Physicists at the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL) have discovered valuable information about how electrically charged gas known as "plasma" flows at the edge inside doughnut-shaped fusion devices called "tokamaks." [45] A class exercise at MIT, aided by industry researchers, has led to an innovative solution to one of the longstanding challenges facing the development of practical fusion power plants: how to get rid of excess heat that would cause structural damage to the plant. [44] Schematic of a magnetic nozzle rf plasma thruster (helicon plasma thruster) having two open source exits and photographs of the three operation modes in the laboratory test. [43] Researchers at MIT's Plasma Science and Fusion Center (PSFC) have now demonstrated how microwaves can be used to overcome barriers to steady-state tokamak operation. [42] Plasma particle accelerators more powerful than existing machines could help probe some of the outstanding mysteries of our universe, as well as make leaps forward in cancer treatment and security scanning-all in a package that's around a thousandth of the size of current accelerators. [41] The Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory has started to assemble a new facility for revolutionary accelerator technologies that could make future accelerators 100 to 1,000 times smaller and boost their capabilities. [40]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[28737] viXra:1904.0350 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-19 03:37:34

Energy Flow in Plasma

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 80 Pages.

Whether studying the core of our sun or the inside of a fusion reactor, scientists need to determine how energy flows in plasma. Scientists use simulations to calculate the flow. [43] Researchers at MIT's Plasma Science and Fusion Center (PSFC) have now demonstrated how microwaves can be used to overcome barriers to steady-state tokamak operation. [42]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[28736] viXra:1904.0349 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-17 07:37:55

Numerical Solution of Master Equation Corresponding to Schumann Waves

Authors: Victor Christianto, Florentin Smarandache
Comments: 7 Pages. This paper has not been submitted to a journal. Comments are welcome

Following a hypothesis by Marciak-Kozlowska, 2011, we consider one dimensional Schumann wave transfer phenomena. Numerical solution of that equation was obtained by the help of Mathematica.
Category: Geophysics

[28735] viXra:1904.0348 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-17 07:39:46

Remark on Possible Use of Quadruple Neutrosophic Numbers for Realistic Modelling of Physical Systems

Authors: Victor Christianto, Florentin Smarandache
Comments: 6 Pages. This paper has been submitted to Axioms journal (MDPI). Comments are welcome

During mathematical modeling of real technical system we can meet any type and rate model uncertainty. Its reasons can be incognizance of modelers or data inaccuracy. So, classification of uncertainties, with respect to their sources, distinguishes between aleatory and epistemic ones. The aleatory uncertainty is an inherent data variation associated with the investigated system or its environment. Epistemic one is an uncertainty that is due to a lack of knowledge of quantities or processes of the system or the environment. In this short communication, we discuss quadruple neutrosophic numbers and their potential application for realistic modelling of physical systems, especially in the reliability assessment of engineering structures.
Category: Statistics

[28734] viXra:1904.0346 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-17 10:59:22

Mass Defect the Mechanism of the Phenomenon // Дефект массы механизм явления

Authors: Bogdan Szenkaryk "Pinopa"
Comments: 9 Pages.

On the topic the defect of mass, can create many fabrications. Here excogitations are limited to a minimum. Here is a mechanism that clarifies the essence of the phenomenon, which physicists call a defect of mass.// На тему дефекта массы можно создавать много измышлений. Здесь измышления ограничены до минимума. Здесь представляется механизм, который выясняет суть явления, которое физики называют дефектом массы.
Category: Classical Physics

[28733] viXra:1904.0345 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-17 11:48:26

Imaging Orbitals in Quantum Materials

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 60 Pages.

In a recent study published in Nature Physics, a team of researchers at Max Planck Institute Dresden, Heidelberg University, University of Cologne, and DESY-Hamburg attempted to image a material's active orbitals directly in real space, without any modeling. [35] Scientists have shown how an optical chip can simulate the motion of atoms within molecules at the quantum level, which could lead to better ways of creating chemicals for use as pharmaceuticals. [34] Chinese scientists Xianmin Jin and his colleagues from Shanghai Jiao Tong University have successfully fabricated the largest-scaled quantum chip and demonstrated the first two-dimensional quantum walks of single photons in real spatial space, which may provide a powerful platform to boost analog quantum computing for quantum supremacy. [33] To address this technology gap, a team of engineers from the National University of Singapore (NUS) has developed an innovative microchip, named BATLESS, that can continue to operate even when the battery runs out of energy. [32] Stanford researchers have developed a water-based battery that could provide a cheap way to store wind or solar energy generated when the sun is shining and wind is blowing so it can be fed back into the electric grid and be redistributed when demand is high. [31] Researchers at AMOLF and the University of Texas have circumvented this problem with a vibrating glass ring that interacts with light. They thus created a microscale circulator that directionally routes light on an optical chip without using magnets. [30] Researchers have discovered three distinct variants of magnetic domain walls in the helimagnet iron germanium (FeGe). [29] Magnetic materials that form helical structures-coiled shapes comparable to a spiral staircase or the double helix strands of a DNA molecule-occasionally exhibit exotic behavior that could improve information processing in hard drives and other digital devices. [28] In a new study, researchers have designed "invisible" magnetic sensors-sensors that are magnetically invisible so that they can still detect but do not distort the surrounding magnetic fields. [27]
Category: Quantum Physics

[28732] viXra:1904.0344 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-17 12:23:48

Stoe Explains ``planet 9''

Authors: John Hodge
Comments: 2 Pages.

Planet 9 is a hypothetical mass in the Kuiper Belt that causes the trans--Neptunian bodies to have unexplained orbits. The Scalar Theory of Everything (STOE) suggests the rotation curve anomalies of spiral galaxies, the Pioneer Anomaly, and the hypothetical Planet 9 phenomena are linked by a common cause, another application of the STOE Universal Equation.
Category: Astrophysics

[28731] viXra:1904.0343 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-17 13:05:50

World-Record Quantum Computing

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 54 Pages.

A world-record result in reducing errors in semiconductor 'spin qubits', a type of building block for quantum computers, has been achieved using the theoretical work of quantum physicists at the University of Sydney Nano Institute and School of Physics. [32] Quantum communication, which ensures absolute data security, is one of the most advanced branches of the "second quantum revolution". [31] Researchers at the University of Bristol's Quantum Engineering Technology Labs have demonstrated a new type of silicon chip that can help building and testing quantum computers and could find their way into your mobile phone to secure information. [30] Theoretical physicists propose to use negative interference to control heat flow in quantum devices. [29] Particle physicists are studying ways to harness the power of the quantum realm to further their research. [28] A fundamental barrier to scaling quantum computing machines is "qubit interference." In new research published in Science Advances, engineers and physicists from Rigetti Computing describe a breakthrough that can expand the size of practical quantum processors by reducing interference. [26] The search and manipulation of novel properties emerging from the quantum nature of matter could lead to next-generation electronics and quantum computers. [25]
Category: Quantum Physics

[28730] viXra:1904.0342 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-17 13:30:58

H. e. Kondakci, A.f. Abouraddy. Optical Space-Time Wave Packets Having Arbitrary Group Velocities in Free Space (In Russian)

Authors: V.A.Kasimov
Comments: 13 Pages. in Russian

Controlling the group velocity of an optical pulse typically requires traversing a material or structure whose dispersion is judiciously crafted. Alternatively, the group velocity can be modified in free space by spatially structuring the beam profile, but the realizable deviation from the speed of light in vacuum is small. Here we demonstrate precise and versatile control over the group velocity of a propagation-invariant optical wave packet in free space through sculpting its spatio-temporal spectrum. By jointly modulating the spatial and temporal degrees of freedom, arbitrary group velocities are unambiguously observed in free space above or below the speed of light in vacuum, whether in the forward direction propagating away from the source or even traveling backwards towards it.
Category: Quantum Physics

[28729] viXra:1904.0341 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-17 13:30:11

Increase Reliability of Quantum Computers

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 56 Pages.

A new technique by researchers at Princeton University, University of Chicago and IBM significantly improves the reliability of quantum computers by harnessing data about the noisiness of operations on real hardware. [33] A world-record result in reducing errors in semiconductor 'spin qubits', a type of building block for quantum computers, has been achieved using the theoretical work of quantum physicists at the University of Sydney Nano Institute and School of Physics. [32] Quantum communication, which ensures absolute data security, is one of the most advanced branches of the "second quantum revolution". [31] Researchers at the University of Bristol's Quantum Engineering Technology Labs have demonstrated a new type of silicon chip that can help building and testing quantum computers and could find their way into your mobile phone to secure information. [30] Theoretical physicists propose to use negative interference to control heat flow in quantum devices. [29] Particle physicists are studying ways to harness the power of the quantum realm to further their research. [28] A fundamental barrier to scaling quantum computing machines is "qubit interference." In new research published in Science Advances, engineers and physicists from Rigetti Computing describe a breakthrough that can expand the size of practical quantum processors by reducing interference. [26] The search and manipulation of novel properties emerging from the quantum nature of matter could lead to next-generation electronics and quantum computers. [25]
Category: Quantum Physics

[28728] viXra:1904.0340 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-17 14:26:12

Completeness in Physics

Authors: Jeremy Dunning-Davies, Richard Lawrence Norman
Comments: 3 Pages.

Here it is intended to raise some questions surrounding the whole notion of completeness in physics. This does, of course, have bearing on issues raised by the well-known paper by Einstein, Podolsky and Rosen.
Category: Mathematical Physics

[28727] viXra:1904.0339 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-17 21:10:40

Derivation of All Linear Transformations that Meet the Results of Michelson-Morley’s Experiment and Discussion of the Relativity Basics

Authors: Szostek Roman
Comments: 27 Pages. Discussion about the basics of the Special Theory of Relativity.

The article shows that there are infinitely many kinematics in which one-way speed of light is always equal to c. The kinematics of Special Theory of Relativity (STR) is only one of those infinitely many kinematics. It presents that mathematics on which STR kinematics is based can be interpreted differently and this leads to other conclusions on the properties of this kinematics. In this article, the whole class of linear coordinate and time transformations was derived. Transformations were derived on the assumption that conclusions from Michelson-Morley’s and Kennedy-Thorndikea’s experiments are met for the observer from each inertial frame of reference, i.e. that the mean velocity of light in the vacuum flowing along the way back and forth is constant. It was also assumed that there is at least one inertial frame of reference, in which the velocity of light in a vacuum in each direction has the same value c, and the space is isotropic for observers from this distinguished inertial frame of reference (universal frame of reference). Derived transformations allow for building many different kinematics according to Michelson-Morley’s and Kennedy-Thorndikea’s experiments. The class of transformations derived in the study is a generalization of transformations derived in the paper [10], which consists in enabling non-zero values of parameter e(v). The idea of such a generalization derives from the person, who gave me this extended transformations class for analysis and publication.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[28726] viXra:1904.0337 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-17 23:26:26

Einstein’s Notational Equation of Electro-Magnetic Field Equation in Rindler Spacetime

Authors: Sangwha Yi
Comments: 4 Pages. Thank you for reading

We find Einstein’s notational equation of the electro-magnetic field equation and the electro-magnetic field in Rindler space-time. Because, electromagnetic fields of the accelerated frame include in general relativity theory.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[28725] viXra:1904.0336 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-18 01:21:20

AI for Fusion Energy

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 56 Pages.

Artificial intelligence (AI), a branch of computer science that is transforming scientific inquiry and industry, could now speed the development of safe, clean and virtually limitless fusion energy for generating electricity. [32] Using machine-learning and an integrated photonic chip, researchers from INRS (Canada) and the University of Sussex (UK) can now customize the properties of broadband light sources. [31] A team of EPFL scientists has now written a machine-learning program that can predict, in record time, how atoms will respond to an applied magnetic field. [30] Researchers from the University of Luxembourg, Technische Universität Berlin, and the Fritz Haber Institute of the Max Planck Society have combined machine learning and quantum mechanics to predict the dynamics and atomic interactions in molecules. [29] For the first time, physicists have demonstrated that machine learning can reconstruct a quantum system based on relatively few experimental measurements. [28] AlphaZero plays very unusually; not like a human, but also not like a typical computer. Instead, it plays with "real artificial" HYPERLINK "https://phys.org/tags/intelligence/" intelligence. [27] Predictions for an AI-dominated future are increasingly common, but Antoine Blondeau has experience in reading, and arguably manipulating, the runes-he helped develop technology that evolved into predictive texting and Apple's Siri. [26] Artificial intelligence can improve health care by analyzing data from apps, smartphones and wearable technology. [25] Now, researchers at Google's DeepMind have developed a simple algorithm to handle such reasoning-and it has already beaten humans at a complex image comprehension test. [24] A marimba-playing robot with four arms and eight sticks is writing and playing its own compositions in a lab at the Georgia Institute of Technology. The pieces are generated using artificial intelligence and deep learning. [23] Now, a team of researchers at MIT and elsewhere has developed a new approach to such computations, using light instead of electricity, which they say could vastly improve the speed and efficiency of certain deep learning computations. [22]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[28724] viXra:1904.0335 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-18 01:40:01

Machine Learning Microcapsules

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 58 Pages.

Micro-encapsulated CO2 sorbents (MECS)-tiny, reusable capsules full of a sodium carbonate solution that can absorb carbon dioxide from the air-are a promising technology for capturing carbon from the atmosphere. [33] Artificial intelligence (AI), a branch of computer science that is transforming scientific inquiry and industry, could now speed the development of safe, clean and virtually limitless fusion energy for generating electricity. [32] Using machine-learning and an integrated photonic chip, researchers from INRS (Canada) and the University of Sussex (UK) can now customize the properties of broadband light sources. [31] A team of EPFL scientists has now written a machine-learning program that can predict, in record time, how atoms will respond to an applied magnetic field. [30] Researchers from the University of Luxembourg, Technische Universität Berlin, and the Fritz Haber Institute of the Max Planck Society have combined machine learning and quantum mechanics to predict the dynamics and atomic interactions in molecules. [29] For the first time, physicists have demonstrated that machine learning can reconstruct a quantum system based on relatively few experimental measurements. [28] AlphaZero plays very unusually; not like a human, but also not like a typical computer. Instead, it plays with "real artificial" HYPERLINK "https://phys.org/tags/intelligence/" intelligence. [27] Predictions for an AI-dominated future are increasingly common, but Antoine Blondeau has experience in reading, and arguably manipulating, the runes-he helped develop technology that evolved into predictive texting and Apple's Siri. [26] Artificial intelligence can improve health care by analyzing data from apps, smartphones and wearable technology. [25] Now, researchers at Google's DeepMind have developed a simple algorithm to handle such reasoning-and it has already beaten humans at a complex image comprehension test. [24] A marimba-playing robot with four arms and eight sticks is writing and playing its own compositions in a lab at the Georgia Institute of Technology. The pieces are generated using artificial intelligence and deep learning. [23]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[28723] viXra:1904.0334 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-18 03:49:29

Collapse of the Riemann Empire

Authors: Toshiro Takami
Comments: 5 Pages.

Although it carried out in real number 1, There is a divergence between Plot and Parametric plot.
Category: Number Theory

[28722] viXra:1904.0333 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-18 03:53:13

The Theorems of Rao--Blackwell and Lehmann--Scheffe, Revisited

Authors: Hazhir Homei
Comments: 5 Pages.

It has been stated in the literature that for finding uniformly minimum-variance unbiased estimator through the theorems of Rao-Blackwell and Lehmann-Scheffe, the sufficient statistic should be complete; otherwise the discussion and the way of finding uniformly minimum-variance unbiased estimator should be changed, since the sufficiency assumption in the Rao-Blackwell and Lehmann-Scheffe theorems limits its applicability. So, it seems that the sufficiency assumptions should be expressed in a way that the uniformly minimum-variance unbiased estimator be derivable via the Rao-Blackwell and Lehmann-Scheffe theorems.
Category: Statistics

[28721] viXra:1904.0332 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-18 04:30:58

Redefining the Electron (Part 3): The Implications for EMR and Gravity

Authors: David Johnson
Comments: 30 pages. Concluding paper of 3. Links to other 2 introductory papers are provided in the abstract of this paper. Email address provided for feedback.

The Spin Torus Energy Model (STEM) was introduced in Part 1 of the ‘Redefining the Electron’ series to define the structure of electrons and positrons so as to explain the nature of electric and magnetic fields, electric current generation from battery and induction sources, capacitor charge and discharge, and superconductivity. STEM was extended in Part 2 to define a structure Preons, quarks and nucleons and to explore the nuclear structure of atoms. The atomic model developed provides explanations for the physical characteristics and different allotropic forms of elements in the Periodic Table, their various bonding geometries, and for electron capture and beta decay. This is the third and final paper which provides a STEM explanation for the particle-wave nature of EMR, spectral line emission and absorption, the photo-electric effect, the Compton effect, P-N semiconductors, electron pair generation and annihilation, plasma, cosmic radiation and Gravity. Part 3 also provides a summary of physics and chemistry related phenomena addressed by STEM in parts 1 to 3 plus an appendix that addresses the special nature of micro and radio waves.
Category: Classical Physics

[28720] viXra:1904.0331 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-16 07:31:44

Gravity Doesn’t Exist at Infinite Distances: Mathematical Equation

Authors: Yahya Awad Sharif Mohammed
Comments: 2 Pages. Author's Email: yahya-sharif@hotmail.com

The article aims to provide a mathematical equation for my new discovery . Link to my new discovery : http://vixra.org/abs/1904.0013
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[28719] viXra:1904.0330 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-16 10:03:58

Discovery of the Fundamental Particle and Theory of the Universal Temporality

Authors: Marc J. Meurens
Comments: 9 Pages.

The fundamental particle is the elementary particle of which the active mass corresponds to the fundamental quantum of action and to the fundamental time unit equal to the number 1. The universal temporality is the relation between the unit, the course and the duration of the Universe expansion time. The identification of the fundamental particle in the Planck’s constant and its integration in the Newton’s constant reveal that its interaction simultaneously causes the expansion and the gravitation. The mechanical modelling of this primordial interaction with the Newton’s cradle completes the general relativity with the cosmological relativity and the quantum mechanics with the primordial mechanics. In relating the notions of mass, space and time, the discovery of the fundamental particle and its primordial interaction links the mechanics with the relativity. In relating the unit, the course and the duration of the universal time, the theory of the universal temporality demystifies the black energy as well as the black matter. The spectral time signature is the gravitation weakening hidden behind the expansion acceleration in the spectrum of the universal temporality. The Moon distancing measured since 50 years in the Lunar Laser Ranging experiment is a spectral time signature which allows calculate the Universe age with the Newton’s constant more easily and precisely than with the Hubble’s constant. Together the theory of the universal temporality and the Lunar Laser Ranging experiment unveil the time nature and demonstrates that in its unit, its course and its duration the universal time is an energy ratio between the Universe and the fundamental particle.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[28718] viXra:1904.0329 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-16 10:25:21

Neutrino Mass, Electroweak Coupling Constant and Weak Mixing Angle

Authors: Jacob Biemond
Comments: 5 Pages, including 1 table

A formula for the magnetic moment of a massive Dirac neutrino was deduced in the context of electroweak interactions at the one-loop level in 1977. A linear dependence on the neutrino mass was found. Alternatively, a magnetic moment for a massive neutrino arising from gravitational origin is predicted by the so-called Wilson-Blackett law. Both formulas for the magnetic moment can be combined, yielding a value of 1.530 meV for the lightest neutrino mass m1.

The remaining neutrino masses can then be calculated from recent neutrino oscillation experiments. The results are remarkable. First, the so-called geometric mean mass relation between the three neutrino masses m1, m2 and m3 is in good agreement with our results. Moreover, the empirical ratio of m3 to m1 is close to 33. This result suggests a value of 32 for the reciprocal value of the electroweak coupling constant αW at low energy. The latter value for αW implies an electroweak mixing angle, in reasonable agreement with the value calculated from atomic parity violation experiments on cesium. The obtained result deviates, however, from the weak mixing angle deduced from the standard model.


Category: Quantum Physics

[28717] viXra:1904.0328 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-16 10:22:17

A Special Geometry - and its Consequences

Authors: Ulrich E. Bruchholz
Comments: 5 Pages.

It is explained why the geometry of space-time, first found by Rainich, is generally valid. The equations of this geometry, the known Einstein-Maxwell equations, are discussed, and results are listed. We shall see how these tensor equations can be solved. As well, neutrosophics is more supported than dialectics. We shall find even more categories than described in neutrosophics.
Category: Geometry

[28716] viXra:1904.0325 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-16 11:03:20

Biosynthetic Dual-Core Cell Computer

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 48 Pages.

ETH researchers have integrated two CRISPR-Cas9-based core processors into human cells. This represents a huge step towards creating powerful biocomputers. [28] The discovery that protein therapeutics can hijack the HOPS complex to gain access to the cell interior should help scientists design therapeutic proteins to treat diseases that are not adequately treated using other approaches, Schepartz said. [27] DNA regions susceptible to breakage and loss are genetic hot spots for important evolutionary changes, according to a Stanford study. [26] For the English scientists involved, perhaps the most important fact is that their DNA read was about twice as long as the previous record, held by their Australian rivals. [25] Researchers from the University of Chicago have developed a high-throughput RNA sequencing strategy to study the activity of the gut microbiome. [24] Today a large international consortium of researchers published a complex but important HYPERLINK "https://www.nature.com/articles/s41586-018-0734-6" study looking at how DNA works in animals. [23] Asymmetry plays a major role in biology at every scale: think of DNA spirals, the fact that the human heart is positioned on the left, our preference to use our left or right hand ... [22] Scientists reveal how a 'molecular machine' in bacterial cells prevents fatal DNA twisting, which could be crucial in the development of new antibiotic treatments. [21] In new research, Hao Yan of Arizona State University and his colleagues describe an innovative DNA HYPERLINK "https://phys.org/tags/walker/" walker, capable of rapidly traversing a prepared track. [20] Just like any long polymer chain, DNA tends to form knots. Using technology that allows them to stretch DNA molecules and image the behavior of these knots, MIT researchers have discovered, for the first time, the factors that determine whether a knot moves along the strand or "jams" in place. [19]
Category: Physics of Biology

[28715] viXra:1904.0324 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-16 11:44:40

Network Software Advance Discovery

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 27 Pages.

High-performance computing (HPC)-the use of supercomputers and parallel processing techniques to solve large computational problems-is of great use in the scientific community. [18] A new finding by researchers at the University of Chicago promises to improve the speed and reliability of current and next generation quantum computers by as much as ten times. [17] Ph. D candidate Shuntaro Okada and information scientist Masayuki Ohzeki of Japan's Tohoku University collaborated with global automotive components manufacturer Denso Corporation and other colleagues to develop an algorithm that improves the D-Wave quantum annealer's ability to solve combinatorial optimization problems. [16] D-Wave Systems today published a milestone study demonstrating a topological phase transition using its 2048-qubit annealing quantum computer. [15] New quantum theory research, led by academics at the University of St Andrews' School of Physics, could transform the way scientists predict how quantum particles behave. [14] Intel has announced the design and fabrication of a 49-qubit superconducting quantum-processor chip at the Consumer Electronics Show in Las Vegas. [13] To improve our understanding of the so-called quantum properties of materials, scientists at the TU Delft investigated thin slices of SrIrO3, a material that belongs to the family of complex oxides. [12] New research carried out by CQT researchers suggest that standard protocols that measure the dimensions of quantum systems may return incorrect numbers. [11] Is entanglement really necessary for describing the physical world, or is it possible to have some post-quantum theory without entanglement? [10] A trio of scientists who defied Einstein by proving the nonlocal nature of quantum entanglement will be honoured with the John Stewart Bell Prize from the University of Toronto (U of T). [9] While physicists are continually looking for ways to unify the theory of relativity, which describes large-scale phenomena, with quantum theory, which describes small-scale phenomena, computer scientists are searching for technologies to build the quantum computer using Quantum Information. In August 2013, the achievement of "fully deterministic" quantum teleportation, using a hybrid technique, was reported. On 29 May 2014, scientists announced a reliable way of transferring data by quantum teleportation. Quantum teleportation of data had been done before but with highly unreliable methods. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron's spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the Relativistic Quantum Theory and making possible to build the Quantum Computer with the help of Quantum Information.
Category: Data Structures and Algorithms

[28714] viXra:1904.0323 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-16 11:59:07

Attractions of the Sun and the Moon on The Earth

Authors: Abdelmajid Ben Hadj Salem
Comments: 6 Pages. In French.

This note gives the elements on the attraction of the sun and the moon. It was inspired by the reading of the book by Helmut Moritz and Ivan I. Muller entitled Earth Rotation: Theory and Observation which can be a tidal introductory course. \\ It includes the following chapters: - The lunar-solar tidal potential. - Zonal, sectoral and tesseral terms
Category: Geophysics

[28713] viXra:1904.0321 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-16 12:45:12

The Unprecedented Decade

Authors: HG Haleswood
Comments: 12 Pages.

In response to various reports of ongoing crises throughout the world, this essay has been written with the aim of proposing a radical transition in the way the world currently operates. Through general observation, the case presented below posits that human labour is insufficient to provide the means of modern lifestyles, and that current economic systems are incompatible with a sustainable and decent human lifestyle due to this insufficient productivity. To compensate, mechanised labour has been produced and implemented to offset this insufficiency, but at the cost of the environment and a growing human insolvency. To avoid economic and ecological disaster, this essay posits that human labour must be abandoned and replaced by sustainably powered and automated labour worldwide, simultaneously fulfilling the various global demands freely and obsoleting emissions-intensive mechanised labour. Doing so would eliminate economic contentions that prevent many from attaining a decent quality of life while also addressing the issue of heavily polluting industries.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[28712] viXra:1904.0320 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-16 13:09:17

Electricity from Snowfall

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 28 Pages.

UCLA researchers and colleagues have designed a new device that creates electricity from falling snow. [21] Two-dimensional (2-D) semiconductors are promising for quantum computing and future electronics. Now, researchers can convert metallic gold into semiconductor and customize the material atom-by-atom on boron nitride nanotubes. [20] U.S. Naval Research Laboratory scientists have developed and patented the fabrication of transparent, luminescent material they say could give smartphone and television screens flexible, stretchable, and shatterproof properties. [19] "Digital quantum simulation is thus intrinsically much more robust than what one might expect from known error bounds on the global many-body wave function," Heyl says. [18] A new finding by researchers at the University of Chicago promises to improve the speed and reliability of current and next generation quantum computers by as much as ten times. [17] Ph. D candidate Shuntaro Okada and information scientist Masayuki Ohzeki of Japan's Tohoku University collaborated with global automotive components manufacturer Denso Corporation and other colleagues to develop an algorithm that improves the D-Wave quantum annealer's ability to solve combinatorial optimization problems. [16] D-Wave Systems today published a milestone study demonstrating a topological phase transition using its 2048-qubit annealing quantum computer. [15] New quantum theory research, led by academics at the University of St Andrews' School of Physics, could transform the way scientists predict how quantum particles behave. [14] Intel has announced the design and fabrication of a 49-qubit superconducting quantum-processor chip at the Consumer Electronics Show in Las Vegas. [13] To improve our understanding of the so-called quantum properties of materials, scientists at the TU Delft investigated thin slices of SrIrO3, a material that belongs to the family of complex oxides. [12] New research carried out by CQT researchers suggest that standard protocols that measure the dimensions of quantum systems may return incorrect numbers. [11] Is entanglement really necessary for describing the physical world, or is it possible to have some post-quantum theory without entanglement? [10] A trio of scientists who defied Einstein by proving the nonlocal nature of quantum entanglement will be honoured with the John Stewart Bell Prize from the University of Toronto (U of T). [9] While physicists are continually looking for ways to unify the theory of relativity, which describes large-scale phenomena, with quantum theory, which describes small-scale phenomena, computer scientists are searching for technologies to build the quantum computer using Quantum Information. In August 2013, the achievement of "fully deterministic" quantum teleportation, using a hybrid technique, was reported. On 29 May 2014, scientists announced a reliable way of transferring data by quantum teleportation. Quantum teleportation of data had been done before but with highly unreliable methods. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron's spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the Relativistic Quantum Theory and making possible to build the Quantum Computer with the help of Quantum Information.
Category: Quantum Physics

[28711] viXra:1904.0319 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-16 13:18:02

The Possibility of Physical Waves as the Basis of Wave Mechanics

Authors: David M. Gilliam
Comments: 12 Pages.

A new possibility is presented for the development of an alternative picture of wave mechanics, based on physical waves. In this approach, it is postulated that particles emit physical waves that play a role in the mediation of interactions with other particles. Doppler-shifted echoes of these postulated waves are shown to give a new explanation for Bragg scattering with the apparent wavelength h/p, the de Broglie wavelength. The issue of conservation of mass-energy is discussed. Experimental tests of this hypothesis are proposed.
Category: Quantum Physics

[28710] viXra:1904.0318 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-16 13:21:35

On Memory

Authors: Royan Rosche
Comments: 2 Pages.

What Memory is and how to use it. I show how to use Memory in a scientific way as to gain immense Knowledge because the body automatically records all data, it is possible to know where it began by using tools to bring into your conscious perception unconscious memory.
Category: Mind Science

[28709] viXra:1904.0317 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-16 13:33:08

Inelastic Boosted Dark Matter

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 59 Pages.

A team of researchers in the Republic of Korea, the U.S., Brazil, Indonesia and the U.K. have recently carried out a direct search for inelastic boosted dark matter (IBDM) using a terrestrial detector. [33]
Category: Astrophysics

[28708] viXra:1904.0316 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-16 13:49:50

Super Cold Graphene Foam

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 74 Pages.

A team of researchers with members from Nankai University in China and Rice University in the U.S. has developed a type of foam that retains its squishiness when exposed to extremely cold temperatures. [45] Scientists at the U.S. Naval Research Laboratory (NRL) discovered a new method to passivate defects in next generation optical materials to improve optical quality and enable the miniaturization of light emitting diodes and other optical elements. [44]
Category: Condensed Matter

[28707] viXra:1904.0315 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-16 14:02:17

Zenon Manifold

Authors: D. Chakalov
Comments: 2 Pages.

Ensuing from first principles, I suggest pre-geometric theory of spacetime [1], in which the apex of light cone ‘here and now’ is not modeled with dimensionless point [2], but with non-trivial mathematical object along null intervals, endowed with brand new structure, topology and dynamics (contrary to Robert Geroch [3]), and defined on so-called Zenon manifold [4].
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[28706] viXra:1904.0314 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-16 15:28:51

The Fifth Dimension

Authors: Mohamed Ahmed Abouzeid
Comments: 10 Pages.

Assume mass is the fifth dimension in Special Relativity and Redefinition of the point as a circle. According to Einstein's first hypothesis only, it can be reached to transfer formats between reference frames in the special theory of relativity and find the mass limit for any body is moves
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[28705] viXra:1904.0313 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-16 15:55:37

Determinism Theorem

Authors: Pablo Hernan Pereyra
Comments: 6 Pages.

The modus operandi of Nature is established as cause and effect based on the Determinism Theorem, for all the events that compose it. The Determinism Principle is established on the basis of the Uncertainty Principle, and a complementation is made with derived Theorems and Principles that characterize Determinism. It is proven that all Artificial Intelligence is Natural.
Category: Classical Physics

[28704] viXra:1904.0312 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-16 17:41:49

Confirmation of the Collapse of the Buss Hierarchy of Bounded Arithmetics

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: Pages.

Two seminal rules of inference evaluated as not tautologous. This means the following are also refuted: Buss’s hierarchy of bounded arithmetics does not entirely collapse; Takeuti’s argument implies P ≠ NP; and systems PV and PV−. What follows is that separation of bounded arithmetic using a consistency statement is not viable. Therefore the above are non tautologous fragments of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[28703] viXra:1904.0311 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-16 22:13:42

Confirmation that Impossible Worlds Mean Nothing is Necessary there But Everything is Possible.

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 2 Pages. © Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to author by email only: info@cec-services dot com. See updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com. (We warn troll Mikko at Disqus to read the article four times before hormonal typing.)

We confirm the definition that impossible worlds mean “nothing is necessary there but everything is possible”. The truth axiom as given is not tautologous, but rather the logical value of truthity. The rules of extensionality and monotonicity as given are not tautologous. When the definition of impossible worlds is combined with monotonicity + T + 4 that conjecture is also tautologous. Therefore the failed equations are non tautologous fragments of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[28702] viXra:1904.0310 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-16 23:34:39

The CMB Energy Equivalence Principle : A Correlation to Planck and Cosmic Horizon Energy

Authors: Ankur S. Bhatt, F.M. Becker
Comments: 6 Pages.

According to the Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) temperature and Wien's displacement law, the CMB's energy value is equivalent to that of the measured and determined neutrino energy. The resulting CMB/neutrino mass is used to determine a ratio by correlating the accelerative work of two forces which corresponds to the cosmic particle horizon and Planck length. Planck's constant is shown to be proportional to the cosmic particle horizon and the CMB mass/energy and the speed of light in vacuum. Planck's constant, the cosmic horizon, the CMB energy and speed of light all appear to be interconnected and their correlations provide an amending perspective on the concepts of the fundamental laws and theories of the cosmos. Specifically, the squared energy of a CMB/neutrino is equal to the product of the energy of the maximum cosmic Rindler horizon, cosmic diameter, and the Schwarzschild radius for a Planck mass.
Category: Quantum Physics

[28701] viXra:1904.0309 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-17 01:53:42

Equation of God

Authors: Bhaskar
Comments: 41 Pages. None

New concepts of physics
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[28700] viXra:1904.0308 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-17 03:29:46

Smart Tattoo Without a Needle

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 50 Pages.

In today's medical world, tattoo-resembling techniques are used for treatment of skin, masking scars, or treating hair diseases. [29] ETH researchers have integrated two CRISPR-Cas9-based core processors into human cells. This represents a huge step towards creating powerful biocomputers. [28] The discovery that protein therapeutics can hijack the HOPS complex to gain access to the cell interior should help scientists design therapeutic proteins to treat diseases that are not adequately treated using other approaches, Schepartz said. [27] DNA regions susceptible to breakage and loss are genetic hot spots for important evolutionary changes, according to a Stanford study. [26] For the English scientists involved, perhaps the most important fact is that their DNA read was about twice as long as the previous record, held by their Australian rivals. [25] Researchers from the University of Chicago have developed a high-throughput RNA sequencing strategy to study the activity of the gut microbiome. [24] Today a large international consortium of researchers published a complex but important HYPERLINK "https://www.nature.com/articles/s41586-018-0734-6" study looking at how DNA works in animals. [23] Asymmetry plays a major role in biology at every scale: think of DNA spirals, the fact that the human heart is positioned on the left, our preference to use our left or right hand ... [22] Scientists reveal how a 'molecular machine' in bacterial cells prevents fatal DNA twisting, which could be crucial in the development of new antibiotic treatments. [21] In new research, Hao Yan of Arizona State University and his colleagues describe an innovative DNA HYPERLINK "https://phys.org/tags/walker/" walker, capable of rapidly traversing a prepared track. [20] Just like any long polymer chain, DNA tends to form knots.
Category: Physics of Biology

[28699] viXra:1904.0307 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-17 03:38:33

Do not Make the God and Einstein Laugh

Authors: Fursa E.Ja.
Comments: 34 Pages

There are three Great Principles at the foundation of Creation: Causality, Temporality and Reasonableness. The unity of the evolutionary movement of the World at all levels of its organization ensures the principle of causality; the direction of movement (from the past to the future) - the passage of time - the principle of temporality; orderliness - the principle of “pre-established harmony” (Leibniz), otherwise, the principle of reasonableness.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[28698] viXra:1904.0306 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-17 03:43:22

Spinning Targets for Accelerators

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 87 Pages.

Bob Zwaska, a scientist at the U.S. Department of Energy's Fermilab, was watching a contestant on the cooking show Chopped spin sugar for their dessert when he realized the same principle might be applicable to accelerator targets. [46] Physicists at the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL) have discovered valuable information about how electrically charged gas known as "plasma" flows at the edge inside doughnut-shaped fusion devices called "tokamaks." [45] A class exercise at MIT, aided by industry researchers, has led to an innovative solution to one of the longstanding challenges facing the development of practical fusion power plants: how to get rid of excess heat that would cause structural damage to the plant. [44] Schematic of a magnetic nozzle rf plasma thruster (helicon plasma thruster) having two open source exits and photographs of the three operation modes in the laboratory test. [43] Researchers at MIT's Plasma Science and Fusion Center (PSFC) have now demonstrated how microwaves can be used to overcome barriers to steady-state tokamak operation. [42] Plasma particle accelerators more powerful than existing machines could help probe some of the outstanding mysteries of our universe, as well as make leaps forward in cancer treatment and security scanning-all in a package that's around a thousandth of the size of current accelerators. [41] The Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory has started to assemble a new facility for revolutionary accelerator technologies that could make future accelerators 100 to 1,000 times smaller and boost their capabilities. [40] The authors designed a mechanism based on the deployment of a transport barrier to confine the particles and prevent them from moving from one region of the accelerator to another.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[28697] viXra:1904.0305 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-17 03:57:10

Ultrafast 3-D Images of Nanostructure

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 40 Pages.

Lensless microscopy with X-rays, or coherent diffractive imaging, is a promising approach. It allows researchers to analyse complex three-dimensional structures, which frequently exist in nature, from a dynamic perspective. [26] A new type of light-emitting diode has been developed at TU Wien. Light is produced from the radiative decay of exciton complexes in layers of just a few atoms thickness. [25] In a recent study published in Physical Review Letters (PRL), researchers at Friedrich-Alexander University Erlangen-Nürnberg have gathered interesting findings about the formation of complex crystals from size-disperse spheres. [24]
Category: Condensed Matter

[28696] viXra:1904.0304 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-17 04:07:57

Software of Life's Questions

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 51 Pages.

A University of Waterloo researcher has spearheaded the development of a software tool that can provide conclusive answers to some of the world's most fascinating questions. [30] In today's medical world, tattoo-resembling techniques are used for treatment of skin, masking scars, or treating hair diseases. [29] ETH researchers have integrated two CRISPR-Cas9-based core processors into human cells. This represents a huge step towards creating powerful biocomputers. [28] The discovery that protein therapeutics can hijack the HOPS complex to gain access to the cell interior should help scientists design therapeutic proteins to treat diseases that are not adequately treated using other approaches, Schepartz said. [27] DNA regions susceptible to breakage and loss are genetic hot spots for important evolutionary changes, according to a Stanford study. [26] For the English scientists involved, perhaps the most important fact is that their DNA read was about twice as long as the previous record, held by their Australian rivals. [25] Researchers from the University of Chicago have developed a high-throughput RNA sequencing strategy to study the activity of the gut microbiome. [24] Today a large international consortium of researchers published a complex but important HYPERLINK "https://www.nature.com/articles/s41586-018-0734-6" study looking at how DNA works in animals. [23] Asymmetry plays a major role in biology at every scale: think of DNA spirals, the fact that the human heart is positioned on the left, our preference to use our left or right hand ... [22] Scientists reveal how a 'molecular machine' in bacterial cells prevents fatal DNA twisting, which could be crucial in the development of new antibiotic treatments. [21] In new research, Hao Yan of Arizona State University and his colleagues describe an innovative DNA HYPERLINK "https://phys.org/tags/walker/" walker, capable of rapidly traversing a prepared track. [20]
Category: Physics of Biology

[28695] viXra:1904.0303 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-17 04:19:21

Phonon Laser Information Processing

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 74 Pages.

Now a Rochester Institute of Technology researcher has teamed up with experts at the University of Rochester to create a different kind of laser-a laser for sound, using the optical tweezer technique invented by Ashkin. [45]
Category: Quantum Physics

[28694] viXra:1904.0301 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-15 09:04:56

The Material Structures Their Vibrations and Wabble // Материальные структуры их вибрации и колебания

Authors: Bogdan Szenkaryk "Pinopa"
Comments: 3 Pages.

The article presents the basics of the formation of material structures and a way to model this process. The construction of the structure and the properties of their components affect the basic properties of matter, such as elasticity, for example. The construction of the structure and the properties of the components affect the basic properties of matter, such as elasticity, for example. The current short article presents how the elasticity and the oscillations of material structures associated with it can be modeled in a simple way.// В статье представляются основы формирования материальных структур и способ моделирования этого процесса. Конструкция структуры и свойства компонентов влияют на основные свойства материи, например, такие как упругость. Нынешняя короткая статья представляет, как простым способом можно моделировать упругость и связанные с нею колебания материальных структур.
Category: Classical Physics

[28693] viXra:1904.0300 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-15 07:43:28

Supercooled Water Search Dark Matter

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 53 Pages.

After watching YouTube videos of people supercooling water in a bottle and then triggering it to freeze by banging it, something about this concept solidified for Matthew M. Szydagis, an assistant professor of physics at the University at Albany, State University at New York, especially when he saw it again during the Disney movie "Frozen." [32] Researchers from the National University of science and technology MISIS (NUST MISIS, Moscow, Russia) and the National Institute for Nuclear Physics (INFN, Naples, Italy) have developed a simple and cost-effective technology that allows increasing the speed of automated microscopes (AM) by 10 to 100 times. [31]
Category: Astrophysics

[28692] viXra:1904.0299 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-15 08:25:32

Sobre Una Ecuación Polinomial de Grado Nueve

Authors: Edgar Valdebenito
Comments: 4 Pages.

En esta nota se muestra una raíz real de una ecuación polinomial de grado nueve.
Category: Algebra

[28691] viXra:1904.0298 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-15 08:28:41

Explorando Una Fórmula de Ramanujan

Authors: Edgar Valdebenito
Comments: 5 Pages.

En esta nota recordamos una fórmula de Ramanujan y mostramos algunos resultados relacionados con dicha fórmula.
Category: General Mathematics

[28690] viXra:1904.0297 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-15 08:28:04

Discrete Time Inside Continuous Time

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 43 Pages.

Scientists believe that time is continuous, not discrete—roughly speaking, they believe that it does not progress in "chunks," but rather "flows," smoothly and continuously. [27] Physicists theorize that this time-reversal violation is the key ingredient needed to unravel the cosmic mystery of the missing antimatter. [26] The arrow of time and the accelerated expansion are two fundamental empirical facts of the universe. [25] The intensive, worldwide search for dark matter, the missing mass in the universe, has so far failed to find an abundance of dark, massive stars or scads of strange new weakly interacting particles, but a new candidate is slowly gaining followers and observational support. [24] "We invoke a different theory, the self-interacting dark matter model or SIDM, to show that dark matter self-interactions thermalize the inner halo, which ties ordinary dark matter and dark matter distributions together so that they behave like a collective unit." [23] Technology proposed 30 years ago to search for dark matter is finally seeing the light. [22] They're looking for dark matter-the stuff that theoretically makes up a quarter of our universe. [21] Results from its first run indicate that XENON1T is the most sensitive dark matter detector on Earth. [20] Scientists at Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU) in Germany have now come up with a new theory on how dark matter may have been formed shortly after the origin of the universe. [19] Map of dark matter made from gravitational lensing measurements of 26 million galaxies in the Dark Energy Survey. [18]
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[28689] viXra:1904.0296 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-15 08:51:57

Gravitational Waves with Black Holes

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 33 Pages.

Researchers hoping to better interpret data from the detection of gravitational waves generated by the collision of binary black holes are turning to the public for help. [26] Astronomers on Wednesday unveiled the first photo of a black hole, one of the star-devouring monsters scattered throughout the Universe and obscured by impenetrable shields of gravity. [25] Paul McNamara, an astrophysicist at the European Space Agency and project scientist for the LISA mission that will track massive black hole mergers from space, helped AFP put what he called an "outstanding technical achievement" into context. [24]
Category: Astrophysics

[28688] viXra:1904.0295 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-15 09:26:26

The Law of Conservation of Energy Does not Exist!//Закон сохранения энергии не существует!

Authors: Bogdan Szenkaryk "Pinopa"
Comments: 2 Pages.

For hundreds of years it has been suggested to people that in nature all physical processes occur in accordance with the law of the conservation of energy. This opinion about the nature of the processes occurring in nature is untruthful. The article states that the law of conservation of energy is true only in certain conditions.// В течение сотен лет внушано людям, что в природе все физические процессы происходят в соответствии с законом сохранения энергии. Это мнение о сути протекающих в природе процессов есть неправдивое. В статье говорится о том, что закон сохранения энергии верен только в определенных условиях.
Category: Classical Physics

[28687] viXra:1904.0294 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-15 10:37:28

Analysis of the HRM Spectra in Plasma Glow Discharge

Authors: Stoyan Sarg
Comments: 12 Pages. Plasma physics

The HRM effect (Heterodyne Resonance Mechanism) is predicted in the Basic Structures of Matter – Supergravitation Unified Theory (BSM-SG). In properly activated neutral plasma a discrete frequency spectrum is observed. The term heterodyne means that the process is activated in the kHz range, while the observed spectrum is in the MHz range. The clear spectrum has spatial features and could be observed only in a small volume at fast sweep time. The spectrum characteristics depend on the type of gas and conditions of the transient process. Hydrogen and inert gases are the most suitable for the HRM effect. According to analysis, the HRM spectrum is a signature of synchronized spin-flips of the electrons involved in ion-electron pairs. HRM effect involves quantum mechanical interactions in which the electrons access the zeropoint energy of the physical vacuum. It is predicted that the HRM effect takes place in the transient process of lightning. The signature of HRM effect in the lightning is a subject of another article. Keywords: neutral plasma, glow discharge spectrum, Rydberg matter, electron spin flip, zeropoint energy
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics

[28686] viXra:1904.0293 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-15 10:23:52

Multi-Particle Exciton Complexes

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 40 Pages.

A new type of light-emitting diode has been developed at TU Wien. Light is produced from the radiative decay of exciton complexes in layers of just a few atoms thickness. [25] In a recent study published in Physical Review Letters (PRL), researchers at Friedrich-Alexander University Erlangen-Nürnberg have gathered interesting findings about the formation of complex crystals from size-disperse spheres. [24] The research shows that concentrated electrolytes in solution affect hydrogen bonding, ion interactions, and coordination geometries in currently unpredictable ways. [23] An exotic state of matter that is dazzling scientists with its electrical properties, can also exhibit unusual optical properties, as shown in a theoretical study by researchers at A*STAR. [22] The breakthrough was made in the lab of Andrea Alù, director of the ASRC's Photonics Initiative. Alù and his colleagues from The City College of New York, University of Texas at Austin and Tel Aviv University were inspired by the seminal work of three British researchers who won the 2016 Noble Prize in Physics for their work, which teased out that particular properties of matter (such as electrical conductivity) can be preserved in certain materials despite continuous changes in the matter's form or shape. [21] Researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have developed a new technology for switching heat flows 'on' or 'off'. [20] Thermoelectric materials can use thermal differences to generate electricity. Now there is an inexpensive and environmentally friendly way of producing them with the simplest tools: a pencil, photocopy paper, and conductive paint. [19] A team of researchers with the University of California and SRI International has developed a new type of cooling device that is both portable and efficient. [18] Thermal conductivity is one of the most crucial physical properties of matter when it comes to understanding heat transport, hydrodynamic evolution and energy balance in systems ranging from astrophysical objects to fusion plasmas. [17] Researchers from the Theory Department of the MPSD have realized the control of thermal and electrical currents in nanoscale devices by means of quantum local observations. [16]
Category: Condensed Matter

[28685] viXra:1904.0292 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-15 10:26:51

Refutation of Ramsey’s Theorem Via Pythagorean Triple of Integers

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 3 Pages. © Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to author by email only: info@cec-services dot com. See updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com. (We warn troll Mikko at Disqus to read the article four times before hormonal typing.)

We evaluate the lemma proffered to prove Ramsey’s theorem, and the strengthened lemma in a note. Neither are tautologous. We evaluate the proof of Pythagorean triple of integers as colored. It also is not tautologous. In fact, the coloring or non-coloring produces a logically equivalent result, meaning the Ramsey theorem is neither a tautology nor a contradiction. This implies “the inductive hypothesis” is suspicious. What follows is that the HOL proof assistant for the Ramsey theorem is an historical enormity in its 200 TB computer program with a certified prize result. Therefore the Ramsey theorem and HOL proof assistants are non tautologous fragments of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[28684] viXra:1904.0291 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-15 11:07:43

Slow Travel Through Wormholes

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 24 Pages.

A Harvard physicist has shown that wormholes can exist: tunnels in curved space-time, connecting two distant places, through which travel is possible. [22] A RUDN employee and Brazilian colleagues have called into question the concept of using stable wormholes as portals to different points of space-time. [21] CfA astronomer David James was a member of a large international team systematically searching for new gravitationally lensed quasars. [20] For the first time astronomers have detected gravitational waves from a merged, hyper-massive neutron star. [19] A group of scientists from the Niels Bohr Institute (NBI) at the University of Copenhagen will soon start developing a new line of technical equipment in order to dramatically improve gravitational wave detectors. [18] A global team of scientists, including two University of Mississippi physicists, has found that the same instruments used in the historic discovery of gravitational waves caused by colliding black holes could help unlock the secrets of dark matter, a mysterious and as-yet-unobserved component of the universe. [17] The lack of so-called "dark photons" in electron-positron collision data rules out scenarios in which these hypothetical particles explain the muon's magnetic moment. [16] By reproducing the complexity of the cosmos through unprecedented simulations, a new study highlights the importance of the possible behaviour of very high-energy photons. In their journey through intergalactic magnetic fields, such photons could be transformed into axions and thus avoid being absorbed. [15] Scientists have detected a mysterious X-ray signal that could be caused by dark matter streaming out of our Sun's core. Hidden photons are predicted in some extensions of the Standard Model of particle physics, and unlike WIMPs they would interact electromagnetically with normal matter. In particle physics and astrophysics, weakly interacting massive particles, or WIMPs, are among the leading hypothetical particle physics candidates for dark matter. The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron-proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter.
Category: Astrophysics

[28683] viXra:1904.0290 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-15 11:33:56

Refutation of Inclusion Logic

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: Pages.

We evaluate a seminal equation from a proof sketch, which is not tautologous. By extension, this means dependence logic, inclusion logic, and independence logic are also not tautologous. Therefore dependence logic, inclusion logic, and independence logic are non tautologous fragments of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[28682] viXra:1904.0289 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-15 12:38:47

Device for Wasterwater Treatment in Constructed Wetlands Dauzuc

Authors: Dan Ivan
Comments: 8 Pages.

Introduction Many studies around the world have been devoted to climate change and the impact of climate change on water resources. It is necessary to assess the specific effects and the need for adaptation and mitigation of the effects for the water systems and their impact on the economy and the life of the people. There is, therefore, an urgent need to establish an overall picture focused on water supply and wastewater treatment in urban and rural areas. The range of challenges related to climate change is very high, depending on geography, economy, administrative capacity and demography. Water extraction and wastewater treatment fall into two major types of systems: the formal one formally established by the governing or local and informal governance structures. In most of the rural or suburban or urban areas associated with urban sprawl, water extraction and evacuation fall into the informal system. Formal and informal systems have different capacities to respond to the problems that climate change will bring. Both systems provide water delivery to the population and waste water evacuation. Formal systems with many financial and technical moods can generally respond more easily to climate change than informal. Given the financial constraint and the failure to plan the resources they support, informal systems are less able to cope with changes in both demand and supply of water expected to be brought about by climate change. Functions of the formal system include storage, supply, distribution and treatment of waste water and its disposal or reuse. The infrastructure includes, in general, water and sanitation facilities, water storage facilities, rainwater collection systems, drinking water and waste water treatment equipment, pipelines and pumps, local distribution systems and other installations. Urban water infrastructures in the formal system should be built and beyond cities to expand. That is why the city's internal distribution system may sometimes include regions that are regulated separately. Many of these facilities, structures, sources of supply and waste disposal mechanisms are vulnerable to the negative effects of climate change. Urban water consumption can be affected by changes in water availability due to rainfall increases or decreases, mean temperature increases, increase or decrease in water levels in rivers and lakes. An important objective of urban water suppliers is to provide safe drinking water in quantities that meet the requirements for commercial and industrial enterprises for agriculture and household consumption. These tasks are not always met, even in the absence of climate change. Sewage treatment plants are neither ecological nor economical, solved in Europe, even in the absence of these changes. There are no storage systems required for water reuse including: local tanks, infiltration ponds for groundwater recharge, as well as aquifer storage and recovery systems. Wastewater management should be integrated into all irrigation systems and include at least one reuse of wastewater. Because of this, climate change will certainly result in water shortages in agriculture due to prolonged drought periods. Wastewater treatment, distribution and disposal are also directly affected by the effects of climate change, by increasing the energy costs of transporting and treating larger volumes of wastewater and rainwater entering treatment facilities in areas where, and at times when, which precipitation grows, as well as by greater necessity, where drought occurs. Formal Wastewater System in Large Cities of the U.S. and Canada receives wastewater and treats it at several primary, secondary and tertiary levels, the water resulting from each treatment having a direct reuse degree. Waste water treatment facilities include water pollution control facilities, combined sewerage installations, water and mud pumps, laboratories, sludge dewatering facilities, and sludge transport systems. Especially in eastern Europe, water systems for part of rural areas but also for suburban areas are informal. In these systems, water supply as well as wastewater treatment and disposal are not provided at large scale, centralized, managed engineering systems in line with long-term plans, but rather include a mix of local improvisations: informal water markets. Lack of centralization leads to lack of planning and maintenance. These limitations, in turn, indicate that informal systems are more vulnerable to climate change than formal ones, where planning and more financial resources for infrastructure, development and maintenance can be used. The localities under 2000 inhabitants are not subject to regulations included in a European directive nor have the possibility to develop their own sewerage and water supply network through distinct projects from the localities of over 2,000 inhabitants. That's why systems were designed and built for the latter, with sewerage lengths that include the distances between localities, often tens of kilometers. We can not talk about efficiency or durability. The costs of these very large projects will never be amortized by charging subscribers. And as shown above, the number of people connected to sewerage is and will be very small. If we add the fact that a mechanical - biological treatment plant can not function at the required treatment parameters, unless the number of inhabitants used for the design is at least equal to the one using the sewerage system and the population in the rural area has almost halved, it can be appreciated that most of these treatment plants only work formally. In addition, due to lack of technical supervision and maintenance, they are degrading at an accelerated pace, with no real reconditioning possibilities. For this reason, we can not speak in the case of many rural localities of informal systems that include the extraction of groundwater from wells and drilling wells and the disposal of waste water, not directly or indirectly through so-called septic tanks in soils communicating the groundwater canvas or in surface waters and partially with vidanje trucks with discharge not in purification stations or even in natural emissaries, existing sewage on the soil or in surface waters. Climate change predictions for Europe suggest an increase in high-intensity rainfall alternating with drought increase due to the increase in annual average temperature Therefore, it is reasonable to accept that the number of variations in demand and supply of water are likely to increase with such scenarios. The biggest challenge to adapt to climate change in water supply and sewage treatment is in the informal system. Concrete action at the level of communities, which are best placed to monitor and implement policies and programs in the informal system, is clearly lacking. Thus, there is a need to develop policies to ensure adequate monitoring and modeling of demand-side adaptation strategies and water supply. A new water policy has to be drafted and must include informal water markets and the administrative capacity to implement the policy.
Category: Physics of Biology

[28681] viXra:1904.0288 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-15 14:58:20

Is This a Black Hole?

Authors: Mohamed Ababou
Comments: 02 Pages.

the news about capturing a black hole are spreading quickly all over the globe, but it is clear and according to physical and Mathematical evidences that it can't be a black hole.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[28680] viXra:1904.0287 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-15 20:16:04

Recent Advances in the Meth8 Modal Model Checker and VŁ4 Universal Logic (Table of Contents)

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 731 Pages. © Copyright 2016-2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com; email: info@cec-services dot com . (We warn troll Mikko at Disqus to read the article four times before hormonal typing.)

We use the Meth8/VŁ4 modal logic model checker to evaluate 466 artifacts in 2495 assertions to refute 2035 as non tautologous (81.6%). This is the table of contents for 731 pages; current document available on request.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[28679] viXra:1904.0286 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-15 20:14:48

Fine Structure of Energy Level of Hydrogen Atom

Authors: Daehyeon KANG
Comments: 7 Pages.

It is believed that the study by the perturbation term is meaningful if the energy level of the hydrogen atom is correctly obtained by special theory of relativity and quantum theory. In this paper, we have investigated the energy levels of hydrogen atoms, including electron and atomic nucleus movements.
Category: Quantum Physics

[28678] viXra:1904.0285 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-15 20:29:49

Stoe Beginnings

Authors: John Hodge
Comments: 2 Pages.

The Scalar Theory Of Everything (STOE) was started from these initial considerations about the organization of the universe.
Category: Classical Physics

[28677] viXra:1904.0284 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-15 20:35:54

Refutation of Ethical Reasoning and Hol as a Universal Meta-Logic

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 1 Page. © Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to author by email only: info@cec-services dot com. See updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com. (We warn troll Mikko at Disqus to read the article four times before hormonal typing.)

An exemplary equation in HOL for ethical reasoning is not tautologous. By extension, HOL is refuted as “a universal meta-logic”, and “ethical reasoning” is refuted. Therefore HOL and ethical reasoning are non tautologous fragments of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[28676] viXra:1904.0282 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-16 02:55:05

7 Myths about Quantum Physics

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 30 Pages.

One of the leading lights in the field, Richard Feynman himself said: "I think I can safely say that nobody understands quantum mechanics." [14] What if the brain could detect its own disease? Researchers have been trying to create a material that "thinks" like the brain does, which would be more sensitive to early signs of neurological diseases such as Parkinson's. [13] University Professor of Applied Physics Stephen Arnold and his team at the New York University Tandon School of Engineering have made a discovery that could lead to Star Trek-like biosensor devices capable of flagging the barest presence in blood of a specific virus or antibody, or protein marker for a specific cancer; or sniffing out airborne chemical warfare agents while they are still far below toxic levels. [12] Lead researcher Dr Jonathan Breeze, from Imperial's Department of Materials, said: "This breakthrough paves the way for the widespread adoption of masers and opens the door for a wide array of applications that we are keen to explore. We hope the maser will now enjoy as much success as the laser." [11] Japanese researchers have optimized the design of laboratory-grown, synthetic diamonds. [10] Nearly 75 years ago, Nobel Prize-winning physicist Erwin Schrödinger wondered if the mysterious world of quantum mechanics played a role in biology. A recent finding by Northwestern University's Prem Kumar adds further evidence that the answer might be yes. [9] A UNSW Australia-led team of researchers has discovered how algae that survive in very low levels of light are able to switch on and off a weird quantum phenomenon that occurs during photosynthesis. [8] This paper contains the review of quantum entanglement investigations in living systems, and in the quantum mechanically modeled photoactive prebiotic kernel systems. [7] The human body is a constant flux of thousands of chemical/biological interactions and processes connecting molecules, cells, organs, and fluids, throughout the brain, body, and nervous system. Up until recently it was thought that all these interactions operated in a linear sequence, passing on information much like a runner passing the baton to the next runner. However, the latest findings in quantum biology and biophysics have discovered that there is in fact a tremendous degree of coherence within all living systems. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron's spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the Relativistic Quantum Theory and making possible to understand the Quantum Biology.
Category: Quantum Physics

[28675] viXra:1904.0281 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-16 03:15:05

Superconductor Unexpected Properties

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 19 Pages.

Researchers from Tokyo Metropolitan University have found that crystals of a recently discovered superconducting material, a layered bismuth chalcogenide with a four-fold symmetric structure, shows only two-fold symmetry in its superconductivity. [31] Russian physicist Viktor Lakhno from Keldysh Institute of Applied Mathematics, RAS considers symmetrical bipolarons as a basis of high-temperature superconductivity. [30] Stanford University have shown that copper-based superconductors, or cuprates-the first class of materials found to carry electricity with no loss at relatively high temperatures-contain fluctuating stripes of electron charge and spin that meander like rivulets over rough ground. [29] Researchers from Google and the University of California Santa Barbara have taken an important step towards the goal of building a large-scale quantum computer. [28] Physicists have shown that superconducting circuits-circuits that have zero electrical resistance-can function as piston-like mechanical quantum engines. The new perspective may help researchers design quantum computers and other devices with improved efficiencies. [27] This paper explains the magnetic effect of the superconductive current from the observed effects of the accelerating electrons, causing naturally the experienced changes of the electric field potential along the electric wire. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the wave particle duality and the electron's spin also, building the bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The changing acceleration of the electrons explains the created negative electric field of the magnetic induction, the Higgs Field, the changing Relativistic Mass and the Gravitational Force, giving a Unified Theory of the physical forces. Taking into account the Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators also, we can explain the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions. Since the superconductivity is basically a quantum mechanical phenomenon and some entangled particles give this opportunity to specific matters, like Cooper Pairs or other entanglements, as strongly correlated materials and Exciton-mediated electron pairing, we can say that the secret of superconductivity is the quantum entanglement.
Category: Quantum Physics

[28674] viXra:1904.0279 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-16 03:31:57

Gravitational Echo Phenomenon

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 25 Pages.

Gravitational echoes may be caused by the collision of two black holes, and may indicate that these objects have completely new physical properties. [21[ An international research team including astronomers from the Max Planck Institute for Radio Astronomy in Bonn, Germany, has combined radio telescopes from five continents to prove the existence of a narrow stream of material, a so-called jet, emerging from the only gravitational wave event involving two neutron stars ever observed. [20]
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[28673] viXra:1904.0278 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-16 04:07:09

Laser Optoelectronic Devices

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 73 Pages.

Scientists at the U.S. Naval Research Laboratory (NRL) discovered a new method to passivate defects in next generation optical materials to improve optical quality and enable the miniaturization of light emitting diodes and other optical elements. [44] Printed electronics use standard printing techniques to manufacture electronic devices on different substrates like glass, plastic films, and paper. [43] A tiny laser comprising an array of nanoscale semiconductor cylinders (see image) has been made by an all-A*STAR team. [42]
Category: Quantum Physics

[28672] viXra:1904.0277 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-16 04:23:39

Understanding Fusion Device

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 84 Pages.

Physicists at the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL) have discovered valuable information about how electrically charged gas known as "plasma" flows at the edge inside doughnut-shaped fusion devices called "tokamaks." [45] A class exercise at MIT, aided by industry researchers, has led to an innovative solution to one of the longstanding challenges facing the development of practical fusion power plants: how to get rid of excess heat that would cause structural damage to the plant. [44] Schematic of a magnetic nozzle rf plasma thruster (helicon plasma thruster) having two open source exits and photographs of the three operation modes in the laboratory test. [43] Researchers at MIT's Plasma Science and Fusion Center (PSFC) have now demonstrated how microwaves can be used to overcome barriers to steady-state tokamak operation. [42] Plasma particle accelerators more powerful than existing machines could help probe some of the outstanding mysteries of our universe, as well as make leaps forward in cancer treatment and security scanning-all in a package that's around a thousandth of the size of current accelerators. [41] The Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory has started to assemble a new facility for revolutionary accelerator technologies that could make future accelerators 100 to 1,000 times smaller and boost their capabilities. [40] The authors designed a mechanism based on the deployment of a transport barrier to confine the particles and prevent them from moving from one region of the accelerator to another. "There is strong experimental evidence that there is indeed some new physics lurking in the lepton sector," Dev said. [38]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[28671] viXra:1904.0276 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-16 05:34:06

Proof of the Riemann Hypothesis

Authors: Toshiro Takami
Comments: 17 Pages.

I could give a complete proof by the number theory method to Riemann hypothesis. I found the following number law. This proved that Riemann hypothesis is correct. The formula is (1). Although x is treated as a real number, x is a non-trivial zero values. That is, it takes eternal number of non-trivial zeros of the positive and negative regions on the axis 0.5. (3)^2= 2^(-2c)*n^(-2c) = n^(1 - 2c)/(4^c*(1 - 2c)) when c≠0.5 (3)^2= 2^(-2c)*n^(-2c) ≠ n^(1 - 2c)/(4^c*(1 - 2c)), and x of (3) can not take non-trivial zero. when c=0.5 2^(-2c)*n^(-2c) = n^(1 - 2c)/(4^c*(1 - 2c)) { n^(1 - 2c)/(4^c*(1 - 2c)) },{c=0.5} = ∞^~ = ComplexInfinity. and x of (3) can take all eternal number of non-trivial zeros. =(3)^2 =(3)^2 When c = 0.5, x can have infinite and infinitesimal values. That is, it takes all of the infinite non-trivial zeros of the positive and negative regions on the axis 0.5. However, when x is not 0.5, non-trivial zeros can not be taken. The proof is completed.
Category: Number Theory

[28670] viXra:1904.0275 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-14 07:14:05

Quantum Dot Polymer Screens

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 25 Pages.

U.S. Naval Research Laboratory scientists have developed and patented the fabrication of transparent, luminescent material they say could give smartphone and television screens flexible, stretchable, and shatterproof properties. [19] "Digital quantum simulation is thus intrinsically much more robust than what one might expect from known error bounds on the global many-body wave function," Heyl says. [18] A new finding by researchers at the University of Chicago promises to improve the speed and reliability of current and next generation quantum computers by as much as ten times. [17] Ph. D candidate Shuntaro Okada and information scientist Masayuki Ohzeki of Japan's Tohoku University collaborated with global automotive components manufacturer Denso Corporation and other colleagues to develop an algorithm that improves the D-Wave quantum annealer's ability to solve combinatorial optimization problems. [16] D-Wave Systems today published a milestone study demonstrating a topological phase transition using its 2048-qubit annealing quantum computer. [15] New quantum theory research, led by academics at the University of St Andrews' School of Physics, could transform the way scientists predict how quantum particles behave. [14] Intel has announced the design and fabrication of a 49-qubit superconducting quantum-processor chip at the Consumer Electronics Show in Las Vegas. [13] To improve our understanding of the so-called quantum properties of materials, scientists at the TU Delft investigated thin slices of SrIrO3, a material that belongs to the family of complex oxides. [12] New research carried out by CQT researchers suggest that standard protocols that measure the dimensions of quantum systems may return incorrect numbers. [11] Is entanglement really necessary for describing the physical world, or is it possible to have some post-quantum theory without entanglement? [10] A trio of scientists who defied Einstein by proving the nonlocal nature of quantum entanglement will be honoured with the John Stewart Bell Prize from the University of Toronto (U of T). [9] While physicists are continually looking for ways to unify the theory of relativity, which describes large-scale phenomena, with quantum theory, which describes small-scale phenomena, computer scientists are searching for technologies to build the quantum computer using Quantum Information. In August 2013, the achievement of "fully deterministic" quantum teleportation, using a hybrid technique, was reported. On 29 May 2014, scientists announced a reliable way of transferring data by quantum teleportation. Quantum teleportation of data had been done before but with highly unreliable methods. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron's spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the Relativistic Quantum Theory and making possible to build the Quantum Computer with the help of Quantum Information.
Category: Quantum Physics

[28669] viXra:1904.0273 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-14 07:33:35

Two-Dimensional Semiconductors

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 27 Pages.

Two-dimensional (2-D) semiconductors are promising for quantum computing and future electronics. Now, researchers can convert metallic gold into semiconductor and customize the material atom-by-atom on boron nitride nanotubes. [20] U.S. Naval Research Laboratory scientists have developed and patented the fabrication of transparent, luminescent material they say could give smartphone and television screens flexible, stretchable, and shatterproof properties. [19] "Digital quantum simulation is thus intrinsically much more robust than what one might expect from known error bounds on the global many-body wave function," Heyl says. [18] A new finding by researchers at the University of Chicago promises to improve the speed and reliability of current and next generation quantum computers by as much as ten times. [17] Ph. D candidate Shuntaro Okada and information scientist Masayuki Ohzeki of Japan's Tohoku University collaborated with global automotive components manufacturer Denso Corporation and other colleagues to develop an algorithm that improves the D-Wave quantum annealer's ability to solve combinatorial optimization problems. [16] D-Wave Systems today published a milestone study demonstrating a topological phase transition using its 2048-qubit annealing quantum computer. [15] New quantum theory research, led by academics at the University of St Andrews' School of Physics, could transform the way scientists predict how quantum particles behave. [14] Intel has announced the design and fabrication of a 49-qubit superconducting quantum-processor chip at the Consumer Electronics Show in Las Vegas. [13] To improve our understanding of the so-called quantum properties of materials, scientists at the TU Delft investigated thin slices of SrIrO3, a material that belongs to the family of complex oxides. [12] New research carried out by CQT researchers suggest that standard protocols that measure the dimensions of quantum systems may return incorrect numbers. [11] Is entanglement really necessary for describing the physical world, or is it possible to have some post-quantum theory without entanglement? [10] A trio of scientists who defied Einstein by proving the nonlocal nature of quantum entanglement will be honoured with the John Stewart Bell Prize from the University of Toronto (U of T). [9] While physicists are continually looking for ways to unify the theory of relativity, which describes large-scale phenomena, with quantum theory, which describes small-scale phenomena, computer scientists are searching for technologies to build the quantum computer using Quantum Information. In August 2013, the achievement of "fully deterministic" quantum teleportation, using a hybrid technique, was reported. On 29 May 2014, scientists announced a reliable way of transferring data by quantum teleportation. Quantum teleportation of data had been done before but with highly unreliable methods. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron's spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the Relativistic Quantum Theory and making possible to build the Quantum Computer with the help of Quantum Information.
Category: Quantum Physics

[28668] viXra:1904.0272 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-14 07:58:41

Heuristic Thoughts about Classical Physics

Authors: Ohad Frand
Comments: 7 Pages.

Classical physics is obsolete for more than a century if the question at stake is an accurate and complete description of Nature. Under that light if an alternative classical assumptions bundle may be capable of withstanding some of the major limitations of classical physics, it is reasonable to say that further discussion is required. This manuscript presents very specific and minimal assumptions in the domain of classical physics and extend them with bold ambitious conjectures. Although relation to nature is not shown, the main purpose of this manuscript is to inspire possibility of such relation.
Category: Classical Physics

[28667] viXra:1904.0271 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-14 08:19:01

2-D Phosphorene Nanoribbons

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 29 Pages.

Tiny, individual, flexible ribbons of crystalline phosphorus have been made by UCL researchers in a world first, and they could revolutionise electronics and fast-charging battery technology. [21] Two-dimensional (2-D) semiconductors are promising for quantum computing and future electronics. Now, researchers can convert metallic gold into semiconductor and customize the material atom-by-atom on boron nitride nanotubes. [20] U.S. Naval Research Laboratory scientists have developed and patented the fabrication of transparent, luminescent material they say could give smartphone and television screens flexible, stretchable, and shatterproof properties. [19] "Digital quantum simulation is thus intrinsically much more robust than what one might expect from known error bounds on the global many-body wave function," Heyl says. [18] A new finding by researchers at the University of Chicago promises to improve the speed and reliability of current and next generation quantum computers by as much as ten times. [17] Ph. D candidate Shuntaro Okada and information scientist Masayuki Ohzeki of Japan's Tohoku University collaborated with global automotive components manufacturer Denso Corporation and other colleagues to develop an algorithm that improves the D-Wave quantum annealer's ability to solve combinatorial optimization problems. [16] D-Wave Systems today published a milestone study demonstrating a topological phase transition using its 2048-qubit annealing quantum computer. [15] New quantum theory research, led by academics at the University of St Andrews' School of Physics, could transform the way scientists predict how quantum particles behave. [14] Intel has announced the design and fabrication of a 49-qubit superconducting quantum-processor chip at the Consumer Electronics Show in Las Vegas. [13] To improve our understanding of the so-called quantum properties of materials, scientists at the TU Delft investigated thin slices of SrIrO3, a material that belongs to the family of complex oxides. [12] New research carried out by CQT researchers suggest that standard protocols that measure the dimensions of quantum systems may return incorrect numbers. [11]
Category: Condensed Matter

[28666] viXra:1904.0270 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-14 08:43:10

Quantum Warn Neurological Disease

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 25 Pages.

University Professor of Applied Physics Stephen Arnold and his team at the New York University Tandon School of Engineering have made a discovery that could lead to Star Trek-like biosensor devices capable of flagging the barest presence in blood of a specific virus or antibody, or protein marker for a specific cancer; or sniffing out airborne chemical warfare agents while they are still far below toxic levels. [12] Lead researcher Dr Jonathan Breeze, from Imperial's Department of Materials, said: "This breakthrough paves the way for the widespread adoption of masers and opens the door for a wide array of applications that we are keen to explore. We hope the maser will now enjoy as much success as the laser." [11] Japanese researchers have optimized the design of laboratory-grown, synthetic diamonds. [10] Nearly 75 years ago, Nobel Prize-winning physicist Erwin Schrödinger wondered if the mysterious world of quantum mechanics played a role in biology. A recent finding by Northwestern University's Prem Kumar adds further evidence that the answer might be yes. [9] A UNSW Australia-led team of researchers has discovered how algae that survive in very low levels of light are able to switch on and off a weird quantum phenomenon that occurs during photosynthesis. [8] This paper contains the review of quantum entanglement investigations in living systems, and in the quantum mechanically modeled photoactive prebiotic kernel systems. [7] The human body is a constant flux of thousands of chemical/biological interactions and processes connecting molecules, cells, organs, and fluids, throughout the brain, body, and nervous system. Up until recently it was thought that all these interactions operated in a linear sequence, passing on information much like a runner passing the baton to the next runner. However, the latest findings in quantum biology and biophysics have discovered that there is in fact a tremendous degree of coherence within all living systems. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron's spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the Relativistic Quantum Theory and making possible to understand the Quantum Biology.
Category: Physics of Biology

[28665] viXra:1904.0269 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-14 09:56:34

Nanobodies Therapy to Solid Tumors

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 27 Pages.

In the journal PNAS this week, researchers at Boston Children's Hospital and MIT show that these mini-antibodies, shrunk further to create so-called nanobodies, may help solve a problem in the cancer field: making CAR T-cell therapies work in solid tumors. [14] What if the brain could detect its own disease? Researchers have been trying to create a material that "thinks" like the brain does, which would be more sensitive to early signs of neurological diseases such as Parkinson's. [13] University Professor of Applied Physics Stephen Arnold and his team at the New York University Tandon School of Engineering have made a discovery that could lead to Star Trek-like biosensor devices capable of flagging the barest presence in blood of a specific virus or antibody, or protein marker for a specific cancer; or sniffing out airborne chemical warfare agents while they are still far below toxic levels. [12]
Category: Physics of Biology

[28664] viXra:1904.0268 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-14 10:05:16

Spherical Harmonics and Crystals

Authors: Giuliano Bettini
Comments: 27 Pages. In Italian

The description of Point Groups is made in crystallography, among other, with "character tables". Following my classification work entitled "5 bit 32 crystal classes" and some other curious properties I've noticed, I wanted to try to find a representation with Spherical Harmonics namely: a set of 32 Spherical Harmonics each one representing a Point Group. So the purpose of this work, in a nutshell, is to combine each of the 32 crystal classes with the corresponding Spherical Harmonic that has the same symmetry properties, in a certain sense therefore a "group description". These are among all the Spherical Harmonics the only 32 with which it is possible to create periodic structures with no gaps nor overlapping. A sort of Spherical Harmonics Restriction Theorem. Other possibly interesting connections with the s p d f sub-shells, and with spin, are to be investigated.
Category: Mathematical Physics

[28663] viXra:1904.0267 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-14 10:29:29

Nasa and Gyro in Orbit//nasa и гироскоп на орбите

Authors: Bogdan Szenkaryk "Pinopa"
Comments: 7 Pages.

Precession in the gravitational field - this phenomenon has been known to mankind since ancient times. Here is a phenomenon that can be considered a precession of a completely different kind. This newly discovered phenomenon consists in changing the direction of the axis of rotation of the gyroscope. But the phenomenon occurs when the gyroscope (in the form of a gyrocompass) moves in the gravitational field of a celestial body. It occurs during orbiting around a celestial body or during movement near the body, when this body remains aside.// Прецессия в гравитационном поле - это явление известно человечеству с давних времен. Здесь представляется явление, которое можно считать прецессией совсем иного рода. Это новооткрытое явление заключается в изменении направления оси вращения гироскопа. Но явление происходит, когда гироскоп (в виде гирокомпаса) движется в гравитационном поле небесного тела. Оно происходит во время орбитирования вокруг небесного тела или во время движения вблизи тела, когда это тело остается в стороне.
Category: Classical Physics

[28662] viXra:1904.0266 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-14 10:33:14

Locking Together, or Not, the Fractional Charge Quarks that Make up a Proton

Authors: Bruce A. Lutgen
Comments: 1 Page.

Fractional-charge up and down quarks make up an atom’s protons. The existence of such quarks is well accepted. Despite enormous amounts of energy being expended in the effort, recalling from necessarily limited written resources, a proton has never been successfully broken apart into identifiable constituent quarks. How then is this inability to successfully break protons into observable individual quarks explained?
Category: Quantum Physics

[28661] viXra:1904.0265 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-14 11:27:30

An MHCE8S Flow Diagram Emphasizing the Existence of Two New Quarks and Older Holography

Authors: George R. Briggs
Comments: 4 Pages.

Abstract: A forward-time, reverse-time cycle of the 4th cycle of an MHCE8S universe emphasizing 2 new neutron quarks and holography extending back to at least the 3rd cyclic universe.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[28660] viXra:1904.0264 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-14 13:47:40

Several Thoughts About Equation of Unified Field in Estm Theory (In Russian)

Authors: Andrey N. Smirnov
Comments: 2 Pages.

Was analyzed possible kind of equation of unified field in theory of emergent space-time matter
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[28659] viXra:1904.0263 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-14 15:36:27

Permanent Solution To The Global Water Problem.

Authors: Logistic Releaf Society.
Comments: 2 Pages. Please, leave comments below the vedio, that link is mentioned at the end of the Paper. For further details mail at 3sci6mat9@gmail.com .

This is the need of the Decade. So please, spread this paper as far as possible, until this reaches the hands of the Organisation or Persons, Who can take care of that. And we kindly request you to be & make aware of The Common People about the Problem as far as possible, as if they get awareness, they may also start to think about the Solution to it, which may also be better than this. Thanking you. Hopping You, L.R.S..
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[28658] viXra:1904.0262 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-13 08:00:20

Refutation of the Meet-Tree

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 1 Page. © Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to author by email only: info@cec-services dot com. See updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com. (We warn troll Mikko at Disqus to read the article four times before hormonal typing.)

Two equations defining the meet-tree are not tautologous, thereby contradicting the claim that “proof is straightforward (using similinearity)”. Therefore these results form a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Topology

[28657] viXra:1904.0260 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-13 08:36:56

Self-Assembly of Liquid Crystals

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 42 Pages.

In liquid crystals, molecules automatically arrange themselves in an ordered fashion. Researchers from the University of Luxembourg have discovered a method that allows an anti-ordered state, which will enable novel material properties and potentially new technical applications, such as artificial muscles for soft robotics. [27] In a breakthrough discovery, University of Wollongong (UOW) researchers have created a "heartbeat" effect in liquid metal, causing the metal to pulse rhythmically in a manner similar to a beating heart. [26]
Category: Condensed Matter

[28656] viXra:1904.0259 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-13 08:45:34

Some Hereditary Properties of the E-J Generalized Cesàro Matrices

Authors: H. C. Rhaly Jr.
Comments: 3 Pages.

A countable subcollection of the Endl-Jakimovski generalized Ces\`{a}ro matrices of positive order is seen to inherit posinormality, coposinormality, and hyponormality from the Ces\`{a}ro matrix of the same order.
Category: Functions and Analysis

[28655] viXra:1904.0258 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-13 08:53:25

Learn a New Skill with Short Breaks

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 43 Pages.

In a study of healthy volunteers, National Institutes of Health researchers found that our brains may solidify the memories of new skills we just practiced a few seconds earlier by taking a short rest. [31] Focused ultrasound from outside the body can safely and reversibly open the blood–brain barrier in patients with Alzheimer’s disease, researchers in Canada have shown for the first time. [30] Small vessel vasculitis—inflammation of the small blood vessels—appears as a stain of tiny, red dots covering the skin that, depending on the severity, can evolve into painful pustules or ulcers. [29]
Category: Mind Science

[28654] viXra:1904.0257 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-13 10:00:14

Atomic Particles Adhesion

Authors: Adham Ahmed Mohamed Ahmed
Comments: 1 Page. ty

in the paper entitled unified field theory we have shown how electromagnetic waves attract each other to form bigger masses in this papet we will show how same sized masses and different sized masses work together same sized masses such as two protons are equaly competent for having space domains which is also equal to their equal strength to hold onto and fight for a space domain and so they stay together agglomerated at the distance separated by unneeded neutrons to fill the gap of electromagnetic waves forming the particles and then we have the unequal masses such as an electron and a proton these two have unequal competency to have space domains and they have unequal strength to hold onto and fight for a space domain and so the electron ends up going closer as much as possible to the proton
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics

[28653] viXra:1904.0256 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-13 10:42:32

Immune System Causing Cavities

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 43 Pages.

A new study by researchers at the University of Toronto's Faculty of Dentistry provides the first evidence that the body's own defence system could be a major contributor to tooth decay and filling failure. [25] An extensive experiment testing the immune effects of a broad group of lab-designed nucleic acid nanoparticles did not find a strong, uniform immune response, as had been predicted. [24] The goal is to find bits of DNA in common between the known relatives and the unidentified remains, suggesting both belong to a particular lineage. One analysis develops a profile that combines what's found at 23 spots in the DNA, for example. [23]
Category: Physics of Biology

[28652] viXra:1904.0255 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-13 11:23:45

Fractional Crystallization Mixtures

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 37 Pages.

In a recent study published in Physical Review Letters (PRL), researchers at Friedrich-Alexander University Erlangen-Nürnberg have gathered interesting findings about the formation of complex crystals from size-disperse spheres. [24] The research shows that concentrated electrolytes in solution affect hydrogen bonding, ion interactions, and coordination geometries in currently unpredictable ways. [23] An exotic state of matter that is dazzling scientists with its electrical properties, can also exhibit unusual optical properties, as shown in a theoretical study by researchers at A*STAR. [22] The breakthrough was made in the lab of Andrea Alù, director of the ASRC's Photonics Initiative. Alù and his colleagues from The City College of New York, University of Texas at Austin and Tel Aviv University were inspired by the seminal work of three British researchers who won the 2016 Noble Prize in Physics for their work, which teased out that particular properties of matter (such as electrical conductivity) can be preserved in certain materials despite continuous changes in the matter's form or shape. [21] Researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have developed a new technology for switching heat flows 'on' or 'off'. [20] Thermoelectric materials can use thermal differences to generate electricity. Now there is an inexpensive and environmentally friendly way of producing them with the simplest tools: a pencil, photocopy paper, and conductive paint. [19] A team of researchers with the University of California and SRI International has developed a new type of cooling device that is both portable and efficient. [18] Thermal conductivity is one of the most crucial physical properties of matter when it comes to understanding heat transport, hydrodynamic evolution and energy balance in systems ranging from astrophysical objects to fusion plasmas. [17] Researchers from the Theory Department of the MPSD have realized the control of thermal and electrical currents in nanoscale devices by means of quantum local observations. [16] Physicists have proposed a new type of Maxwell's demon-the hypothetical agent that extracts work from a system by decreasing the system's entropy-in which the demon can extract work just by making a measurement, by taking advantage of quantum fluctuations and quantum superposition. [15]
Category: Condensed Matter

[28651] viXra:1904.0253 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-13 11:44:21

Negative Capacitor Improve Computing

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 79 Pages.

With a little physics ingenuity, scientists have designed a way to redistribute electricity on a small scale, potentially opening new avenues of research into more energy-efficient computing. [45] For the first time ever, an international team of researchers imaged the microscopic state of negative capacitance. [44] One of the leading candidates, spintronics, is based on the idea of carrying information via the spin of electrons. [43]
Category: Digital Signal Processing

[28650] viXra:1904.0251 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-13 13:09:32

Causality

Authors: John A. Gowan
Comments: 16 Pages.

Causality and Information are linked variables characterizing atomic matter, bridging the conceptual gap between Quantum Mechanics and Relativity theory.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[28649] viXra:1904.0250 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-13 13:50:44

Diffusion Gravity: Dynamics and Scalability

Authors: DH Fulton
Comments: 13 Pages.

A previous paper introduced the heuristic model of Diffusion Gravity (DG) based on the principle of mass diffusion [1]. That work provided an initial development of an explanation of inertia, acceleration, and gravity from the interaction of mass objects with the active quantum vacuum environment via virtual particle mechanisms. This follow-on article extends the model to incorporate the related dynamics of the virtual particle outflows from mass objects and presents model specifics for inertia, kinetic energy, and orbital motion. Mass Diffusion is the primary active force that drives interactions of the virtual particle agents of the quantum vacuum to produce linear and orbital motion; the active quantum vacuum may be more accurately described as a an agent in gravitation; these aspects of diffusion gravity and other mass-energy considerations are described and discussed in this paper, including derivation and consistency with mass-energy E 0 =mc 2 . Motion models and their descriptions, which comprise Diffusion Gravity Dynamics (DGD), are added to the Diffusion Gravity theory. The Diffusion Gravity model and theory implies application to other physical phenomena such as relativity, light refraction and the role of virtual particles therein, and the model’s scalability to astrophysical phenomena such as flattening of the galactic rotation curves.
Category: Quantum Physics

[28648] viXra:1904.0249 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-13 17:27:15

The Universe is a Perfect Sphere-Theoretical Calculation of the TCMBR

Authors: Leonardo Rubino
Comments: 5 Pages.

In this paper I show that the universe is a perfect sphere and provide a theoretical calculation of the TCMBR.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[28647] viXra:1904.0248 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-14 00:04:13

Unification of Forces // Унификация сил

Authors: Bogdan Szenkaryk "Pinopa"
Comments: 4 Pages.

The Аuthor shows how you can create a unification of all the forces and phenomena that exist in nature.// Автор показывает, каким способом можно создать унификацию всех сил и явлений, которые существуют в природе.
Category: Classical Physics

[28646] viXra:1904.0247 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-14 01:05:15

First Physical Paradigm // Первая Физическая Парадигма

Authors: Bogdan Szenkaryk "Pinopa"
Comments: 6 Pages.

In the article, The Author presents the foundations on which the ability to study the world and human knowledge is based.// В статье Автор представляет основы, на которых основывается способность изучать мир и человеческие знания.
Category: Classical Physics

[28645] viXra:1904.0246 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-14 02:16:53

Effectiveness of Multiple Tray-Aerators in Reducing Iron (Fe) Water Wells in Gowa Regency, Indonesia

Authors: Ronny, Abdul Hafid Hasim
Comments: 4 Pages.

The aim of this study was to see the effectiveness of aeration in decreased levels of iron (Fe) in water wells before and after the aeration process using multiple tray aerator methods. The use of multiple tray aeration is expected to reduce the levels of iron (Fe) in water wells. This research is an experiment with 30 samples of good water that had higher levels of iron (Fe), which do not qualify as water obtained by non-random sampling in Gowa Regency. To find out the effectiveness decreased levels of iron (Fe) before and after aeration performed with SPSS statistical testing. The results obtained show the rate of decline in levels of iron (Fe) average about 2.21 mg/L with an average percentage of 68.01% decline. Value levels of iron (Fe) on average after aeration obtained at 1.12 mg/L. Although it has seen a decline the effective look at the results showed significant before and after the aeration is done but not yet clean water requirements with value levels of iron (Fe) up to 1.00. In contrast to the results of another study that the results of decreased levels of iron (Fe) obtained only around 0.20 mg/L or simply a decline of about 10%. The difference in the results achieved by the research conducted in the laboratory with a reduction of circulating air in the rooms was not big. To achieve the levels of iron (Fe) to fit the requirements it is necessary to further processing after aeration. Aeration method with multiple tray aerator can reduce levels of iron (Fe) in water wells significantly but the results are not yet qualified to clean water.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[28644] viXra:1904.0245 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-14 03:28:58

The Spinorial Einstein Equations

Authors: Antoine Balan
Comments: 3 pages, written in french

We define Einstein spinors and Einstein equations for spin geometry.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[28643] viXra:1904.0244 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-12 07:36:06

Crop Failures and Astrogeophysics. I. Medieval North East Europe and Stormy 2019

Authors: Edgars Alksnis
Comments: 7 Pages.

A brief revisiting of possible astrogeophysical causes of historical climate disasters in medieval North-East Europe and brief look to ongoing climate disaster season of 2019.
Category: Climate Research

[28642] viXra:1904.0243 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-12 07:49:22

Electric Charge and Electric Field of Elementary Particles.

Authors: Alexandr I. Dubinyansky, Pavel Churlyaev.
Comments: 10 Pages. dubinyansky@mail.ru

Abstract. The inaccuracy of the modern view of the electric charge and the electric field is shown. The whole theory of Maxwell, Coulomb and other giants of physics, is valid only for macroscopes, on the order of more than 100 sizes of elementary particles. In the microscale there are completely different laws. Including the field of a single charge does not have spherical symmetry and the Coulomb dependence is inverse to the radius.
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics

[28641] viXra:1904.0242 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-12 07:54:09

Электрический заряд и электрическое поле элементарных частиц.

Authors: Александр Дубинянский и Павел Чурляев
Comments: 10 Pages. dubinyansky@mail.ru

Абстракт. Показана неточность современного воззрения на электрический заряд и электрическое поле. Вся теория Максвелла, Кулона и других гигантов физики, справедлива только для макромасштабов, порядка более 100 размеров элементарных частиц. В микромасштабе действуют совсем другие законы. В том числе поле одиночного заряда не имеет сферической симметрии и кулоновской зависимости обратной от радиуса.
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics

[28640] viXra:1904.0241 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-12 09:09:45

On the C Constant0

Authors: Adham Ahmed Mohamed Ahmed
Comments: 1 Page. ty

1.the distance at 3*10^8 m is independent of time 2.any amount of time is independent of the distance 3*10^8 m 1.this means that the distance 3*10^8 m is the distance that you cant add more time more than 1 second 2.this means that no matter how much time you add or take the distance 3*10^8 is the same in all casesv
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[28639] viXra:1904.0240 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-12 10:54:43

The Constructive Field Theory Fundamentals of Ideology // Конструктивная теория поля Основы идеологии

Authors: Bogdan Szenkaryk "Pinopa"
Comments: 8 Pages.

The Author presents the foundations on which Constructive Field Theory is based. They are very simple and are the basis for interpreting the structure of matter and physical phenomena.// Автор представляет основы, на которых основана Конструктивная Теория Поля. Они очень просты и являются основой для интерпретации структуры материи и физических явлений.
Category: Classical Physics

[28638] viXra:1904.0239 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-12 11:49:25

Human Brain Cloud Interface

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 46 Pages.

Imagine a future technology that would provide instant access to the world's knowledge and artificial intelligence, simply by thinking about a specific topic or question. [27] Just like living ecosystems, web services form a complex artificial system consisting of tags and the user-generated media associated with them, such as photographs, movies and web pages. [26]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[28637] viXra:1904.0238 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-12 13:26:39

Quantum Simulation More Stable

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 24 Pages.

"Digital quantum simulation is thus intrinsically much more robust than what one might expect from known error bounds on the global many-body wave function," Heyl says. [18] A new finding by researchers at the University of Chicago promises to improve the speed and reliability of current and next generation quantum computers by as much as ten times. [17] Ph. D candidate Shuntaro Okada and information scientist Masayuki Ohzeki of Japan's Tohoku University collaborated with global automotive components manufacturer Denso Corporation and other colleagues to develop an algorithm that improves the D-Wave quantum annealer's ability to solve combinatorial optimization problems. [16] D-Wave Systems today published a milestone study demonstrating a topological phase transition using its 2048-qubit annealing quantum computer. [15] New quantum theory research, led by academics at the University of St Andrews' School of Physics, could transform the way scientists predict how quantum particles behave. [14] Intel has announced the design and fabrication of a 49-qubit superconducting quantum-processor chip at the Consumer Electronics Show in Las Vegas. [13] To improve our understanding of the so-called quantum properties of materials, scientists at the TU Delft investigated thin slices of SrIrO3, a material that belongs to the family of complex oxides. [12] New research carried out by CQT researchers suggest that standard protocols that measure the dimensions of quantum systems may return incorrect numbers. [11] Is entanglement really necessary for describing the physical world, or is it possible to have some post-quantum theory without entanglement? [10] A trio of scientists who defied Einstein by proving the nonlocal nature of quantum entanglement will be honoured with the John Stewart Bell Prize from the University of Toronto (U of T). [9] While physicists are continually looking for ways to unify the theory of relativity, which describes large-scale phenomena, with quantum theory, which describes small-scale phenomena, computer scientists are searching for technologies to build the quantum computer using Quantum Information. In August 2013, the achievement of "fully deterministic" quantum teleportation, using a hybrid technique, was reported. On 29 May 2014, scientists announced a reliable way of transferring data by quantum teleportation. Quantum teleportation of data had been done before but with highly unreliable methods. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron's spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the Relativistic Quantum Theory and making possible to build the Quantum Computer with the help of Quantum Information.
Category: Quantum Physics

[28636] viXra:1904.0237 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-12 13:31:30

The Oppsoite Push Theory

Authors: Adham Ahmed Mohamed Ahmed
Comments: 1 Page. ty

if you want to produce a great amount of electromagnetic waves push a dense mass from two opposite sides of the mass the atoms will start jerking and then producing electromagnetic waves
Category: Thermodynamics and Energy

[28635] viXra:1904.0236 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-12 15:31:54

There's A Light Beam Travels With 1.16 mkm per sec (My Claim)

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 11 Pages.

The Main Claim There's A Light Beam Travels With 1.16 mkm/ sec – In The Solar Group- But We Can't Observe It. This paper provides and discusses many clear arguments which prove this fact. Also The paper explains why we can't observe or realize this higher velocity (1.16mkm/sec) which supports the Special Theory of Relativity Basic Hypothesis that the highest velocity (in our universe) is 0.3mkm/second.
Category: Astrophysics

[28634] viXra:1904.0235 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-12 17:45:46

Riemann Hypothesis Yielding to Minor Effort

Authors: Arthur Shevenyonov
Comments: 8 Pages. Trilinear, IIIVNII

A set of distinct and elementary approaches, all embarking on the Euler-Riemann equivalence representing the zeta at zero, invariably point to a consistent solution structure. The Riemann Hypothesis as regards Re=1/2 gains full support as a core solution, albeit one amounting to a special nontrivial case warranting extensions and qualifications.
Category: Number Theory

[28633] viXra:1904.0234 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-12 18:22:15

Ether and Einstein

Authors: Genrih Leonidovich Arutyunov
Comments: 3 Pages.

Einstein's theory of relativity is based on Ether. Einstein's statements that there is no Ether and that all systems are equal are just an attempt to hide the fact that Einstein's Theory of Relativity and the Poincare Principle are one and the same.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[28632] viXra:1904.0233 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-12 21:57:24

Redefining the Electron (Part 2): The Implications for Atomic Structure

Authors: David Johnson
Comments: 25 Pages. Redefining the Electron (Part 1) introduces STEM: a link to it is provided in the abstract of the pdf paper Part 2.

The Spin Torus Energy Model (STEM) was introduced in Part 1 of the ‘Redefining the Electron’ series to define the structure of electrons and positrons so as to explain the nature of electric and magnetic fields, electric current generation from battery and induction sources, capacitor charge and discharge, and superconductivity. In Part 2, STEM is extended to define a structure Preons, quarks and nucleons and to explore the nuclear structure of atoms. The atomic model developed provides explanations for the physical characteristics and different allotropic forms of elements in the Periodic Table, their various bonding geometries, and for electron capture and beta decay. The third and final paper provides a STEM explanation for the particle-wave nature of EMR, spectral line emission and absorption, the photo-electric effect, the Compton effect, electron pair generation and annihilation, and Gravity.
Category: Classical Physics

[28631] viXra:1904.0232 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-13 03:21:55

Thin Films for Electronics

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 70 Pages.

Researchers at Missouri S&T have found an unprecedented, economical method for creating high-performance inorganic thin films, or "epitaxial" films, used in the manufacture of semiconductors for flexible electronics, LEDs and solar cells. [41] Femtosecond X-ray experiments in combination with a new theoretical approach establish a direct connection between electric properties in the macroscopic world and electron motions on the time and length scale of atoms. [40] Novel insight comes now from experiments and simulations performed by a team led by ETH physicists who have studied electronic transport properties in a one-dimensional quantum wire containing a mesoscopic lattice. [39] Femtosecond lasers are capable of processing any solid material with high quality and high precision using their ultrafast and ultra-intense characteristics. [38] To create the flying microlaser, the researchers launched laser light into a water-filled hollow core fiber to optically trap the microparticle. Like the materials used to make traditional lasers, the microparticle incorporates a gain medium. [37] Lasers that emit ultrashort pulses of light are critical components of technologies, including communications and industrial processing, and have been central to fundamental Nobel Prize-winning research in physics. [36] A newly developed laser technology has enabled physicists in the Laboratory for Attosecond Physics (jointly run by LMU Munich and the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics) to generate attosecond bursts of high-energy photons of unprecedented intensity. [35] The unique platform, which is referred as a 4-D microscope, combines the sensitivity and high time-resolution of phase imaging with the specificity and high spatial resolution of fluorescence microscopy. [34] The experiment relied on a soliton frequency comb generated in a chip-based optical microresonator made from silicon nitride. [33] This scientific achievement toward more precise control and monitoring of light is highly interesting for miniaturizing optical devices for sensing and signal processing. [32]
Category: Condensed Matter

[28630] viXra:1904.0231 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-13 04:32:09

Traffic Cops for Optical Communication

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 72 Pages.

Engineers at the University of California, Berkeley have built a new photonic switch that can control the direction of light passing through optical fibers faster and more efficiently than ever. [42] Researchers at Missouri S&T have found an unprecedented, economical method for creating high-performance inorganic thin films, or "epitaxial" films, used in the manufacture of semiconductors for flexible electronics, LEDs and solar cells. [41] Femtosecond X-ray experiments in combination with a new theoretical approach establish a direct connection between electric properties in the macroscopic world and electron motions on the time and length scale of atoms. [40]
Category: Quantum Physics

[28629] viXra:1904.0230 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-13 04:43:26

Artificial Intelligence Singles Out Neurons

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 47 Pages.

Biomedical engineers at Duke University have developed an automated process that can trace the shapes of active neurons as accurately as human researchers can, but in a fraction of the time. [28] Imagine a future technology that would provide instant access to the world's knowledge and artificial intelligence, simply by thinking about a specific topic or question. [27] Just like living ecosystems, web services form a complex artificial system consisting of tags and the user-generated media associated with them, such as photographs, movies and web pages. [26]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[28628] viXra:1904.0229 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-11 07:11:05

Novel Fusion-Reaction Fuel Technique

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 78 Pages.

To capture and control on Earth the fusion reactions that drive the sun and stars, researchers must first turn room-temperature gas into the hot, charged plasma that fuels the reactions. [42] Plasma particle accelerators more powerful than existing machines could help probe some of the outstanding mysteries of our universe, as well as make leaps forward in cancer treatment and security scanning-all in a package that's around a thousandth of the size of current accelerators. [41] The Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory has started to assemble a new facility for revolutionary accelerator technologies that could make future accelerators 100 to 1,000 times smaller and boost their capabilities. [40] The authors designed a mechanism based on the deployment of a transport barrier to confine the particles and prevent them from moving from one region of the accelerator to another. "There is strong experimental evidence that there is indeed some new physics lurking in the lepton sector," Dev said. [38] Now, in a new result unveiled today at the Neutrino 2018 conference in Heidelberg, Germany, the collaboration has announced its first results using antineutrinos, and has seen strong evidence of muon antineutrinos oscillating into electron antineutrinos over long distances, a phenomenon that has never been unambiguously observed. [37] The Precision Reactor Oscillation and Spectrum Experiment (PROSPECT) has completed the installation of a novel antineutrino detector that will probe the possible existence of a new form of matter. [36] The MINERvA collaboration analyzed data from the interactions of an antineutrino-the antimatter partner of a neutrino-with a nucleus. [35] The inclusion of short-range interactions in models of neutrinoless double-beta decay could impact the interpretation of experimental searches for the elusive decay. [34]
Category: Thermodynamics and Energy

[28627] viXra:1904.0228 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-11 07:38:10

Quantum Fluctuation in the Void

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 98 Pages.

Researchers at ETH Zurich have developed a method that allows them to characterize the fluctuations in detail. [56] A team of researchers from Nanyang Technological University, Singapore (NTU Singapore) and Griffith University in Australia have constructed a prototype quantum device that can generate all possible futures in a simultaneous quantum superposition. [55] Physicists have proposed an entirely new way to test the quantum superposition principle-the idea that a quantum object can exist in multiple states at the same time. [54] Researchers have developed a new device that can measure and control a nanoparticle trapped in a laser beam with unprecedented sensitivity. [53] Researchers have discovered a 'blind spot' in atomic force microscopy-a powerful tool capable of measuring the force between two atoms, imaging the structure of individual cells and the motion of biomolecules. [52] Australian scientists have investigated new directions to scale up qubits-utilising the spin-orbit coupling of atom qubits-adding a new suite of tools to the armory. [51] A team of international researchers led by engineers from the National University of Singapore (NUS) have invented a new magnetic device to manipulate digital information 20 times more efficiently and with 10 times more stability than commercial spintronic digital memories. [50] Working in the lab of Mikhail Lukin, the George Vasmer Leverett Professor of Physics and co-director of the Quantum Science and Engineering Initiative, Evans is lead author of a study, described in the journal Science, that demonstrates a method for engineering an interaction between two qubits using photons. [49] Researchers with the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory have demonstrated a new level of control over photons encoded with quantum information. [48] Researchers from Intel Corp. and the University of California, Berkeley, are looking beyond current transistor technology and preparing the way for a new type of memory and logic circuit that could someday be in every computer on the planet. [47]
Category: Quantum Physics

[28626] viXra:1904.0227 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-11 07:40:26

Algorithm Capable of Proving Goldbach's Conjecture- An Unconventional Approach

Authors: Elizabeth Gatton-Robey
Comments: 6 Pages.

I created an algorithm capable of proving Goldbach's Conjecture. This is not a claim to have proven the conjecture. The algorithm and all work contained in this document is original, so no outside sources have been used. This paper explains the algorithm then applies the algorithm with examples. The final section of the paper contains a series of proof-like reasoning to accompany my thoughts on why I believe Goldbach's Conjecture can be proven with the use of my algorithm.
Category: Number Theory

[28625] viXra:1904.0226 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-11 07:57:23

Microscope Search for Dark Matter

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 51 Pages.

Researchers from the National University of science and technology MISIS (NUST MISIS, Moscow, Russia) and the National Institute for Nuclear Physics (INFN, Naples, Italy) have developed a simple and cost-effective technology that allows increasing the speed of automated microscopes (AM) by 10 to 100 times. [31] Europe's physics lab CERN on Tuesday said it was planning a new experiment to look for particles associated with dark matter which is believed to make up some 27 percent of the universe. [30] In a recent study, the CMS collaboration describes how it has sifted through data from the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) to try and spot dark quarks. [29] Physicists in Italy are about to start up a new experiment designed to hunt for hypothetical particles such as the "dark photon" and carriers of a possible fifth force of nature. [28] A signal caused by the very first stars to form in the universe has been picked up by a tiny but highly specialised radio telescope in the remote Western Australian desert. [27] This week, scientists from around the world who gathered at the University of California, Los Angeles, at the Dark Matter 2018 Symposium learned of new results in the search for evidence of the elusive material in Weakly Interacting Massive Particles (WIMPs) by the DarkSide-50 detector. [26] If they exist, axions, among the candidates for dark matter particles, could interact with the matter comprising the universe, but at a much weaker extent than previously theorized. New, rigorous constraints on the properties of axions have been proposed by an international team of scientists. [25] The intensive, worldwide search for dark matter, the missing mass in the universe, has so far failed to find an abundance of dark, massive stars or scads of strange new weakly interacting particles, but a new candidate is slowly gaining followers and observational support. [24]
Category: Astrophysics

[28624] viXra:1904.0225 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-11 08:36:24

Chiral Asymmetry of Self-Reproduction in Cellular Automata Spaces

Authors: Perry W Swanborough
Comments: 8 Pages.

Focusing on the cellular automata (CA) self-replicating structures and state-transition function of H-H Chou and JA Reggia (1997), self-replication is shown to be homochiral. More briefly, chiral asymmetry is shown also for earlier examples of CA self-replicating structures. The work concludes with brief speculation about inevitability or otherwise of homochirality observed in biology.
Category: Physics of Biology

[28623] viXra:1904.0224 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-11 10:30:21

Optical Atomic Clocks

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 51 Pages.

Researchers have measured an optical clock's ticking with record-breaking accuracy while also showing the clock can be operated with unprecedented consistency. [31] The optical tweezer is revealing new capabilities while helping scientists understand quantum mechanics, the theory that explains nature in terms of subatomic particles. [30] In the perspective, Gabor and Song collect early examples in electron metamaterials and distil emerging design strategies for electronic control from them. [29] Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) researchers are working to make better electronic devices by delving into the way nanocrystals are arranged inside of them. [28] Self-assembly and crystallisation of nanoparticles (NPs) is generally a complex process, based on the evaporation or precipitation of NP-building blocks. [27] New nanoparticle-based films that are more than 80 times thinner than a human hair may help to fill this need by providing materials that can holographically archive more than 1000 times more data than a DVD in a 10-by-10-centimeter piece of film. [26] Researches of scientists from South Ural State University are implemented within this area. [25] Following three years of extensive research, Hebrew University of Jerusalem (HU) physicist Dr. Uriel Levy and his team have created technology that will enable computers and all optic communication devices to run 100 times faster through terahertz microchips. [24] When the energy efficiency of electronics poses a challenge, magnetic materials may have a solution. [23]
Category: Quantum Physics

[28622] viXra:1904.0223 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-11 11:01:33

Artificial Atoms at Room Temperature

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 52 Pages.

Ultra-secure online communications, completely indecipherable if intercepted, is one step closer with the help of a recently published discovery by University of Oregon physicist Ben Alemán. [32] Researchers have measured an optical clock's ticking with record-breaking accuracy while also showing the clock can be operated with unprecedented consistency. [31] The optical tweezer is revealing new capabilities while helping scientists understand quantum mechanics, the theory that explains nature in terms of subatomic particles. [30] In the perspective, Gabor and Song collect early examples in electron metamaterials and distil emerging design strategies for electronic control from them. [29] Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) researchers are working to make better electronic devices by delving into the way nanocrystals are arranged inside of them. [28] Self-assembly and crystallisation of nanoparticles (NPs) is generally a complex process, based on the evaporation or precipitation of NP-building blocks. [27] New nanoparticle-based films that are more than 80 times thinner than a human hair may help to fill this need by providing materials that can holographically archive more than 1000 times more data than a DVD in a 10-by-10-centimeter piece of film. [26] Researches of scientists from South Ural State University are implemented within this area. [25] Following three years of extensive research, Hebrew University of Jerusalem (HU) physicist Dr. Uriel Levy and his team have created technology that will enable computers and all optic communication devices to run 100 times faster through terahertz microchips. [24] When the energy efficiency of electronics poses a challenge, magnetic materials may have a solution. [23] An exotic state of matter that is dazzling scientists with its electrical properties, can also exhibit unusual optical properties, as shown in a theoretical study by researchers at A*STAR. [22]
Category: Quantum Physics

[28621] viXra:1904.0222 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-11 17:12:55

The Wrong ‘EHT Black Hole Image’ and Money; the Ferent Image. Einstein and All the Scientists Did not Understand Gravitation

Authors: Adrian Ferent
Comments: 343 Pages. © 2014 Adrian Ferent

The Wrong ‘EHT Black Hole image’ and money; the Ferent image. Einstein and all the scientists did not understand Gravitation “Einstein supermassive Black Hole image is Black; Ferent supermassive Black Hole image is White” Adrian Ferent “In Ferent Quantum Gravity the supermassive Black Hole image is white because around it there are a lot of collisions between stars and planets. The large luminosity is the result of gas and matter being accreted by the supermassive Black Hole.” Adrian Ferent “Einstein supermassive Black Hole is a Singularity; Ferent supermassive Black Hole has very small volume” Adrian Ferent “In Ferent Quantum Gravity the Event Horizon doesn’t exist, at the Event Horizon there are Gravitons” Adrian Ferent The first Black Hole image of the Event Horizon Telescope (EHT) is Wrong, it is a Fraud. The image of the supermassive Black Hole that lies at the centre of the huge Messier 87 galaxy is Einstein Black Hole image, it is Einstein description of gravity! EHT image is Einstein Black Hole image: Galaxy image and Ferent Black Hole image: “Black holes are Dark Matter” Adrian Ferent 85% of the matter in the universe is Dark Matter. More accurate: “Black Holes are Ferent Matter” Adrian Ferent “Ferent Matter is Dark Matter with density higher than Planck density” Adrian Ferent Ferent Matter is high density Dark Matter: Ferent density ≥ Ferent matter density > Planck density “Supermassive Black Holes have very small mass: md = m × c^2 / vp^2” Adrian Ferent “I am the first who calculated the mass and the energy of a Black Hole” Adrian Ferent “Everything what you learned from your professors, from your books, from the greatest scientists…about Dark Matter and Black Holes is wrong” Adrian Ferent We do not need to look for Black Holes in another galaxy. Sagittarius A* is the location of the supermassive Black Hole in the center of the Milky Way galaxy. Milky Way galaxy has a supermassive Black Hole, 4.1 million solar masses, at its center, 26000 light-years from the Solar System. Einstein supermassive Black Hole is a Singularity! Ferent supermassive Black Hole has very small volume! The Planck density = 5.155 × 10^96 kg/m^3 At Planck wall the volume of the Black Hole: V = 1.59 × 10^(-60) m^3 “The volume of this supermassive Black Hole is much smaller than V = 1.59 × 10^(-60) m^3” Adrian Ferent “Einstein supermassive Black Hole is a Singularity; Ferent supermassive Black Hole has very small volume” Adrian Ferent “Einstein bent the space, Ferent unbent the space” Adrian Ferent Einstein supermassive Black Hole image is Black! Ferent supermassive Black Hole image is White! “In Ferent Quantum Gravity the supermassive Black Hole image is white because around it there are a lot of collisions between stars and planets. The large luminosity is the result of gas and matter being accreted by the supermassive Black Hole.” Adrian Ferent “Einstein supermassive Black Hole image is Black; Ferent supermassive Black Hole image is White” Adrian Ferent “Because inside the Black Holes, the Gravitational force is much stronger than the Strong nuclear force, nobody was able to explain Gravitation” Adrian Ferent “The energy of the Gravitons inside a Black Hole, is much higher than the energy of the gluons” Adrian Ferent That is why: “Gravitational radiation is the most penetrating type of radiation” Adrian Ferent “Gravitons change Matter in Dark Matter, inside a Black Hole” Adrian Ferent “Gravitons emitted by Black Holes kill people” Adrian Ferent But you see on TV, YouTube wrong things about Wormholes, how scientists like Michio Kaku, Kip Thorne… can travel trough a Black Hole! “Newton and Einstein did not understand Gravitation, they calculated Gravitation” Adrian Ferent Money and Fraud! Living in Romania, the most corrupt country, I understand very well the corruption in science. Like LIGO and the discovery of Higgs boson, the ‘EHT Black Hole image’ is another Fraud! LIGO: “Einstein’s gravitational waves do not exist, how they can detect them?” Adrian Ferent “The reaction of the Swedish Academy to Higgs boson discovery appears to be a result of being beguiled by CERN’s attempts to justify the billions of dollars of public money being spent.“ This is another proof that Ferent Quantum Gravity theory is right and Einstein Gravitation theory, String theory, LQG… are wrong theories. “Scientists who are not capable to work with Planck units, they can work with atoms in chemistry, medicine, biology, technology, they can work in mathematics to build wrong models, they can work in economics, they can work in AI…” Adrian Ferent “In Ferent Quantum Gravity the Event Horizon doesn’t exist, at the Event Horizon there are Gravitons” Adrian Ferent 198. I am the first who explained why Einstein supermassive Black Hole image is Black; Ferent supermassive Black Hole image is White 199. I am the first who explained why Einstein supermassive Black Hole is a Singularity; Ferent supermassive Black Hole has very small volume 200. I am the first who discovered that in Ferent Quantum Gravity the Event Horizon doesn’t exist, at the Event Horizon there are Gravitons
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[28620] viXra:1904.0221 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-11 17:22:19

Report of Spatial Geodesy on the Rapid Implementation of a Unified Geodetic System in Africa

Authors: Fezzani Chedly, Ben Hadj Salem Abdelmajid
Comments: 13 Pages. It is a numerical edition of the original paper dedicated to the memory of the first author who passed away on March 09, 2019. In French.

Having a unified reference system, established on a universally accepted and utilitarian basis, is an important contribution to the judicious use of geographic information to promote Africa's economic development at the national level, regional and continental. To do so, it is important today to make the best use of space technologies and to assimilate them, especially through Cartographic National Institutions. This paper: - is written for small African mapping institutions, - defines the organizational prerequisites for rapidly implementing the Unified Reference System at the continental level. - serves as a framework to guide the debate on the real questions to be asked in this area.
Category: Geophysics

[28619] viXra:1904.0220 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-11 17:45:53

Ethics in Ai: the force of Good

Authors: James Sandy
Comments: 2 Pages. This just the abstract of the work

Artificial Intelligence has both its good side and its wrong side. and in a country like nigeria when migrants get to know the value and use of it, it may be used to affect Elections, Decisions of public and all manner of evil it can also be used to create solutions to petinent problems. so as to this there should be a code of conduct, a guideline, a moda operandi which should be instill in all Researchers and Developers in this field. Just like the medical practitioners have a pledge which guides its members so should they be in the field of Artificial Intelligence. I strongly advise that educating the Developers and researchers in this field about the Good conducts and its after effects and also the Bad conduct and its after effect will really prevent ​ Abuse. Ai is a very powerful force which i believe should be used for the sole purpose of good, for human development and making the world a better place not to create sophisticated weapons or robots which will be harmful to humans. The general of it all is not to use AI in a way that it will be a treat to human life but for
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[28618] viXra:1904.0219 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-11 18:49:36

The Twin Power Conjecture

Authors: Yuly Shipilevsky
Comments: 2 Pages.

We consider a new conjecture regarding powers of integer numbers and more specifically, we are interesting in existence and finding pairs of integers: n ≥ 2 and m ≥ 2, such that n^m = m^n.
Category: Number Theory

[28617] viXra:1904.0218 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-11 23:20:28

Back to Cosmos

Authors: F. M. Sanchez, V. Kotov, M. Grosmann, D. Weigel, R. Veysseyre, C. Bizouard, N. Flawisky, D. Gayral, L. Gueroult
Comments: 25 Pages. Accepted for publication in Progress in Physics, 6 April 2019.

The ancestral concept of Cosmos is rediscovered through the idea of a Tachyonic Grandcosmos Multibasis Computer, inversing the Anthropic Principle and reestablishing the Laplace Determinism. The observed fine tuning between physical dimensionless parameters is interpreted as relations between optimal calculation basis, announcing a dramatic progress in computer software. Three type of mathematical constants are considered: Large, Intermediate and close to unity. The famous Large Number problem is resolved by Eddington's statistical theory and the gravitational Hydrogen Molecule model, leading to the visible Universe horizon radius R ≈ 13.812 Giga ligth-years. The extension of the double cosmic correlation defines a Topological Axis using Euler-Napier constant e as primary basis, confirming String Theory, Cartan-Bott periodicity and the 30 holic dimensions corresponding to the simplest space-time-matter diophantine equation T^2 = L^3 = M^5 = N^30. This dimension n = 30 corresponds to the common time, about 10^58 s, given by two mandatory dimensional analysis, interpreted as the Supercycle period. The visible Universe wavelength 'Topon' 2Għ/Rc3 ≈ 4 × 10-96 m corresponds to n ≈ 2e^e and enters the 1D mono-radial holographic extension of the Bekenstein-Hawking Universe entropy, implying the critical condition, and breaking the Planck wall by a factor 10^61, justifying the Hawking trans-planckian frequencies. The monochrome holographic extension leads to a Grandcosmos, larger than the visible Universe by the same factor 10^61. A toponic quantization explains the Cosmos vastness in a scanned Universe, justifying the entropy factor 1/4. This implies a tachyonic speed in the same ratio by respect to c, justifying the Planck re-normalisation of the vacuum energy, independently checked by the Casimir effect. The couple Universe-Grandcosmos is confirmed by a dramatic geo-dimensional analysis, where Length, Time and Mass ratios are considered as unit vectors in a 3D Super-space. A matter-antimatter 10^104 Hz Oscillatory Bounce unifies standard Single Bang with steady-state cosmology, but supress Relativity in cosmology at large, re-establishing the Newton Absolute Space realized by the Microwave Cosmic Radiation, while Kotov cycle defines a quasi-absolute clock. This new scanning space-time structure is confirmed by single-electron cosmology, connected with Kotov period, and relying Sternheimer Biological scale factor and Atiyah constant, which appear as privileged computation basis, as well as e, pi and a ≈ 137.036, in liaison with the sporadic groups. The Atiyah constant enters dramatic ppb precision relations with particle data. This unifies mathematics, physics, chemistry, biology, informatics and philosophy. It is predicted that the future telescopes will find mature galaxies in the very far range, instead of a Dark Space, ruining the standard evolutionary cosmology, ill-founded on an imperfect Cosmological Principle.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[28616] viXra:1904.0217 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-12 00:40:17

Considerations and Calculations on the Fraction of Helium in Neutral Matter of the Net Charged Universe NCU [1,2,3]

Authors: Ulrich Berger
Comments: 9 Pages.

Abstract: As described previously, the concept of a “Net Charged Universe” (NCU) assumes that the expansion of the universe is driven by a slight excess of positive charge in the universe’s matter. This excess charge comes into being by means of quantum fluctuations at the universe’s horizon. Excess protons experience electrostatic acceleration and therefore gain high relativistic mass, which is the source of the creation of neutral matter at the universe’s horizon. Based on the NCU model, the present article aims to explain the observed fraction of Helium (approximately 7%) in the universe’s baryonic matter. For this purpose, calculations on collision rates of excess protons are performed and applied to determine the Helium fraction in the universe’s matter. The results of these calculations correspond very well to the observations and thus, they further support the NCU model.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[28615] viXra:1904.0216 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-12 01:09:47

What is New in Theoretical Science//Что новое в теоретической науке

Authors: Bogdan Szenkaryk "Pinopa"
Comments: 2 Pages.

The author points to coarse logical errors, which exist in modern theoretical science of nature, and ways to correct them
Category: Classical Physics

[28614] viXra:1904.0215 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-12 03:09:37

Quantum Particles at Large Scale

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 40 Pages.

In a new study published in EPJ ST, Dr. J.S. Ben-Benjamin and colleagues from Texas A&M University, USA, reverse this approach; starting with quantum mechanical rules, they explore how to derive an infinite number of quasi-distributions, to emulate the classical mechanics approach. [25] A new Tel Aviv University study explores the generation and propagation of excitons in 2D materials within an unprecedented small time frame and at an extraordinarily high spatial resolution. [24] An international team of researchers led out of Macquarie University has demonstrated a new approach for converting ordinary laser light into genuine quantum light. [23] Beyond the beauty of this phenomenon, which connects heating processes to topology through an elegant quantization law, the results reported in this work designate heating measurements as a powerful and universal probe for exotic states of matter. [22] "We studied two systems: a Bose-Einstein condensate with 100,000 atoms confined in a cavity and an optomechanical cavity that confines light between two mirrors," Gabriel Teixeira Landi, a professor at the University of São Paulo's Physics Institute (IF-USP), told. [21] Search engine entropy is thus important not only for the efficiency of search engines and those using them to find relevant information as well as to the success of the companies and other bodies running such systems, but also to those who run websites hoping to be found and visited following a search. [20] "We've experimentally confirmed the connection between information in the classical case and the quantum case," Murch said, "and we're seeing this new effect of information loss." [19] It's well-known that when a quantum system is continuously measured, it freezes, i.e., it stops changing, which is due to a phenomenon called the quantum Zeno effect. [18] Physicists have extended one of the most prominent fluctuation theorems of classical stochastic thermodynamics, the Jarzynski equality, to quantum field theory. [17]
Category: Quantum Physics

[28613] viXra:1904.0214 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-12 03:21:35

Solving Incompletely Predictable Problems Polignac's and Twin Prime Conjectures with Research Method Information-Complexity Conservation

Authors: John Yuk Ching Ting
Comments: 18 Pages. Rigorous Proof for Polignac's and Twin prime conjectures dated April 12, 2019

Prime numbers are Incompletely Predictable numbers calculated using complex algorithm Sieve of Eratosthenes. Involving proposals that prime gaps and associated sets of prime numbers are infinite in magnitude, Twin prime conjecture deals with even prime gap 2 and is a subset of Polignac's conjecture which deals with all even prime gaps 2, 4, 6, 8, 10,.... Treated as Incompletely Predictable problems, we solve these conjectures as Plus Gap 2 Composite Number Continuous Law and Plus-Minus Gap 2 Composite Number Alternating Law obtained using novel research method Information-Complexity conservation.
Category: Number Theory

[28612] viXra:1904.0213 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-12 03:36:35

Speed Boost to Quantum Computers

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 23 Pages.

A new finding by researchers at the University of Chicago promises to improve the speed and reliability of current and next generation quantum computers by as much as ten times. [17] Ph. D candidate Shuntaro Okada and information scientist Masayuki Ohzeki of Japan's Tohoku University collaborated with global automotive components manufacturer Denso Corporation and other colleagues to develop an algorithm that improves the D-Wave quantum annealer's ability to solve combinatorial optimization problems. [16] D-Wave Systems today published a milestone study demonstrating a topological phase transition using its 2048-qubit annealing quantum computer. [15] New quantum theory research, led by academics at the University of St Andrews' School of Physics, could transform the way scientists predict how quantum particles behave. [14] Intel has announced the design and fabrication of a 49-qubit superconducting quantum-processor chip at the Consumer Electronics Show in Las Vegas. [13] To improve our understanding of the so-called quantum properties of materials, scientists at the TU Delft investigated thin slices of SrIrO3, a material that belongs to the family of complex oxides. [12] New research carried out by CQT researchers suggest that standard protocols that measure the dimensions of quantum systems may return incorrect numbers. [11] Is entanglement really necessary for describing the physical world, or is it possible to have some post-quantum theory without entanglement? [10] A trio of scientists who defied Einstein by proving the nonlocal nature of quantum entanglement will be honoured with the John Stewart Bell Prize from the University of Toronto (U of T). [9] While physicists are continually looking for ways to unify the theory of relativity, which describes large-scale phenomena, with quantum theory, which describes small-scale phenomena, computer scientists are searching for technologies to build the quantum computer using Quantum Information. In August 2013, the achievement of "fully deterministic" quantum teleportation, using a hybrid technique, was reported. On 29 May 2014, scientists announced a reliable way of transferring data by quantum teleportation. Quantum teleportation of data had been done before but with highly unreliable methods. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron's spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the Relativistic Quantum Theory and making possible to build the Quantum Computer with the help of Quantum Information.
Category: Quantum Physics

[28611] viXra:1904.0212 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-12 04:00:41

AI Agent Explain its Action

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 41 Pages.

Georgia Institute of Technology researchers, in collaboration with Cornell University and University of Kentucky, have developed an artificially intelligent (AI) agent that can automatically generate natural language explanations in real-time to convey the motivations behind its actions. [25] The New York Times contacted IBM Research in late September asking for our help to use AI in a clever way to create art for the coming special section on AI. [24]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[28610] viXra:1904.0210 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-12 05:14:30

Open-Ended Web Services

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 44 Pages.

Just like living ecosystems, web services form a complex artificial system consisting of tags and the user-generated media associated with them, such as photographs, movies and web pages. [26] Georgia Institute of Technology researchers, in collaboration with Cornell University and University of Kentucky, have developed an artificially intelligent (AI) agent that can automatically generate natural language explanations in real-time to convey the motivations behind its actions. [25] The New York Times contacted IBM Research in late September asking for our help to use AI in a clever way to create art for the coming special section on AI. [24]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[28609] viXra:1904.0209 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-12 05:31:05

Quantum Gravitational Force and Coulomb Force in Hydrogen Atom

Authors: Zane Andrea Quintili
Comments: 3 Pages.

In this paper we want to present how an atomic quantum gravitational force hypothesis can be equivalent to the Coulomb force for the hydrogen atom, with quantum gravitational QHT. FG = FC
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[28608] viXra:1904.0208 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-12 05:31:02

Smart Materials Under Pressure

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 54 Pages.

Advanced robotics sensitive touch or next-generation wearable devices with sophisticated sensing capabilities could soon be possible following the development of a rubber that combines flexibility with high electrical conductivity. [32] The fibers can detect even the slightest pressure and strain, and can withstand deformation of close to 500 percent before recovering their initial shape, all of which makes them perfect for applications in smart clothing and prostheses, and for creating artificial nerves for robots. A new material created by Oregon State University researchers is a key step toward the next generation of supercomputers. [29] Magnetic materials that form helical structures-coiled shapes comparable to a spiral staircase or the double helix strands of a DNA molecule-occasionally exhibit exotic behavior that could improve information processing in hard drives and other digital devices. [28] In a new study, researchers have designed "invisible" magnetic sensors-sensors that are magnetically invisible so that they can still detect but do not distort the surrounding magnetic fields. [27] At Carnegie Mellon University, Materials Science and Engineering Professor Mike McHenry and his research group are developing metal amorphous nanocomposite materials (MANC), or magnetic materials whose nanocrystals have been grown out of an amorphous matrix to create a two phase magnetic material that exploits both the attractive magnetic inductions of the nanocrystals and the large electrical resistance of a metallic glass. [26] The search and manipulation of novel properties emerging from the quantum nature of matter could lead to next-generation electronics and quantum computers. [25]
Category: Condensed Matter

[28607] viXra:1904.0207 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-10 10:18:59

Un Modelo Y Una Metodología Para la Transformación de Ciudades Hacia la Sostenibilidad

Authors: Ricardo Alvira
Comments: 658 Pages. Text in Spanish

The present Doctoral Thesis proposes an indicators’ model and a methodology whose objective is enabling the quantitative characterization of different urban situations’ Sustainability Degree and the later use of this parameter in usual urban transformations’ design processes. In order to do so, we follow a procedure that combines two approaches: On the one hand, we build on A mathematical theory of Sustainability and Sustainable Development [Alvira, 2014a], which provides us the following matters: • General principles for Sustainability logical decomposition / hierarchical structuring of the model. • Design methodology / mathematical formulation of sustainability indicators. • Mathematical formulas for indicators aggregation. • General principles for the design of an operational model. On the other hand, we review most accepted general recommendations for indicators’ models formulation, including recommendations by more acknowledged organizations / entities. Although some of these recommendations are actually applied during the drafting process we herein undertake, we do not always explicit it, considering that compliance with main recommendations for the development of indicator models is not a requirement for the formulation of the model but 'guidelines' which provide us a framework for its posterior validation, which we detail in the Conclusions and Annexes. Combining both approaches we design an operational model, which is complemented by a methodology that allows its use in the usual processes of city conformation. Later, we validate the proposal in two levels: • We review its applicability, by using the model to confront the design of a hypothetical transformation of existing urban area: the Palos de Moguer neighborhood in Madrid. • We contrast obtained results for the E dimension with the economic evolution of the EU 28 countries during the period 2005‐2014, finding a high similarity with reality. Finally, in the conclusions we detail the main differences / contributions regarding existing models, as well as pending issues that we advance for possible further development.
Category: Social Science

[28606] viXra:1904.0206 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-10 06:49:14

The Origin of New Dark Energy.

Authors: Dan Visser
Comments: 13 Pages.

New dark energy is related to a new cosmological model (RTHU). This paper refers to the origin of this new dark energy. As a follow-up this paper considers why CERN (LHC), and other colliders, are relics of the past and why the RTHU-scanner will be the future. The RTHU stands for a rotating hologram universe. The details are anchored in my series of article hosted in the vixra-archive, category mathematical physics. Reach it on www.vixra.org/author/dan_visser. It represents my horizon, my art and my basic-science for the work-out of the new dark energy in the RTHU.
Category: Mathematical Physics

[28605] viXra:1904.0205 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-10 07:16:11

The Energy Loss Toe.pdf

Authors: Adham Ahmed Mohamed Ahmed
Comments: 1 Page. ty

any loss in energy in any way is a loss in thr form of heat or electromagnetic waves however there are some cases where energy is not lost but transferred from one thing to the other in a uniform system that is not heat loss but in any case any energy lost is lost in the form of heat even if the lost energy was in any form it woulf be in heat and electromagnetic waves
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[28604] viXra:1904.0204 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-10 10:01:51

D-Wave Quantum Computer Algorithm

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 21 Pages.

Ph. D candidate Shuntaro Okada and information scientist Masayuki Ohzeki of Japan's Tohoku University collaborated with global automotive components manufacturer Denso Corporation and other colleagues to develop an algorithm that improves the D-Wave quantum annealer's ability to solve combinatorial optimization problems. [16] D-Wave Systems today published a milestone study demonstrating a topological phase transition using its 2048-qubit annealing quantum computer. [15] New quantum theory research, led by academics at the University of St Andrews' School of Physics, could transform the way scientists predict how quantum particles behave. [14] Intel has announced the design and fabrication of a 49-qubit superconducting quantum-processor chip at the Consumer Electronics Show in Las Vegas. [13] To improve our understanding of the so-called quantum properties of materials, scientists at the TU Delft investigated thin slices of SrIrO3, a material that belongs to the family of complex oxides. [12] New research carried out by CQT researchers suggest that standard protocols that measure the dimensions of quantum systems may return incorrect numbers. [11] Is entanglement really necessary for describing the physical world, or is it possible to have some post-quantum theory without entanglement? [10] A trio of scientists who defied Einstein by proving the nonlocal nature of quantum entanglement will be honoured with the John Stewart Bell Prize from the University of Toronto (U of T). [9] While physicists are continually looking for ways to unify the theory of relativity, which describes large-scale phenomena, with quantum theory, which describes small-scale phenomena, computer scientists are searching for technologies to build the quantum computer using Quantum Information. In August 2013, the achievement of "fully deterministic" quantum teleportation, using a hybrid technique, was reported. On 29 May 2014, scientists announced a reliable way of transferring data by quantum teleportation. Quantum teleportation of data had been done before but with highly unreliable methods. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron's spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the Relativistic Quantum Theory and making possible to build the Quantum Computer with the help of Quantum Information.
Category: Data Structures and Algorithms

[28603] viXra:1904.0203 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-10 10:33:32

Saturn Effect On The Solar Group Geometry

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 10 Pages.

Saturn Effect On The Solar Group Geometry Saturn shows Clearly The Solar Group Geometrical Structure. The Basic Hypothesis: The Solar Group Is One Trajectory Of Energy And Each Planet Is A Point On This Same Trajectory… i.e. The Solar Planets (matter is energy because E=mc2) and their orbital distances (Space is Energy – hypothesis)both are created from the same energy which makes The solar group as one body and each planet is a member of this same body. Or The solar group can be similar to one machine each planet is a gear in this same machine… so the solar group is created depending on the cooperation and integration between the solar planets. Saturn Effect Saturn tells how the solar group is created based on the previous vision i.e. Saturn tells us which planet is created first and which second and what geometrical rule control this creation process. Shortly The solar group is one family, all planets are relatives to each other – but Saturn tells us who's brother to whom and who's uncle, who's parent and who's nephew Saturn Data tells this fact clearly as the sun …Saturn Is The Solar Group Secret
Category: Astrophysics

[28602] viXra:1904.0202 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-10 10:33:25

AI to Understand Collective Behavior

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 32 Pages.

Looking ahead, Thomas Müller believes that future research in this area will benefit from large data sets on animals, such as schools of fish with their dynamic behavioural patterns. [20] And as will be presented today at the 25th annual meeting of the Cognitive Neuroscience Society (CNS), cognitive neuroscientists increasingly are using those emerging artificial networks to enhance their understanding of one of the most elusive intelligence systems, the human brain. [19]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[28601] viXra:1904.0201 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-10 11:12:16

First Photo of a Black Hole

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 35 Pages.

Astronomers on Wednesday unveiled the first photo of a black hole, one of the star-devouring monsters scattered throughout the Universe and obscured by impenetrable shields of gravity. [25] Paul McNamara, an astrophysicist at the European Space Agency and project scientist for the LISA mission that will track massive black hole mergers from space, helped AFP put what he called an "outstanding technical achievement" into context. [24] We're about to see the first close-up of a black hole. [23] In short, the concept of a black hole gravity machine presents humanity with a plausible path to becoming an interstellar species. In the meantime, the study of the concept will provide SETI researchers with another possible technosignature to look for. [22] Physicists have used a seven-qubit quantum computer to simulate the scrambling of information inside a black hole, heralding a future in which entangled quantum bits might be used to probe the mysterious interiors of these bizarre objects. [21] Rotating black holes and computers that use quantum-mechanical phenomena to process information are topics that have fascinated science lovers for decades, but even the most innovative thinkers rarely put them together. [20]
Category: Astrophysics

[28600] viXra:1904.0200 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-10 11:48:45

IBM AI Work in Human Resources

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 35 Pages.

IBM CEO Ginni Rometty touted IBM's successful use of AI for leading the workforce at CNBC's @ Work Talent + HR Summit. She sat down with Jon Fortt and delivered some impressive numbers on how the IBM's AI tool helped the company. [21] Looking ahead, Thomas Müller believes that future research in this area will benefit from large data sets on animals, such as schools of fish with their dynamic behavioural patterns. [20]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[28599] viXra:1904.0199 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-10 12:50:06

On the Accelerating Universal Expansion (Revised)

Authors: R. Wayte
Comments: 25 Pages.

Repulsive gravity at large distances has been included in the universal solution of Einstein’s equations by introducing a cosmological constant, excluding the dark energy interpretation. For a new cosmological model, the big-bang singularity has been replaced by a granular primeval particle and expansion is controlled by the velocity of light. Subsequently, well known problems inherent in the standard model of cosmology do not arise.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[28598] viXra:1904.0198 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-10 13:13:03

Compounds that Prevent Aging

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 38 Pages.

Researchers at Karolinska Institutet in Sweden have developed a new method for identifying compounds that prevent aging. [22] A biological switch that reliably turns protein expression on at will has been invented by University of Bath and Cardiff University scientists. [21] Now, in a new paper published in Nature Structural & Molecular Biology, Mayo researchers have determined how one DNA repair protein gets to the site of DNA damage. [20]
Category: Physics of Biology

[28597] viXra:1904.0197 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-10 14:33:39

Fine Structure Constant for Gravity or do We Feel Gravitons

Authors: Vladimir Aksayskiy
Comments: 1 Page.

This paper presents an estimate of gravitational fine-structure constant.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[28596] viXra:1904.0196 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-10 15:15:00

Orbital Radius of Electron in the Hydrogen Atom and 137 with QHT

Authors: Zane Andrea Quintili
Comments: 4 Pages.

we present a hypothesis to estimate the orbital radius of the electron in the hydrogen atom using new QHT equations. QHT is a hypothesis of atomic quantum gravity.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[28595] viXra:1904.0195 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-10 16:25:47

Kinematyka w Szczególnej Teorii Eteru (in Polish)

Authors: Szostek Karol, Szostek Roman
Comments: 16 Pages. The new physical theory called the Special Theory of Ether (in Polish).

Celem artykułu jest pokazanie, że eksperymenty Michelson’a-Morley’a oraz Kennedy’ego-Thorndike’a nie są wystarczające do uzasadnienia Szczególnej Teorii Względności. Możliwe jest bowiem wyjaśnienie tych eksperymentów przy pomocy innej teorii, w której występuje uniwersalny układ odniesienia. W artykule wyprowadzamy nową teorię kinematyki ciał z uniwersalnym układem odniesienia, którą nazwaliśmy Szczególną Teorią Eteru (STE). W artykule wyjaśniono dlaczego eksperymenty Michelson’a-Morley’a oraz Kennedy’ego-Thorndike’a nie były w stanie wykryć uniwersalnego układu odniesienia. W artykule wyprowadzamy na podstawie geometrycznej analizy eksperymentów Michelson’a-Morley’a oraz Kennedy’ego-Thorndike’a inną transformację czasu i położenia niż transformacja Lorentza. Wyprowadzona została także transformacja prędkości, wzór na sumowanie prędkości dla prędkości bezwzględnej, wzór na skrócenie długości oraz wzór na dylatację czasu. Cały artykuł zawiera tylko oryginalne badania autorów publikacji.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[28594] viXra:1904.0194 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-10 17:20:40

Possible Dark Matter Mass Candidates in Spinning Sphere Theory

Authors: Michael John Sarnowski
Comments: 6 Pages.

In Sphere Theory, the universe is a sphere made of spheres. In “Predicting the Gravitational Constant from the New Physics of a Rotating Universe”[7]. It was shown how to construct the first zero, one, two, and three-dimensional objects. These are, perhaps, regions of high stability in the construction of the universe. It is proposed that these structures will have fractals in different levels of dimensions. It was found that the zero-dimensional object was made of one sphere, the one-dimensional object was composed of two spheres, the two-dimensional object was composed of six spheres, and the three-dimensional object was composed of 42 particles. For reference, it is shown in Appendix A, how these layers of dimensions, and the cuboctahedron structure can be correlated to the masses of particles over one GeV.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[28593] viXra:1904.0193 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-11 00:04:52

Real Clifford Algebras and Our Universe: VOID to Cl(16) Lagrangian to Cl(1,25) AQFT

Authors: Frank Dodd Tony Smith Jr
Comments: 31 Pages.

This paper is an outline of basic ideas of Cl(16) and Cl(1,25) Physics. For details see my papers listed at viXra for author/frank_dodd_tony_smith_jr including vixra 1903.0485 about the Nambu-Jona-Lasinio Higgs-Truth Quark System.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[28592] viXra:1904.0192 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-11 01:33:29

The Dark Side of Gravity (Living Review)

Authors: Henry-Couannier Frederic
Comments: 64 Pages.

Dark Gravity (DG) is a background dependent bimetric and semi-classical extension of General Relativity with an anti-gravitational sector. The foundations of the theory are reviewed. The main theoretical achievement of DG is the avoidance of any singularities (both black hole horizon and cosmic initial singularity) and an ideal framework to understand the cancellation of vacuum energy contributions to gravity and hopefully solve the old cosmological constant problem. The main testable predictions of DG against GR are on large scales as it provides an acceleration mechanism alternative to the cosmological constant. The detailed confrontation of the theory to SN-Cepheids, CMB and BAO data is presented. The Pioneer effect, MOND phenomenology and Dark Matter are also investigated in the context of this new framework.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[28591] viXra:1904.0191 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-09 06:42:26

Quantization of Electromagnetic Field in Rindler Space-Time

Authors: Sangwha Yi
Comments: 7 Pages. Thank you for reading

The article treats quantization of lectromagnetic field that is defined in Rindler spacetime. Likely the electromagnetic field, the potential did quantizated in inertial frame, the electromagnetic field, the potential can quantizate by the transformation of electromagnetic field or the transformation of the potential in the accelerated frame
Category: Quantum Physics

[28590] viXra:1904.0190 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-09 06:50:09

Picturing a Black Hole

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 33 Pages.

Paul McNamara, an astrophysicist at the European Space Agency and project scientist for the LISA mission that will track massive black hole mergers from space, helped AFP put what he called an "outstanding technical achievement" into context. [24] We're about to see the first close-up of a black hole. [23] In short, the concept of a black hole gravity machine presents humanity with a plausible path to becoming an interstellar species. In the meantime, the study of the concept will provide SETI researchers with another possible technosignature to look for. [22] Physicists have used a seven-qubit quantum computer to simulate the scrambling of information inside a black hole, heralding a future in which entangled quantum bits might be used to probe the mysterious interiors of these bizarre objects. [21] Rotating black holes and computers that use quantum-mechanical phenomena to process information are topics that have fascinated science lovers for decades, but even the most innovative thinkers rarely put them together. [20]
Category: Astrophysics

[28589] viXra:1904.0189 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-09 08:29:16

ATLAS Measure Higgs Boson Coupling

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 32 Pages.

As only about 1 percent of the Higgs bosons are produced in association with a top-quark pair at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC), achieving this observation was especially challenging. [29] The ATLAS collaboration has released its very first result utilising its entire Large Hadron Collider (LHC) Run 2 dataset, collected between 2015 and 2018. [28] The Antiproton Decelerator (AD), sometimes known as the Antimatter Factory, is the world's largest source of antimatter and has been operational since 2000. [27]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[28588] viXra:1904.0188 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-09 09:50:04

Pair-Density Wave in Spin-Valley

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 21 Pages.

Recent discoveries in high Tc superconductorshave resulted in an intense interest in a "pair-density wave" (PDW) formed in Cooper pairs (an electron pair bound together at low temperatures), although there is little theoretical understanding on the driving mechanisms of this exotic state. [30] Researchers at Northeast Normal University, in China, and University of the Basque Country, in Spain, have recently carried out a study investigating the superconducting transition of electrides. [29] Superconducting quantum microwave circuits can function as qubits, the building blocks of a future quantum computer. [28] Physicists have shown that superconducting circuits-circuits that have zero electrical resistance-can function as piston-like mechanical quantum engines. The new perspective may help researchers design quantum computers and other devices with improved efficiencies. [27] This paper explains the magnetic effect of the superconductive current from the observed effects of the accelerating electrons, causing naturally the experienced changes of the electric field potential along the electric wire. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the wave particle duality and the electron's spin also, building the bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The changing acceleration of the electrons explains the created negative electric field of the magnetic induction, the Higgs Field, the changing Relativistic Mass and the Gravitational Force, giving a Unified Theory of the physical forces. Taking into account the Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators also, we can explain the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions. Since the superconductivity is basically a quantum mechanical phenomenon and some entangled particles give this opportunity to specific matters, like Cooper Pairs or other entanglements, as strongly correlated materials and Exciton-mediated electron pairing, we can say that the secret of superconductivity is the quantum entanglement.
Category: Quantum Physics

[28587] viXra:1904.0187 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-09 10:08:38

Mechanism of High-Temperature Superconductivity

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 17 Pages.

Russian physicist Viktor Lakhno from Keldysh Institute of Applied Mathematics, RAS considers symmetrical bipolarons as a basis of high-temperature superconductivity. [30] Stanford University have shown that copper-based superconductors, or cuprates-the first class of materials found to carry electricity with no loss at relatively high temperatures-contain fluctuating stripes of electron charge and spin that meander like rivulets over rough ground. [29] Researchers from Google and the University of California Santa Barbara have taken an important step towards the goal of building a large-scale quantum computer. [28] Physicists have shown that superconducting circuits-circuits that have zero electrical resistance-can function as piston-like mechanical quantum engines. The new perspective may help researchers design quantum computers and other devices with improved efficiencies. [27] This paper explains the magnetic effect of the superconductive current from the observed effects of the accelerating electrons, causing naturally the experienced changes of the electric field potential along the electric wire. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the wave particle duality and the electron's spin also, building the bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The changing acceleration of the electrons explains the created negative electric field of the magnetic induction, the Higgs Field, the changing Relativistic Mass and the Gravitational Force, giving a Unified Theory of the physical forces. Taking into account the Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators also, we can explain the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions. Since the superconductivity is basically a quantum mechanical phenomenon and some entangled particles give this opportunity to specific matters, like Cooper Pairs or other entanglements, as strongly correlated materials and Exciton-mediated electron pairing, we can say that the secret of superconductivity is the quantum entanglement.
Category: Quantum Physics

[28586] viXra:1904.0185 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-09 11:32:13

A Simple Spin on Gravity

Authors: David Colasante
Comments: 8 Pages.

Euclidean interval-time coordinates reveal a surprisingly simple explanation of gravity. From this, gravitational mass, inertial mass and energy inextricably arise with inherent duality.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[28585] viXra:1904.0184 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-09 11:32:00

Interpolating Values in Code Space

Authors: Adam Bourne
Comments: 20 Pages.

A method is described for interpolating un-sampled values attributed to points in code space. A metric is used which counts the number of non-equal corresponding indices shared by two given points. A generalised interpolation equation is derived for nets, which is then applied specifically to code space. This interpolation equation is then solved in general for a set of given known sampled values in the space.
Category: General Mathematics

[28584] viXra:1904.0183 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-09 11:35:38

On the Integrability of Liénard Equations

Authors: Y.F. J. Kpomahou, M. D. Monsia
Comments: 4 pages

A simple condition for integrability of Liénard equations is established to compute their general solution explicitly or by quadrature via a nonlocal transformation.
Category: Mathematical Physics

[28583] viXra:1904.0182 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-09 14:11:05

Refutation of Fodor’s Causality Principle and Extension to the Class Fodor Principle

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 2 Pages. © Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to author by email only: info@cec-services dot com. See updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com. (We warn troll Mikko at Disqus to read the article four times before hormonal typing.)

We evaluate Fodor’s principle in two versions we name weaker and stronger. Neither is tautologous. By extension, the class Fodor principle is not tautologous. Because of this, using Kelly-Morse set theory as a basis for denial is rendered moot.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[28582] viXra:1904.0181 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-09 17:19:04

Stellar Metamorphosis: An Alternative to the Giant-Impact Hypothesis for Moon Formation

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 4 Pages.

An ad hoc proposition was made by scientists to form the Moon. In it, they state that the Earth was hit by an incredibly massive object, which then the moon formed out of as a giant blob of shrapnel. They hypothesized that in order to create the Moon, another object called Theia was needed which is of course an object that has never been observed, as well as a process that has never been observed. Alternatively, if stellar metamorphosis is used, the Moon can be explained as well as Venus's lack of one, in accordance to the observations found in the age of exoplanets.
Category: Astrophysics

[28581] viXra:1904.0180 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-09 17:28:04

The Error in the 1st Schwarzschild Exact Solution. Total Relativity and the Atom in the Generalization of the Schwarzschild and Reissner Nordström Solutions for Point Particle Energy.

Authors: Pablo Hernan Pereyra
Comments: 7 Pages.

Is shown the field and energy momentum tensor solutions of the Total Relativity equations for a discretized distribution of point-particle energy with a shell in spherical symmetry. A generalization of the Schwarzschild and Reissner Nordström solutions with an equivalent of the spherical atomic model with shell, mass and electric charge in radial static distribution is obtained. An equivalence between mass, radial distance and electric charge is observed. The solution is vacuum with no singularities and points to incompleteness and error in the Schwarzschild Vacuum Solution due to the problem of total energy conservation.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[28580] viXra:1904.0179 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-09 20:52:50

Riemann Hypothesis Seems Correct

Authors: Toshiro Takami
Comments: 18 Pages.

If you enter a non-trivial zero value in x, the value of the equation is  zero. The above equation is derived from cos(π/3)=0.5 after trial and error, and as a result of many examinations, it turned out that this equation is correct. And it turned out that the same result can be obtained by putting sin instead of cos. This also performed a number of inspections. And, c=0.5 is best.  If you use 0.499 or 0.501 instead of 0.5, it will not converge. And when a non-trivial zero value is entered, the tendency to converge to 0 is seen, but if the non-trivial zero value is shifted even by 0.01, the tendency to converge generally tends to disappear. If you add it to infinity instead of 10000, it will converge to 0.
Category: Number Theory

[28579] viXra:1904.0178 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-10 05:58:06

The Concept of Basic Clocks and Simultaneity in TSR

Authors: Per Hokstad
Comments: 13 Pages.

Abstract. The concept of ‘basic clocks’ was introduced in Hokstad (2018b). These are moving clocks to be applied in the theory of special relativity (TSR). They experience an initial synchronization at a common location, and provide the basis for defining time and simultaneity. Here we elaborate and motivate the concept somewhat further, also utilizing symmetry. We further allow having a successive chain of initial synchronizations. This is required in the ‘travelling twin’ example, in order to handle the turning of the twin. Finally, the approach is used to discuss the interpretation of the case of the µ-mesons.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[28578] viXra:1904.0177 [pdf] submitted on 2019-04-08 06:26:15

Optical Tweezer Make Phonon Laser

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 44 Pages.

The device, which works in the mesoscopic mass range for the first time, might not only be used to help solve fundamental problems in quantum mechanics, it might also find use in precision metrology applications. [24] Although previous research shows that metal nanoparticles have properties useful for various biomedical applications, many mysteries remain regarding how these tiny materials form, including the processes that generate size variations. [23]
Category: Quantum Physics

Replacements of recent Submissions

[11301] viXra:1904.0318 [pdf] replaced on 2019-04-17 10:37:51

On Memory

Authors: Royan Rosche
Comments: 2 Pages.

I explain what Memory is, how it can be used and the difference between conscious memory and unconscious memory. I give examples of tools on how to bring unconscious memories into conscious perception. I show how one can consciously use tools to create a memory. Memory is the human ability to access a storehouse of knowledge, because the body records everything automatically, on just needs to know how to access all this data.
Category: Mind Science

[11300] viXra:1904.0315 [pdf] replaced on 2019-04-18 07:21:25

Zenon Manifold

Authors: D. Chakalov
Comments: 2 Pages.

Ensuing from first principles, I suggest pre-geometric theory of spacetime, in which the apex of light cone ‘here and now’ is not modeled with dimensionless point, but with non-trivial mathematical object along null intervals, endowed with brand new structure, topology and dynamics, and defined on so-called Zenon manifold.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[11299] viXra:1904.0313 [pdf] replaced on 2019-04-17 16:46:57

Determinism Theorem

Authors: Pablo Hernan Pereyra
Comments: 6 Pages.

The modus operandi of Nature is established as cause and effect based on the Determinism Theorem, for all the events that compose it. The Determinism Principle is established on the basis of the Uncertainty Principle, and a complementation is made with derived Theorems and Principles that characterize Determinism. It is proven that all Artificial Intelligence is a Natural Intelligence.
Category: Classical Physics

[11298] viXra:1904.0307 [pdf] replaced on 2019-04-18 08:19:32

Do not make laugh Lord God ... and Einstein

Authors: Fursa E.Ja.
Comments: 34 Pages. new reference added

There are three Great Principles at the foundation of Creation: Causality, Temporality and Reasonableness. The unity of the evolutionary movement of the World at all levels of its organization ensures the principle of causality; the direction of movement (from the past to the future) - the passage of time - the principle of temporality; orderliness - the principle of “pre-established harmony” (Leibniz), otherwise, the principle of reasonableness.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[11297] viXra:1904.0294 [pdf] replaced on 2019-04-17 12:04:23

Analysis of the HRM Spectra in Plasma Glow Discharge

Authors: Stoyan Sarg
Comments: 12 pages

The HRM effect (Heterodyne Resonance Mechanism) is predicted in the Basic Structures of Matter – Supergravitation Unified Theory (BSM-SG). In properly activated neutral plasma a discrete frequency spectrum in radiofrequency range is observed. The term heterodyne means that the process is activated in the kHz range, while the observed spectrum is in the MHz range. The spectrum is different from the vibrational rotational spectra of molecules. It has spatial and time duration limits and could be observed only in a small volume at fast sweep time. The spectrum characteristics depend on the type of gas and conditions of the transient process. Hydrogen and inert gases are the most suitable for the HRM effect. According to analysis, the HRM spectrum is a signature of synchronized spin-flips of the electrons involved in ion-electron pairs. HRM effect involves quantum mechanical interactions in which the electrons access the zeropoint energy of the physical vacuum. It is predicted that the HRM effect takes place in the transient process of lightning. The signature of HRM effect in the lightning is a subject of another article. Keywords: neutral plasma, glow discharge spectrum, Rydberg matter, electron spin flip, zeropoint energy
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics

[11296] viXra:1904.0254 [pdf] replaced on 2019-04-15 09:41:12

An Another One

Authors: Bhaskar
Comments: 41 Pages. pass

Improvement of physics
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[11295] viXra:1904.0252 [pdf] replaced on 2019-04-15 09:48:57

Abstract Paper of an Another One

Authors: Bhaskar Yadav
Comments: 5 Pages. pass

Some new concepts of physics
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[11294] viXra:1904.0251 [pdf] replaced on 2019-04-16 17:33:32

Causality

Authors: John A. Gowan
Comments: 16 Pages.

Causality and Information are linked variables characterizing atomic matter, bridging the conceptual gap between Quantum Mechanics and Relativity theory. A brief summary of a Unified Field Theory is included.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[11293] viXra:1904.0221 [pdf] replaced on 2019-04-12 08:42:52

Report of Spatial Geodesy on the Rapid Implementation of a Unified Geodetic System in Africa

Authors: Fezzani Chedly, Abdelmajid Ben Hadj Salem
Comments: 13 Pages. It is a numerical edition of the original paper dedicated to the memory of the first author who passed away on March 09, 2019. In French.

Having a unified reference system, established on a universally accepted and utilitarian basis, is an important contribution to the judicious use of geographic information to promote Africa's economic development at the national level, regional and continental. To do so, it is important today to make the best use of space technologies and to assimilate them, especially through Cartographic National Institutions. This paper: - is written for small African mapping institutions, - defines the organizational prerequisites for rapidly implementing the Unified Reference System at the continental level. - serves as a framework to guide the debate on the real questions to be asked in this area.
Category: Geophysics

[11292] viXra:1904.0218 [pdf] replaced on 2019-04-17 12:18:01

Back to Cosmos

Authors: F.M. Sanchez, V. Kotov, M. Grosmann, D. Weigel, R. Veysseyre, C. Bizouard, N. Flawisky, D. Gayral, L. Gueroult
Comments: 26 Pages. Accepted by Progress in Ohysics, Avril 2019

To the memory of Sir Michael Atiyah Abstract. The ancestral concept of Cosmos is rediscovered through the idea of a Tachyonic Grandcosmos Multibasis Computer, inversing the Anthropic Principle and reestablishing the Laplace Determinism. The observed fine tuning between physical dimensionless parameters is interpreted as relations between optimal calculation basis, announcing a dramatic progress in computer software. Three type of mathematical constants are considered: Large, Intermediate and close to unity. The famous Large Number problem is resolved by Eddington's statistical theory and the gravitational Hydrogen Molecule model, leading to the visible Universe horizon radius R ≈ 13.812 Giga ligth-years. The extension of the double cosmic correlation defines a Topological Axis using Euler-Napier constant e as primary basis, confirming String Theory, Cartan-Bott periodicity and the 30 holic dimensions corresponding to the simplest space-time-matter diophantine equation T2 = L3 = M5 = N30. This dimension n = 30 corresponds to the common time, about 10^58 s, given by two mandatory dimensional analysis, interpreted as the Supercycle period. The visible Universe wavelength 'Topon' 2Għ/Rc3 ≈ 4 × 10^-96 m corresponds to n ≈ 2ee and enters the 1D mono-radial holographic extension of the Bekenstein-Hawking Universe entropy, implying the critical condition, and breaking the Planck wall by a factor 10^61, justifying the Hawking trans-planckian frequencies. The monochrome holographic extension leads to a Grandcosmos, larger than the visible Universe by the same factor 10^61. A toponic quantization justifies the Cosmos vastness in a scanned Universe, justifying the entropy factor 1/4. This implies a tachyonic speed in the same ratio by respect to c, justifying the Planck re-normalisation of the vacuum energy, independently checked by the Casimir effect. The couple Universe-Grandcosmos is confirmed by a dramatic geo-dimensional analysis, where Length, Time and Mass ratios are considered as unit vectors in a 3D Super-space. A matter-antimatter 10^104 Hz Oscillatory Bounce unifies standard Single Bang with steady-state cosmology, but suppress Relativity in cosmology at large, reestablishing the Newton Absolute Space realized by the Microwave Cosmic Radiation, while Kotov cycle defines a quasi-absolute clock. This new scanning space-time structure is confirmed by single-electron cosmology, connected with Kotov period, and relying Sternheimer Biological scale factor and Atiyah constant, which appear as privileged computation basis, as well as e, p and a ≈ 137.036, in liaison with the sporadic groups. The Atiyah constant enters dramatic ppb precision relations with particle data. This predicts unification of mathematics, informatics, physics, chemistry, biology and philosophy. The future telescopes will find mature galaxies in the very far range, instead of a Dark Space, ruining the standard evolutionary cosmology, ill-founded on an imperfect Cosmological Principle.
Category: Mathematical Physics

[11291] viXra:1904.0217 [pdf] replaced on 2019-04-13 09:42:13

Considerations and Calculations on the Fraction of Helium in Neutral Matter of the Net Charged Universe NCU [1,2,3]

Authors: Ulrich Berger
Comments: 9 Pages.

Abstract: As described previously, the concept of a “Net Charged Universe” (NCU) assumes that the expansion of the universe is driven by a slight excess of positive charge in the universe’s matter. This excess charge comes into being by means of quantum fluctuations at the universe’s horizon. Excess protons experience electrostatic acceleration and therefore gain high relativistic mass, which is the source of the creation of neutral matter at the universe’s horizon. Based on the NCU model, the present article aims to explain the observed fraction of Helium (approximately 7%) in the universe’s baryonic matter. For this purpose, calculations on collision rates of excess protons are performed and applied to determine the Helium fraction in the universe’s matter. The results of these calculations correspond very well to the observations and thus, they further support the NCU model.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[11290] viXra:1904.0193 [pdf] replaced on 2019-04-11 08:43:52

Real Clifford Algebras and Our Universe: VOID to Cl(16) Lagrangian to Cl(1,25) AQFT

Authors: Frank Dodd Tony Smith Jr
Comments: 32 Pages.

This paper is an outline of basic ideas of Cl(16) and Cl(1,25) Physics. For details see my papers listed at viXra for author/frank_dodd_tony_smith_jr including vixra 1903.0485 about the Nambu-Jona-Lasinio Higgs-Truth Quark System. Version 2 (v2) adds page about 3 Generations.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[11289] viXra:1904.0191 [pdf] replaced on 2019-04-17 08:32:08

Quantization of Electromagnetic Field in Rindler Space-Time

Authors: Sangwha Yi
Comments: 7 Pages.

The article treats quantization of lectromagnetic field that is defined in Rindler spacetime. Likely the electromagnetic field, the potential did quantizated in inertial frame, the electromagnetic field, the potential can quantizate by the transformation of electromagnetic field or the transformation of the potential in the accelerated frame
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[11288] viXra:1904.0191 [pdf] replaced on 2019-04-15 06:24:45

Quantization of Electromagnetic Field in Rindler Space-Time

Authors: Sangwha Yi
Comments: 7 Pages.

The article treats quantization of lectromagnetic field that is defined in Rindler spacetime. Likely the electromagnetic field, the potential did quantizated in inertial frame, the electromagnetic field, the potential can quantizate by the transformation of electromagnetic field or the transformation of the potential in the accelerated frame
Category: High Energy Particle Physics