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Recent submissions

Any replacements are listed farther down

[31329] viXra:1909.0312 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-14 06:51:50

A Generalization of the Functional Equation of the Riemann zeta Function

Authors: Antoine Balan
Comments: 2 pages, written in french

With help of theta functions, a generalization of the functional equation of the zeta Riemann function can be defined.
Category: Number Theory

[31328] viXra:1909.0311 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-14 06:52:45

Paramagnetic Spins for Electrons

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 22 Pages.

An international team of researchers has observed that local thermal perturbations of spins in a solid can convert heat to energy even in a paramagnetic material-where spins weren't thought to correlate long enough to do so. [31] Recent discoveries in high Tc superconductors have resulted in an intense interest in a "pair-density wave" (PDW) formed in Cooper pairs (an electron pair bound together at low temperatures), although there is little theoretical understanding on the driving mechanisms of this exotic state. [30] Researchers at Northeast Normal University, in China, and University of the Basque Country, in Spain, have recently carried out a study investigating the superconducting transition of electrides. [29] Superconducting quantum microwave circuits can function as qubits, the building blocks of a future quantum computer. [28] Physicists have shown that superconducting circuits-circuits that have zero electrical resistance-can function as piston-like mechanical quantum engines. The new perspective may help researchers design quantum computers and other devices with improved efficiencies. [27] This paper explains the magnetic effect of the superconductive current from the observed effects of the accelerating electrons, causing naturally the experienced changes of the electric field potential along the electric wire. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the wave particle duality and the electron's spin also, building the bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The changing acceleration of the electrons explains the created negative electric field of the magnetic induction, the Higgs Field, the changing Relativistic Mass and the Gravitational Force, giving a Unified Theory of the physical forces. Taking into account the Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators also, we can explain the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions. Since the superconductivity is basically a quantum mechanical phenomenon and some entangled particles give this opportunity to specific matters, like Cooper Pairs or other entanglements, as strongly correlated materials and Exciton-mediated electron pairing, we can say that the secret of superconductivity is the quantum entanglement.
Category: Quantum Physics

[31327] viXra:1909.0310 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-14 07:44:39

Twisted and Untwisted Nanomaterial

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 75 Pages.

Scientists who study the nanoscale—with molecules and materials 10,000 smaller than a pinhead—need to be able to test the way that some molecules twist, known as their chirality, because mirror image molecules with the same structure can have very different properties. [50] In a recent study, researchers at the NASA Ames Research Center have demonstrated that nanoscale vacuum channel transistors can be fabricated on silicon carbide wafers. [49] Titanium oxide (TiO2) nanofibers can have various applications, such as in catalyzers and filters. [48]
Category: Condensed Matter

[31326] viXra:1909.0309 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-14 07:59:34

Progress in Inverse Photoconductance

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 76 Pages.

University (UV) researchers have modified the photoconductance of nanoparticles of tungsten oxide (WO3) in a controlled manner. [51] Scientists who study the nanoscale-with molecules and materials 10,000 smaller than a pinhead-need to be able to test the way that some molecules twist, known as their chirality, because mirror image molecules with the same structure can have very different properties. [50] In a recent study, researchers at the NASA Ames Research Center have demonstrated that nanoscale vacuum channel transistors can be fabricated on silicon carbide wafers. [49] Titanium oxide (TiO2) nanofibers can have various applications, such as in catalyzers and filters. [48] Today, scientists report progress in making versions of these nanoparticles that could someday give built-in night vision to humans. [47] A new piece of a difficult puzzle-the nature of memory-fell into place this week with a hint at how brain cells change structure when they learn something. [46] Researchers at the University of Alberta have found an important protein in the cells of a deadly infectious parasite, opening the door to less harmful treatment for millions of people suffering from diseases like sleeping sickness in Africa and Chagas disease in South America. [45] The remarkable ability of a small Australian sea snail to produce a colourful purple compound to protect its eggs is proving even more remarkable for its potential in a new anti-cancer pharmaceutical. [44] Gene editing technology is a technology that eliminates the underlying causes of and treats diseases by removing specific genesor editing genes to restore their normal function. In particular, CRISPR gene editing technology is now commonly used for immunotherapy by correcting the genes of immune cells to induce them to attack cancer cells selectively. [43]
Category: Condensed Matter

[31325] viXra:1909.0308 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-14 08:17:11

Gem-Like Nanoparticles as Catalysts

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 79 Pages.

A Northwestern University research team has developed a new method for making highly desirable catalysts from metal nanoparticles that could lead to better fuel cells, among other applications. [52] Valencia University (UV) researchers have modified the photoconductance of nanoparticles of tungsten oxide (WO3) in a controlled manner. [51] Scientists who study the nanoscale-with molecules and materials 10,000 smaller than a pinhead-need to be able to test the way that some molecules twist, known as their chirality, because mirror image molecules with the same structure can have very different properties. [50] In a recent study, researchers at the NASA Ames Research Center have demonstrated that nanoscale vacuum channel transistors can be fabricated on silicon carbide wafers. [49] Titanium oxide (TiO2) nanofibers can have various applications, such as in catalyzers and filters. [48] Today, scientists report progress in making versions of these nanoparticles that could someday give built-in night vision to humans. [47] A new piece of a difficult puzzle-the nature of memory-fell into place this week with a hint at how brain cells change structure when they learn something. [46] Researchers at the University of Alberta have found an important protein in the cells of a deadly infectious parasite, opening the door to less harmful treatment for millions of people suffering from diseases like sleeping sickness in Africa and Chagas disease in South America. [45] The remarkable ability of a small Australian sea snail to produce a colourful purple compound to protect its eggs is proving even more remarkable for its potential in a new anti-cancer pharmaceutical. [44] Gene editing technology is a technology that eliminates the underlying causes of and treats diseases by removing specific genesor editing genes to restore their normal function. In particular, CRISPR gene editing technology is now commonly used for immunotherapy by correcting the genes of immune cells to induce them to attack cancer cells selectively. [43]
Category: Condensed Matter

[31324] viXra:1909.0307 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-14 08:38:25

Blackest Black Material Development

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 81 Pages.

MIT engineers report today that they have cooked up a material that is 10 times blacker than anything that has previously been reported. [53] A Northwestern University research team has developed a new method for making highly desirable catalysts from metal nanoparticles that could lead to better fuel cells, among other applications. [52] Valencia University (UV) researchers have modified the photoconductance of nanoparticles of tungsten oxide (WO3) in a controlled manner. [51] Scientists who study the nanoscale—with molecules and materials 10,000 smaller than a pinhead—need to be able to test the way that some molecules twist, known as their chirality, because mirror image molecules with the same structure can have very different properties. [50]
Category: Condensed Matter

[31323] viXra:1909.0306 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-14 11:00:47

The Valuation of Financial Derivatives Subject to Counterparty Risk and Credit Value Adjustment

Authors: Xiao, Tim
Comments: 40 Pages.

This article presents a generic model for pricing financial derivatives subject to counterparty credit risk. Both unilateral and bilateral types of credit risks are considered. Our study shows that credit risk should be modeled as American style options in most cases, which require a backward induction valuation. To correct a common mistake in the literature, we emphasize that the market value of a defaultable derivative is actually a risky value rather than a risk-free value. Credit value adjustment (CVA) is also elaborated. A practical framework is developed for pricing defaultable derivatives and calculating their CVAs at a portfolio level.
Category: Economics and Finance

[31322] viXra:1909.0305 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-14 13:53:36

On the Ramanujan Modular Equations, Class Invariants and Mock Theta Functions: New Mathematical Connections with Some Particle-Like Solutions, Black Holes Entropies, ζ(2) and Golden Ratio

Authors: Michele Nardelli, Antonio Nardelli
Comments: 196 Pages.

In the present research thesis, we have obtained various interesting new possible mathematical connections between the Ramanujan Modular Equations, Class Invariants, the Mock Theta Functions, some particle-like solutions, Black Holes entropies, ζ(2) and Golden Ratio
Category: Number Theory

[31321] viXra:1909.0304 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-14 17:26:10

Stellar Metamorphosis: Accretion Friction Braking, Part Two, 25143 Itokawa

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 5 Pages.

In this paper calculations are done to determine the kinetic energy in joules of an impact at 3 different velocities of the asteroid 25143 Itokawa. More calculations are done in a graph, and some explanation is given as to what will happen to Itokawa in accordance with the General Theory of Stellar Metamorphosis. Essentially any impact velocity of Itokawa due to its large mass will cause enormous destruction, leading to the realization that it must have formed from an even larger destructive event.
Category: Astrophysics

[31320] viXra:1909.0303 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-14 22:29:05

Other Plausible Mechanisms of Anesthetic Action Within the Framework of Spin-Mediated Consciousness Theory

Authors: Huping Hu, Maoxin Wu
Comments: 22 Pages. To be submitted for publication

We have recently discussed the mechanism of xenon anesthetic action in spin-mediated consciousness theory in light of the recent experimental findings. In this paper, we discuss some other plausible mechanisms of anesthetic action within the framework of spin-mediated consciousness theory. In one scenario, general anesthetics such as xenon may produce anesthesia by direct perturbations and/or distortions of neural spin networks alone or in addition to perturbing and/or distorting O2 and/or NO pathways in neural membranes and proteins. In another scenario, the mind-pixels are comprised of unpaired electrons carried by transition metal ions, O2 and/or NO caged-in/bound/absorbed to large molecules in neural membranes and proteins. In the latter, general anesthetics such as xenon may produce anesthesia by perturbing free/unbound O2 and/or NO pathways in neural membranes and proteins and/or unpaired electron spin networks thus blocking and/or distorting their functions in consciousness. In either of the above scenarios, the nuclear spins of xenon 131 and xenon 129 may partially play the roles of displaced nuclear spins or unpaired electron spins, thus attenuate the anesthetic potency of nuclear-spin-carrying xenon isotopes observed by Li, et. al.
Category: Mind Science

[31319] viXra:1909.0302 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-14 22:57:06

1 期間2項モデルを活用した失業保険の価格決定

Authors: Hiroki Tahara
Comments: 3 Pages. Japanese Only

I determined general fee of employment insurance. I used one-term binomial models in order to determine general fee of employment insurance.
Category: Economics and Finance

[31318] viXra:1909.0301 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-15 00:19:19

Definition Of Motion (III)

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 18 Pages.

Paper Hypothesis Solar System Motion 1-Light travels before any other motion – because by this light motion energy the solar system moves. 2-Solar planets motions are followers the leading light motion 3-Light Motion is One and Planets Motions is One i.e. 4-Solar Planets cooperate together to produce one unified motion 5-Planets Data proves that solar system moves one unified motion by all planets – as a train moves with all carriages together- (Planet = A Train Carriage) Also Solar System has relativistic effects which prove the one motion claim Because (1) All distances are contracted by the same rate which means there's One Unified Motion Behind (2) the contraction rate is transported from point to another which proves the energy transportation through the solar system, makes it as one Trajectory of Energy.
Category: Astrophysics

[31317] viXra:1909.0300 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-15 00:27:58

Explain Quantum Physics With a Single-Particle in Motion

Authors: Arnaud ANDRIEU
Comments: 20 Pages.

The principle of the single-particle behaves exactly like a harmonic oscillator; but at very high frequency. The fixed static density is given at each end point of the particle, where between two, its acceleration would be extremely high. This anharmonic oscillation of the particle, work tirelessly between singularity and quantum decoherence.
Category: Quantum Physics

[31316] viXra:1909.0299 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-15 01:39:20

Collatz Conjecture Explained Through Recursive Functions

Authors: Natalino Sapere
Comments: 9 Pages. None

This paper explains the Collatz Conjecture through the use of recursive functions.
Category: Number Theory

[31315] viXra:1909.0298 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-15 01:53:43

Fluid's Resonance Frequencies

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 73 Pages.

Lyon has recently collected the first measurements of the resonance frequencies of a stable torus of fluid. [43] Cell culture plates that are in everyday use in biology can be effectively transformed into microfluidic devices, opening paths for biologists to miniaturize cell-based workflows. [42] The properties of gold in nanoscale are significantly different to those of bulk gold. Of special interest are gold nanoclusters, that are composed of between tens to some hundreds of gold atoms. [41] A team at Osaka University has created single-molecule nanowires, complete with an insulation layer, up to 10 nanometers in length. [40] Using optical and electrical measurements, a two-dimensional anisotropic crystal of rhenium disulfide was found to show opposite piezoresistant effects along two principle axes, i.e. positive along one axis and negative along another. [39] A team of researchers from the University of Konstanz has demonstrated a new aqueous polymerization procedure for generating polymer nanoparticles with a single chain and uniform shape, which, by contrast to previous methods, involves high particle concentrations. [38] A team of researchers from China, the U.S. and Japan has developed a way to strengthen graphene-based membranes intended for use in desalination projects-by fortifying them with nanotubes. [37] The team arrived at their results by imaging gold nanoparticles, with diameters ranging from 2 to 5 nanometres, via aberration corrected scanning transmission electron microscope. [36] Nanoparticles of less than 100 nanometres in size are used to engineer new materials and nanotechnologies across a variety of sectors. [35] For years, researchers have been trying to find ways to grow an optimal nanowire, using crystals with perfectly aligned layers all along the wire. [34]
Category: Condensed Matter

[31314] viXra:1909.0297 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-15 02:21:15

The Nature of the Φ(m) Function

Authors: Wei Zhang
Comments: 5 Pages.

This paper gives the definition and nature of Φ(m) function, as well as the relationship between Φ(m) and Euler’s totient function φ(m). In number theory, Euler function φ(m) is widely used, Φ(m) function if there are other applications, also not clear.
Category: Number Theory

[31313] viXra:1909.0296 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-15 05:01:27

On the Estimation of the Economic Value of a Dash Proposal

Authors: Pablo Menéndez-Ponte Alonso
Comments: 16 Pages.

This paper is concerned with the derivation of a consistent formal method to allow for estimating the economic value of a Dash proposal. Standing on the Currency Fair Value[1] theory as rational financial pricing model of a currency, the paper will arrive at a straightforward and objective calculation tool, in the form of several simple equations. These will allow Masternode owners and individuals who submit proposals to the Dash treasury to estimate the expected value return of the economic proposals and thus, enable them to make more rational decisions. Development of this new model will require differential analysis of the fair value equation, as a basis for the analytical expressions expected by the main target audience. This analysis goes beyond the scope of Dash and many other currency research efforts may also drawn upon it. Keywords: Dash·Proposal·Quantitative Finance·Asset Pricing·Currency Fair Value·Investing
Category: Economics and Finance

[31312] viXra:1909.0295 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-15 05:25:01

On Prime NumberⅣ

Authors: Yuji Masuda
Comments: 1 Page.

This is primes④
Category: Number Theory

[31311] viXra:1909.0294 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-15 05:41:14

A General Form of the Beppo Levi`s Lemma

Authors: Johan Aspegren
Comments: 5 Pages.

In this article we will prove a version of the Beppo Levi`s lemma for the complex valued functions. This achieved by making a more stronger asumption that is assumed in Beppo Levi`s lemma. We will assume that the sum of measurable functions that is absolutely convergent almost everywhere is integrable. We will prove that it implies the asumptions of the Beppo Levi lemma, if we consider functions that are non-negative. It can be argued that our version is more suitable to applications, and we will prove a new probability law. We will show that with our asumptions in probability theory it follows that the expected value is countable additive. Moreover, it follows that in strong law of large numbers we don`t need to make any asumptions on distributions and the mean of the sample will convergence almost surely to the mean of the expected values.
Category: Functions and Analysis

[31310] viXra:1909.0293 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-13 08:42:33

Showing the Real Numbers are Denumerable Using Binary Digit Ratios

Authors: James Edwin Rock
Comments: 1 Page.

Cantor’s diagonal argument starts with an invalid premise. Using binary decimals, we calculate the ratio of ones to the total number of digits for decimals in the closed interval [0, 1]. We use these ratios to show that the real numbers are denumerable. The reals numbers have the same cardinality as the power set of the natural numbers. There is no hierarchy of infinities in Level Set Theory.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[31309] viXra:1909.0292 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-13 10:33:39

Refutation of Computability, Orders, and Solvable Groups

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 1 Page. Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to author by email only: info@cec-services dot com. See updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com.

We evaluate the first definition for a pre-orderable group which is not tautologous. This refutes subsequent conjectures, and forms a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Algebra

[31308] viXra:1909.0291 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-13 11:01:04

Quantum Rotating Interferometer

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 61 Pages.

A team of researchers from the University of Glasgow and the University of Southampton has devised a novel way to test quantum mechanics in a non-inertial reference frame by using a rotating interferometer. [39] Researchers at QuTech in Delft have succeeded in generating quantum entanglement between two quantum chips faster than the entanglement is lost. [38] A team led by Austrian experimental physicist Rainer Blatt has succeeded in characterizing the quantum entanglement of two spatially separated atoms by observing their light emission. [37] Researchers have demonstrated the first quantum light-emitting diode (LED) that emits single photons and entangled photon pairs with a wavelength of around 1550 nm, which lies within the standard telecommunications window. [36] JILA scientists have invented a new imaging technique that produces rapid, precise measurements of quantum behavior in an atomic clock in the form of near-instant visual art. [35] The unique platform, which is referred as a 4-D microscope, combines the sensitivity and high time-resolution of phase imaging with the specificity and high spatial resolution of fluorescence microscopy. [34] The experiment relied on a soliton frequency comb generated in a chip-based optical microresonator made from silicon nitride. [33] This scientific achievement toward more precise control and monitoring of light is highly interesting for miniaturizing optical devices for sensing and signal processing. [32] It may seem like such optical behavior would require bending the rules of physics, but in fact, scientists at MIT, Harvard University, and elsewhere have now demonstrated that photons can indeed be made to interact-an accomplishment that could open a path toward using photons in quantum computing, if not in light sabers. [31] Optical highways for light are at the heart of modern communications. But when it comes to guiding individual blips of light called photons, reliable transit is far less common. [30] Theoretical physicists propose to use negative interference to control heat flow in quantum devices. [29]
Category: Quantum Physics

[31307] viXra:1909.0290 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-13 11:26:04

Photonic Traffic on the Fly

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 63 Pages.

Now, researchers from the University of Pennsylvania, where topological insulators were first discovered in 2005, have shown a way to fulfill that promise in a field where physical space is at an even bigger premium: photonics. [40] A team of researchers from the University of Glasgow and the University of Southampton has devised a novel way to test quantum mechanics in a non-inertial reference frame by using a rotating interferometer. [39] Researchers at QuTech in Delft have succeeded in generating quantum entanglement between two quantum chips faster than the entanglement is lost. [38] A team led by Austrian experimental physicist Rainer Blatt has succeeded in characterizing the quantum entanglement of two spatially separated atoms by observing their light emission. [37] Researchers have demonstrated the first quantum light-emitting diode (LED) that emits single photons and entangled photon pairs with a wavelength of around 1550 nm, which lies within the standard telecommunications window. [36] JILA scientists have invented a new imaging technique that produces rapid, precise measurements of quantum behavior in an atomic clock in the form of near-instant visual art. [35] The unique platform, which is referred as a 4-D microscope, combines the sensitivity and high time-resolution of phase imaging with the specificity and high spatial resolution of fluorescence microscopy. [34] The experiment relied on a soliton frequency comb generated in a chip-based optical microresonator made from silicon nitride. [33] This scientific achievement toward more precise control and monitoring of light is highly interesting for miniaturizing optical devices for sensing and signal processing. [32] It may seem like such optical behavior would require bending the rules of physics, but in fact, scientists at MIT, Harvard University, and elsewhere have now demonstrated that photons can indeed be made to interact-an accomplishment that could open a path toward using photons in quantum computing, if not in light sabers. [31] Optical highways for light are at the heart of modern communications. But when it comes to guiding individual blips of light called photons, reliable transit is far less common. [30]
Category: Quantum Physics

[31306] viXra:1909.0289 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-13 11:50:06

Quantum Computers Silicon Technology

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 68 Pages.

But with a team of researchers from the UK and France, we have demonstrated that it may well be possible to build a quantum computer from conventional silicon-based electronic components. [42] Physicists at ETH Zurich have now demonstrated an elegant way to relax this intrinsic incompatibility using a mechanical oscillator formed by a single trapped ion, opening up a route for fundamental studies and practical uses alike. [41] Physical experiments were performed by Schiffer's team at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign and were funded by the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Science. [40] Novel insight comes now from experiments and simulations performed by a team led by ETH physicists who have studied electronic transport properties in a one-dimensional quantum wire containing a mesoscopic lattice. [39] Femtosecond lasers are capable of processing any solid material with high quality and high precision using their ultrafast and ultra-intense characteristics. [38] To create the flying microlaser, the researchers launched laser light into a water-filled hollow core fiber to optically trap the microparticle. Like the materials used to make traditional lasers, the microparticle incorporates a gain medium. [37] Lasers that emit ultrashort pulses of light are critical components of technologies, including communications and industrial processing, and have been central to fundamental Nobel Prize-winning research in physics. [36] A newly developed laser technology has enabled physicists in the Laboratory for Attosecond Physics (jointly run by LMU Munich and the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics) to generate attosecond bursts of high-energy photons of unprecedented intensity. [35] The unique platform, which is referred as a 4-D microscope, combines the sensitivity and high time-resolution of phase imaging with the specificity and high spatial resolution of fluorescence microscopy. [34] The experiment relied on a soliton frequency comb generated in a chip-based optical microresonator made from silicon nitride. [33]
Category: Digital Signal Processing

[31305] viXra:1909.0288 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-13 12:22:55

The Prime as a Consequence of Skip Number

Authors: Suraj Deshmukh
Comments: 2 Pages.

In this paper I have defined primes on the basis of "skip function" which basically is nothing but tells you how many numbers are skipped between two numbers. And we define a collection of set which I call skip set. The occurrence of a number decides weather it is prime or not.
Category: General Mathematics

[31304] viXra:1909.0287 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-13 12:57:23

The Thrust of Rockets in Space.

Authors: Louiz Akram
Comments: 2 Pages.

Rockets in the vacuum keep there velocity by inertia,but there acceleration stays null which means that they can't be thrusted at all.
Category: Astrophysics

[31303] viXra:1909.0286 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-13 18:09:39

Refutation of a Class of Lipschitz Horizontal Vector Fields in Homogeneous Groups

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 1 Page. Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to author by email only: info@cec-services dot com. See updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com.

We evaluate a Lipschitz horizontal vector field on Heisenberg group. It is not tautologous and further exemplifies that vector spaces are not bivalent. This forms a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Algebra

[31302] viXra:1909.0285 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-13 19:27:39

Polygonal Numbers in Terms of the Beta Function

Authors: Alfredo Olmos, R. Romyna Olmos
Comments: 7 Pages.

In this article we study some characteristics of polygonal numbers, which are the positive integers that can be ordered, to form a regular polygon. The article is closed, showing the relation of the polygonal numbers, with the Beta function when expressing any polygonal number, as a sum of terms of the Beta function.
Category: Number Theory

[31301] viXra:1909.0284 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-13 19:42:35

Refutation of Predicate Transformer Semantics for Hybrid Systems

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 2 Pages. Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to author by email only: info@cec-services dot com. See updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com.

We evaluate the steps of the approach to verify hybrid systems in the style of dynamic logic. Top tier input assumes modal Kleene algebras which are not bivalent. Middle tier processing invokes binary relations (which we do not test). Bottom tier output produces Lipschitz continuous vector fields as verification of hybrid store dynamics, which are not bivalent. This refutes the Isabelle framework for hybrid systems verification, and forms a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[31300] viXra:1909.0283 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-14 00:46:51

Number and Arithmetic Action

Authors: A.I.Somsikov
Comments: 4 Pages. -

Definition is given to concepts of number and arithmetic action.
Category: General Mathematics

[31299] viXra:1909.0282 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-14 02:12:32

A Leap in the Continuity and Unfolding of Events in Time

Authors: Swayam Jha
Comments: Pages.

The notion of “relative time” according to the Special Relativity, leading us to an astonishing conclusion [1]. The research work concludes that there is a timeline interchange for the object that is in motion. The research work further concludes that there is a leap in the unfolding of events into the future for the object that comes to the state of rest after a certain motion. Imagining two atomic clocks ‘A’ and ‘B’, B is moving away from A and then in second situation moving toward A at a velocity 0.4C. By extending “Einstein’s Now concept” [1] it concludes that A belongs to B’s future whereas B belongs to A’s past. The experiment had shown us that due to time dilation the amount of time elapsed on B is lesser than the amount of time elapsed on A [1]. The experimental observation also shown us that A must belongs to B’s present and B belong to A’s present. But the theoretical aspect predicts that B must belong to A’s past and A must belongs to B’s future. So basically, it concludes that there is a leap into the future in the unfolding of events in time for B by an amount of D/C + VD/C2 or D/C - VD/C2 (provided that the direction matters).
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[31298] viXra:1909.0281 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-14 03:09:43

Definition Of Motion (II)

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 12 Pages.

Paper Hypotheses -Solar system motion consists of light & planets motions. Both are geometrical players in the solar system geometrical structure -In all solar system motions – light motion leads planets motions -Solar system motion main features are (I) 2 Motions (Light And Planet) (II) both motions pass the same distance (III) the same distance passing by different rates Of Time. -Inner planets orbital circumferences are motions done by inner planets and light beams -Inner planets orbital circumferences are produced depending on Jupiter energy -Inner planets orbital circumferences work as bridge to transport the energy from Jupiter to the moon orbit
Category: Astrophysics

[31297] viXra:1909.0280 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-14 03:40:00

How Fast Universe Expanding

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 23 Pages.

Scientists have known for decades that the universe is expanding, but research in the past few years has shaken up calculations on the speed of growth-raising tricky questions about theories of the cosmos. [20] If we haven't detected it 20 years from now I may be concerned, but for now I'm betting that dark matter is the real deal. [19] According to a new study, they could also potentially detect dark matter, if dark matter is composed of a particular kind of particle called a "dark photon." [18] A global team of scientists, including two University of Mississippi physicists, has found that the same instruments used in the historic discovery of gravitational waves caused by colliding black holes could help unlock the secrets of dark matter, a mysterious and as-yet-unobserved component of the universe. [17] The lack of so-called "dark photons" in electron-positron collision data rules out scenarios in which these hypothetical particles explain the muon's magnetic moment. [16] By reproducing the complexity of the cosmos through unprecedented simulations, a new study highlights the importance of the possible behaviour of very high-energy photons. In their journey through intergalactic magnetic fields, such photons could be transformed into axions and thus avoid being absorbed. [15] Scientists have detected a mysterious X-ray signal that could be caused by dark matter streaming out of our Sun's core. Hidden photons are predicted in some extensions of the Standard Model of particle physics, and unlike WIMPs they would interact electromagnetically with normal matter. In particle physics and astrophysics, weakly interacting massive particles, or WIMPs, are among the leading hypothetical particle physics candidates for dark matter. The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron-proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter.
Category: Astrophysics

[31296] viXra:1909.0279 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-14 03:48:54

Differential Equations for Conic Section

Authors: Viktor Strohm
Comments: 5 Pages.

Theoretical mechanics shows that the motion along a curve is possible only when a body has an acceleration. It follows from the second Neeton’s law that a force has to be applied to a body so as to make it accelirate. All forces applied to the body can be summed up and replaced by one summarized force. “To solve the mass point motion problem we need differential equations for the motion. The way we derive these equations doesn’t matter”: [1,§11,п.3]. In this paper the equation for conic section is derived by the investigation of movement of a body along an elipse under the influance of a summarized force.
Category: Astrophysics

[31295] viXra:1909.0278 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-14 03:55:08

Laser-Cooled Optical Tweezer Array

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 50 Pages.

A team of researchers from Harvard University and Massachusetts Institute of Technology has found that they could use an optical tweezer array of laser-cooled molecules to observe ground state collisions between individual molecules. [32] "With optical tweezers, you can capture a single particle in its native state in solution and watch its structural evolution," said Linda Young, Argonne distinguished fellow. [31] The optical tweezer is revealing new capabilities while helping scientists understand quantum mechanics, the theory that explains nature in terms of subatomic particles. [30] In the perspective, Gabor and Song collect early examples in electron metamaterials and distil emerging design strategies for electronic control from them. [29] Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) researchers are working to make better electronic devices by delving into the way nanocrystals are arranged inside of them. [28] Self-assembly and crystallisation of nanoparticles (NPs) is generally a complex process, based on the evaporation or precipitation of NP-building blocks. [27] New nanoparticle-based films that are more than 80 times thinner than a human hair may help to fill this need by providing materials that can holographically archive more than 1000 times more data than a DVD in a 10-by-10-centimeter piece of film. [26] Researches of scientists from South Ural State University are implemented within this area. [25] Following three years of extensive research, Hebrew University of Jerusalem (HU) physicist Dr. Uriel Levy and his team have created technology that will enable computers and all optic communication devices to run 100 times faster through terahertz microchips. [24] When the energy efficiency of electronics poses a challenge, magnetic materials may have a solution. [23] An exotic state of matter that is dazzling scientists with its electrical properties, can also exhibit unusual optical properties, as shown in a theoretical study by researchers at A*STAR. [22]
Category: Condensed Matter

[31294] viXra:1909.0277 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-14 04:45:48

Mathematizing the Universe

Authors: Rodney Bartlett
Comments: 27 Pages.

I think the best way to describe this article is by listing the CONTENTS - INTRODUCTION - Speculations about life, the universe and everything which have a basis in science SECTION 1 - STEFAN-BOLTZMANN LAW, RADIATION PRESSURE FROM THERMODYNAMICS, "VECTOR-TENSOR-SCALAR GEOMETRY" ANALOGOUS TO STRESS TENSOR / EIGENVECTORS / EIGENVALUES SECTION 2 - VECTOR-TENSOR-SCALAR GEOMETRY AND THE NUCLEAR FORCES SECTION 3 - THE STRESS TENSOR ON THE COSMIC LEVEL SECTION 4 - BITS AND TOPOLOGY – CONTINUING THE THEME OF THE MOBIUS STRIP AND MATHEMATICAL MATTER SECTION 5 - ANALOGY OF QUANTUM SPIN AND MATRIX ARRAY, WITH ELECTROMAGNETIC AND GRAVITATIONAL WAVES PRODUCED FROM PURE MATHEMATICS SECTION 6 - DARK MATTER, DARK ENERGY AND A HIGHER DIMENSION OF SPACE-TIME SECTION 7A - EXPLAINING OCEAN TIDES WHEN GENERAL RELATIVITY SAYS GRAVITY IS A PUSH CAUSED BY THE CURVATURE OF SPACE-TIME 7B - M-SIGMA 7C - GEYSERS ON SATURN'S MOON ENCELADUS 7D - A BRIEF HISTORY OF GRAVITY
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[31293] viXra:1909.0276 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-14 04:59:40

Zeta Odd-Numbers

Authors: Toshiro Takami
Comments: 3 Pages.

I tried to find a new expression for zeta odd-numbers, but it seems to have remained a general expression. However, it may be a new expression and will be published here.
Category: Number Theory

[31292] viXra:1909.0275 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-12 07:16:00

Nuclear Clock Transition

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 39 Pages.

Now, a research team led by physicist Peter Thirolf at Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitaet (LMU) in Munich with institutional collaborators has taken an important step toward such a clock. [29] Physicists at the TU Darmstadt and their collaboration partners have performed laser spectroscopy on cadmium isotopes to confirm an improved model of the atomic nucleus. [28] Protons in neutron-rich nuclei have a higher average energy than previously thought, according to a new analysis of electron scattering data that was first collected in 2004. [27] Physics textbooks might have to be updated now that an international research team has found evidence of an unexpected transition in the structure of atomic nuclei. [26] The group led by Fabrizio Carbone at EPFL and international colleagues have used ultrafast transmission electron microscopy to take attosecond energy-momentum resolved snapshots (1 attosecond = 10-18 or quintillionths of a second) of a free-electron wave function. [25] Now, physicists are working toward getting their first CT scans of the inner workings of the nucleus. [24] The process of the sticking together of quarks, called hadronisation, is still poorly understood. [23] In experimental campaigns using the OMEGA EP laser at the Laboratory for Laser Energetics (LLE) at the University of Rochester, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), University of California San Diego (UCSD) and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) researchers took radiographs of the shock front, similar to the X-ray radiology in hospitals with protons instead of X-rays. [22] Researchers generate proton beams using a combination of nanoparticles and laser light. [21] Devices based on light, rather than electrons, could revolutionize the speed and security of our future computers. However, one of the major challenges in today's physics is the design of photonic devices, able to transport and switch light through circuits in a stable way. [20] Researchers characterize the rotational jiggling of an optically levitated nanoparticle, showing how this motion could be cooled to its quantum ground state. [19] Researchers have created quantum states of light whose noise level has been "squeezed" to a record low. [18]
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics

[31291] viXra:1909.0274 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-12 07:26:20

Subjective Evolution

Authors: A.V. Kaminsky
Comments: 25 Pages. In Russian

In this essay, I question the sufficiency of the modern physical picture to explain not only the origin of life, but even to explain the evolution of the non-alive matter. My plan in this paper is to fill this gap, by providing a new look at the quantum mechanics.
Category: Physics of Biology

[31290] viXra:1909.0273 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-12 07:32:04

Astronomers Believe in Dark Matter

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 22 Pages.

If we haven't detected it 20 years from now I may be concerned, but for now I'm betting that dark matter is the real deal. [19] According to a new study, they could also potentially detect dark matter, if dark matter is composed of a particular kind of particle called a "dark photon." [18] A global team of scientists, including two University of Mississippi physicists, has found that the same instruments used in the historic discovery of gravitational waves caused by colliding black holes could help unlock the secrets of dark matter, a mysterious and as-yet-unobserved component of the universe. [17] The lack of so-called "dark photons" in electron-positron collision data rules out scenarios in which these hypothetical particles explain the muon's magnetic moment. [16] By reproducing the complexity of the cosmos through unprecedented simulations, a new study highlights the importance of the possible behaviour of very high-energy photons. In their journey through intergalactic magnetic fields, such photons could be transformed into axions and thus avoid being absorbed. [15] Scientists have detected a mysterious X-ray signal that could be caused by dark matter streaming out of our Sun's core. Hidden photons are predicted in some extensions of the Standard Model of particle physics, and unlike WIMPs they would interact electromagnetically with normal matter. In particle physics and astrophysics, weakly interacting massive particles, or WIMPs, are among the leading hypothetical particle physics candidates for dark matter. The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron-proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter.
Category: Astrophysics

[31289] viXra:1909.0272 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-12 09:25:47

The Demise of Gravity Mystery

Authors: Ahmet Yalcin
Comments: 10 Pages. This is the first article of the "Field relative model of the Universe". This article will be followed by other articles including the mathematics and applications of theory.

Gravity is everywhere in our life but still the oldest unsolved phenomena scientists faced so far. This article gives an extremely simple explanation about it with an example from our daily life. The solution also defines what the tiniest element of entity in the universe should be. The work investigates, if this tiniest element contributes to the solutions of many of the other mysteries in Nature both in micro and macrocosms or creates additional new problems. The article almost uses no mathematics and the mathematics of the theory and many of the fundamental applications are subjects of other articles.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[31288] viXra:1909.0271 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-12 09:28:11

Study of the Continuum Power Problem

Authors: Vatolin Dm.
Comments: 14 Pages. Russian

An unconditional argument for the truth of the continuum hypothesis found
Category: Topology

[31287] viXra:1909.0270 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-12 11:03:25

Nanoscale Vacuum Channel Transistors

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 74 Pages.

In a recent study, researchers at the NASA Ames Research Center have demonstrated that nanoscale vacuum channel transistors can be fabricated on silicon carbide wafers. [49] Titanium oxide (TiO2) nanofibers can have various applications, such as in catalyzers and filters. [48] Today, scientists report progress in making versions of these nanoparticles that could someday give built-in night vision to humans. [47] A new piece of a difficult puzzle-the nature of memory-fell into place this week with a hint at how brain cells change structure when they learn something. [46] Researchers at the University of Alberta have found an important protein in the cells of a deadly infectious parasite, opening the door to less harmful treatment for millions of people suffering from diseases like sleeping sickness in Africa and Chagas disease in South America. [45] The remarkable ability of a small Australian sea snail to produce a colourful purple compound to protect its eggs is proving even more remarkable for its potential in a new anti-cancer pharmaceutical. [44] Gene editing technology is a technology that eliminates the underlying causes of and treats diseases by removing specific genesor editing genes to restore their normal function. In particular, CRISPR gene editing technology is now commonly used for immunotherapy by correcting the genes of immune cells to induce them to attack cancer cells selectively. [43] Bioengineers and biophysicists from the have discovered that the toxicity of nanoparticles depends more on their size and the extent to which their surface area is charged than on their chemical composition. [42] That's now possible thanks to research by Rice University scientists who used the light-emitting properties of particular molecules to create a fluorescent nano-thermometer. [41]
Category: Condensed Matter

[31286] viXra:1909.0269 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-12 11:21:00

Cooper Spintronic Component

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 76 Pages.

This area of research aims to greatly accelerate the study of spintronics with organic molecules. [50] In a recent study, researchers at the NASA Ames Research Center have demonstrated that nanoscale vacuum channel transistors can be fabricated on silicon carbide wafers. [49] Titanium oxide (TiO2) nanofibers can have various applications, such as in catalyzers and filters. [48] Today, scientists report progress in making versions of these nanoparticles that could someday give built-in night vision to humans. [47]
Category: Condensed Matter

[31285] viXra:1909.0268 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-12 11:49:08

Machine Learning Rewilding

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 32 Pages.

There may not be an obvious connection between rewilding and machine learning, but as highlighted today at ESA's ɸ-week, a project in the Netherlands uses satellite data and new digital technology to understand how a nature reserve responds to the pressure of being grazed by herbivores. [22] At the University of South Florida, researchers are integrating machine learning techniques into their work studying proteins. [21] Bioinformatics professors Anthony Gitter and Casey Greene set out in summer 2016 to write a paper about biomedical applications for deep learning, a hot new artificial intelligence field striving to mimic the neural networks of the human brain. [20] A team of researchers from the University of Muenster in Germany has now demonstrated that this combination is extremely well suited to planning chemical syntheses-so-called retrosyntheses-with unprecedented efficiency. [19] Two physicists at ETH Zurich and the Hebrew University of Jerusalem have developed a novel machine-learning algorithm that analyses large data sets describing a physical system and extract from them the essential information needed to understand the underlying physics. [18]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[31284] viXra:1909.0267 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-12 13:11:10

Sunqm-3s10: Using {N,n} QM’s Eigen N to Constitute Asteroid/kuiper Belts, and Solar {N=1..4,n} Region’s Mass Density R-Distribution and Evolution

Authors: Yi Cao
Comments: 22 Pages.

Asteroid belt is explained as the leftover “ring stain” of the once out-flying ice-rock mixture fragments (driven by the expansion of the ice-evap-line). The cold-KBO of Kuiper belt is explained as the “ring stain” of the current out-flying methane-ice mixture fragments (driven by the expansion of methane-evap-line, or the solar wind stop line). Using the normalized radial probability function r^2 * |R(n,l=n-1)|^2 = [r/rn * exp(1 - r/rn)]^(2*n), we calculated out that (at the normalized probability ≥ 0.1), Asteroid belt at {1,8//6} = {0,48//6} has a probability peak at n = 48, with the peak range = 2.7 ±0.6 AU, and Kuiper belt at {3,1//6} = {0,192//6} has a probability peak at n = 192, with the peak range = 43 ±5 AU. Using θ-dimension probability formula [sin(θ)]^[2(n-1)] ≥ 0.01, we calculated out that the n=48 belt has the collective orbits’ inclination range < 17.8 degree, and b=192 belt has the collective orbits’ inclination range < 8.9 degree. These calculated results fit to the Asteroid belt’s and the cold-KBO’s experimental data perfectly. Then we proposed a new concept: “Eigen quantum number n’ ” is the maximum n’ that can describe one orbit space’s > 90% mass in a single |nLL> = |n’,n’-1,n’-1> QM state. So n=48 and n=192 are the Eigen description for Asteroid belt and the cold-KBO. Using the Eigen n, the four undiscovered {3,n=2..5//6} belts (if they did not form planets) ’s r ± Δr and Δθ’ ranges are also predicted. Using the Eigen n, the Solar {N=1..4,n//6} region’s r-dimensional mass distribution was described by r^2*|R(n,l)|^2 either at each n shell level, or at each N super-shell level, or at the level of treating all N super-shells as a single entity. The evolution of r-dimensional mass distribution in Solar system (driven by the expansion of rock-evap-line and ice-evap-line) is discussed. The result suggested that any sub-Eigen n’ description for an Eigen QM state will be a low resolution and more broad description, and any above Eigen n’ description for an Eigen QM state will be a high resolution but needs many linearly combined QM states.
Category: Astrophysics

[31283] viXra:1909.0266 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-12 13:09:29

Hydrogel Repair Heart in Humans

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 36 Pages.

The team is planning a larger, randomized trial that will evaluate how effectively VentriGel can improve cardiac function and quality-of-life for patients experiencing heart failure. [22] Researchers at University of California San Diego School of Medicine and their collaborators have developed a technique that allows them to speed up or slow down human heart cells growing in a dish on command-simply by shining a light on them and varying its intensity. [21] Researchers at Houston Methodist and Rice University have made a discovery that will impact the design of not only drug delivery systems, but also the development of newer applications in water filtration and energy production. [20] A new method has been developed to make drugs 'smarter' using nanotechnology so they will be more effective at reaching their target. [19] It's called gene editing, and University of Alberta researchers have just published a game-changing study that promises to bring the technology much closer to therapeutic reality. [18] An LMU team now reveals the inner workings of a molecular motor made of proteins which packs and unpacks DNA. [17] Chemist Ivan Huc finds the inspiration for his work in the molecular principles that underlie biological systems. [16] What makes particles self-assemble into complex biological structures? [15] Scientists from Moscow State University (MSU) working with an international team of researchers have identified the structure of one of the key regions of telomerase-a so-called "cellular immortality" ribonucleoprotein. [14] Researchers from Tokyo Metropolitan University used a light-sensitive iridium-palladium catalyst to make "sequential" polymers, using visible light to change how building blocks are combined into polymer chains. [13] Researchers have fused living and non-living cells for the first time in a way that allows them to work together, paving the way for new applications. [12]
Category: Physics of Biology

[31282] viXra:1909.0265 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-12 13:30:58

Atomic Clock Design

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 41 Pages.

JILA physicists have demonstrated a novel atomic clock design that combines near-continuous operation with strong signals and high stability, features not previously found together in a single type of next-generation atomic clock. [30] Now, a research team led by physicist Peter Thirolf at Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitaet (LMU) in Munich with institutional collaborators has taken an important step toward such a clock. [29] Physicists at the TU Darmstadt and their collaboration partners have performed laser spectroscopy on cadmium isotopes to confirm an improved model of the atomic nucleus. [28] Protons in neutron-rich nuclei have a higher average energy than previously thought, according to a new analysis of electron scattering data that was first collected in 2004. [27] Physics textbooks might have to be updated now that an international research team has found evidence of an unexpected transition in the structure of atomic nuclei. [26] The group led by Fabrizio Carbone at EPFL and international colleagues have used ultrafast transmission electron microscopy to take attosecond energy-momentum resolved snapshots (1 attosecond = 10-18 or quintillionths of a second) of a free-electron wave function. [25] Now, physicists are working toward getting their first CT scans of the inner workings of the nucleus. [24] The process of the sticking together of quarks, called hadronisation, is still poorly understood. [23] In experimental campaigns using the OMEGA EP laser at the Laboratory for Laser Energetics (LLE) at the University of Rochester, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), University of California San Diego (UCSD) and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) researchers took radiographs of the shock front, similar to the X-ray radiology in hospitals with protons instead of X-rays. [22] Researchers generate proton beams using a combination of nanoparticles and laser light. [21] Devices based on light, rather than electrons, could revolutionize the speed and security of our future computers. However, one of the major challenges in today's physics is the design of photonic devices, able to transport and switch light through circuits in a stable way. [20]
Category: Quantum Physics

[31281] viXra:1909.0264 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-12 14:06:07

Dark Matter Cosmology and Astrophysics

Authors: Vladimir S. Netchitailo
Comments: 50 Pages.

Hypersphere World-Universe Model (WUM) envisions Matter carried from Universe into World from fourth spatial dimension by Dark Matter Particles (DMPs). Luminous Matter is byproduct of Dark Matter (DM) annihilation. WUM introduces Dark Epoch (spanning from Beginning of World for 0.4 billion years) when only DMPs existed, and Luminous Epoch (ever since for 13.8 billion years). Big Bang discussed in standard cosmological model is, in our view, transition from Dark Epoch to Luminous Epoch due to Rotational Fission of Overspinning DM Supercluster’s Cores and annihilation of DMPs. WUM solves a number of physical problems in contemporary Cosmology and Astrophysics through DMPs and their interactions: Angular Momentum problem in birth and subsequent evolution of Galaxies and Extrasolar systems – how do they obtain it; Fermi Bubbles – two large structures in gamma-rays and X-rays above and below Galactic center; Mysterious Star KIC 8462852 with irregular dimmings; Coronal Heating problem in solar physics – temperature of Sun's corona exceeding that of photosphere by millions of degrees; Cores of Sun and Earth rotating faster than their surfaces; Diversity of Gravitationally-Rounded Objects in Solar system and their Internal Heat; Lightning Initiation problem – electric fields observed inside thunderstorms are not sufficient to initiate sparks; Terrestrial Gamma-Ray Flashes – bursts of high energy X-rays and gamma rays emanating from Earth. Model makes predictions pertaining to Masses of DMPs, proposes New Types of their Interactions. WUM reveals Inter-Connectivity of Primary Cosmological Parameters and calculates their values, which are in good agreement with the latest results of their measurements.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[31280] viXra:1909.0263 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-13 00:13:12

Definition Of Motion (I)

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 25 Pages.

Definition Of Motion (I) Paper Hypotheses 1-Planets data are created relative to each other 2-Mercury & Pluto Motions define the distance between them 3-Mercury & Pluto Motions define Saturn Orbital Distance 4-Solar System is one building and each planet is a point in it 5-Solar system moves one unified motion as a train moves with all carriages
Category: Astrophysics

[31279] viXra:1909.0262 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-13 03:41:15

[ Haxe+mlxo-Haxe ML Library/dlib in C++/clips C Language/cocoalib-C++ ] Based ux Design for the Iot/hpc-High Performance Computing Heterogeneous Medical Informatics R&D Frameworks – an Insight Into the World of Novel ux Designs.

Authors: Nirmal Tej Kumar
Comments: 4 Pages. Short Communication

[ Haxe+MLXO-Haxe ML Library/dlib in C++/CLIPS- C Language/CocoALIB-C++ ]based UX design for the IoT/HPC-High Performance Computing Heterogeneous Medical Informatics R&D Frameworks – An Insight into the World of Novel UX Designs. [ Exploring C/C++/Ocaml/HAXE+ML AI/ML/Grobner Bases based Advanced Medical Informatics + Healthcare ]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[31278] viXra:1909.0261 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-11 06:57:01

Fine-Structure Constant from Sommerfeld to Feynman

Authors: Michael A. Sherbon
Comments: 10 Pages. Journal of Advances in Physics, 16(1), 335-343 (2019). CC 4.0

The fine-structure constant, which determines the strength of the electromagnetic interaction, is briefly reviewed beginning with its introduction by Arnold Sommerfeld and also includes the interest of Wolfgang Pauli, Paul Dirac, Richard Feynman and others. Sommerfeld was very much a Pythagorean and sometimes compared to Johannes Kepler. The archetypal Pythagorean triangle has long been known as a hiding place for the golden ratio. More recently, the quartic polynomial has also been found as a hiding place for the golden ratio. The Kepler triangle, with its golden ratio proportions, is also a Pythagorean triangle. Combining classical harmonic proportions derived from Kepler’s triangle with quartic equations determine an approximate value for the fine-structure constant that is the same as that found in our previous work with the golden ratio geometry of the hydrogen atom. These results make further progress toward an understanding of the golden ratio as the basis for the fine-structure constant.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[31277] viXra:1909.0260 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-11 07:10:24

Smart Skin Changes Color

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 62 Pages.

The journal ACS Nano is publishing research led by chemists at Emory University that found a solution to the problem. [41] Scientists at Tomsk Polytechnic University jointly with Russian and international colleagues developed the concept for constructing an "optical vacuum cleaner." [40] Researchers at Nanjing University in China have now made the first nanopore sensor that works optically and does not require any electrical connections. [39] An international research team around physicist Wolfgang Lang at the University of Vienna has succeeded in producing the world's densest complex nano arrays for anchoring flux quanta, the fluxons. [38] Optical properties of materials are based on their chemistry and the inherent subwavelength architecture, although the latter remains to be characterized in depth. [37] More than 100 years ago, Albert Einstein and Wander Johannes de Haas discovered that when they used a magnetic field to flip the magnetic state of an iron bar dangling from a thread, the bar began to rotate. [36] Researchers at the Max Born Institute have now generated directed currents at terahertz (THz) frequencies, much higher than the clock rates of current electronics. [35] Researchers at Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU) have developed a simple yet accurate method for finding defects in the latest generation of silicon carbide transistors. [34] In 2017, University of Utah physicist Valy Vardeny called perovskite a "miracle material" for an emerging field of next-generation electronics, called spintronics, and he's standing by that assertion. [33] Scientists at Tokyo Institute of Technology proposed new quasi-1-D materials for potential spintronic applications, an upcoming technology that exploits the spin of electrons. [32] They do this by using "excitons," electrically neutral quasiparticles that exist in insulators, semiconductors and in some liquids. [31] Researchers at ETH Zurich have now developed a method that makes it possible to couple such a spin qubit strongly to microwave photons. [30]
Category: Condensed Matter

[31276] viXra:1909.0259 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-11 07:25:15

Graphene Astronomy Detectors

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 47 Pages.

Researchers from Chalmers University of Technology have demonstrated a detector made from graphene that could revolutionize the sensors used in next-generation space telescopes. [31] "Experiments of hot dense plasma are challenging enough that we should not rule out the possibility of error," Nagayama said. "And the science impact is enormous—this obligates us to continue examining the experiment's validity." [30] The researchers extracted a 2-D material they call hematene from ordinary iron ore. The material is only three atoms thick and is thought to have enhanced photocatalytic properties. [29]
Category: Astrophysics

[31275] viXra:1909.0258 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-11 10:23:12

An Another One

Authors: Bhaskar
Comments: 48 Pages. If you will read it completely, you will glad that you read it

It includes the concepts from basic physics to miraculous physics
Category: Classical Physics

[31274] viXra:1909.0257 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-11 11:37:55

Storing Information in DNA

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 29 Pages.

Researchers at the Technion-Israel Institute of Technology in Haifa and the Interdisciplinary Center (IDC) Herzliya have demonstrated a significant improvement in the efficiency of the process needed to store digital information in DNA. [18] Globally, biodiversity is concentrated around the equator, but the scientific institutions generating DNA sequence data to study that biodiversity tend to be clustered in developed countries toward the poles. [17] Chemist Ivan Huc finds the inspiration for his work in the molecular principles that underlie biological systems. [16] What makes particles self-assemble into complex biological structures? [15] Scientists from Moscow State University (MSU) working with an international team of researchers have identified the structure of one of the key regions of telomerase-a so-called "cellular immortality" ribonucleoprotein. [14] Researchers from Tokyo Metropolitan University used a light-sensitive iridium-palladium catalyst to make "sequential" polymers, using visible light to change how building blocks are combined into polymer chains. [13] Researchers have fused living and non-living cells for the first time in a way that allows them to work together, paving the way for new applications. [12] UZH researchers have discovered a previously unknown way in which proteins interact with one another and cells organize themselves. [11] Dr Martin Sweatman from the University of Edinburgh's School of Engineering has discovered a simple physical principle that might explain how life started on Earth. [10] Nearly 75 years ago, Nobel Prize-winning physicist Erwin Schrödinger wondered if the mysterious world of quantum mechanics played a role in biology. A recent finding by Northwestern University's Prem Kumar adds further evidence that the answer might be yes. [9] A UNSW Australia-led team of researchers has discovered how algae that survive in very low levels of light are able to switch on and off a weird quantum phenomenon that occurs during photosynthesis. [8]
Category: Physics of Biology

[31273] viXra:1909.0256 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-11 11:50:18

Square of Opposition as Meth8 Corrected

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 2 Pages. Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to author by email only: info@cec-services dot com. See updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com.

The modern revision of the square of opposition is not tautologous and forms a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4. Consequently we redefine the square so that it is validated as tautologous. Instead of definientia using implication for universal terms or conjunction for existential terms, we adopt the equivalent connective for all terms. The modal modifiers necessity and possibility map quantifiers as applying to the entire terms rather than to the antecedent within the terms.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[31272] viXra:1909.0255 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-11 13:40:44

Compound Numbers with Dimension 9

Authors: Valery Timin
Comments: 2 Pages. Russian

This work is devoted to the search, study and compilation of the multiplication table of a compound hyperbolic (Hypercomplex) number of dimension nine (9): q = {1, i1, i2, i3, …, i8, }: in2 = 1. On this basis, as a template, you can choose other multiplication tables with a different target or arbitrary arrangement of plus (+) and minus (-) characters in the cells of the multiplication table. The disadvantage of multiplication tables of dimension 9 is that they are neither associative nor commutative (not even anticommutative). But this is their fundamental property.
Category: Algebra

[31271] viXra:1909.0254 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-11 19:56:19

Refutation of an Adaptive Algorithm for Molecular Simulation on Quantum Computers

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 2 Pages. Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to author by email only: info@cec-services dot com. See updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com.

We evaluate “a unitary variant of coupled cluster theory (UCCSD) [as] defined by replacing the excitation operators with an anti-Hermitian sum of excitation and de-excitation operators”. It is not tautologous, hence refuting the subsequent sections for the ADAPT-VQE algorithm, molecular dissociation simulation results, and dependence of convergence on operator ordering. The conjecture of the paper is refuted from its abstract as: “an arbitrarily accurate variational algorithm that instead of fixing an ansatz upfront, … grows it systematically one operator at a time in a way dictated by the molecule being simulated … [to] highlight the potential of our adaptive algorithm for exact simulations with present-day and near-term quantum hardware.” These equations form a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Quantum Physics

[31270] viXra:1909.0252 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-12 04:25:15

Microworld_57. Unsolved Problems of Physics_ 17 Xxvii. Hydrogen Superfluidity

Authors: N.N.Leonov
Comments: 21 Pages. English and russian texts

Internet reports that the Harvard University physicists derived "metal" hydrogen having superconducting properties. Below it is shown that they, in fact, experimentally discovered the existence of superfluid hydrogen rather than superconducting one.
Category: Nuclear and Atomic Physics

[31269] viXra:1909.0251 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-12 05:16:48

The Hidden Treasures of Himalayan Monks

Authors: Acharya Sennimalai Kalimuthu[ Anantha Anantha ]
Comments: 13 Pages. NA

In this work, the author unlocks some hidden yogic treasures secretly practiced b the Himalayan Monks/Seers.
Category: Religion and Spiritualism

[31268] viXra:1909.0250 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-12 05:41:29

Black Hole Ringing

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 24 Pages.

Now, physicists from MIT and elsewhere have "heard" the ringing of an infant black hole for the first time, and found that the pattern of this ringing does, in fact, predict the black hole's mass and spin—more evidence that Einstein was right all along. [10] Gravitational waves from the merger of a black hole and a neutron star may have been spotted for the first time by the LIGO and Virgo detectors. [9] Astrophysicists at Frankfurt, the Max Planck Institute for Radio Astronomy in Bonn, and Nijmegen, collaborating in the project BlackHoleCam, answer this question by computing the first images of feeding non-Einsteinian black holes: it is presently hard to tell them apart from standard black holes. [8]
Category: Astrophysics

[31267] viXra:1909.0249 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-12 06:55:46

Neutrons Dance in UC Berkeley Campus

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 44 Pages.

In an underground vault enclosed by six-foot concrete walls and accessed by a rolling, 25-ton concrete-and-steel door, University of California, Berkeley, students are making neutrons dance to a new tune: one better suited to producing isotopes required for geological dating, police forensics, hospital diagnosis and treatment. [30] Polymer gels, a gel type with unique properties, have piqued the interest of researchers because of their potential uses in medical applications. [29] Tensorial neutron tomography promises new insights into superconductors, battery electrodes and other energy-related materials. [28] CERN's nuclear physics facility, ISOLDE, has minted a new coin in its impressive collection of isotopes. [27] In the case of several light nuclei, experimental confirmation of the individualism or family nature of nucleons will now be simpler, thanks to predictions presented by Polish physicists from Cracow and Kielce. [26] The identification of the magic number of six provides an avenue to investigate the origin of spin-orbit splittings in atomic nuclei. [25] Now, physicists are working toward getting their first CT scans of the inner workings of the nucleus. [24] The process of the sticking together of quarks, called hadronisation, is still poorly understood. [23] In experimental campaigns using the OMEGA EP laser at the Laboratory for Laser Energetics (LLE) at the University of Rochester, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), University of California San Diego (UCSD) and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) researchers took radiographs of the shock front, similar to the X-ray radiology in hospitals with protons instead of X-rays. [22] Researchers generate proton beams using a combination of nanoparticles and laser light. [21] Devices based on light, rather than electrons, could revolutionize the speed and security of our future computers. However, one of the major challenges in today's physics is the design of photonic devices, able to transport and switch light through circuits in a stable way. [20]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[31266] viXra:1909.0248 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-10 08:18:29

Nanotherapy Fight Cancer Stem Cells

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 67 Pages.

The group of NanoBiotechnology at IMDEA Nanociencia, led by Prof. Álvaro Somoza, has used gold nanoclusters coated with albumin to facilitate the attachment of two active molecules for the treatment of breast cancer. [37] Microtubules are protein polymers that assemble into dynamic structures, essential for cell division, shape, motility, and transport of intracellular cargos. [36] Researchers at the University of Wisconsin-Madison have addressed many of those problems by packing a gene-editing payload into a tiny customizable, synthetic nanocapsule. [35]
Category: Physics of Biology

[31265] viXra:1909.0247 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-10 09:52:00

Quantum Convolutional Neural Networks

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 50 Pages.

With this in mind, a team of researchers at Harvard University recently developed a quantum circuit-based algorithm inspired by convolutional neural networks (CNNs), a popular machine learning technique that has achieved remarkable results in a variety of fields. [29] "We basically combined advances in neural networks and machine-learning with quantum Monte Carlo tools," says Savona, referring to a large toolkit of computational methods that physicists use to study complex quantum systems. [28] As cosmologists and astrophysicists delve deeper into the darkest recesses of the universe, their need for increasingly powerful observational and computational tools has expanded exponentially. [27] Now, a team of scientists at MIT and elsewhere has developed a neural network, a form of artificial intelligence (AI), that can do much the same thing, at least to a limited extent: It can read scientific papersand render a plain-English summary in a sentence or two. [26] To address this gap in the existing literature, a team of researchers at SRI International has created a human-AI image guessing game inspired by the popular game 20 Questions (20Q), which can be used to evaluate the helpfulness of machine explanations. [25]
Category: Quantum Physics

[31264] viXra:1909.0246 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-10 11:38:21

Friction Leads to Static Electricity

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 28 Pages.

Now a Northwestern University team developed a new model that shows that rubbing two objects together produces static electricity, or triboelectricity, by bending the tiny protrusions on the surface of materials. [22] UCLA researchers and colleagues have designed a new device that creates electricity from falling snow. [21] Two-dimensional (2-D) semiconductors are promising for quantum computing and future electronics. Now, researchers can convert metallic gold into semiconductor and customize the material atom-by-atom on boron nitride nanotubes. [20] U.S. Naval Research Laboratory scientists have developed and patented the fabrication of transparent, luminescent material they say could give smartphone and television screens flexible, stretchable, and shatterproof properties. [19] "Digital quantum simulation is thus intrinsically much more robust than what one might expect from known error bounds on the global many-body wave function," Heyl says. [18] A new finding by researchers at the University of Chicago promises to improve the speed and reliability of current and next generation quantum computers by as much as ten times. [17] Ph. D candidate Shuntaro Okada and information scientist Masayuki Ohzeki of Japan's Tohoku University collaborated with global automotive components manufacturer Denso Corporation and other colleagues to develop an algorithm that improves the D-Wave quantum annealer's ability to solve combinatorial optimization problems. [16] D-Wave Systems today published a milestone study demonstrating a topological phase transition using its 2048-qubit annealing quantum computer. [15] New quantum theory research, led by academics at the University of St Andrews' School of Physics, could transform the way scientists predict how quantum particles behave. [14] Intel has announced the design and fabrication of a 49-qubit superconducting quantum-processor chip at the Consumer Electronics Show in Las Vegas. [13] To improve our understanding of the so-called quantum properties of materials, scientists at the TU Delft investigated thin slices of SrIrO3, a material that belongs to the family of complex oxides. [12]
Category: Condensed Matter

[31263] viXra:1909.0245 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-10 12:34:32

Gluon-Dominated Protons

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 86 Pages.

New findings from University of Kansas experimental nuclear physicists Daniel Tapia Takaki and Aleksandr (Sasha) Bylinkin were just published in the European Physical Journal C. [47] Ten years ago, just about any nuclear physicist could tell you the approximate size of the proton. But that changed in 2010, when atomic physicists unveiled a new method that promised a more precise measurement. [46] “Spin has surprises. Everybody thought it’s simple … and it turns out it’s much more complicated,” Aschenauer says. [45]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[31262] viXra:1909.0244 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-10 12:59:36

Topological Insulators

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 44 Pages.

A certain kind of material, called a topological insulator, acts partially like one and partially like the other-it behaves like a conductor at its surface and an insulator in its interior. [26] Topological insulators (TIs) host exotic physics that could shed new light on the fundamental laws of nature. [25] A new study by scientists from the University of Bristol brings us a significant step closer to unleashing the revolutionary potential of quantum computing by harnessing silicon fabrication technology to build complex on-chip quantum optical circuits. [24] Two teams of scientists from the Technion-Israel Institute of Technology have collaborated to conduct groundbreaking research leading to the development of a new and innovative scientific field: Quantum Metamaterials. [23] An international team consisting of Russian and German scientists has made a breakthrough in the creation of seemingly impossible materials. They have created the world's first quantum metamaterial that can be used as a control element in superconducting electrical circuits. [22] ETH physicists have developed a silicon wafer that behaves like a topological insulator when stimulated using ultrasound. They have thereby succeeded in turning an abstract theoretical concept into a macroscopic product. [21] Cheng Chin, professor in the Department of Physics, and his team looked at an experimental setup of tens of thousands of atoms cooled down to near absolute zero. As the system crossed a quantum phase transition, they measured its behavior with an extremely sensitive imaging system. [20] Scientists from three UK universities are to test one of the fundamental laws of physics as part of a major Europe-wide project awarded more than £3m in funding. ]19] A team of researchers has devised a simple way to tune a hallmark quantum effect in graphene-the material formed from a single layer of carbon atoms-by bathing it in light. [18]
Category: Quantum Physics

[31261] viXra:1909.0243 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-10 14:30:56

Interpretation of Pre-Relativistic Transformations of Coordinates and Tensors

Authors: Valery Timin
Comments: 7 Pages. Russian

The properties of the pre-relativistic space-time are completely determined by the properties of the propagation of the information signal, in particular-the speed of propagation of electromagnetic waves. The speed of propagation of the information signal is constant and does not depend on the state of motion of the observer and the direction of propagation. The scale of the coordinate axes in pre-relativistic coordinate transformations does not change.The Galilean space is not a model of the physical space of classical mechanics, despite the fact that the space of classical mechanics is defined in it, but Newton's laws and conservation laws are formulated through ordinary tensors in pre-relativistic space. The domain of pre-relativistic mechanics is limited by very small (precisely - infi-nitely small) velocities with respect to the velocity of the information signal propagation.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[31260] viXra:1909.0241 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-10 14:40:29

The Psychological Conflict from the General Theory of Relativity (1916) and the Proton Rafius Puzzle

Authors: Piscedda Giampaolo
Comments: 2 Pages.

In developing the general theory of relativity, Albert Einstein assert: My main purpose, is to develop this theory, so that the reader is aware that the way we set out, is psychologically the only natural one ( book title: La teoria della relatività, by Albert Einstein, Cap. 1 paragraph 4 ). Then we can deduced, that any solution of a physical problem attributable to the general theory of relativity, is psychologically the only natural one. After a brief introduction we solves the following problem: What will be the effect of muon, when it is inside the proton of density Jp = Vp/Mp for an infinitely small time? After to solve the problem we conclude that, experiments conducted with electrons and muon to measure the proton radius that will give the same result, come into contradiction with the general theory of relativity
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[31259] viXra:1909.0240 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-10 16:35:12

Refutation of Bitstring and Question-Answer Semantics

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 3 Pages. Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to author by email only: info@cec-services dot com. See updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com.

We evaluate bitstring semantics and its follow-on by partition. Its ordered set of exhaustive predicates is not bivalent but a probabilistic vector space. Its calculus of relations is not tautologous. Hence its broader framework of question-answer semantics (QAS) is not tautologous. The conjecture of “generalizing the Aristotelian square within one common gathering” is denied. What is affirmed is the Meth8 corrected, modern, revised square of opposition is a square, to mean the following conjectures are probabilistic vector spaces: collapsed number line of opposition; non-standard quadrilateral of oppositions; and colored square of oppositions. Bitstring semantics and the extended QAS form a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[31258] viXra:1909.0239 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-10 17:04:39

Pre-Relativistic Vector Transformations

Authors: Valery Timin
Comments: 6 Pages. Russian

Pre-relativistic vector transformations are transformations of 4-dimensional material vectors of classical mechanics Formulas of transformations of contravariant and covariant vectors of pre – relativistic space-intermediate space between Galilean and relativistic (Minkowski) spaces are given. The domain of definition is the transformation of coordinates and vectors at infinitesimal velocities of material objects. Such vectors are spatial coordinates, velocities, accelerations and many other material 4-vector parameters – for example, 4-dimensional energy-momentum. The form of metric tensor of pre-relativistic space, scalar product, formula for conjugation of vectors is also given.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[31257] viXra:1909.0238 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-10 17:07:58

Pre-Relativistic Tensor Transformations

Authors: Valery Timin
Comments: 8 Pages. Russian

Pre-relativistic tensor transformations are transformations of 4-dimensional material tensors of classical mechanics Formulas for transformations of contravariant, covariant, and mixed rank 2 tensors of a pre – relativistic space-the intermediate space between Galilean and relativistic (Minkowski) spaces-are given. The domain of definition is the transformation of coordinates and vectors at infinitesimal velocities of material objects. Such tensors are metric tensors of 4-dimensional space.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[31256] viXra:1909.0237 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-10 20:36:44

Refutation of Cook-Reckhow Definition

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 2 Pages. © Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to author by email only: info@cec-services dot com. See updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com.

We evaluate the Cook-Reckhow definition as represented for conjectures of a polynomial equation and integer linear inequalities with both as not tautologous. Hence we do not evaluate the conjecture of a relational form on which the paper subsequently relies. These results form a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Set Theory and Logic

[31255] viXra:1909.0236 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-10 22:00:18

Multimedia Informatics R&D in the Context of [ Haxe+imageai+qrng Lib-Python ] Towards [ Ai/ml/iot/hpc ] Heterogeneous Environment/s

Authors: Nirmal Tej Kumar
Comments: 3 Pages. Short Communication

Multimedia Informatics R&D in the Context of [ HAXE+IMAGEAI+qrng lib-python ] towards [ AI/ML/IoT/HPC ]Heterogeneous Environment/s – An Interesting Insight into [ Imaging Mathematics+Hardware Mathematics ] based Algorithms Using [ Ocaml/Owl/Haxe/Python ] Languages. [ Exploring – Next Generation Radiation Oncology Informatics Framework Using the Above Mentioned Tools ]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[31254] viXra:1909.0235 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-10 22:45:46

Nobody Understands Gravitation, Because Nobody Understands Dark Matter

Authors: Adrian Ferent
Comments: 414 Pages. © 2014 Adrian Ferent

“Nobody understands Gravitation, because nobody understands Dark Matter” Adrian Ferent “Dark Matter has another Structure, based on Ferent length lF = 1.296 × 10^(-69) m much smaller than Planck length lP = 1.616199×10^(-35) m” Adrian Ferent “Quantum Mechanics can't explain Gravity because nobody understands Dark Matter” Adrian Ferent You learned from your professors that nobody understands Quantum Mechanics. We understand Quantum Mechanics because there are a lot of applications of Quantum Mechanics. But nobody understands what an electron is! “The electron is a photon around Dark Matter” Adrian Ferent “The Dark Matter electron is the Dark Matter inside the electron” Adrian Ferent The equation for an elementary particle made of 2 particles, a Matter particle and a Dark Matter particle, is the Ferent equation for elementary particle as a quantum system: “Ferent equation for elementary particles:” Adrian Ferent “Ferent equation for elementary particle, made of 2 particles, a Matter particle and a Dark Matter particle, is the Unification between Matter and Dark Matter!” Adrian Ferent Because Einstein Gravitation theory is wrong, nobody understands Gravitation! Your professors will not say ‘nobody understands Gravitation’ because that means what you learned at Universities about Gravitation is wrong, the articles in peer-review journals are wrong, your Science books are wrong… “Einstein bent the space, Ferent unbent the space” Adrian Ferent “Newton and Einstein did not understand Gravitation, they calculated Gravitation” Adrian Ferent “Einstein's equivalence principle is wrong because the gravitational force experienced locally is caused by a negative energy, gravitons energy and the force experienced by an observer in a non-inertial (accelerated) frame of reference is caused by a positive energy” Adrian Ferent LIGO: “Einstein’s gravitational waves do not exist, how they can detect them?” Adrian Ferent “Because Einstein’s gravitation theory is wrong, LQG, String theory… are wrong theories” Adrian Ferent Why nobody understands Gravitation? “Nobody understands Gravitation, because nobody understands Dark Matter” Adrian Ferent “Gravitational force is mediated by gravitons faster than the speed of light, with negative momentum” Adrian Ferent “I quantized the gravitational field with gravitons” Adrian Ferent “Gravitational field is Gravitons” Adrian Ferent Why Quantum Mechanics can't explain Gravity? Ferent Quantum Gravity: “Quantum Mechanics can't explain Gravity because nobody understands Dark Matter” Adrian Ferent In Ferent Quantum Gravity I explained what Dark Matter is: I discovered during the Big Bang: “Two important walls: The Ferent wall: here at time t = 1.294 × 10^(-86) s were created Dark Matter, Dark Photons and Gravitons. The Planck wall: here at time t = 5.391 × 10^(-44) s were created Matter and Photons” Adrian Ferent Hawking and all the scientists did not understand Gravitation, Dark Matter and Black holes. “Black holes are Dark Matter” Adrian Ferent “Dark Matter does not have temperature” Adrian Ferent “Gravitons from Black holes transform Matter, ‘heat’ in Dark Matter.” Adrian Ferent “Dark Matter has another Structure, based on Ferent length lF = 1.296 × 10^(-69) m much smaller than Planck length lP = 1.616199×10^(-35) m” Adrian Ferent Dark Matter does not emit, reflects and absorbs light. “Dark Matter is not ‘invisible’, is not ‘transparent’ Matter.” Adrian Ferent That is why Gerard 't Hooft, Stephen Hawking and Leonard Susskind are wrong, because the information is lost inside a black hole. I discovered the equation of the Dark Matter universe: “In our Universe at Ferent wall emerged the Dark Matter universe, at Planck wall emerged the Matter universe and at Spiritual wall emerged the Spiritual universe.” Adrian Ferent “I discovered that: a < h < s” Adrian Ferent “Ferent equation of the material and spiritual Universe:” Adrian Ferent Where: Ψ – the wave function of the Universe, material and spiritual m1i – the mass of Matter elementary particle i m2j – the mass of Dark Matter elementary particle j m3k – the mass of Spiritual Matter elementary particle k r1N – the position of Matter elementary particle N r2M – the position of Dark Matter elementary particle M r3L – the position of Spiritual Matter elementary particle L Today all the Nobel Laureates, the greatest scientists, your professors… were not capable to explain Dark Matter, they talk about Transparent matter because they can not see Dark Matter, they talk about Baryonic matter, Non-baryonic matter like axions, they talk about cold, warm or hot Dark Matte, about Spersymmetric Particles as Dark Matter…but NOT BEYOND THE PLANCK WALL. Now they Stole my theory and they went beyond the Planck wall! Those who do not have a Gravitation theory, they started stealing my theory of Gravity. https://www.sciencealert.com/new-study-brings-receipts-to-demonstrate-dark-matter-may-be-older-than-the-big-bang?fbclid=IwAR2IU7KARSt6FlR1SXAnRFR7NPzz-QHTj5EpuvAq_pwfxtZlv2GYFP3CVCY The professors from the peer–review journal did not Search about ‘Beyond the Planck Wall’ because they do not know, do not understand how difficult is to go beyond the Planck Wall. Before me nobody was able to think what is beyond Planck Wall. Because all the Scientists do not understand Dark Matter, they have only wrong theories about Dark Matter! The biggest assault on Ferent Quantum Gravity and on my Dark Matter theory will be in October (Dark Matter Days). Dark matter-themed events will be hosted throughout the month by universities, laboratories, and institutions around the world. ‘We just don’t know what that missing mass and energy are, hence the names ’dark matter’ and ‘dark energy’. Understanding dark matter will shine a light on the nature of the universe we live in. We are not yet sure if these discoveries will require a new understanding of physics.’ “All Nobel Laureates were ignorant, thinking inside the Planck Universe; nobody was able before me to go beyond the Planck Wall” Adrian Ferent “Because Ferent Quantum Gravity is a new theory, I did not use References” Adrian Ferent “In Ferent Quantum Gravity (FQG) Black holes are not cold or hot, Black holes are Dark Matter and do not have Temperature” Adrian Ferent “Virtual particles do not exist in Ferent Quantum Gravity, virtual particles exist in Quantum Field theory.” Adrian Ferent “Event horizons do not exist in Ferent Quantum Gravity, event horizons exist in Einstein General Theory of Relativity. At Event horizons there are only Gravitons without Hawking radiation.” Adrian Ferent 245. I am the first who discovered that nobody understands Gravitation, because nobody understands Dark Matter 246. I am the first who discovered that Dark Matter has another Structure, based on Ferent length lF = 1.296 × 10^(-69) m much smaller than Planck length lP = 1.616199×10^(-35) m 247. I am the first who discovered that Quantum Mechanics can't explain Gravity because nobody understands Dark Matter
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[31253] viXra:1909.0234 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-10 23:17:38

Solar System Motion Analysis (II)

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 11 Pages.

Paper Hypotheses Mercury Motion causes to connect and bind all solar planets motions to produce one unified motion
Category: Astrophysics

[31252] viXra:1909.0232 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-10 23:51:37

ζ(5), ζ(7)........ζ(197), ζ(199) Etc. Are Irrational Number

Authors: Toshiro Takami
Comments: 12 Pages.

I wondered why I would do this and I traced the course. However, I did not understand much. Numerically, they match perfectly. Also, this is considered to indicate that ζ(5), ζ(7), ζ(9), ζ(11), ζ(13)........ζ(197), ζ(199) are irrational numbers. Because, ζ(3) is irrational number. It can also be said that it is expressed by an expression using π2.
Category: Number Theory

[31251] viXra:1909.0231 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-11 00:01:41

ζ(4), ζ(6), ζ(8).......ζ(52), ζ(54) Are Irrational Number

Authors: Toshiro Takami
Comments: 6 Pages.

ζ(4), ζ(6), ζ(8).......ζ(52), ζ(54) considered. From these equations, it can be said that ζ(4), ζ(6), ζ(8).......ζ(52), ζ(54) are irrational numbers. ζ(56),ζ(58) etc. can also be expressed by these equations. Because I use π2, these seem to be irrational numbers. The fact that the even value of ζ(2n) is an irrational number can be said from the fact that each even value of ζ(2n) is an irrational number in addition to π2.
Category: Number Theory

[31250] viXra:1909.0230 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-11 00:13:05

An Unsolved Enigma: Dark Matter

Authors: Vaibhav Gupta
Comments: 4 Pages.

There are many unsolved mysteries of universe but Dark mysteries are always on top of research work. Approx. 95% matter is something we cannot observe directly so we use indirect methods. For developing these methods, we need some analogy which connects these hypothetical arguments into daily routine things. In this article need of dark matter research, analogy of dark matter and some recent news are discussed.
Category: History and Philosophy of Physics

[31249] viXra:1909.0229 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-11 00:27:08

Atoms Race Toward Black Holes

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 25 Pages.

According to the team, their study is the first unambiguous confirmation that quasar emissions fuelled by interstellar material trapped in the sphere of influence of supermassive black holes. [20] If someone were to venture into one of these relatively benign black holes, they could survive, but their past would be obliterated and they could have an infinite number of possible futures. [19] The group explains their theory in a paper published in the journal Physical Review Letters—it involves the idea of primordial black holes (PBHs) infesting the centers of neutron stars and eating them from the inside out. [18]
Category: Astrophysics

[31248] viXra:1909.0227 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-11 00:48:51

Solution to Solar Model Problems

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 46 Pages.

"Experiments of hot dense plasma are challenging enough that we should not rule out the possibility of error," Nagayama said. "And the science impact is enormous—this obligates us to continue examining the experiment's validity." [30] The researchers extracted a 2-D material they call hematene from ordinary iron ore. The material is only three atoms thick and is thought to have enhanced photocatalytic properties. [29] A new hybrid energy-harvesting device may one day replace the need for batteries in certain low-power electronics devices. [28]
Category: Astrophysics

[31247] viXra:1909.0226 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-11 01:08:53

Electrode Free Nanopore Sensing

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 58 Pages.

Researchers at Nanjing University in China have now made the first nanopore sensor that works optically and does not require any electrical connections. [39] An international research team around physicist Wolfgang Lang at the University of Vienna has succeeded in producing the world's densest complex nano arrays for anchoring flux quanta, the fluxons. [38] Optical properties of materials are based on their chemistry and the inherent subwavelength architecture, although the latter remains to be characterized in depth. [37] More than 100 years ago, Albert Einstein and Wander Johannes de Haas discovered that when they used a magnetic field to flip the magnetic state of an iron bar dangling from a thread, the bar began to rotate. [36] Researchers at the Max Born Institute have now generated directed currents at terahertz (THz) frequencies, much higher than the clock rates of current electronics. [35] Researchers at Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU) have developed a simple yet accurate method for finding defects in the latest generation of silicon carbide transistors. [34] In 2017, University of Utah physicist Valy Vardeny called perovskite a "miracle material" for an emerging field of next-generation electronics, called spintronics, and he's standing by that assertion. [33] Scientists at Tokyo Institute of Technology proposed new quasi-1-D materials for potential spintronic applications, an upcoming technology that exploits the spin of electrons. [32] They do this by using "excitons," electrically neutral quasiparticles that exist in insulators, semiconductors and in some liquids. [31] Researchers at ETH Zurich have now developed a method that makes it possible to couple such a spin qubit strongly to microwave photons. [30] Quantum dots that emit entangled photon pairs on demand could be used in quantum communication networks. [29] Researchers successfully integrated the systems-donor atoms and quantum dots. [28]
Category: Condensed Matter

[31246] viXra:1909.0225 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-11 01:27:48

Waves with Metamaterials

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 59 Pages.

For Jordan Raney, assistant professor in the Department of Mechanical Engineering and Applied Mechanics, cutting-edge science sometimes involves whacking a rubber disc with a hammer. [40] Researchers at Nanjing University in China have now made the first nanopore sensor that works optically and does not require any electrical connections. [39] An international research team around physicist Wolfgang Lang at the University of Vienna has succeeded in producing the world's densest complex nano arrays for anchoring flux quanta, the fluxons. [38] Optical properties of materials are based on their chemistry and the inherent subwavelength architecture, although the latter remains to be characterized in depth. [37] More than 100 years ago, Albert Einstein and Wander Johannes de Haas discovered that when they used a magnetic field to flip the magnetic state of an iron bar dangling from a thread, the bar began to rotate. [36] Researchers at the Max Born Institute have now generated directed currents at terahertz (THz) frequencies, much higher than the clock rates of current electronics. [35] Researchers at Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU) have developed a simple yet accurate method for finding defects in the latest generation of silicon carbide transistors. [34] In 2017, University of Utah physicist Valy Vardeny called perovskite a "miracle material" for an emerging field of next-generation electronics, called spintronics, and he's standing by that assertion. [33] Scientists at Tokyo Institute of Technology proposed new quasi-1-D materials for potential spintronic applications, an upcoming technology that exploits the spin of electrons. [32] They do this by using "excitons," electrically neutral quasiparticles that exist in insulators, semiconductors and in some liquids. [31] Researchers at ETH Zurich have now developed a method that makes it possible to couple such a spin qubit strongly to microwave photons. [30] Quantum dots that emit entangled photon pairs on demand could be used in quantum communication networks. [29]
Category: Condensed Matter

[31245] viXra:1909.0224 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-11 01:41:38

Reconfigurable Electronics Wearable

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 60 Pages.

Medical implants of the future may feature reconfigurable electronic platforms that can morph in shape and size dynamically as bodies change or transform to relocate from one area to monitor another within our bodies. [40] Researchers at Nanjing University in China have now made the first nanopore sensor that works optically and does not require any electrical connections. [39] An international research team around physicist Wolfgang Lang at the University of Vienna has succeeded in producing the world's densest complex nano arrays for anchoring flux quanta, the fluxons. [38] Optical properties of materials are based on their chemistry and the inherent subwavelength architecture, although the latter remains to be characterized in depth. [37]
Category: Physics of Biology

[31244] viXra:1909.0223 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-11 01:50:48

Electronic Device

Authors: Harsimran Dhaliwal
Comments: 71 Pages.

An electronic device comprising a first display, a second display, a processor, a memory and atleast one camera whereby instructions stored in the memory that when executed enables the processor to display visual data received from the camera on the first display and also on the second display whereby via an input a picture is recorded and displayed on atleast the second display wherein the picture has a visual effect applied to the picture displayed.
Category: Education and Didactics

[31243] viXra:1909.0222 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-11 02:12:16

Future Communication Technology

Authors: CuiHailong
Comments: 3 Pages.

Future Communication Technology,using the coherence of laser, superluminal quantum communication is realized at long distance, which opens up a new era of communication.
Category: Quantum Physics

[31242] viXra:1909.0221 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-11 02:25:33

Using Laser to Achieve Faster-Than-Light Communication

Authors: CuiHailong
Comments: 2 Pages.

using the coherence of laser, superluminal quantum communication is realized at long distance, which opens up a new era of communication.
Category: Quantum Physics

[31241] viXra:1909.0220 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-11 04:32:08

Measuring the Environmental Sustainability of Cities and Societies

Authors: Ricardo Alvira
Comments: 61 Pages.

Increasing evidence of the negative effects of the current human development model on the environment [e.g. climate change], make clear the decreasing capability of our planet [as environment] of sustaining human societies over time. Thus, reducing such increasing environmental unsustainability of our societies has become a priority. This requires detecting and modifying current unsustainable patterns of behavior and substituting them for others sustainable patterns. In order to undertake such transformation, we need being able to quantitatively characterize the greater or lesser environmental sustainability of different behaviors incorporated in our current ways of life, as well as those alternatives that could substitute them.
Category: General Science and Philosophy

[31240] viXra:1909.0219 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-11 04:43:05

Optical Vacuum Cleaner Nanoparticles

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 59 Pages.

Scientists at Tomsk Polytechnic University jointly with Russian and international colleagues developed the concept for constructing an "optical vacuum cleaner." [40] Researchers at Nanjing University in China have now made the first nanopore sensor that works optically and does not require any electrical connections. [39] An international research team around physicist Wolfgang Lang at the University of Vienna has succeeded in producing the world's densest complex nano arrays for anchoring flux quanta, the fluxons. [38] Optical properties of materials are based on their chemistry and the inherent subwavelength architecture, although the latter remains to be characterized in depth. [37] More than 100 years ago, Albert Einstein and Wander Johannes de Haas discovered that when they used a magnetic field to flip the magnetic state of an iron bar dangling from a thread, the bar began to rotate. [36] Researchers at the Max Born Institute have now generated directed currents at terahertz (THz) frequencies, much higher than the clock rates of current electronics. [35] Researchers at Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU) have developed a simple yet accurate method for finding defects in the latest generation of silicon carbide transistors. [34] In 2017, University of Utah physicist Valy Vardeny called perovskite a "miracle material" for an emerging field of next-generation electronics, called spintronics, and he's standing by that assertion. [33] Scientists at Tokyo Institute of Technology proposed new quasi-1-D materials for potential spintronic applications, an upcoming technology that exploits the spin of electrons. [32] They do this by using "excitons," electrically neutral quasiparticles that exist in insulators, semiconductors and in some liquids. [31] Researchers at ETH Zurich have now developed a method that makes it possible to couple such a spin qubit strongly to microwave photons. [30] Quantum dots that emit entangled photon pairs on demand could be used in quantum communication networks. [29]
Category: Condensed Matter

[31239] viXra:1909.0218 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-11 05:16:47

Organic Solar Cell Design

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 48 Pages.

Solar cells that use mixtures of organic molecules to absorb sunlight and convert it to electricity, that can be applied to curved surfaces such as the body of a car, could be a step closer thanks to a discovery that challenges conventional thinking about one of the key components of these devices. [31] "Experiments of hot dense plasma are challenging enough that we should not rule out the possibility of error," Nagayama said. "And the science impact is enormous—this obligates us to continue examining the experiment's validity." [30] The researchers extracted a 2-D material they call hematene from ordinary iron ore. The material is only three atoms thick and is thought to have enhanced photocatalytic properties. [29]
Category: Thermodynamics and Energy

[31238] viXra:1909.0217 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-11 05:40:41

PET/CT-Guided Chemoradiotherapy

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 68 Pages.

Lead author Tom Konert of the Netherlands Cancer Institute and co-authors reported that interim findings showed much better outcomes for the prospectively-enrolled patients, even though they had more advanced NSCLC. [38] The group of NanoBiotechnology at IMDEA Nanociencia, led by Prof. Álvaro Somoza, has used gold nanoclusters coated with albumin to facilitate the attachment of two active molecules for the treatment of breast cancer. [37] Microtubules are protein polymers that assemble into dynamic structures, essential for cell division, shape, motility, and transport of intracellular cargos. [36] Researchers at the University of Wisconsin-Madison have addressed many of those problems by packing a gene-editing payload into a tiny customizable, synthetic nanocapsule. [35]
Category: Physics of Biology

[31237] viXra:1909.0216 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-11 05:57:04

Einstein vs Bell? Bell's Inequality Refuted, Bell's Error Corrected.

Authors: Gordon Stewart Watson
Comments: 3 Pages.

Bell's inequality is widely regarded as a profound proof that nature is nonlocal, not Einstein-local. Against this, and supporting Einstein, we refute Bell's inequality and correct his error. We thus advance the principle of true-local-realism (TLR); the union of true-locality (no beables move superluminally, after Einstein) and true-realism (some beables change interactively, after Bohr). Importantly, for STEM teachers: we believe our commonsense results require no knowledge of quantum mechanics. Let us see.
Category: Quantum Physics

[31236] viXra:1909.0215 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-09 08:08:04

Simple Tesla Algorithm, the Art of Multiplying by Adding.

Authors: Zeolla Gabriel Martín
Comments: 25 Pages.

The Simple Tesla algorithm, is the art of multiplying by adding. We can use this method to calculate the product of any number with true accuracy. It has indisputable applications in various areas such as polynomials, complex numbers, binary numbers and many more. Basically multiplying is an act of repeated sums, and true to this concept is how this algorithm is developed.
Category: General Mathematics

[31235] viXra:1909.0214 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-09 08:07:35

High-Entropy Nanoparticles

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 49 Pages.

The high-entropy alloy nanoparticles are believed to have great potential for catalytic applications. [32] Scientists have designed an ultra-miniaturised device that could directly image single cells without the need for a microscope or make chemical fingerprint analysis possible from a smartphone. [31] Nanowires promise to make LEDs more colorful and solar cells more efficient, in addition to speeding up computers. [30]
Category: Condensed Matter

[31234] viXra:1909.0213 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-09 08:22:42

Gold Cluster Chops Carbon Dioxide

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 50 Pages.

A doctoral dissertation from University of Jyvaskyla, Finland, shows successful computer simulations that were able to predict the atom-precise structure of a cluster comprising 11 gold atoms. [33] The high-entropy alloy nanoparticles are believed to have great potential for catalytic applications. [32] Scientists have designed an ultra-miniaturised device that could directly image single cells without the need for a microscope or make chemical fingerprint analysis possible from a smartphone. [31] Nanowires promise to make LEDs more colorful and solar cells more efficient, in addition to speeding up computers. [30] A new form of electron microscopy allows researchers to examine nanoscale tubular materials while they are "alive" and forming liquids-a first in the field. [29] A UCLA-led team has gained a never-before-seen view of nucleation-capturing how the atomsrearrange at 4-D atomic resolution (that is, in three dimensions of space and across time). [28] Self-assembly and crystallisation of nanoparticles (NPs) is generally a complex process, based on the evaporation or precipitation of NP-building blocks. [27] New nanoparticle-based films that are more than 80 times thinner than a human hair may help to fill this need by providing materials that can holographically archive more than 1000 times more data than a DVD in a 10-by-10-centimeter piece of film. [26] Researches of scientists from South Ural State University are implemented within this area. [25] Following three years of extensive research, Hebrew University of Jerusalem (HU) physicist Dr. Uriel Levy and his team have created technology that will enable computers and all optic communication devices to run 100 times faster through terahertz microchips. [24] When the energy efficiency of electronics poses a challenge, magnetic materials may have a solution. [23]
Category: Condensed Matter

[31233] viXra:1909.0212 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-09 09:40:15

Molecule Change Through Light

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 46 Pages.

A team from the Cluster of Excellence Ruhr Explores Solvation at Ruhr-Universität Bochum (RUB) has developed and manufactured a novel molecule called 3-methoxy-9-fluorenylidene. What's special about it: its magnetic properties can be controlled through light of different colors. This might be of use for computer industry. [29] A way of making organic polymers from the fragrant molecules in conifers and fruit trees has been developed by scientists at the University of Birmingham. [28] The development of mass spectrometry (MS) methods-those which define the chemical composition of cells-represent a further milestone for research in the field of cell biology. [27] These reactions lead to a host of activities in plants, including converting primary metabolites like phenylalanine and tyrosine into vital specialized molecules called flavonoids. [26] Researchers at the UPV/EHU-University of the Basque Country have developed a biomedical device for cell immune-isolation (microcapsules) with luminescence for in vivo tracking. [25] Using x-rays to reveal the atomic-scale 3-D structures of proteins has led to countless advances in understanding how these molecules work in bacteria, viruses, plants, and humans-and has guided the development of precision drugs to combat diseases such as cancer and AIDS. [24] How did life arise on Earth? Rutgers researchers have found among the first and perhaps only hard evidence that simple protein catalysts-essential for cells, the building blocks of life, to function-may have existed when life began. [23] A new method allows researchers to systematically identify specialized proteins that unpack DNA inside the nucleus of a cell, making the usually dense DNA more accessible for gene expression and other functions. [22] Bacterial systems are some of the simplest and most effective platforms for the expression of recombinant proteins. [21]
Category: Quantum Physics

[31232] viXra:1909.0211 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-09 10:09:54

Nanoribbons Framework

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 50 Pages.

The nanostructure of metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) plays an important role in various applications since different nanostructures usually exhibit different properties and functions. [33] The high-entropy alloy nanoparticles are believed to have great potential for catalytic applications. [32] Scientists have designed an ultra-miniaturised device that could directly image single cells without the need for a microscope or make chemical fingerprint analysis possible from a smartphone. [31] Nanowires promise to make LEDs more colorful and solar cells more efficient, in addition to speeding up computers. [30] A new form of electron microscopy allows researchers to examine nanoscale tubular materials while they are "alive" and forming liquids-a first in the field. [29] A UCLA-led team has gained a never-before-seen view of nucleation-capturing how the atomsrearrange at 4-D atomic resolution (that is, in three dimensions of space and across time). [28] Self-assembly and crystallisation of nanoparticles (NPs) is generally a complex process, based on the evaporation or precipitation of NP-building blocks. [27] New nanoparticle-based films that are more than 80 times thinner than a human hair may help to fill this need by providing materials that can holographically archive more than 1000 times more data than a DVD in a 10-by-10-centimeter piece of film. [26] Researches of scientists from South Ural State University are implemented within this area. [25] Following three years of extensive research, Hebrew University of Jerusalem (HU) physicist Dr. Uriel Levy and his team have created technology that will enable computers and all optic communication devices to run 100 times faster through terahertz microchips. [24] When the energy efficiency of electronics poses a challenge, magnetic materials may have a solution. [23]
Category: Physics of Biology

[31231] viXra:1909.0210 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-09 10:51:11

Calculation of the Standard Model Parameters and Particles Based on a Su(4) Preon Model

Authors: Jan Helm
Comments: 76 Pages.

This paper describes an extension and a new foundation of the Standard Model of particle physics based on a SU(4)-force called hyper-color. The hyper-color force is a generalization of the SU(2)-based weak interaction and the SU(1)-based right-chiral self-interaction, in which the W- and the Z-bosons are Yukawa residual-field-carriers of the hyper-color force, in the same sense as the pions are the residual-field-carriers of the color SU(3) interaction. Using the method of numerical minimization of the SU(4)-Lagrangian based on this model, the masses and the inner structure of leptons, quarks and weak bosons are calculated: the mass results are very close to the experimental values. We calculate also precisely the value of the Cabibbo angle, so the mixing matrices of the Standard model, CKM matrix for quarks and PMNS matrix for neutrinos can also be calculated. In total, we reduce the 28 parameters of the Standard Model to 2 masses and 2 parameters of the hyper-color coupling constant.
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[31230] viXra:1909.0209 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-09 10:45:25

Metal Flecks for Cancer Therapies

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 64 Pages.

Tiny extracts of a precious metal used widely in industry could play a vital role in new cancer therapies. [34] The researchers aim to develop an endoscope-compatible fibre-optic probe that combines diffuse reflectance spectroscopy and Raman spectroscopy. [33] Automated radiotherapy planning is a boon for medical physicists and dosimetrists, radiotherapy departments, and patients themselves – according to a team at Cone Health Cancer Center
Category: Physics of Biology

[31229] viXra:1909.0208 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-09 11:17:23

Tiny Capsules Gene Therapy

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 65 Pages.

Researchers at the University of Wisconsin-Madison have addressed many of those problems by packing a gene-editing payload into a tiny customizable, synthetic nanocapsule. [35] Tiny extracts of a precious metal used widely in industry could play a vital role in new cancer therapies. [34] The researchers aim to develop an endoscope-compatible fibre-optic probe that combines diffuse reflectance spectroscopy and Raman spectroscopy. [33]
Category: Physics of Biology

[31228] viXra:1909.0207 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-09 11:35:25

Interferometric Single-Molecule Microscopy

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 44 Pages.

In a study published online in Nature Methods, Prof. Xu Tao and Prof. Ji Wei from the Institute of Biophysics of the Chinese Academy of Sciences developed a new interferometric single-molecule localization microscopy process with fast modulated structured illumination, called Repetitive Optical Selective Exposure (ROSE). [33] However, a discovery published in the journal Science by Professor Nikolay Zheludev and Dr. Guanghui Yuan at NTU's School of Physical & Mathematical Sciences describes a new optical method that can measure displacements of a nanometer—the smallest distance ever directly measured, using near infrared light. [32] Compact quantum devices could be incorporated into laptops and mobile phones, thanks in part to small devices called quantum optical micro-combs. [31] Taking their name from an intricate Japanese basket pattern, kagome magnets are thought to have electronic properties that could be valuable for future quantum devices and applications. [30] A team of Cambridge researchers have found a way to control the sea of nuclei in semiconductor quantum dots so they can operate as a quantum memory device. [29] Researchers successfully integrated the systems-donor atoms and quantum dots. [28] A team of researchers including U of A engineering and physics faculty has developed a new method of detecting single photons, or light particles, using quantum dots. [27] Recent research from Kumamoto University in Japan has revealed that polyoxometalates (POMs), typically used for catalysis, electrochemistry, and photochemistry, may also be used in a technique for analyzing quantum dot (QD) photoluminescence (PL) emission mechanisms. [26] Researchers have designed a new type of laser called a quantum dot ring laser that emits red, orange, and green light. [25] The world of nanosensors may be physically small, but the demand is large and growing,
Category: Physics of Biology

[31227] viXra:1909.0205 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-09 12:46:47

Phytoplankton Gene Technology

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 51 Pages.

In the doctoral dissertation under review at the University of Jyväskylä, a new gene technology was developed to replace the laborious microscopic identification of small phytoplankton species. [34] The nanostructure of metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) plays an important role in various applications since different nanostructures usually exhibit different properties and functions. [33] The high-entropy alloy nanoparticles are believed to have great potential for catalytic applications. [32] Scientists have designed an ultra-miniaturised device that could directly image single cells without the need for a microscope or make chemical fingerprint analysis possible from a smartphone. [31] Nanowires promise to make LEDs more colorful and solar cells more efficient, in addition to speeding up computers. [30] A new form of electron microscopy allows researchers to examine nanoscale tubular materials while they are "alive" and forming liquids-a first in the field. [29] A UCLA-led team has gained a never-before-seen view of nucleation-capturing how the atomsrearrange at 4-D atomic resolution (that is, in three dimensions of space and across time). [28] Self-assembly and crystallisation of nanoparticles (NPs) is generally a complex process, based on the evaporation or precipitation of NP-building blocks. [27] New nanoparticle-based films that are more than 80 times thinner than a human hair may help to fill this need by providing materials that can holographically archive more than 1000 times more data than a DVD in a 10-by-10-centimeter piece of film. [26] Researches of scientists from South Ural State University are implemented within this area. [25] Following three years of extensive research, Hebrew University of Jerusalem (HU) physicist Dr. Uriel Levy and his team have created technology that will enable computers and all optic communication devices to run 100 times faster through terahertz microchips. [24]
Category: Physics of Biology

[31226] viXra:1909.0204 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-09 13:03:55

Attack of Predatory Bacteria

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 52 Pages.

Scientists have unraveled the attack initiation mechanism used by so-called "predatory bacteria', which are capable of invading and killing harmful bugs including E. coli or Salmonella. [35] In the doctoral dissertation under review at the University of Jyväskylä, a new gene technology was developed to replace the laborious microscopic identification of small phytoplankton species. [34] The nanostructure of metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) plays an important role in various applications since different nanostructures usually exhibit different properties and functions. [33]
Category: Physics of Biology

[31225] viXra:1909.0203 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-09 13:25:42

Microtubules Plus and Minus

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 66 Pages.

Microtubules are protein polymers that assemble into dynamic structures, essential for cell division, shape, motility, and transport of intracellular cargos. [36] Researchers at the University of Wisconsin-Madison have addressed many of those problems by packing a gene-editing payload into a tiny customizable, synthetic nanocapsule. [35] Tiny extracts of a precious metal used widely in industry could play a vital role in new cancer therapies. [34]
Category: Physics of Biology

[31224] viXra:1909.0202 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-09 13:43:26

First Stars in the Universe

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 76 Pages.

Astronomers are closing in on a signal that has been travelling across the Universe for 12 billion years, bringing them nearer to understanding the life and death of the very earliest stars. [47] Collisions between neutron stars are fascinating cosmic events that lead to the formation of numerous chemical elements. [46] Physicists from ITMO University have developed a model of an optical tractor beam to capture particles based on new artificial materials. [45] Researchers from the Structured Light group from the School of Physics at the University of the Witwatersrand in Johannesburg, South Africa, have found a way to use the full beam of a laser single cells in a human body, tiny particles in small volume chemistry, or working on future on-chip devices. [44] This research work by the UEx, which has been published in Scientific Reports, explored the electromagnetic properties of specific materials that can make certain objects invisible when they are introduced into its interior. [43] A research team from ITMO University and the Australian National University has discovered that different metasurfaces exhibit the same behavior provided a symmetry breaking is introduced to their unit cells "meta-atoms."[42] Electron microscopy has allowed scientists to see individual atoms, but even at that resolution not everything is clear. [41] A half-century ago, the theorist Walter Henneberger wondered if it were possible to use a laser field to free an electron from its atom without removing it from the nucleus. [40] A new study by researchers at the Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Graduate University (OIST) may explain this disparity. In the work, the OIST researchers measured electrical current across a two-dimensional plane. [39] Femtosecond lasers are capable of processing any solid material with high quality and high precision using their ultrafast and ultra-intense characteristics. [38] To create the flying microlaser, the researchers launched laser light into a water-filled hollow core fiber to optically trap the microparticle. Like the materials used to make traditional lasers, the microparticle incorporates a gain medium. [37]
Category: Astrophysics

[31223] viXra:1909.0201 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-09 15:04:08

The Non-forced Spherical Pendulum: Semi-numerical Solutions

Authors: Richard J. Mathar
Comments: 11 Pages.

Classical mechanics models the PLANE pendulum as a point mass fastened to a pole by a cord of fixed length. The mass is released at some distance from the pole. It moves along a section of a circle; the circle lies in a plane defined by the pole, the initial place, and the direction of the gravitational force. This manuscript deals with semi-numerical solutions of the equations of motion of the SPHERICAL pendulum. This pendulum has some azimuthal velocity and non-vanishing angular momentum. The cord restricts the motion to the surface of a sphere. The instantaneous plane of motion of the mass is no longer constant.
Category: Classical Physics

[31222] viXra:1909.0200 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-09 16:24:17

Okumura's Disc Series Can Beyond the Crucial Point of D\"aumler-Puha's Horn Torus Models for the Riemann Sphere

Authors: Saburou Saitoh
Comments: 6 Pages. A very surprising and mysterious property at the point at infinity.

Okumura's Disc Series Can Beyond the Crucial Point of D\"aumler-Puha's Horn Torus Models for the Riemann Sphere
Category: Functions and Analysis

[31221] viXra:1909.0199 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-10 00:53:25

New Material for Data Processing

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 50 Pages.

The material was discovered by an international research team in cooperation with Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg (MLU). [33] The high-entropy alloy nanoparticles are believed to have great potential for catalytic applications. [32] Scientists have designed an ultra-miniaturised device that could directly image single cells without the need for a microscope or make chemical fingerprint analysis possible from a smartphone. [31] Nanowires promise to make LEDs more colorful and solar cells more efficient, in addition to speeding up computers. [30]
Category: Condensed Matter

[31220] viXra:1909.0198 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-10 01:02:29

Controlling Crystals of Light

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 51 Pages.

Optical microresonators convert laser light into ultrashort pulses travelling around the resonator's circumference. [34] The material was discovered by an international research team in cooperation with Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg (MLU). [33] The high-entropy alloy nanoparticles are believed to have great potential for catalytic applications. [32] Scientists have designed an ultra-miniaturised device that could directly image single cells without the need for a microscope or make chemical fingerprint analysis possible from a smartphone. [31]
Category: Condensed Matter

[31219] viXra:1909.0197 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-10 01:11:18

Historical Claims to Test

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 52 Pages.

The latest analytical techniques available to scientists can confirm the validity of historical sources in some cases, and suggest a need for reconsideration in others. [35] Optical microresonators convert laser light into ultrashort pulses travelling around the resonator's circumference. [34] The material was discovered by an international research team in cooperation with Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg (MLU). [33] The high-entropy alloy nanoparticles are believed to have great potential for catalytic applications. [32] Scientists have designed an ultra-miniaturised device that could directly image single cells without the need for a microscope or make chemical fingerprint analysis possible from a smartphone. [31]
Category: Condensed Matter

[31218] viXra:1909.0196 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-10 02:32:59

Influence of the Biofield Energy Treated Novel Test Formulation on Different Organ Specific Biomarkers

Authors: Lauree Ann Duprey-Reed, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Alice Branton, Dahryn Trivedi, Gopal Nayak, Sambhu Charan Mondal, Snehasis Jana
Comments: 14 Pages.

The study aimed to evaluate the effect of the Biofield Energy Treated test formulation on the function of different vital organs viz. bones, heart, liver, lungs, and brain in multiple cell-based assays. The test formulation and the cell media was divided into two parts; one part was untreated (UT) and other part received the Biofield Energy Treatment remotely by a renowned Biofield Energy Healer, Lauree Ann Duprey-Reed, Canada and was labeled as the Biofield Energy Treated (BT) test formulation/media. Cell viability data suggested that the test formulation was safe and non-toxic in nature in six different cells. The experimental groups of untreated medium (UT-Med) + Biofield Treated Test Item (BT-TI), BT-Med + UT-TI, and BT-Med + BT-TI groups showed 81.1% (at 1µg/mL), 78.4% (at 63µg/mL), and 87.9% (at 63µg/mL) restoration of cell viability, respectively in human cardiac fibroblasts cells (HCF) compared to the UT-Med + UT-TI group. Moreover, the UT-Med+ BT-TI group showed 80.4% and 89.9% restoration of cell viability at 0.1 and 1 µg/mL, respectively in human hepatoma cells (HepG2) compared to untreated. Furthermore, 181.3%, 93.2%, and 90.7% restoration of cell viability was observed in adenocarcinomic human alveolar basal epithelial cells (A549) by BT-Med + BT-TI group at 0.1, 25, and 63 µg/mL, respectively compared to the untreated. The alkaline phosphatase (ALP) level was significantly increased by 102.6%, 80.5%, and 100.5% in the UT-Med + BT-TI, BT-Med + UT-TI, and BT-Med + BT-TI groups, respectively at 10µg/mL in human bone osteosarcoma cells (MG-63) compared to the untreated. Additionally, the level of ALP was significantly increased by 40% (at 10µg/mL) in the BT-Med + BT-TI group in human endometrial adenocarcinoma cells (Ishikawa) compared to the untreated. The percent protection of HCF (heart) cells (decreased of LDH activity) was significantly increased by 156.2%, 80.1%, and 137.0% in the UT-Med + BT-TI, BT-Med + UT-TI, and BT-Med + BT-TI groups, respectively at 0.1µg/mL compared to the untreated in HCF cells. The percent protection of HepG2 (liver) cells (decreased of ALT activity) was significantly increased by 57.1% and 105.0% in the UT-Med + BT-TI and BT-Med + BT-TI groups, respectively at 25 µg/mL compared to untreated in HepG2 cells. The percent protection of A549 (lungs) cells (increased of SOD activity) was significantly increased by 30.4% and 51.9% in the BT-Med + BT-TI group at 30 and 63 µg/mL, respectively compared to untreated in A549 cells. Serotonin level was significantly increased by 67.9% and 42.3% in the BT-Med + UT-TI and BT-Med + BT-TI groups, respectively at 0.1µg/mL as compared to untreated in human neuroblastoma cells (SH-SY5Y). The relative quantification (RQ) of vitamin D receptor (VDR) was significantly increased by 136.8%, 191.9%, and 165.8% in the UT-Med + BT-TI, BT-Med + UT-TI, and BT-Med + BT-TI groups, respectively at 50 µg/mL compared to the untreated in MG-63 cells. Overall, the study outcomes suggest that the Biofield Energy Treated novel proprietary test formulation significantly improved the vital functional enzyme biomarkers relevant to bones, heart, liver, lungs, and brain. Altogether data suggest that the Biofield Energy Treatment (The Trivedi Effect®) can be useful to protect and maintain the normal function of each vital organ such as lungs, liver, heart, brain, and bones. Therefore, The Trivedi Effect® can be used as a complementary and alternative therapy against several disorders such as coronary artery disease, heart attack, heart failure, arrhythmias, congenital heart disease, cirrhosis, cardiomyopathy, liver cancer, Wilson disease, hemochromatosis, pneumonia, asthma, chronic bronchitis, emphysema, osteoporosis, cystic fibrosis, etc.
Category: Biochemistry

[31217] viXra:1909.0195 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-10 02:34:23

Effect of the Biofield Energy Treated Test Formulation on Tissue Specific Biomarkers in Various Human Cells

Authors: Jagdish Singh, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Alice Branton, Dahryn Trivedi, Gopal Nayak, Sambhu Charan Mondal, Snehasis Jana
Comments: 11 Pages.

Dysfunction of vital organs are the main concern for human health. Therefore, it is necessary to homeostat the normal function of vital organs such as lungs, liver, brain, and heart for better health. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of the Consciousness Energy Treated test formulation on the function of vital organs such as bones, heart, liver, lungs, and brain in various cell-based assays. The test formulation and the cell media was divided into two parts; one untreated (UT) and other part received the Biofield Energy Treatment remotely by a renowned Biofield Energy Healer, Jagdish Singh, USA and were labeled as the Biofield Energy Treated (BT) test formulation/media. Cell viability data suggested that the tested formulation was safe and non-toxic in nature in six different cells. The experimental groups like untreated medium (UT-Med) + Biofield Treated Test Item (BT-TI), BT-Med + UT-TI, and BT-Med + BT-TI showed 190.5%, 56.3%, and 73.8% restoration of cell viability at 1µg/mL in human cardiac fibroblasts cells (HCF) compared to the UT-Med + UT-TI group. Moreover, BT-Med + UT-TI and BT-Med + BT-TI groups showed 98.8% and 79.1% restoration of cell viability at 10µg/mL, respectively in human hepatoma cells (HepG2) compared to untreated. Furthermore, 261.7%, 165.8%, and 167.8% restoration of cell viability was observed in adenocarcinomic human alveolar basal epithelial cells (A549) by BT-Med + BT-TI group at 0.1, 1, and 10µg/mL, respectively compared to untreated. Alkaline phosphatase (ALP) level was significantly increased by 52.5% and 66.1% in the BT-Med + UT-TI group at 10 and 50µg/mL, respectively in human bone osteosarcoma cells (MG-63) compared to the untreated. Additionally, the level of ALP was significantly increased by101% and 170.6%in the BT-Med + UT-TI and BT-Med + BT-TI groups, respectively at 50µg/mL in human endometrial adenocarcinoma cells (Ishikawa) compared to the untreated. The percent protection of HCF (heart) cells (decreased of LDH activity) was significantly increased by 191.8% (at 0.01µg/mL) and 141.8% (10µg/mL)in the UT-Med + BT-TI and BT-Med + BT-TI groups, respectively compared to the untreated in HCF cells. The percent protection of HepG2 (liver) cells (decreased of ALT activity) was significantly increased by 88.1% (at 1µg/mL) and 44.9% (at 63µg/mL) in the BT-Med + UT-TI and UT-Med + BT-TI groups, respectively compared to untreated in HepG2 cells. The percent protection of A549 (lungs) cells (increased of SOD activity) was significantly increased by 19.6% and 13.6% in the BT-Med + UT-TI and BT-Med + BT-TI groups, respectively at 25µg/mL compared to untreated in A549 cells. Serotonin level was significantly increased by 475.6% (at 0.1µg/mL), 311.9% (at 1µg/mL), 400.5% (at 10µg/mL) and 250.9% (at 63µg/mL) in the BT-Med + BT-TI group compared to the untreated in human neuroblastoma cells (SH-SY5Y). The relative quantification (RQ) of vitamin D receptor (VDR) was significantly increased by 185% and 285.8% in the BT-Med + UT-TI and BT-Med + BT-TI groups, respectively at 10µg/mL compared to the untreated in MG-63 cells. Utterly, these results suggest that Biofield Energy Treated test formulation significantly improved the relevant bones, heart, liver, lungs, and brain-related functional enzyme biomarkers. Altogether data suggest that the Biofield Energy Treatment (The Trivedi Effect®) can be useful to protect and maintain the normal function of each vital organ such as lungs, liver, heart, brain, and bones. Therefore, The Trivedi Effect® can be used as a complementary and alternative therapy against several disorders such as coronary artery disease, heart attack, arrhythmias, heart failure, congenital heart disease, cardiomyopathy, cirrhosis, liver cancer, hemochromatosis, Wilson disease, pneumonia, asthma, emphysema, chronic bronchitis, cystic fibrosis, osteoporosis, etc.
Category: Biochemistry

[31216] viXra:1909.0194 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-10 02:35:45

Impact of Biofield Energy Treatment Based Test Formulation on Vital Organ Health Specific Biomarkers Using Cell Line Study

Authors: Ariadne Esmene Afaganis, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Alice Branton, Dahryn Trivedi, Gopal Nayak, Mayank Gangwar, Snehasis Jana
Comments: 15 Pages.

Multiple organ dysfunction syndrome or failure is one of the major concerns against healthcare services in order to maintain the normal function. The present study aimed to explore the impact of the Biofield Energy Treated test formulation on the function of vital organs such as bones, heart, liver, lungs, and brain using standard activity parameters in specific cell-based assays. The test formulation and cells medium was divided into two parts, one untreated (UT) and other part received the Biofield Energy Treatment remotely by a renowned Biofield Energy Healer, Ariadne Esmene Afaganis, Canada and was labeled as the Biofield Treated (BT) test formulation/media. The test formulation was tested for cell viability, and the data suggested that the test formulation was found safe and non-toxic against all the cell lines. Cytoprotective activity among the experimental groups showed a significant improved activity by 94.4% at 1 µg/mL in untreated medium (UT-Med) + Biofield Treated Test Item (BT-TI) group in human cardiac fibroblasts cells (HCF) cells, while 84.4% at 10 µg/mL in BT-Med + BT-TI groups in human hepatoma cells (HepG2), and 124% increased cytoprotective action at 1 µg/mL in UT-Med + BT-TI group in adenocarcinomic human alveolar basal epithelial cells (A549) cells as compared with the untreated test group. ALP activity in MG-63 cells was significantly increased by 85.9% at 10 µg/mL in the UT-Med + BT-TI group, while in Ishikawa cells showed maximum increased ALP activity by 59.2% at 0.1 µg/mL in BT-Med + BT-TI groups as compared to the untreated group. The percent protection of HCF (heart) cells (decreased of LDH activity) was significantly increased by 53% and 40.5% at 1 and 10 µg/mL concentrations respectively, in UT-Med + BT-TI group, while BT-Med + UT-TI group showed increased protection by 68.5%, 70.7%, and 16.8% at 0.1, 1, and 10 µg/mL respectively, and 86.5%, 62.5%, and 34.2% improved cellular protection at 0.1, 1, and 10 µg/mL respectively, in BT-Med + BT-TI group as compared to the untreated test group. The percent protection of HepG2 (liver) cells (decreased of ALT activity) was reported by 33.5%, 63.2%, and 99.2% at 10 µg/mL in the UT-Med + BT-TI, BT-Med + UT-TI, and BT-Med + BT-TI groups, respectively compared to the untreated group. Cellular protection of A549 (lungs) cells (increased of SOD activity) in terms of percentage was increased by increased by 39.8% (at 10 µg/mL), 44% (at 25.5 µg/mL), and 59.7% (at 25.5 µg/mL) in the UT-Med + BT-TI, BT-Med + UT-TI, and BT-Med + BT-TI groups, respectively compared to untreated group. Serotonin level was significantly increased by 59.2% (at 0.1 µg/mL), 190.3% (at 0.1 µg/mL), and 201% (at 1 µg/mL) in the UT-Med + BT-TI, BT-Med + UT-TI, and BT-Med + BT-TI groups, respectively compared to untreated in human neuroblastoma cells (SH-SY5Y). However, the relative quantification (RQ) of vitamin D receptor (VDR) was significantly increased by 159.1% (at 50 µg/mL), 212.7% (at 1 µg/mL), and 278.3% (at 10 µg/mL) in the UT-Med + BT-TI, BT-Med + UT-TI, and BT-Med + BT-TI groups, respectively as compared to the untreated in MG-63 cells. Thus, the present data concluded that the overall multiple organ health using various standard biomarkers in specific cell lines were significantly improved with respect to health of bones, heart, liver, lungs, and brain after treatment with the Biofield Energy treated test formulation (The Trivedi Effect®). Thus, it can be used as a complementary and alternative therapy approach against many multiple organ disorders such as coronary artery disease, arrhythmias, congenital heart disease, cardiomyopathy, cirrhosis, liver cancer, hemochromatosis, asthma, chronic bronchitis, cystic fibrosis, osteoporosis, etc.
Category: Biochemistry

[31215] viXra:1909.0193 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-10 02:37:23

Impact of the Biofield Energy Healing Based Test Formulation on Various Health Biomarkers Using Cell-Based Assays

Authors: Elizabeth Patric, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Alice Branton, Dahryn Trivedi, Gopal Nayak, Mayank Gangwar, Snehasis Jana
Comments: 11 Pages.

Various complementary approaches have been used against multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS), which is the major contributor in high mortality among the healthcare centers. The aim of the present study was to determine the impact of the Biofield Energy Treatment on test formulation and different cell line medium related with vital organs functioning. Different organ based cell lines were used in the study for testing the effects of test formulation. The test item (TI) and specific cell line media (Med) was divided into two parts; one untreated (UT-TI) and other part received the Biofield Energy Treatment remotely by a renowned Biofield Energy Healer, Elizabeth Patric, USA and were labeled as the Biofield Energy Treated (BT) test formulation/media. MTT assay was used for cell viability assay, and the results showed that the test item was found non-toxic. Cytoprotective action of the test formulation showed a significant maximum restoration of cell viability by 129.7% (at 1 µg/mL), 28.4% (at 63.75 µg/mL), and 44.5% (at 10 µg/mL) in the UT-Med + BT-TI, BT-Med + UT-TI, and BT-Med + BT-TI groups respectively, as compared to the untreated test group in human cardiac fibroblasts cells (HCF) cells, while 53.4% (at 63.75 µg/mL), 14.5% (at 10 µg/mL), and 22.9% (at 25.5 µg/mL) improved cellular protection of human hepatoma cells (HepG2) cells in the UT-Med + BT-TI, BT-Med + UT-TI, and BT-Med + BT-TI groups respectively, as compared to the untreated test group. In addition, cytoprotective activity in adenocarcinoma human alveolar basal epithelial cells (A549) showed improved cell viability by 25.6% (at 25.5 µg/mL), 59.8% (at 10 µg/mL), and 26.1% (at 1 µg/mL) in the UT-Med + BT-TI, BT-Med + UT-TI, and BT-Med + BT-TI groups respectively, as compared to the untreated test group. ALP activity in MG-63 cells was maximum increased by 84.9% at 50 µg/mL in the BT-Med + BT-TI group, while in Ishikawa cells showed maximum increased ALP activity by 308.1% at 0.1 µg/mL in the BT-Med + BT-TI group as compared to the untreated group. The maximum percent cellular protection of HCF (heart) cells (decreased of LDH activity) was significantly increased by 76.7% (at 1 µg/mL), 44.3% (at 1 µg/mL), and 102.6% (at 10 µg/mL) in the UT-Med + BT-TI, BT-Med + UT-TI group, and BT-Med + BT-TI groups respectively, as compared to the untreated test group. Alanine amino transferase (ALT) in terms of percent protection of HepG2 (liver) cells (decreased of ALT activity) was reported at 63.75 µg/mL by 70.6%, 89.9%, and 76.6% in the UT-Med + BT-TI, BT-Med + UT-TI, BT-Med + BT-TI groups respectively, as compared to the untreated test group. Cellular protection of A549 (lungs) cells (increased of SOD activity) in terms of percentage was increased by 16.2% (at 10 µg/mL), 35.2% (at 63.75 µg/mL), and 17.7% (at 63.75 µg/mL) in the UT-Med + BT-TI, BT-Med + UT-TI, and BT-Med + BT-TI groups, respectively as compared to untreated group. Serotonin level was significantly increased by 14.6% (at 25 µg/mL), 41.2% (at 1 µg/mL), and 70.8% (at 10 µg/mL) in the UT-Med + BT-TI, BT-Med + UT-TI, and BT-Med + BT-TI groups, respectively compared to untreated test group in human neuroblastoma cells (SH-SY5Y). However, the relative quantification (RQ) of vitamin D receptor (VDR) was significantly increased by 166.8%, 266.4%, and 153.3% at 0.1 µg/mL in the UT-Med + BT-TI, BT-Med + UT-TI, and BT-Med + BT-TI groups, respectively as compared to the untreated in MG-63 cells. Thus, Biofield Energy Treated test formulation (The Trivedi Effect®) would be significantly useful for multiple organ health that can be used against coronary artery disease, arrhythmias, congenital heart disease, cardiomyopathy, cirrhosis, liver cancer, hemochromatosis, asthma, chronic bronchitis, cystic fibrosis, osteoporosis, etc.
Category: Biochemistry

[31214] viXra:1909.0192 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-10 02:38:12

Evaluation of the Impact of the Biofield Energy Treated Test Formulation on Various Biomarkers in human Bones, Heart, Liver, Lungs, and Brain Cells

Authors: Victoria Lee Vannes, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Alice Branton, Dahryn Trivedi, Gopal Nayak, Sambhu Charan Mondal, Snehasis Jana
Comments: 9 Pages.

Vital organs dysfunctions are the major concern for human health worldwide. The study aim was to investigate the impact of Biofield Treated test formulation on vital organs function using cell-based assays. The test formulation/test item (TI) and cell media (Med) was divided into two parts; one untreated (UT) and other part received the Biofield Treatment remotely by a renowned Biofield Energy Healer, Victoria Lee Vannes, USA and was labeled as Biofield Treated (BT) test formulation/media. Based on the cell viability test formulation was found safe in six different cells. The test formulation groups showed 112.6% and 108.65% restoration of cell viability in human cardiac fibroblasts cells (HCF); while, 845.63% restoration of cell viability in human hepatoma cells (HepG2) compared to UT-Med + UT-TI group. Furthermore, 131.86% restoration of cell viability was observed in adenocarcinomic human alveolar basal epithelial cells (A549) than untreated. The alkaline phosphatase (ALP) level was significantly increased by 94.87%, 99.06%, and 105.13% in UT-Med + BT-TI, BT-Med + UT-TI, and BT-Med + BT-TI groups, respectively at 10 µg/mL in human bone osteosarcoma cells (MG-63) than untreated. Additionally, ALP level was significantly increased by 150.97%, 382.08%, and 471.4% in UT-Med + BT-TI, BT-Med + UT-TI, and BT-Med + BT-TI, respectively at 0.1 µg/mL in human endometrial adenocarcinoma cells (Ishikawa) than untreated. The percent protection of HCF (heart) cells (decreased of LDH activity) was significantly increased by 115.1% (1 µg/mL) and 165.77% (10 µg/mL)in BT-Med + UT-TI and BT-Med + BT-TI, respectively than untreated. The percent protection of HepG2 (liver) cells (decreased of ALT activity) was significantly increased by 117.65% (1 µg/mL) and 91.3% (63 µg/mL) in UT-Med + BT-TI and BT-Med + BT-TI, respectively than untreated. The percent protection of A549 (lungs) cells (increased of SOD activity) was significantly increased by 40.56% in UT-Med + BT-TI at 10 µg/mL than untreated. Serotonin level was significantly increased by 543.84% (1 µg/mL), 477.12% (10 µg/mL), and 457.22% (10 µg/mL) in UT-Med + BT-TI, BT-Med + UT-TI, and BT-Med + BT-TI, respectively than untreated. The relative quantification (RQ) of vitamin D receptor (VDR) was significantly increased by 186.96%, 341.43%, and 291.31% in UT-Med + BT-TI, BT-Med + UT-TI, and BT-Med + BT-TI, respectively at 1 µg/mL than untreated. Overall, these results suggest that Biofield Treated test formulation significantly improved the bones, heart, liver, lungs, and brain-related functional enzyme biomarkers. Therefore, the Trivedi Effect® can be used as a complementary and alternative therapy against several disorders such as coronary artery disease, heart attack, arrhythmias, heart failure, congenital heart disease, cardiomyopathy, cirrhosis, liver cancer, hemochromatosis, Wilson disease, pneumonia, asthma, emphysema, chronic bronchitis, cystic fibrosis, osteoporosis, etc.
Category: Biochemistry

[31213] viXra:1909.0190 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-10 05:07:47

On the Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics

Authors: Gerard van der Ham
Comments: 1 Page.

The work of Einstein and Bell showed Copenhagen interpretation to be wrong.
Category: Quantum Physics

[31212] viXra:1909.0189 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-10 05:20:53

Modified Bisection Algorithm for Multiple Roots of Nonlinear Equation with the R Software

Authors: Kouider Mohammed Ridha
Comments: 3 Pages.

The most basic problem in numerical analysis (methods) is the root finding problem. In this paper we are interesting in represent numerical method which is the Modified Bisection Algorithm(MBA) referred to by Tanakan, (2013, [9]) for finding the multi-roots of a function. Hence in this study we programming the MBA for multi-roots with the R software.
Category: Functions and Analysis

[31211] viXra:1909.0188 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-08 06:50:08

Nanowires Newton's Glass Prism

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 48 Pages.

Scientists have designed an ultra-miniaturised device that could directly image single cells without the need for a microscope or make chemical fingerprint analysis possible from a smartphone. [31] Nanowires promise to make LEDs more colorful and solar cells more efficient, in addition to speeding up computers. [30] A new form of electron microscopy allows researchers to examine nanoscale tubular materials while they are "alive" and forming liquids—a first in the field. [29] A UCLA-led team has gained a never-before-seen view of nucleation—capturing how the atomsrearrange at 4-D atomic resolution (that is, in three dimensions of space and across time). [28]
Category: Condensed Matter

[31210] viXra:1909.0187 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-08 07:16:41

Platinum Fuel Cell Catalysts

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 74 Pages.

Platinum has long been used as a catalyst to enable the oxidation reduction reaction at the center of fuel cell technology. [49] Titanium oxide (TiO2) nanofibers can have various applications, such as in catalyzers and filters. [48] Today, scientists report progress in making versions of these nanoparticles that could someday give built-in night vision to humans. [47] A new piece of a difficult puzzle-the nature of memory-fell into place this week with a hint at how brain cells change structure when they learn something. [46] Researchers at the University of Alberta have found an important protein in the cells of a deadly infectious parasite, opening the door to less harmful treatment for millions of people suffering from diseases like sleeping sickness in Africa and Chagas disease in South America. [45] The remarkable ability of a small Australian sea snail to produce a colourful purple compound to protect its eggs is proving even more remarkable for its potential in a new anti-cancer pharmaceutical. [44] Gene editing technology is a technology that eliminates the underlying causes of and treats diseases by removing specific genesor editing genes to restore their normal function. In particular, CRISPR gene editing technology is now commonly used for immunotherapy by correcting the genes of immune cells to induce them to attack cancer cells selectively. [43] Bioengineers and biophysicists from the have discovered that the toxicity of nanoparticles depends more on their size and the extent to which their surface area is charged than on their chemical composition. [42] That's now possible thanks to research by Rice University scientists who used the light-emitting properties of particular molecules to create a fluorescent nano-thermometer. [41]
Category: Condensed Matter

[31209] viXra:1909.0186 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-08 07:32:44

Origami Structures out of Graphene

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 75 Pages.

A team of researchers from the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Vanderbilt University and the University of Maryland has created origami-like structures made out of graphene using scanning tunneling microscopy. In their paper published in the journal Science, the group explains how they achieved this feat and possible applications. [50] Platinum has long been used as a catalyst to enable the oxidation reduction reaction at the center of fuel cell technology. [49] Titanium oxide (TiO2) nanofibers can have various applications, such as in catalyzers and filters. [48] Today, scientists report progress in making versions of these nanoparticles that could someday give built-in night vision to humans. [47] A new piece of a difficult puzzle-the nature of memory-fell into place this week with a hint at how brain cells change structure when they learn something. [46] Researchers at the University of Alberta have found an important protein in the cells of a deadly infectious parasite, opening the door to less harmful treatment for millions of people suffering from diseases like sleeping sickness in Africa and Chagas disease in South America. [45] The remarkable ability of a small Australian sea snail to produce a colourful purple compound to protect its eggs is proving even more remarkable for its potential in a new anti-cancer pharmaceutical. [44] Gene editing technology is a technology that eliminates the underlying causes of and treats diseases by removing specific genesor editing genes to restore their normal function. In particular, CRISPR gene editing technology is now commonly used for immunotherapy by correcting the genes of immune cells to induce them to attack cancer cells selectively. [43] Bioengineers and biophysicists from the have discovered that the toxicity of nanoparticles depends more on their size and the extent to which their surface area is charged than on their chemical composition. [42]
Category: Condensed Matter

[31208] viXra:1909.0185 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-08 08:18:22

Feature Optics and the Critical Planes of the Grating

Authors: Paul Mirsky
Comments: 24 Pages.

Feature optics (FO) was recently proposed as a new tool which models the beam and the grating as combinations of simple elements called features. This work applies FO to the many patterns formed by the light from a grating as it propagates into the far field, passing through various planes. We find that the entire process can be expressed naturally and beautifully in terms of FO.
Category: Quantum Physics

[31207] viXra:1909.0184 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-08 08:20:14

Symmetry and Asymmetry in Feature Optics

Authors: Paul Mirsky
Comments: 32 Pages.

The slab and wedge act as symmetry and asymmetry transforms on the states of optical features. We interpret these as the thermodynamic entropy and the information-theoretic entropy, respectively. We show how slabs and wedges affect the beam and the grating.
Category: Quantum Physics

[31206] viXra:1909.0183 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-08 09:44:40

Plants Enzyme Medicines

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 42 Pages.

These reactions lead to a host of activities in plants, including converting primary metabolites like phenylalanine and tyrosine into vital specialized molecules called flavonoids. [26] Researchers at the UPV/EHU-University of the Basque Country have developed a biomedical device for cell immune-isolation (microcapsules) with luminescence for in vivo tracking. [25] Using x-rays to reveal the atomic-scale 3-D structures of proteins has led to countless advances in understanding how these molecules work in bacteria, viruses, plants, and humans-and has guided the development of precision drugs to combat diseases such as cancer and AIDS. [24] How did life arise on Earth? Rutgers researchers have found among the first and perhaps only hard evidence that simple protein catalysts-essential for cells, the building blocks of life, to function-may have existed when life began. [23] A new method allows researchers to systematically identify specialized proteins that unpack DNA inside the nucleus of a cell, making the usually dense DNA more accessible for gene expression and other functions. [22] Bacterial systems are some of the simplest and most effective platforms for the expression of recombinant proteins. [21] Now, in a new paper published in Nature Structural & Molecular Biology, Mayo researchers have determined how one DNA repair protein gets to the site of DNA damage. [20] A microscopic thread of DNA evidence in a public genealogy database led California authorities to declare this spring they had caught the Golden State Killer, the rapist and murderer who had eluded authorities for decades. [19] Researchers at Delft University of Technology, in collaboration with colleagues at the Autonomous University of Madrid, have created an artificial DNA blueprint for the replication of DNA in a cell-like structure. [18] An LMU team now reveals the inner workings of a molecular motor made of proteins which packs and unpacks DNA. [17]
Category: Physics of Biology

[31205] viXra:1909.0182 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-08 10:20:34

Nanoparticles Neutron Experiment

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 31 Pages.

Since neutrons interact strongly with deuterium (heavy hydrogen), the researchers used a deuterated electrolyte in the battery cell to make both the solid products (sulphur and lithium sulphide) visible. [20] Researchers in Madrid, Spain, have now observed the quantization of electron energy levels in copper similar to the effects of confinement within a nanostructure, but in a copper sample with no nanoscale dimensions in the plane of the observed effects. [19] This method, called atomic spin squeezing, works by redistributing the uncertainty unevenly between two components of spin in these measurements systems, which operate at the quantum scale. [18] Researchers from the University of Cambridge have taken a peek into the secretive domain of quantum mechanics. [17] Scientists at the University of Geneva (UNIGE), Switzerland, recently reengineered their data processing, demonstrating that 16 million atoms were entangled in a one-centimetre crystal. [15] The fact that it is possible to retrieve this lost information reveals new insight into the fundamental nature of quantum measurements, mainly by supporting the idea that quantum measurements contain both quantum and classical components. [14] Researchers blur the line between classical and quantum physics by connecting chaos and entanglement. [13] Yale University scientists have reached a milestone in their efforts to extend the durability and dependability of quantum information. [12] Using lasers to make data storage faster than ever. [11] Some three-dimensional materials can exhibit exotic properties that only exist in "lower" dimensions. For example, in one-dimensional chains of atoms that emerge within a bulk sample, electrons can separate into three distinct entities, each carrying information about just one aspect of the electron's identity-spin, charge, or orbit. The spinon, the entity that carries information about electron spin, has been known to control magnetism in certain insulating materials whose electron spins can point in any direction and easily flip direction. Now, a new study just published in Science reveals that spinons are also present in a metallic material in which the orbital movement of electrons around the atomic nucleus is the driving force behind the material's strong magnetism. [10] Currently studying entanglement in condensed matter systems is of great interest. This interest stems from the fact that some behaviors of such systems can only be explained with the aid of entanglement. [9] Researchers from the Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU) and the University of Cambridge in the UK have demonstrated that it is possible to directly generate an electric current in a magnetic material by rotating its magnetization. [8] This paper explains the magnetic effect of the electric current from the observed effects of the accelerating electrons, causing naturally the experienced changes of the electric field potential along the electric wire. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the wave particle duality and the electron's spin also, building the bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The changing acceleration of the electrons explains the created negative electric field of the magnetic induction, the changing relativistic mass and the Gravitational Force, giving a Unified Theory of the physical forces. Taking into account the Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators also, we can explain the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions.
Category: Condensed Matter

[31204] viXra:1909.0181 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-08 10:52:42

Unique Inside into Cells and Tissues

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 44 Pages.

The development of mass spectrometry (MS) methods—those which define the chemical composition of cells—represent a further milestone for research in the field of cell biology. [27] These reactions lead to a host of activities in plants, including converting primary metabolites like phenylalanine and tyrosine into vital specialized molecules called flavonoids. [26] Researchers at the UPV/EHU-University of the Basque Country have developed a biomedical device for cell immune-isolation (microcapsules) with luminescence for in vivo tracking. [25]
Category: Physics of Biology

[31203] viXra:1909.0180 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-08 11:26:25

Polymers from Fragrant Molecules

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 45 Pages.

A way of making organic polymers from the fragrant molecules in conifers and fruit trees has been developed by scientists at the University of Birmingham. [28] The development of mass spectrometry (MS) methods—those which define the chemical composition of cells—represent a further milestone for research in the field of cell biology. [27] These reactions lead to a host of activities in plants, including converting primary metabolites like phenylalanine and tyrosine into vital specialized molecules called flavonoids. [26] Researchers at the UPV/EHU-University of the Basque Country have developed a biomedical device for cell immune-isolation (microcapsules) with luminescence for in vivo tracking. [25]
Category: Physics of Biology

[31202] viXra:1909.0179 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-08 11:43:03

Hydrogen Peroxide Production Cleaning

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 48 Pages.

The most common process for making hydrogen peroxide begins with a highly toxic, flammable working solution that is combined with hydrogen, filtered, combined with oxygen, mixed in water, and then concentrated to extremely high levels for shipping. [29] A way of making organic polymers from the fragrant molecules in conifers and fruit trees has been developed by scientists at the University of Birmingham. [28] The development of mass spectrometry (MS) methods-those which define the chemical composition of cells-represent a further milestone for research in the field of cell biology. [27] These reactions lead to a host of activities in plants, including converting primary metabolites like phenylalanine and tyrosine into vital specialized molecules called flavonoids. [26] Researchers at the UPV/EHU-University of the Basque Country have developed a biomedical device for cell immune-isolation (microcapsules) with luminescence for in vivo tracking. [25] Using x-rays to reveal the atomic-scale 3-D structures of proteins has led to countless advances in understanding how these molecules work in bacteria, viruses, plants, and humans-and has guided the development of precision drugs to combat diseases such as cancer and AIDS. [24] How did life arise on Earth? Rutgers researchers have found among the first and perhaps only hard evidence that simple protein catalysts-essential for cells, the building blocks of life, to function-may have existed when life began. [23] A new method allows researchers to systematically identify specialized proteins that unpack DNA inside the nucleus of a cell, making the usually dense DNA more accessible for gene expression and other functions. [22] Bacterial systems are some of the simplest and most effective platforms for the expression of recombinant proteins. [21]
Category: Physics of Biology

[31201] viXra:1909.0178 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-08 12:33:13

Riemann Hypothesis Proof by Hadamard Product and Monotonicity

Authors: Shekhar Suman
Comments: 5 Pages.

Analytic continuation by hadamard product is strictly monotonic which implies RH
Category: Number Theory

[31200] viXra:1909.0177 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-08 14:01:25

First Integrals and Lagrangian Analysis of Nonlinear Differential Equations

Authors: M. Nonti, J. Akande, P. Mallick, K. K. D. AdjaÏ, B. Rath, M. D. Monsia
Comments: 2 pages

We propose in this paper first integrals and Lagrangian analysis of nonlinear differential equations.
Category: Mathematical Physics

[31199] viXra:1909.0176 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-08 14:11:28

Further Mathematical Connections Between the Dark Matter Candidate Particles, Some Ramanujan’s Mock Theta Functions and the Physics of Black Holes. II

Authors: Michele Nardelli, Antonio Nardelli
Comments: 114 Pages.

In the present research thesis, we have obtained further interesting new possible mathematical connections concerning the mathematics of Ramanujan mock theta functions, some sectors of Particle Physics, concerning principally the Dark Matter candidate particles and the physics of black holes.
Category: Mathematical Physics

[31198] viXra:1909.0175 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-08 14:12:19

Microwave Resonance and Doppler Effect

Authors: Eric Su
Comments: 2 Pages. All comments are welcome. Please include your email address and a short list of your publications

A standing wave can be formed in a microwave resonator if the length of the resonator is equal to one half of the wavelength multiplied by an integer. Two observers moving at the same speed will observe the resonator of the same length. They will also observe the same wavelength as the wavelength is proportional to the length of the resonator. If one observer moves in the opposite direction, they will observe an identical wavelength but two different frequencies due to the Doppler effect. Therefore, the apparent speed of the microwave appears to be different for these two observers.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[31197] viXra:1909.0174 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-08 14:35:08

Curve Decimation in SE(2) and SE(3)

Authors: Jan Hakenberg
Comments: 9 Pages.

We generalize the Ramer-Douglas-Peucker algorithm to operate on a sequence of elements from a Lie group. As the original, the new algorithm bounds the approximation error, and has an expected runtime complexity of O(n log n). We apply the curve decimation to data recorded from a car-like robot in SE(2), as well as from a drone in SE(3). The results show that many samples of the original sequence can be dropped while maintaining a high-quality approximation to the original trajectory.
Category: Geometry

[31196] viXra:1909.0172 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-08 22:10:56

Mechanism of Xenon Anesthetic Action in Spin-mediated Consciousness Theory & Its Experimental Support

Authors: Huping Hu, Maoxin Wu
Comments: 18 Pages. Published in Journal of Consciousness Exploration & Research, 10(6): pp. 425-442

In this paper, we discuss the mechanism of xenon anesthetic action in spin-mediated consciousness theory in light of the recent experimental findings of Li, et.al. on nuclear spins of xenon isotopes, xenon 131 and xenon 129, attenuating their anesthetic potency in mice. In the spin-mediated consciousness theory put forward in 2002, molecules containing unpaired electron spins, such as oxygen (O2) and nitric oxide (NO), interact with the mind pixels comprised of various nuclear spins in neural membranes and proteins and activate the latter as one of the steps generating conscious experience. Therefore, general anesthetics such as xenon produce anesthesia by perturbing O2 and/or NO pathways in neural membranes and proteins thus blocking and/or distorting their activation functions in consciousness. Naturally, the nuclear spins of xenon 131 and xenon 129 may partially play the activating roles of displaced O2 and/or NO among other possibilities to be briefly discussed and, thus attenuate the anesthetic potency of nuclear-spin-carrying xenon isotopes.
Category: Mind Science

[31195] viXra:1909.0171 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-08 23:51:35

An Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics with “uncertain Complex Wave”

Authors: Nguyen Dinh Dung
Comments: 6 Pages.

Some modifications of orthodox quantum mechanics were suggested. These modifications can solve the measurement problem. Base on these modifications, this paper also proposes a quantum reality with non-intuitive properties. From the suggested quantum reality, the classical picture was re-evaluated.
Category: Quantum Physics

[31194] viXra:1909.0170 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-09 01:48:19

[ Ironruby+.netsdk/linux/mruby Qrng Library/clips .net Expert Systems Software/clips ] Framework for Medical Image Processing

Authors: Nirmal Tej Kumar
Comments: 3 Pages. Short Communication

[ IronRuby+.NETSDK/Linux/mruby qrng library/CLIPS .NET Expert Systems Software/CLIPS ] Framework in the Context of Designing Next Generation Medical Image Processing Heterogeneous Software and Monitoring Using [ QRNGService/QRNG-Device ] based on Machine Learning Concepts – An Important but Simple R&D Suggestion for [ IoT/HPC ] Image Processing Software Architecture Implementation.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[31193] viXra:1909.0169 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-09 01:54:11

Cell-Based Vital Organs Specific Biomarkers Assessment using Biofield Energy Based Novel Test Formulation

Authors: Janice Patricia Kinney, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Alice Branton, Dahryn Trivedi, Gopal Nayak, Mayank Gangwar, Snehasis Jana
Comments: 15 Pages.

The aim of the present study was to determine the impact of Biofield Energy Treated test formulation using six different cell-lines. The test formulation/item (TI) and cell media (Med) was divided into two parts; one part was untreated (UT) and other part received Biofield Energy Treatment remotely by a renowned Biofield Energy Healer, Janice Patricia Kinney, USA and labeled as Biofield Energy Treated (BT) test item (TI)/ media. Based on cell viability assay, test formulation was found as safe at tested concentrations. Cytoprotective activity of test formulation showed a significant restoration of cell viability by 60.6% (10 µg/mL), 67.5% (63.75 µg/mL), and 117.5% (63.75 µg/mL) in UT-Med + BT-TI, BT-Med + UT-TI, BT-Med + BT-TI, respectively compared to untreated in human cardiac fibroblasts cells (HCF) cells. Moreover, restoration of cell viability was improved by 64% and 127.3% in UT-Med + BT-TI and BT-Med + UT-TI, respectively at 1 µg/mL compared to untreated in human liver cancer (HepG2) cells. Cellular restoration in A549 cells was improved by 314% and 112.3% at 1 µg/mL in BT-Med + UT-TI and BT-Med + BT-TI, respectively than untreated. ALP activity in Ishikawa cells was significantly increased by 175.5%, 547.2%, and 220.8% in UT-Med + BT-TI, BT-Med + UT-TI, and BT-Med + BT-TI, respectively at 0.1 µg/mL as compared to untreated. Additionally, in MG-63 cells showed increased ALP activity by 76.9%, 78.4%, and 79% in UT-Med + BT-TI, BT-Med + UT-TI, and BT-Med + BT-TI, respectively at 50 µg/mL compared to untreated. The percent cellular protection of HCF (heart) cells (decreased of LDH activity) was significantly increased by 60.6% (10 µg/mL), 67.5% (63.75 µg/mL), and 117.5% (63.75 µg/mL) in UT-Med + BT-TI, BT-Med + UT-TI, and BT-Med + BT-TI, respectively as compared to untreated. An improved HepG2 cells protection (represents decreased ALT activity) by 115.1% (1 µg/mL), 42.5% (25.5 µg/mL), and 60.8% (10 µg/mL) in UT-Med + BT-TI, BT-Med + UT-TI, BT-Med + BT-TI, respectively as compared to untreated. Percentage cellular protection of A549 (lungs) cells (represents increased of SOD activity) was significantly increased by 191.1% and 81.4% at 0.1 µg/mL in UT-Med + BT-TI and BT-Med + BT-TI, respectively as compared to untreated. Serotonin level was significantly increased by 31.8% (10 µg/mL) and 56.9% (25.5 µg/mL) in UT-Med + BT-TI and BT-Med + BT-TI, respectively compared to untreated in human neuroblastoma cells (SH-SY5Y). Relative quantification (RQ) of vitamin D receptor (VDR) was significantly increased by 304.3% (0.01 µg/mL), 128.4% (0.1 µg/mL), and 240% (0.1 µg/mL) in UT-Med + BT-TI, BT-Med + UT-TI, and BT-Med + BT-TI, respectively compared to untreated in MG-63 cells. Thus, Biofield Energy Treated test formulation (The Trivedi Effect®) significantly improved organ specific functional biomarkers and would be useful for multiple organs health related to coronary artery disease, arrhythmias, congenital heart disease, cardiomyopathy, cirrhosis, liver cancer, hemochromatosis, asthma, chronic bronchitis, cystic fibrosis, osteoporosis, etc.
Category: Biochemistry

[31192] viXra:1909.0168 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-09 01:54:42

Role of the Biofield Energy Treated Test Formulation on Different Vital Organ Specific Biomarkers

Authors: William Dean Plikerd, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Alice Branton, Dahryn Trivedi, Gopal Nayak, Mayank Gangwar, Snehasis Jana
Comments: 10 Pages.

The present study was undertaken to evaluate the impact of the Biofield Energy Treated test formulation using cell lines relat-ed with vital organs functioning. In vitro cells based assay were performed to study the effects on the bones, heart, liver, lungs, and brain cells. The test formulation and the cell media was divided into two parts; one part was untreated (UT) and other part received the Biofield Energy Treatment remotely by a renowned Biofield Energy Healer, William Dean Plikerd, USA and labeled as the Biofield Energy Treated (BT) test formulation/media. The test formulation was tested against various activities using cell line assay in their specific medium (Med). The test formulation was tested for cell viability, and the results showed that the test formulation at tested concentrations was found safe and non-toxic. Cytoprotective action of the test formulation showed a significant maximum restoration of cell viability by 133.4% (at 1 µg/mL), 65.7% (at 10 µg/mL), and 86.8% (at 10 µg/mL) in the UT-Med + BT-TI, BT-Med + UT-TI, BT-Med + BT-TI groups respectively, as compared to the untreated test group in human cardiac fibroblasts cells (HCF) cells, while improved restoration of cell viability by 97.4% (at 1 µg/mL), 85.7% (at 10 µg/mL), and 81.9% (at 10 µg/mL) in the UT-Med + BT-TI, BT-Med + UT-TI, BT-Med + BT-TI groups respect-tively, as compared to the untreated test group in HepG2 cells. Cellular restoration in A549 cells was improved by 174.2%, 472.6%, 118%, and 279.2% at 0.1, 1, 10, and 25.5 µg/mL respectively, in the BT-Med + UT-TI group, while 1514%, 1654.8%, 449.8%, and 540.4% improved cellular restoration was reported at 0.1, 1, 10, and 25.5 µg/mL respectively, at BT-Med + BT-TI groups as compared to the untreated test group. ALP activity in MG-63 cells was significantly increased by 93.4% at 50 µg/mL in the UT-Med + BT-TI group, while in Ishikawa cells showed maximum increased ALP activity by 107.4% at 50 µg/mL in the BT-Med + UT-TI group as compared to the untreated group. The maximum percent cellular protection of HCF (heart) cells (decreased of LDH activity) was significantly increased by 35.9% at 10 µg/mL in the UT-Med + BT-TI group, while BT-Med + UT-TI group showed increased protection by 69.3% at 1 µg/mL, and improved cellular protection by 119.1% and 44% at 1 and 10 µg/mL respectively, in the BT-Med + BT-TI group as compared to the untreated test group. Alanine amino transferase (ALT) activity was reported in terms of percent cellular protection of HepG2 (liver) cells. Results showed improved HepG2 cells protection (represents decreased ALT activity) by 23.8% (at 10 µg/mL), 98.1% (at 25.5 µg/mL), and 97.6% (at 25 µg/mL) in the UT-Med + BT-TI, BT-Med + UT-TI, BT-Med + BT-TI groups respectively, as compared to the untreated test group. Percentage cellular protection of A549 (lungs) cells (represents increased of SOD activity) was increased by 73.5%, 109.8%, and 97.7% at 0.1 µg/mL in the UT-Med + BT-TI, BT-Med + UT-TI, and BT-Med + BT-TI groups, respect-tively as compared to untreated group. Serotonin level was significantly increased 68% (at 25 µg/mL), 75.7% (at 0.1 µg/mL), and 57.2% (at 25 µg/mL) in the UT-Med + BT-TI, BT-Med + UT-TI, and BT-Med + BT-TI groups, respectively compared to untreated test group in human neuroblastoma cells (SH-SY5Y). However, the relative quantification (RQ) of vitamin D receptor (VDR) was significantly increased by 16.4% (at 10 µg/mL), 182% (at 50 µg/mL), and 137.1% (at 50 µg/mL) in the UT-Med + BT-TI, BT-Med + UT-TI, and BT-Med + BT-TI groups, respectively as compared to the untreated in MG-63 cells. In conclusion, Biofield Energy treated test formulation (The Trivedi Effect®) would be significantly useful for multiple organs health that can be used against coronary artery disease, arrhythmias, congenital heart disease, cardiomyopathy, cirrhosis, liver cancer, hemochromatosis, asthma, chronic bronchitis, cystic fibrosis, osteoporosis, etc.
Category: Biochemistry

[31191] viXra:1909.0167 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-09 01:55:20

Biofield Energy Treatment Based Test Formulation as a Novel and Efficient Approach on Various Biomarkers in human Bones, Heart, Liver, Lungs, and Brain Cells

Authors: Laura Nelson Streicher, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Alice Branton, Dahryn Trivedi, Gopal Nayak, Mayank Gangwar, Snehasis Jana
Comments: 15 Pages.

Multiple organ dysfunction syndromes (MODS) are one of the common reasons for increased mortality rate against healthcare services. The present experiment aimed to determine the impact of the Biofield Energy Treated test formulation on the function of vital organs such as bones, heart, liver, lungs, and brain using standard activity parameters in specific cell-based assays. The test formulation and cells medium was divided into two parts; one untreated (UT) and other part received the Biofield Energy Treatment remotely by a renowned Biofield Energy Healer, Laura Nelson Streicher, and USA and were labeled as the Biofield Energy Treated (BT) test formulation/media. The test formulation was tested against various activities using cell line assay. The test formulation was tested for cell viability, and the results showed that the test formulation was found non-toxic against all the cell lines at the tested concentrations. Cytoprotective activity among the experimental groups showed a significant improved activity by 156.9% at 1 µg/mL in UT- medium (Med) + BT - test item/formulation (TI) group in human cardiac fibroblasts cells (HCF) cells, while 94.5% at 25.5 µg/mL in the UT-Med + BT-TI group in human hepatoma cells (HepG2), and 92.4% at 63.75 µg/mL in the BT-Med + BT-TI group as compared with the untreated test group in adenocarcinomic human alveolar basal epithelial cells (A549) cells as compared with the untreated test group. Alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity in MG-63 cells was significantly increased by 80.2% and 93.5% at 10 and 50 µg/mL respectively in the UT-Med + BT-TI group, while in Ishikawa cells showed maximum increased ALP activity by 51.5% at 1 µg/mL in UT-Med + BT-TI group as compared to the untreated group. The percent protection of HCF (heart) cells (decreased of lactate dehydrogenase-LDH activity) was significantly increased by 156.9% and 18.3% at 1 and 10 µg/mL concentrations respectively, in UT-Med + BT-TI group, while BT-Med + UT-TI group showed increased protection by 24.5% and 17.7% at10 and 25.5 µg/mL respectively, and 67.1%, 32.2%, 47.7%, and 73.1% improved cellular protection 1, 10, 25.5, and 63.75 µg/mL respectively, in BT-Med + BT-TI group as compared to the untreated test group. Alanine amino transferase (ALT) in terms of percent protection of HepG2 (liver) cells (decreased of ALT activity) was reported by 93.1% and 64.1% at 1 µg/mL in the UT-Med + BT-TI and BT-Med + UT-TI groups, respectively as compared to the untreated group. Cellular protection of A549 (lungs) cells (increased of superoxide dismutase-SOD activity) in terms of percentage was increased by 20.6% (at 0.1 µg/mL) and 6.9% (at 10 µg/mL) in the UT-Med + BT-TI and BT-Med + BT-TI groups, respectively as compared to untreated group. Serotonin level was significantly increased by 59.3% (at 10 µg/mL), 55.6% (at 1 µg/mL), and 100.1% (at 0.1 µg/mL) in the UT-Med + BT-TI, BT-Med + UT-TI, and BT-Med + BT-TI groups, respectively compared to untreated in human neuroblastoma cells (SH-SY5Y). However, the relative quantification (RQ) of vitamin D receptor (VDR) was significantly increased by 150.6% (at 50 µg/mL), 380.1% (at 10 µg/mL), and 148.1% (at 50 µg/mL) in the UT-Med + BT-TI, BT-Med + UT-TI, and BT-Med + BT-TI groups, respectively as compared to the untreated in MG-63 cells. In conclusion, test formulation would be significantly useful for multiple organ health and improve overall health of bones, heart, liver, lungs, and brain after treatment with the Biofield Energy treated test formulation (The Trivedi Effect®). As a complementary and alternative therapy, Biofield Energy approach can be used against coronary artery disease, arrhythmias, congenital heart disease, cardiomyopathy, cirrhosis, liver cancer, hemochromatosis, asthma, chronic bronchitis, cystic fibrosis, osteoporosis, etc.
Category: Biochemistry

[31190] viXra:1909.0166 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-09 04:54:56

Monitor Cancer in Treatment Process

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 63 Pages.

The researchers aim to develop an endoscope-compatible fibre-optic probe that combines diffuse reflectance spectroscopy and Raman spectroscopy. [33] Automated radiotherapy planning is a boon for medical physicists and dosimetrists, radiotherapy departments, and patients themselves-according to a team at Cone Health Cancer Center. [32] Proton CT is proposed as an alternative to X-ray CT for acquiring relative stopping power (RSP) maps for use in proton treatment planning. [31] Since protons were first used to treat hospital cancer patients in the early 1990s, around 100 000 people have benefited from this alternative form of radiation therapy. [30] Researchers have moved closer to the real-time verification of hadron therapy, demonstrating the in vivo accuracy of simulations that predict particle range in the patient. [29] A biomimetic nanosystem can deliver therapeutic proteins to selectively target cancerous tumors, according to a team of Penn State researchers. [28] Sunlight is essential for all life, and living organisms have evolved to sense and respond to light. [27] Using X-ray laser technology, a team led by researchers of the Paul Scherrer Institute PSI has recorded one of the fastest processes in biology. [26] A Virginia Commonwealth University researcher has developed a procedure for identifying the source of cells present in a forensic biological sample that could change how cell types are identified in samples across numerous industries. [25] In work at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and the University of Maryland in College Park, researchers have devised and demonstrated a new way to measure free energy. [24]
Category: Physics of Biology

[31189] viXra:1909.0165 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-09 05:17:04

Proof of Goldbach's Strong Conjecture

Authors: Sitangsu Maitra
Comments: 3 page

Proof of Goldbach's strong conjecture in a different way
Category: Number Theory

[31188] viXra:1909.0164 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-09 06:17:13

Gravity Expansions

Authors: Yahya Awad Sharif Mohammed
Comments: 1 Page. Author's Email : yahya-sharif@hotmail.com

This article aims to present gravity expansions concept.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[31187] viXra:1909.0163 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-07 07:13:12

AI Predict Hybrid Nanoparticle Structure

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 52 Pages.

Researchers at the Nanoscience Center and Faculty of Information Technology in the University of Jyväskylä, Finland, have achieved a significant step forward in predicting atomic structures of hybrid nanoparticles. [32] Using machine-learning and an integrated photonic chip, researchers from INRS (Canada) and the University of Sussex (UK) can now customize the properties of broadband light sources. [31] A team of EPFL scientists has now written a machine-learning program that can predict, in record time, how atoms will respond to an applied magnetic field. [30] Researchers from the University of Luxembourg, Technische Universität Berlin, and the Fritz Haber Institute of the Max Planck Society have combined machine learning and quantum mechanics to predict the dynamics and atomic interactions in molecules. [29]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[31186] viXra:1909.0162 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-07 07:47:06

Optical Ruler Measure to Nanoscale

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 43 Pages.

Mathematical Sciences describes a new optical method that can measure displacements of a nanometer-the smallest distance ever directly measured, using near infrared light. [32] Compact quantum devices could be incorporated into laptops and mobile phones, thanks in part to small devices called quantum optical micro-combs. [31] Taking their name from an intricate Japanese basket pattern, kagome magnets are thought to have electronic properties that could be valuable for future quantum devices and applications. [30] A team of Cambridge researchers have found a way to control the sea of nuclei in semiconductor quantum dots so they can operate as a quantum memory device. [29] Researchers successfully integrated the systems-donor atoms and quantum dots. [28] A team of researchers including U of A engineering and physics faculty has developed a new method of detecting single photons, or light particles, using quantum dots. [27] Recent research from Kumamoto University in Japan has revealed that polyoxometalates (POMs), typically used for catalysis, electrochemistry, and photochemistry, may also be used in a technique for analyzing quantum dot (QD) photoluminescence (PL) emission mechanisms. [26] Researchers have designed a new type of laser called a quantum dot ring laser that emits red, orange, and green light. [25] The world of nanosensors may be physically small, but the demand is large and growing, with little sign of slowing. [24] In a joint research project, scientists from the Max Born Institute for Nonlinear Optics and Short Pulse Spectroscopy (MBI), the Technische Universität Berlin (TU) and the University of Rostock have managed for the first time to image free nanoparticles in a laboratory experiment using a highintensity laser source. [23] For the first time, researchers have built a nanolaser that uses only a single molecular layer, placed on a thin silicon beam, which operates at room temperature. [22] A team of engineers at Caltech has discovered how to use computer-chip manufacturing technologies to create the kind of reflective materials that make safety vests, running shoes, and road signs appear shiny in the dark. [21]
Category: Condensed Matter

[31185] viXra:1909.0161 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-07 08:12:13

Revolutionary Optical Material

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 45 Pages.

An international team of researchers has reported a new way to safeguard drones, surveillance cameras and other equipment against laser attacks, which can disable or destroy the equipment. The capability is known as optical limiting. [33] However, a discovery published in the journal Science by Professor Nikolay Zheludev and Dr. Guanghui Yuan at NTU's School of Physical & Mathematical Sciences describes a new optical method that can measure displacements of a nanometer-the smallest distance ever directly measured, using near infrared light. [32] Compact quantum devices could be incorporated into laptops and mobile phones, thanks in part to small devices called quantum optical micro-combs. [31] Taking their name from an intricate Japanese basket pattern, kagome magnets are thought to have electronic properties that could be valuable for future quantum devices and applications. [30] A team of Cambridge researchers have found a way to control the sea of nuclei in semiconductor quantum dots so they can operate as a quantum memory device. [29] Researchers successfully integrated the systems-donor atoms and quantum dots. [28] A team of researchers including U of A engineering and physics faculty has developed a new method of detecting single photons, or light particles, using quantum dots. [27] Recent research from Kumamoto University in Japan has revealed that polyoxometalates (POMs), typically used for catalysis, electrochemistry, and photochemistry, may also be used in a technique for analyzing quantum dot (QD) photoluminescence (PL) emission mechanisms. [26] Researchers have designed a new type of laser called a quantum dot ring laser that emits red, orange, and green light. [25] The world of nanosensors may be physically small, but the demand is large and growing,
Category: Condensed Matter

[31184] viXra:1909.0160 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-07 08:19:26

Diffusion Gravity: Attraction Mechanism

Authors: DH Fulton
Comments: 8 Pages.

Previous research papers [1,2] introduced the Diffusion Gravity model which invokes the process of mass diffusion to explain gravity, motion, acceleration, energy and extensibility of the model to larger scales. This article is an elaboration of that introductory description of the DG model, with the objective to describe more thoroughly the gravitational attraction mechanism. It will show that the mechanisms of virtual particle flux and quantum mechanical annihilation together reduce the density of virtual particles in the stream between mass objects. Virtual particle streams act as carriers to transport information about mass and direction of the source masses, which dynamically interact with other virtual particle fluxes from distant objects to induce gravitational attraction. As a quasi-deterministic model, and as a hybrid of classical Newtonian and quantum mechanical principles, the Diffusion Gravity model represents a quantum physical process that manifests as gravity at the classical level, which reflects in the Poisson equation for gravity; essentially these two component models are combined into a quantum mechanical representation of the mass diffusion phenomenon as the causality for gravity.
Category: Quantum Physics

[31183] viXra:1909.0159 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-07 08:34:37

Nanoparticles Reduce Tumors

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 62 Pages.

Another collaborative project from a nanoparticles expert at The University of Texas at Arlington has yielded promising results in the search for more effective, targeted cancer treatments. [33] Automated radiotherapy planning is a boon for medical physicists and dosimetrists, radiotherapy departments, and patients themselves-according to a team at Cone Health Cancer Center. [32] Proton CT is proposed as an alternative to X-ray CT for acquiring relative stopping power (RSP) maps for use in proton treatment planning. [31] Since protons were first used to treat hospital cancer patients in the early 1990s, around 100 000 people have benefited from this alternative form of radiation therapy. [30] Researchers have moved closer to the real-time verification of hadron therapy, demonstrating the in vivo accuracy of simulations that predict particle range in the patient. [29] A biomimetic nanosystem can deliver therapeutic proteins to selectively target cancerous tumors, according to a team of Penn State researchers. [28] Sunlight is essential for all life, and living organisms have evolved to sense and respond to light. [27] Using X-ray laser technology, a team led by researchers of the Paul Scherrer Institute PSI has recorded one of the fastest processes in biology. [26] A Virginia Commonwealth University researcher has developed a procedure for identifying the source of cells present in a forensic biological sample that could change how cell types are identified in samples across numerous industries. [25] In work at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and the University of Maryland in College Park, researchers have devised and demonstrated a new way to measure free energy. [24]
Category: Physics of Biology

[31182] viXra:1909.0158 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-07 09:28:56

Opportunities from Nanoparticles

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 70 Pages.

Ross joined the Department of Materials Science and Engineering (DMSE) faculty last year, moving from the nanoscale materials analysis department at the IBM Thomas J. Watson Research Center. "I learned a tremendous amount from my IBM colleagues and hope to extend our research in material design and growth in new directions," she says. [34] Another collaborative project from a nanoparticles expert at The University of Texas at Arlington has yielded promising results in the search for more effective, targeted cancer treatments. [33]
Category: Condensed Matter

[31181] viXra:1909.0157 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-07 10:18:17

A First Look at Feature Optics

Authors: Paul Mirsky
Comments: 14 Pages.

Feature optics is a new proposal for modeling diffraction and interference in terms of simple elements called features. We combine features to form composite systems by taking the outer product of the individual features’ state vectors. The Fourier transform takes on a surprisingly simple form. We apply the new method to the beam and the diffraction grating.
Category: Quantum Physics

[31180] viXra:1909.0156 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-07 10:56:48

Promoting 3D Printing of Food with Robotic Butlers and Delivery LandBots.

Authors: Bheemaiah, Anil Kumar.
Comments: 4 Pages.

Abstract This paper describes the design of the robotic kitchen of Mutter Gottlich, a non-profit nature spirituality organization. The kitchen is designed as an open space architecture under the Banyan Canopy[1](“Website” n.d.). The use of 3D printers for the production of pancakes, pancake pizzas, Dosas, Dosa Pizzas, vegetable, and vegan meat substrates and chocolate and cakes is described. Robots, namely the Loomo and the R1D2 are mentioned. The detailed design of these robots is mentioned elsewhere. These robots are fully automated to run the facility. The facility along with a spiritual sculpture garden, succulent garden for meditation and a sacred tree for worship and a sacred fireplace, provide for an open-air church/temple. The facility serves as a meeting place for aspirants to meet to compose and sing music and group meditate. It unifies diverse cultures, promotes ecological sustainability and serves as a food pantry for low-income families serving the Freemium business model. Keywords: Robotics, Automation, 3D printing, Food Printers.
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[31179] viXra:1909.0155 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-07 12:31:10

Using Total Axial Angular Momentum to Determine the Age of Exoplanets, or Why Do Planets Spin at Different Energies?

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 6 Pages.

: Some ideas are presented to try and fit total axial angular momentum into the picture of gyro-chrono-logy, or "spin", "age", "study". The total axial angular momentums are calculated for specific bodies and made into a dimensionless number called William's Number. The William's number cutoff is arbitrarily set at 1 * 10^3. Graphs with explanations are provided, along with a chart with the predicted ages of the old stars in our system and others. The purpose of this paper is to finally give reason as to why some objects in our solar system have more spin energy (a calculated abstraction) than others, and to explain why they spin in the first place. Dimensionless number is total axial angular momentum divided by 1 * 10^31, with the kg *m^2*s^-1 removed. This paper is subject to revision as the new field of gyrochronology is developed.
Category: Astrophysics

[31178] viXra:1909.0154 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-07 13:41:13

On Prime NumbersⅢ

Authors: Yuji Masuda
Comments: 1 Page.

This is on primes3.
Category: Number Theory

[31177] viXra:1909.0153 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-07 13:44:34

Mutter Gottlich, Meditation I

Authors: Bheemaiah, Anil Kumar
Comments: 6 Pages.

Mutter Gottlich is a sacred space for Mother ISIS and Goddess Gaia, that is now hosted at http://vayuvaidya.weebly.com We offer daily service to Mother ISIS and Goddess Gaia through prayer, meditation and Yagna. We also offer wild flowers endemic to the mid-west and chrysanthemums to Mutter Gottlich, do genome conservation of wild flowers and ecological restoration of wild flowers in the mid-west. Following is a brief description of the theology and practice of the special Kundalini meditation on Super Consciousness for ISIS and Goddess Gaia.
Category: Religion and Spiritualism

[31176] viXra:1909.0152 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-07 14:18:19

The Valuation of Credit Default Swap with Counterparty Risk and Collateralization

Authors: Xiao, Tim
Comments: 26 Pages.

This article presents a new model for valuing a credit default swap (CDS) contract that is affected by multiple credit risks of the buyer, seller and reference entity. We show that default dependency has a significant impact on asset pricing. In fact, correlated default risk is one of the most pervasive threats in financial markets. We also show that a fully collateralized CDS is not equivalent to a risk-free one. In other words, full collateralization cannot eliminate counterparty risk completely in the CDS market.
Category: Economics and Finance

[31175] viXra:1909.0150 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-07 20:02:20

Solar System Motion Analysis (I)

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 38 Pages.

Paper Hypotheses Hypothesis No. (1) "Solar System has One Unified Motion- i.e. All Planets Move Together In One Unified Motion" This motion is similar to a train motion –as the train moves with all carriages together The Solar System moves With All Planets Together One Unified General Motion. Although the Planets Velocities are different from each other – that can't disprove the hypothesis – where we see simply in any machine of gears how the gears move with different velocities but all gears together produce one general cooperative motion. Hypothesis No. (2) Energy is transported Through the Solar system Resulting of Solar System Energy Transportation (1)Planets data is created (2)Planets Motions became one unified motion
Category: Astrophysics

[31174] viXra:1909.0149 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-08 01:21:21

Energy Pairs and Energy Conservation Issues

Authors: ‪Moshe Segal‬‏
Comments: 8 Pages.

The Energy Pairs Theory is related to the assumption presented in previous articles, that charge might also be considered as a form of energy, as mass turned to be. This assumption was based on important similarities between mass and charge, and on analyzing the energy density equations of electric and magnetic fields And, since charge comes in two forms, a positive charge and a negative charge, the energies embedded in charges, if this concept is found viable, and supported by additional findings, also must have two forms which the article grouped as one set of Energy Pair. This Energy Pairs Theory was used to supply an explanation to the issue of charge disappearance in electron positron collisions. In this article the Energy Pairs Theory is used to explain Energy Conservation Issues related to Electric and Magnetic Fields.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[31173] viXra:1909.0148 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-08 04:28:46

Atoms Receive Communication Signals

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 94 Pages.

Researchers at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have demonstrated a new type of sensor that uses atoms to receive commonly used communications signals. [57] "We will also work on initiating two-qubit quantum gates between the atoms to build a 2D quantum processor based on so-called Rydberg interactions," reveals Birkl, "and implement large-scale quantum entanglement and quantum simulation." [56] Scientists from the University of Bath, working with a colleague at the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, have devised an ingenious method of controlling the vapour by coating the interior of containers with nanoscopic gold particles 300,000 times smaller than a pinhead. [55] Significant technical and financial issues remain towards building a large, fault-tolerant quantum computer and one is unlikely to be built within the coming decade. [54] Chemists at Friedrich Schiller University in Jena (Germany) have now synthesised a molecule that can perform the function of a computing unit in a quantum computer. [53] The research team developed the first optical microchip to generate, manipulate and detect a particular state of light called squeezed vacuum, which is essential for HYPERLINK "https://phys.org/tags/quantum/" quantum computation. [52] Australian scientists have investigated new directions to scale up qubits-utilising the spin-orbit coupling of atom qubits-adding a new suite of tools to the armory. [51] A team of international researchers led by engineers from the National University of Singapore (NUS) have invented a new magnetic device to manipulate digital information 20 times more efficiently and with 10 times more stability than commercial spintronic digital memories. [50] Working in the lab of Mikhail Lukin, the George Vasmer Leverett Professor of Physics and co-director of the Quantum Science and Engineering Initiative, Evans is lead author of a study, described in the journal Science, that demonstrates a method for engineering an interaction between two qubits using photons. [49] Researchers with the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory have demonstrated a new level of control over photons encoded with quantum information. [48]
Category: Quantum Physics

[31172] viXra:1909.0147 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-08 05:00:09

Silicon Carbide Semiconductor

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 17 Pages.

Physicists of the University of Basel, the Paul Scherrer Institute and ABB explain what prevents the use of this combination of silicon and carbon in the scientific journal Applied Physics Letters. [30] A potentially useful material for building quantum computers has been unearthed at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), whose scientists have found a superconductor that could sidestep one of the primary obstacles standing in the way of effective quantum logic circuits. [29] Important challenges in creating practical quantum computers have been addressed by two independent teams of physicists in the US. [28] Physicists have shown that superconducting circuits-circuits that have zero electrical resistance-can function as piston-like mechanical quantum engines. The new perspective may help researchers design quantum computers and other devices with improved efficiencies. [27] This paper explains the magnetic effect of the superconductive current from the observed effects of the accelerating electrons, causing naturally the experienced changes of the electric field potential along the electric wire. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the wave particle duality and the electron's spin also, building the bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The changing acceleration of the electrons explains the created negative electric field of the magnetic induction, the Higgs Field, the changing Relativistic Mass and the Gravitational Force, giving a Unified Theory of the physical forces. Taking into account the Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators also, we can explain the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions. Since the superconductivity is basically a quantum mechanical phenomenon and some entangled particles give this opportunity to specific matters, like Cooper Pairs or other entanglements, as strongly correlated materials and Exciton-mediated electron pairing, we can say that the secret of superconductivity is the quantum entanglement.
Category: Condensed Matter

[31171] viXra:1909.0145 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-06 07:39:26

Understanding Neutrino Properties

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 35 Pages.

In the quest to prove that matter can be produced without antimatter, the GERDA experiment at the Gran Sasso Underground Laboratory in Italy is looking for signs of neutrinoless double beta decay. [26] The announcement was made during the CHARM 2018 international workshop in Novosibirsk in Russia: a charming moment for this doubly charmed particle. [25] The group, in work published in Physical Review Letters, has now used powerful theoretical and computational tools to predict the existence of a "most strange" dibaryon, made up of two "Omega baryons" that contain three strange quarks each. [24] The nuclear physicists found that the proton's building blocks, the quarks, are subjected to a pressure of 100 decillion Pascal (10 35) near the center of a proton, which is about 10 times greater than the pressure in the heart of a neutron star. [23] In experimental campaigns using the OMEGA EP laser at the Laboratory for Laser Energetics (LLE) at the University of Rochester, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), University of California San Diego (UCSD) and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) researchers took radiographs of the shock front, similar to the X-ray radiology in hospitals with protons instead of X-rays. [22] Researchers generate proton beams using a combination of nanoparticles and laser light. [21] Devices based on light, rather than electrons, could revolutionize the speed and security of our future computers. However, one of the major challenges in today's physics is the design of photonic devices, able to transport and switch light through circuits in a stable way. [20] Researchers characterize the rotational jiggling of an optically levitated nanoparticle, showing how this motion could be cooled to its quantum ground state. [19] Researchers have created quantum states of light whose noise level has been "squeezed" to a record low. [18] An elliptical light beam in a nonlinear optical medium pumped by "twisted light" can rotate like an electron around a magnetic field. [17] Physicists from Trinity College Dublin's School of Physics and the CRANN Institute, Trinity College, have discovered a new form of light, which will impact our understanding of the fundamental nature of light. [16]
Category: High Energy Particle Physics

[31170] viXra:1909.0144 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-06 08:03:22

Speculation on 9/11 WTC Collapse

Authors: Kiyoung Kim
Comments: 15 Pages.

There have been numerous questions and suspicions against the 9/11 Commission Report, which seems to encourage people to find a possible explanation for the collapse of WTC buildings. The most appallingly perplexing question is how the collapse of 7 WTC building was possible, which was almost like a free falling and also looked like drowning smoothly into a uniform medium like water. Also, with the collapse of WTC buildings many unusual inexplicable phenomena were accompanied at the site of WTC, nearby the WTC, and even at remote area in Alaska. Based on phenomenological facts and in the domain of conventional science, any reasonable explanation for the collapse of WTC buildings cannot be found. However, if the electric interaction is considered below the ground surface, which is accompanied in phenomena as always but ignored in usual, the collapse of WTC buildings can be explained with the interpretation of Hutchison effect in 4-D complex space.
Category: Classical Physics

[31169] viXra:1909.0143 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-06 08:08:46

Black Hole Movies

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 28 Pages.

By the time an international group of scientists stunned the world with the first ever image of a black hole, they were already planning a sequel: a movie showing how massive clouds of gas are forever sucked into the void. [22] We now understand that massive stars and black holes typically segregate into a disk," said Ákos Szölgyén of Eötvös University, Hungary, who led the study that has been published in the journal Physical Review Letters. [21]
Category: Astrophysics

[31168] viXra:1909.0142 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-06 08:27:39

A Prominent Researcher of the Humanities

Authors: Magnus Carlsson
Comments: 1 Page.

A prominent researcher of the humanities and his deeds are described.
Category: Social Science

[31167] viXra:1909.0141 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-06 08:41:31

Superconductivity Quantum Discoveries

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 46 Pages.

Ultimately, Li said, the combination of a superconducting and a magnetic system allows for precise coupling and decoupling of the magnon and photon, presenting opportunities for manipulating quantum information. [30] Great hope rests on so-called cuprates, copper and oxygen based compounds also called high-temperature superconductors, where the scientific community is focusing its efforts. [29] Discovered more than 100 years ago, superconductivity continues to captivate scientists who seek to develop components for highly efficient energy transmission, ultrafast electronics or quantum bits for next-generation computation. [27] One of the greatest mysteries in condensed matter physics is the exact relationship between charge order and superconductivity in cuprate superconductors. [26] Cuprates hold the record high superconducting temperature at ambient pressure so far, but understanding their superconducting mechanism remains one of the great challenges of physical sciences listed as one of 125 quests announced by Science. [25] Now, scientists at Tokyo Institute of Technology (Tokyo Tech), the University of Tokyo and Tohoku University report curious multi-state transitions of these superconductors in which they change from superconductor to special metal and then to insulator. [24] Researchers at the Zavoisky Physical-Technical Institute and the Southern Scientific Center of RAS, in Russia, have recently fabricated quasi-2-D superconductors at the interface between a ferroelectric Ba0.8Sr0.2TiO3 film and an insulating parent compound of La2CuO4. [23] Scientists seeking to understand the mechanism underlying superconductivity in "stripe-ordered" cuprates-copper-oxide materials with alternating areas of electric charge and magnetism-discovered an unusual metallic state when attempting to turn superconductivity off. [22] This discovery makes it clear that in order to understand the mechanism behind the enigmatic high temperature superconductivity of the cuprates, this exotic PDW state needs to be taken into account, and therefore opens a new frontier in cuprate research. [21]
Category: Quantum Physics

[31166] viXra:1909.0140 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-06 08:58:53

Deep Learning Statistical Physics

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 46 Pages.

A team of scientists at Freie Universität Berlin has developed an Artificial Intelligence (AI) method that provides a fundamentally new solution of the "sampling problem" in statistical physics. [27] Deep learning, which uses multi-layered artificial neural networks, is a form of machine learning that has demonstrated significant advances in many fields, including natural language processing, image/video labeling and captioning. [26]
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[31165] viXra:1909.0138 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-06 09:47:25

On the Foundational Conflict of Quantum Theory and Classical Gravity

Authors: Ervin Goldfain
Comments: 3 Pages.

We compile a short list of reasons explaining why Quantum Theory (QT) and General Relativity (GR) cannot be trivially reconciled. Our opinion reflects a personal viewpoint and is likely to stand at odds with mainstream beliefs on Quantum Gravity, Black Hole phenomenology and related foundational topics.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[31164] viXra:1909.0137 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-06 10:01:09

About Tests of Special Relativity

Authors: Ilgaitis Prūsis, Peteris Prūsis
Comments: 4 pages

Now the Special Relativity Theory (SRT) is the cornerstone of contemporary physics. The proof of SRT is based on three basic experiments. The analysis of them shows that ordinary physics is sufficient for the interpretation of experimental results and there is no need for SRT. Therefore the above-mentioned experiments are not proof of SRT.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[31163] viXra:1909.0136 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-06 10:18:16

Graphene Origami Quantum Precision

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 47 Pages.

Now, by replacing the graphite with high-quality graphene nanoislands, researchers in China and the US have finally leveraged the atomic-level control of STM into an origami nanofabrication tool with a comparable level of precision. [29] Disperse graphene in a suitable solvent and the resulting nanofluid will have much better thermal properties than the original liquid. [28] Self-assembly and crystallisation of nanoparticles (NPs) is generally a complex process, based on the evaporation or precipitation of NP-building blocks. [27] New nanoparticle-based films that are more than 80 times thinner than a human hair may help to fill this need by providing materials that can holographically archive more than 1000 times more data than a DVD in a 10-by-10-centimeter piece of film. [26] Researches of scientists from South Ural State University are implemented within this area. [25] Following three years of extensive research, Hebrew University of Jerusalem (HU) physicist Dr. Uriel Levy and his team have created technology that will enable computers and all optic communication devices to run 100 times faster through terahertz microchips. [24] When the energy efficiency of electronics poses a challenge, magnetic materials may have a solution. [23]
Category: Quantum Physics

[31162] viXra:1909.0135 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-06 12:02:18

Solar Planets Move Together In One Unified Motion (As A Train Motion)

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 25 Pages.

Paper Hypothesis Solar Planets Move In One General Motion (As A Train Motion) The Hypothesis Explanation -Solar Group Is Similar to One Building And Each Planet Is A Part Of This Building (or solar group is similar to one machine and each planet is a gear in it) -Planets Motions is done As One Unified Motion -As a train moves with all its carriages – similar to that – solar group moves one unified motion with all planets together -Although Planets Velocities Are Different from each other – that – can't disprove this theory –because – as in any machine of gears – the different velocities of gears consist together the machine one general motion This paper tries to prove this fact
Category: Astrophysics

[31161] viXra:1909.0134 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-06 12:19:29

On the Role of Mean Proportionals in the Analysis of Uniformly Accelerated Motion

Authors: Radhakrishnamurty padyala
Comments: 8 Pages.

Proportionals and mean proportional have been extensively used by Galileo in the analysis of uniformly accelerated motion. Mean proportionals are of special interest in uniformly accelerated motion because they are directly related to relative times of motion. It is, therefore, very important for us to get a clear understanding of the concept and its use in order to follow Galileo’s analysis. We discuss in this article, the concept, the definition, geometric representation and use of mean proportional. We also give two examples, one each, for motion on inclined plane and for projectile motion, that give a feel for the pivotal role played by mean proportional in Galileo’s analysis of uniformly accelerated motion.
Category: Classical Physics

[31160] viXra:1909.0133 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-06 14:16:06

Intentional Economy

Authors: Bheemaiah, Anil Kumar
Comments: 10 Pages.

The Intentional Economy is defined as an alternative lifestyle based economy that is essentially circular axiomatically. It has a coherence defined by sustainability, conservation of natural genome, spirituality and a common philosophy. This paper is on the definition and the status of the Intentional Economy, and a proof that Intentional Living is the way to World Peace. We define a Lean inspired system called Lean A.I derived from the Referendum formulation of e Governance based on the design of the Skynet, an A.I and data mining based network and the Lean inspire ‘Vahi ka Vahi’(VKV) model, that calls for open and pro global designs, and local manufacturing by 3D printing that is sustainable. As an example of the VKV model, we consider the case study of printing 3D printers using 3D printers or the Y lambda operator metaphor. Keywords: Intention Economy, Intentional Economy, Additive Printing, Cloud Computing, Robotics, RPA, DPA, Flex-Rules, Lean Management , Lean Manufacturing, Vahi Ka Vahi,
Category: Artificial Intelligence

[31159] viXra:1909.0132 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-06 18:15:03

Freemium Model of Technology and Services.

Authors: Bheemaiah, Anil Kumar.
Comments: 6 Pages.

Abstract This paper describes a common business model in the software industry, the dual licensing model which we extend to the freemium and two-world model. This model is extended to the 3DP economy, housing, clothing, food and technology. The model combines the dual source licensing of resilient lego homes, MRE food and all weather clothing and designs. Several case studies are described, such as MRE food and the design of 3D printers to propagate 3DP. The freemium model is proven to increase product diffusion, overall sales and is a better promotional mechanism compared to internet and media advertising. Keywords: Freemium, Two-World, Dual- Licensing, 3DP, Case Studies.
Category: Economics and Finance

[31158] viXra:1909.0131 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-06 19:26:18

Quantum and Classical Random Walks

Authors: Tristan Anthony Dobrian
Comments: 55 Pages.

This is a comprehensive and self-contained introduction to the math that underlies classical random walks and quantum random walk simulations.
Category: Quantum Physics

[31157] viXra:1909.0130 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-06 19:29:06

Calculating the Hawking Temperature in a Variant of the Near Horizon Metric

Authors: Tristan Anthony Dobrian
Comments: 12 Pages.

A modied version of the near horizon metric is introduced, that puts the near horizon metric in the same form as one of the most commonly-used metric variants of Rindler space. The metric is then used to calculate the Hawking temperature, using the WKB tunneling approximation.
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[31156] viXra:1909.0129 [pdf] submitted on 2019-09-06 23:09:07

Refutation of the Innovation Contest in Two Sequential Stages

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 1 Page. Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to author by email only: info@cec-services dot com. See updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com.

We evaluated the definition of the conjectured model for the innovation contest in two sequential stages as not tautologous, forming a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Economics and Finance

Replacements of recent Submissions

[12062] viXra:1909.0282 [pdf] replaced on 2019-09-14 07:36:04

A Leap in the Continuity and Unfolding of Events in Time

Authors: Swayam Jha
Comments: 20 Pages. This is paper is submitted to proceedings of the royal society A and is under consideration but not yet published.

The notion of “relative time” according to the Special Relativity, leading us to an astonishing conclusion [1]. The research work concludes that there is a timeline interchange for the object that is in motion. The research work further concludes that there is a leap in the unfolding of events into the future for the object that comes to the state of rest after a certain motion. Imagining two atomic clocks ‘A’ and ‘B’, B is moving away from A and then in second situation moving toward A at a velocity 0.4C. By extending “Einstein’s Now concept” [1] it concludes that A belongs to B’s future whereas B belongs to A’s past. The experiment had shown us that due to time dilation the amount of time elapsed on B is lesser than the amount of time elapsed on A [1]. The experimental observation also shown us that A must belongs to B’s present and B belong to A’s present. But the theoretical aspect predicts that B must belong to A’s past and A must belongs to B’s future. So basically, it concludes that there is a leap into the future in the unfolding of events in time for B by an amount of D/C + VD/C2 or D/C - VD/C2 (provided that the direction matters).
Category: Relativity and Cosmology

[12061] viXra:1909.0271 [pdf] replaced on 2019-09-14 02:45:51

Study of the Continuum Power Problem

Authors: Vatolin Dm.
Comments: 14 Pages. Russian

An unconditional argument for the truth of the continuum hypothesis found
Category: Topology

[12060] viXra:1909.0233 [pdf] replaced on 2019-09-11 23:04:04

No Deal - No Brexit

Authors: Miguel A. Sanchez-Rey
Comments: 2 Pages.

A trickery of a defiant nation-state.
Category: Social Science

[12059] viXra:1909.0232 [pdf] replaced on 2019-09-15 03:48:17

ζ(5), ζ(7)........ζ(197), ζ(199) Etc. Are Irrational Number

Authors: Toshiro Takami
Comments: 25 Pages.

I wondered why I would do this and I traced the course. However, I did not understand much. Numerically, they match perfectly. Also, this is considered to indicate that ζ(5), ζ(7), ζ(9), ζ(11), ζ(13)........ζ(197), ζ(199) are irrational numbers. Because, ζ(3) is irrational number. It can also be said that it is expressed by an expression using π2.
Category: Number Theory

[12058] viXra:1909.0232 [pdf] replaced on 2019-09-14 01:48:36

ζ(5), ζ(7)........ζ(197), ζ(199) Etc. Are Irrational Number

Authors: Toshiro Takami
Comments: 21 Pages.

I wondered why I would do this and I traced the course. However, I did not understand much. Numerically, they match perfectly. Also, this is considered to indicate that ζ(5), ζ(7), ζ(9), ζ(11), ζ(13)........ζ(197), ζ(199) are irrational numbers. Because, ζ(3) is irrational number. It can also be said that it is expressed by an expression using π2.
Category: Number Theory

[12057] viXra:1909.0232 [pdf] replaced on 2019-09-13 05:58:37

ζ(5), ζ(7)........ζ(197), ζ(199) Etc. Are Irrational Number

Authors: Toshiro Takami
Comments: 12 Pages.

I wondered why I would do this and I traced the course. However, I did not understand much. Numerically, they match perfectly. Also, this is considered to indicate that ζ(5), ζ(7), ζ(9), ζ(11), ζ(13)........ζ(197), ζ(199) are irrational numbers. Because, ζ(3) is irrational number. It can also be said that it is expressed by an expression using π2.
Category: Number Theory

[12056] viXra:1909.0232 [pdf] replaced on 2019-09-11 09:35:20

ζ(5), ζ(7)........ζ(197), ζ(199) Etc. Are Irrational Number

Authors: Toshiro Takami
Comments: 12 Pages.

I wondered why I would do this and I traced the course. However, I did not understand much. Numerically, they match perfectly. Also, this is considered to indicate that ζ(5), ζ(7), ζ(9), ζ(11), ζ(13)........ζ(197), ζ(199) are irrational numbers. Because, ζ(3) is irrational number. It can also be said that it is expressed by an expression using π2.
Category: Number Theory

[12055] viXra:1909.0231 [pdf] replaced on 2019-09-15 03:03:21

ζ(4), ζ(6), ζ(8).......ζ(52), ζ(54) Are Irrational Number

Authors: Toshiro Takami
Comments: 6 Pages.

ζ(4), ζ(6), ζ(8).......ζ(52), ζ(54) considered. From these equations, it can be said that ζ(4), ζ(6), ζ(8).......ζ(52), ζ(54) are irrational numbers. ζ(56),ζ(58) etc. can also be expressed by these equations. Because I use π2, these seem to be irrational numbers. The fact that the even value of ζ(2n) is an irrational number can be said from the fact that each even value of ζ(2n) is an irrational number in addition to π2.
Category: Number Theory

[12054] viXra:1909.0231 [pdf] replaced on 2019-09-12 04:45:05

ζ(4), ζ(6), ζ(8).......ζ(52), ζ(54) Are Irrational Number

Authors: Toshiro Takami
Comments: 4 Pages.

ζ(4), ζ(6), ζ(8).......ζ(52), ζ(54) considered. From these equations, it can be said that ζ(4), ζ(6), ζ(8).......ζ(52), ζ(54) are irrational numbers. ζ(56),ζ(58) etc. can also be expressed by these equations. Because I use π2, these seem to be irrational numbers. The fact that the even value of ζ(2n) is an irrational number can be said from the fact that each even value of ζ(2n) is an irrational number in addition to π2.
Category: Number Theory

[12053] viXra:1909.0171 [pdf] replaced on 2019-09-14 23:29:12

A New Description Of Quantum System And Uncertain Complex Wave

Authors: Nguyen Dinh Dung
Comments: 6 Pages.

This paper suggests a new description of quantum system. A new axiomatic system is given for this description. This axiomatic system solves the measurement problem elegantly. The wave function collapse is understood by an axiom about possible states. And observable properties are driven by Schrodinger equation without axioms about operators. A strange quantum reality is suggested from the new description.
Category: Quantum Physics

[12052] viXra:1909.0171 [pdf] replaced on 2019-09-13 08:52:36

Interpret Quantum Mechanics by Uncertain Complex Waves

Authors: Nguyen Dinh Dung
Comments: 6 Pages.

This paper suggests a quantum reality which are uncertain complex waves. These waves are described completely by an axiomatic system. This axiomatic system solves the measurement problem elegantly. From the uncertain complex waves, I revalue the classical picture.
Category: Quantum Physics

[12051] viXra:1909.0171 [pdf] replaced on 2019-09-12 12:45:46

Interpret Quantum Mechanics by Uncertain Complex Waves

Authors: Nguyen Dinh Dung
Comments: 5 Pages.

This paper suggests a quantum reality which is uncertain complex waves. These waves are described completely by a system axiom. This system axiom solves the measurement problem elegantly. From the uncertain complex waves, I revalue the classical picture.
Category: Quantum Physics

[12050] viXra:1909.0165 [pdf] replaced on 2019-09-11 01:57:47

Proof of Goldbach's Strong Conjecture

Authors: Sitangsu Maitra
Comments: 4 pages

Proof of Goldbach's strong conjecture in a different way
Category: Number Theory

[12049] viXra:1909.0138 [pdf] replaced on 2019-09-07 16:48:41

On the Foundational Conflict of Quantum Theory and Classical Gravity

Authors: Ervin Goldfain
Comments: 3 Pages.

We compile a short list of reasons explaining why Quantum Theory (QT) and General Relativity (GR) cannot be trivially reconciled. Our opinion reflects a personal viewpoint and is likely to stand at odds with mainstream beliefs on Quantum Gravity, Black Hole phenomenology and related foundational topics.
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

[12048] viXra:1909.0128 [pdf] replaced on 2019-09-08 03:39:56

Denial of a Conjectured Experimental Model for Search Fund Study

Authors: Colin James III
Comments: 1 Page. Copyright 2019 by Colin James III All rights reserved. Respond to author by email only: info@cec-services dot com. See updated abstract at ersatz-systems.com.

We evaluate the diagram of the search cycle for percentage of funds in each phase and returns for terminal funds. It is not tautologous, hence denying the conjectured model of the experiment. This forms a non tautologous fragment of the universal logic VŁ4.
Category: Economics and Finance