Astrophysics

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Recent submissions

Any replacements are listed further down

[1449] viXra:1801.0173 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-15 09:13:17

Mini Gamma Ray Burst in the Lab

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 23 Pages.

Gamma ray bursts, intense explosions of light, are the brightest events ever observed in the universe – lasting no longer than seconds or minutes. [14] X-ray-optics technology has progressed such that future astrophysics X-ray observatories will have orders-of magnitude better performance than existing observatories such as NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory. [13] Exploding stars lit the way for our understanding of the universe, but researchers are still in the dark about many of their features. [12] A team of scientists from Russia and China has developed a model explaining the nature of high-energy cosmic rays (CRs) in our galaxy. These CRs have energies exceeding those produced by supernova explosions by one or two orders of magnitude. [11] On August 14, 2017, a groundbreaking University of Maryland-designed cosmic ray detector will travel to the International Space Station (ISS) aboard the SpaceX-12 Commercial Resupply Service mission. [10] It was because of these characteristics that it was proposed to give this new class of variable stars the acronym BLAPS, i.e. Blue Large-Amplitude Pulsators. [9] Researchers at the University of Southampton have cast doubt over established explanations for certain behaviours in pulsars - highly magnetised rotating neutron stars, formed from the remains of supernovae. [8] Installed on the International Space Station, by mid-July it will commence its scientific work – to study the exotic astrophysical objects known as neutron stars and examine whether they could be used as deep-space navigation beacons for future generations of spacecraft. [7] NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory has discovered the first direct evidence for a superfluid, a bizarre, friction-free state of matter, at the core of a neutron star. Superfluids created in laboratories on Earth exhibit remarkable properties, such as the ability to climb upward and escape airtight containers. The finding has important implications for understanding nuclear interactions in matter at the highest known densities. [6] This paper explains the Accelerating Universe, the Special and General Relativity from the observed effects of the accelerating electrons, causing naturally the experienced changes of the electric field potential along the moving electric charges. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the wave particle duality and the electron’s spin also, building the bridge between the Classical and Relativistic Quantum Theories. The Big Bang caused acceleration created the radial currents of the matter and since the matter composed of negative and positive charges, these currents are creating magnetic field and attracting forces between the parallel moving electric currents. This is the gravitational force experienced by the matter, and also the mass is result of the electromagnetic forces between the charged particles. The positive and negative charged currents attracts each other or by the magnetic forces or by the much stronger electrostatic forces. The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy.
Category: Astrophysics

[1448] viXra:1801.0158 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-13 13:51:33

White Dwarfs, Nova and Stellar Youth in the General Theory

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 6 Pages. 3 photocopies of a book with notes, 1 illustrative diagram

A few thoughts as compared to early scientists on white dwarfs, (super)novas and stellar youth in the general theory.
Category: Astrophysics

[1447] viXra:1801.0149 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-13 09:58:16

Stellar Metamorphosis: From Neptune to Earth

Authors: Daniel Archer
Comments: 3 Pages. For my father, in memoriam

A look at the evolution from a Gas Dwarf (Neptune) to a Life Host (Earth) and describing what happens in each phase; where the real history of how the crust of the Earth formed and evolved is theorized; the first crust a complete shell that expanded.
Category: Astrophysics

[1446] viXra:1801.0121 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-10 06:06:02

Quantum FFF Theory, a Conscious String Theory with Different Vacuum Trajectories for Axion-Higgs Field/ Photons Respectively Fermions, Gluons and Bosons.

Authors: Leo Vuyk
Comments: 11 Pages.

This conscious string theory also called Quantum FFF Theory, (FFF = Function Follows Form) is a semi classical theory based on a symmetrical cold Big Bang evaporation into 8 or 12 CP ( Charge Parity) symmetric copy (anti) material universes. It can be called a semi classical theory because it describes reality by the real collision and shape transformation processes of real sub quantum shaped rigid stringy entangled particles. Each particle is supposed to be conscious by its entanglement with 7 or 11 CP symmetric copy particles located inside the other 7 or 11 CP symmetric universal bubbles at long distance with raspberry shape. The Q-FFF theory is called Semi classical because in addition to the ring shaped transformable rigid string particles, all universal bubbles are assumed to be each others Charge Parity (CP) mirror symmetric universal bubbles which are assumed to be instant entangled down to each individual string particle created out of the Axion Higgs splitting cold Big Bang. So each particle has to compete for wavefunction collapse with 7 or 11 anti copy particles and each person’s choice ( free will) also. So: we live inside 8 or 12 quantum particle based instant entangled pinball machines making choices for our own reptile brain based flash intuition down to single particle slit interference. However our frontal cortex seems to be able to make social corrections ( Vetos) within 300 msec. The sheer simplicity of such a system is perhaps the reason that I could not find comparable proposals for other theories.
Category: Astrophysics

[1445] viXra:1801.0114 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-09 19:51:36

Solar Planets Order Disproves the Gravity Theory

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 59 Pages.

-The Solar Planets order proves that, the planet orbital distance is defined based on his Diameter and NOT his Mass, which disproves the Gravity Theory.. But -Planet Diameter and Orbital Distance Relationship Equation is so hard to define…! Why? Because -The solar Group has 2 Heads (The Sun and Earth). The Solar Group is A Dipole…. We need to modify the Solar Group Basic Description to be " A Dipole System"… -This paper also discusses the Sun nature and Origin…
Category: Astrophysics

[1444] viXra:1801.0107 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-09 08:24:27

High-Resolution X-Rays Gratings

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 21 Pages.

X-ray-optics technology has progressed such that future astrophysics X-ray observatories will have orders-of magnitude better performance than existing observatories such as NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory. [13] Exploding stars lit the way for our understanding of the universe, but researchers are still in the dark about many of their features. [12] A team of scientists from Russia and China has developed a model explaining the nature of high-energy cosmic rays (CRs) in our galaxy. These CRs have energies exceeding those produced by supernova explosions by one or two orders of magnitude. [11] On August 14, 2017, a groundbreaking University of Maryland-designed cosmic ray detector will travel to the International Space Station (ISS) aboard the SpaceX-12 Commercial Resupply Service mission. [10] It was because of these characteristics that it was proposed to give this new class of variable stars the acronym BLAPS, i.e. Blue Large-Amplitude Pulsators. [9] Researchers at the University of Southampton have cast doubt over established explanations for certain behaviours in pulsars-highly magnetised rotating neutron stars, formed from the remains of supernovae. [8] Installed on the International Space Station, by mid-July it will commence its scientific work – to study the exotic astrophysical objects known as neutron stars and examine whether they could be used as deep-space navigation beacons for future generations of spacecraft. [7] NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory has discovered the first direct evidence for a superfluid, a bizarre, friction-free state of matter, at the core of a neutron star. Superfluids created in laboratories on Earth exhibit remarkable properties, such as the ability to climb upward and escape airtight containers. The finding has important implications for understanding nuclear interactions in matter at the highest known densities. [6] This paper explains the Accelerating Universe, the Special and General Relativity from the observed effects of the accelerating electrons, causing naturally the experienced changes of the electric field potential along the moving electric charges. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the wave particle duality and the electron's spin also, building the bridge between the Classical and Relativistic Quantum Theories. The Big Bang caused acceleration created the radial currents of the matter and since the matter composed of negative and positive charges, these currents are creating magnetic field and attracting forces between the parallel moving electric currents. This is the gravitational force experienced by the matter, and also the mass is result of the electromagnetic forces between the charged particles. The positive and negative charged currents attracts each other or by the magnetic forces or by the much stronger electrostatic forces. The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy.
Category: Astrophysics

[1443] viXra:1801.0088 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-07 15:06:47

Some Physics United: With Predictions and Models for Much (extract 1)

Authors: Thomas J. Buckholtz
Comments: 61 Pages.

We address four physics opportunities. First, predict new elementary particles and forces. Second, explain phenomena such as dark matter. Third, unite physics theories and models. Fourth, point to opportunities for further research. We use models based on solutions to equations featuring isotropic pairs of isotropic quantum harmonic oscillators. First, we show solutions that match the known elementary particles. We propose that other solutions correlate with elementary particles that people have yet to detect and with dark energy forces leading to the three known eras - initial acceleration, subsequent deceleration, and current acceleration - pertaining to the rate of expansion of the universe. Second, we extend solutions to encompass known conservation-law symmetries. We note that extended solutions correlate with known kinematics. We propose that extended solutions describe dark matter, explain ratios of density of dark matter to density of ordinary matter, correlate with dark energy density, and explain other phenomena. Third, we note that the work unites, extends, and limits aspects of traditional physics. Those aspects include classical physics, special relativity, general relativity, quantum mechanics, the elementary particle Standard Model, and the cosmology timeline. The work provides possible insight regarding foundations of physics topics. Fourth, we suggest opportunities for people. We suggest opportunities for observational, experimental, and theoretical physics research. We point to possible opportunities to further develop and apply math we use.
Category: Astrophysics

[1442] viXra:1801.0055 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-05 10:33:29

Open Letter To Dr Penrose

Authors: Ricardo Gil
Comments: 1 Page.

Let’s say one explodes a Russian TSAR in the cold spot. This would be a literal big bang and create some form of universe. Conversely a hot quantum particle could or may have caused the big bang even at equilibrium because it pops into the cold spot in the universe. Think weather, hot and cold front equals a turbulent thunder storm or violent weather patterns or conditions.
Category: Astrophysics

[1441] viXra:1801.0053 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-05 17:28:10

GJ 436b: A Gas Dwarf/Pre-Ocean World in Stellar Metamorphosis

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 2 Pages.

It is explained that GJ 436b is a gas dwarf/pre-ocean world according to the measurement of its radius. A simple illustration offered by an establishment physicist shows this and an explanation for its stage of evolution is provided according to the general theory.
Category: Astrophysics

[1440] viXra:1801.0043 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-05 05:07:09

Magneton Constitute Substance Theory -- 11. Photon Trajectory Bend Measure

Authors: Huang Weixiong
Comments: 4 Pages.

In 1919, British scientist Eddington organized a total solar eclipse big observation. Confirm photon trajectory is arc line. What is reason for photon trajectory bend? Einstein thinks. Gravitation makes photon trajectory bend. Thus created black hole theory. Magneton constitute substance theory thinks. In magnetic field, photon abide by photon deflect right hand rule. Due to, photon mass is less than 1/100000 of electron mass. Therefore, it is hard to measure photon trajectory bend. According to magneton constitute substance theory, design photon new measure. Decrypt photon trajectory bend reason. Measurement proves, photon trajectory bend is result of photon magnetism and spin and ambient magnetic field interaction, has nothing to do with gravitation.
Category: Astrophysics

[1439] viXra:1801.0015 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-02 14:38:27

Cargo Cult Science – The Solar and Sunspot Cycles

Authors: Frank H. Makinson
Comments: 9 Pages.

The description of the solar and sunspot cycle is being tagged herein as cargo cult science because it is incomplete. The solar cycle and sunspot cycle are the events that take place over time that alter the visible and dynamic characteristics of the Sun. Two prominent Sun cyclic events are the periodic change in the number of sunspots and the reversal of the Sun's magnetic field. The solar science community know the cyclic events are related but do not consider that an outside influence can cause them. There is evidence that a very long wavelength, multi-year, extremely high magnitude electromagnetic wave is responsible for the readily observable solar and sunspot cycles and much longer solar related cycles identified in Earth strata. All scientists before 1940 were unaware that electromagnetic waves, other than light, were traversing the cosmos. Even before and after 1940, the manner in which the basic characteristics of electromagnetic waves are taught can lead to an improper interpretation of electromagnetic related events when they do not fit the textbook descriptions. Sunspot characteristics identify the probable source of the electromagnetic wave or waves that are causing our Sun's variability. Solar scientists have identified the presence of the electromagnetic wave that causes the Sun's variability but have misidentified it.
Category: Astrophysics

[1438] viXra:1801.0009 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-01 13:12:50

The Principle of Crystallization in Stellar Metamorphosis

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 1 Page.

A simple principle of crystal formation is offered to explain that rocks and minerals do not form in any significance in vacuum in outer space.
Category: Astrophysics

[1437] viXra:1801.0008 [pdf] submitted on 2018-01-01 13:38:03

Black Holes Control Star Formation

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 24 Pages.

A new study, published January 1, 2018, in Nature, shows that the mass of the black hole in the center of the galaxy determines how soon this "quenching" of star formation occurs. [19] The group explains their theory in a paper published in the journal Physical Review Letters—it involves the idea of primordial black holes (PBHs) infesting the centers of neutron stars and eating them from the inside out. [18] But for rotating black holes, there's a region outside the event horizon where strange and extraordinary things can happen, and these extraordinary possibilities are the focus of a new paper in the American Physical Society journal Physical Review Letters. [17] Astronomers have constructed the first map of the universe based on the positions of supermassive black holes, which reveals the large-scale structure of the universe. [16] Astronomers want to record an image of the heart of our galaxy for the first time: a global collaboration of radio dishes is to take a detailed look at the black hole which is assumed to be located there. [15] A team of researchers from around the world is getting ready to create what might be the first image of a black hole. [14] "There seems to be a mysterious link between the amount of dark matter a galaxy holds and the size of its central black hole, even though the two operate on vastly different scales," said Akos Bogdan of the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics (CfA). [13] If dark matter comes in both matter and antimatter varieties, it might accumulate inside dense stars to create black holes. [12] For a long time, there were two main theories related to how our universe would end. These were the Big Freeze and the Big Crunch. In short, the Big Crunch claimed that the universe would eventually stop expanding and collapse in on itself. This collapse would result in…well…a big crunch (for lack of a better term). Think " the Big Bang " , except just the opposite. That's essentially what the Big Crunch is. On the other hand, the Big Freeze claimed that the universe would continue expanding forever, until the cosmos becomes a frozen wasteland. This theory asserts that stars will get farther and farther apart, burn out, and (since there are no more stars bring born) the universe will grown entirely cold and eternally black. [11] Newly published research reveals that dark matter is being swallowed up by dark energy, offering novel insight into the nature of dark matter and dark energy and what the future of our Universe might be. [10] The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron – proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter.
Category: Astrophysics

[1436] viXra:1712.0678 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-31 08:04:44

Cable Dragging Horizontal Takeoff Spacecraft Air Launch System

Authors: Zhixian Lin
Comments: 4 Pages.

This paper proposed an Air Launch System which uses cables with auxiliary wing to drag spacecraft into upper air. This launch system can make air launch more effective and easier, and the launch devices can be recyclable and reusable. It is a potential and easy way to reduce the cost of space launch.
Category: Astrophysics

[1435] viXra:1712.0671 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-30 15:08:58

Correcting the False Worldview of Chondrites with Stellar Metamorphosis

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 3 Pages.

Chondrites in the year 2017 are still accepted and interpreted as being formed from dust in the early solar system just as they were in 1987, before the age of Astrons and before stellar metamorphosis theory was developed (the author was only 2 years old). The replacement interpretation is presented and shows the reader where mainstream science went wrong, and where alternative science is correct.
Category: Astrophysics

[1434] viXra:1712.0640 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-28 10:35:42

Chemically Primitive Dwarf Star

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 23 Pages.

Spanish astronomers have identified a new carbon-rich ultra metal-poor unevolved star in the halo of the Milky Way galaxy. [16] A surprising new class of X-ray pulsating variable stars has been discovered by a team of American and Canadian astronomers led by Villanova University's Scott Engle and Edward Guinan. [15] Late last year, an international team including researchers from the Kavli Institute for Astronomy and Astrophysics (KIAA) at Peking University announced the discovery of more than 60 extremely distant quasars, nearly doubling the number known to science-and thus providing dozens of new opportunities to look deep into our universe's history. [14] Fuzzy pulsars orbiting black holes could unmask quantum gravity. [13] Cosmologists trying to understand how to unite the two pillars of modern science – quantum physics and gravity – have found a new way to make robust predictions about the effect of quantum fluctuations on primordial density waves, ripples in the fabric of space and time. [12] Physicists have performed a test designed to investigate the effects of the expansion of the universe—hoping to answer questions such as "does the expansion of the universe affect laboratory experiments?", "might this expansion change the lengths of solid objects and the time measured by atomic clocks differently, in violation of Einstein's equivalence principle?", and "does spacetime have a foam-like structure that slightly changes the speed of photons over time?", an idea that could shed light on the connection between general relativity and quantum gravity. [11] Einstein's equivalence principle states that an object in gravitational free fall is physically equivalent to an object that is accelerating with the same amount of force in the absence of gravity. This principle lies at the heart of general relativity and has been experimentally tested many times. Now in a new paper, scientists have experimentally demonstrated a conceptually new way to test the equivalence principle that could detect the effects of a relatively new concept called spin-gravity coupling. [10] A recent peer-reviewed paper by physicist James Franson from the University of Maryland in the US has initiated a stir among physics community. Issued in the New Journal of Physics, the paper points to evidence proposing that the speed of light as defined by the theory of general relativity, is slower than originally thought. [9] Gravitational time dilation causes decoherence of composite quantum systems. Even if gravitons are there, it's probable that we would never be able to perceive them. Perhaps, assuming they continue inside a robust model of quantum gravity, there may be secondary ways of proving their actuality. [7] The magnetic induction creates a negative electric field, causing an electromagnetic inertia responsible for the relativistic mass change; it is the mysterious Higgs Field giving mass to the particles. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron's spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The self maintained electric potential of the accelerating charges equivalent with the General Relativity space-time curvature, and since it is true on the quantum level also, gives the base of the Quantum Gravity. The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the relativistic quantum theory.
Category: Astrophysics

[1433] viXra:1712.0593 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-24 22:18:42

Pitfall of Space Expansion

Authors: Cres Huang
Comments: 27 Pages.

Space is everywhere with us. It's in our hands. However, it's impossible to bent, stretch, compress, or doing anything with it. Expansion of the space would intertwine with many paradoxes that is beyond comprehension. We have learned to manipulating matter and energy since our first existence on Earth, however, never space.

Additionally, space can not have boundary. Otherwise, it would separate space from something else outside of the space. Neither the boundary or surface of the space nor the outside of the space can be defined as anything other than space. Hence, space, boundary of space, and the outside can only be space. Thus, the shape, size, surface, and boundary of the space can not be detected or measured. Neither the age of the space can be measured. Space and the universe can only be considered infinite.

Logically, we can not detect vacuum, or emptiness. We can only detect the absence of detectable. Absence of detectable is not absolutely equal to emptiness. The same logics that we can only prove the absence of detectable matter and energy. It is impossible to prove the absence of space. The question is, how can you bend or expand infinite and undetectable space that has no surface and boundary?


Category: Astrophysics

[1432] viXra:1712.0586 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-23 23:15:15

The Making of Planet and Gravity

Authors: Cres Huang
Comments: 15 Pages.

Gravity is not force of attraction. An one way concentrative potential is created by head-on congregation of particles from gentle pairing to high speed collision. It can be started by electromagnetic attraction or disturbance in the environment internally or externally. A terrestrial planet, for example, is the coalition of elements. It grows in the process of construction. The coalition builds the body and the force of keeping it together, gravity.
Category: Astrophysics

[1431] viXra:1712.0585 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-23 23:33:31

The Making of Star and Solar System

Authors: Cres Huang
Comments: 11 Pages.

To me, the gravity of super-sized planet can trigger global nuclear reactions and become a star. The expelled particles embrace objects in it's path and create a space cyclone, solar system. Our Solar System is a cyclone powered by the vortex force of a single dominating star, the Sun, in weightless space. The Sun regulates the orbits and reduces the collision of all plants and alike within it's reach. The question is, would it be second star if Jupiter got a chance to gather more mass?
Category: Astrophysics

[1430] viXra:1712.0584 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-23 23:37:50

The Making of Black Hole And Galaxy

Authors: Cres Huang
Comments: 9 Pages.

To me, a star is analogous to a constant and all directional nuclear exploding jet engine. Expelling particles would create it's opposite imploding force. By squeezing mass and energy into single point, I don't see other action can create stronger concentrative mass and force than implosive compression. Under this constant compression, a star can reach it's limit of structure and go supernova. The surface activities would radiate the frequency beyond our detection, a black hole disappeared from our view. Massive black hole can create its' own super space cyclone. Other subsystems can be caught by the storm and form a galaxy, a superset collection of solar and planetary systems by nature's inheritance and self-similarity. Considering nature's capability of creating such varieties of microorganism; Planets, stars, galaxies, and alike will continue to surprise us with our slowly opening eyes. Yet, the universe can only be seen by anyone in very short blink.
Category: Astrophysics

[1429] viXra:1712.0582 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-23 23:44:57

From Redshift To Cosmic Background Radiation

Authors: Cres Huang
Comments: 56 Pages.

Doppler redshift of radiations is dominating in all observations. And, path loss of frequency causes exponentially proportional redshift. Radiation, over space, can continue to stretch below visual and infrared detection, the source would merged into the background (CBR). In the meantime, space is filled with dominating low frequency below visible radiations which can come from outside of the visible universe.
Category: Astrophysics

[1428] viXra:1712.0580 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-23 23:58:41

Age of The Universe Paradox

Authors: Cres Huang
Comments: Pages.

The question are: Will we ever know if there are objects outside of the detectable universe radiating in wave length longer than CBR? Can we date fundamental particles, or space? We only measure the universe with visual radiations. Doesn't it seem that the size and age of the universe is determined by the size of our telescope?
Category: Astrophysics

[1427] viXra:1712.0578 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-24 00:05:22

Big Bang Inflation Paradox Essay

Authors: Cres Huang
Comments: 10 Pages.

Big-bang and universe expansion are illusions of cosmic redshift. Doppler redshift is over 92% dominating. And, path loss of frequency causes exponentially proportional redshift. The expansion of the universe is defined by it's boundary, not the separation galaxies. The fundamentals of redshift and space are examined.
Category: Astrophysics

[1426] viXra:1712.0576 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-24 00:15:58

Dark Matter and Dark Energy Paradox Essay

Authors: Cres Huang
Comments: 7 Pages.

Many incomprehensible paradoxes are created by dark matter and dark energy. Physical matter, dark or not, has to occupy space and prevent other matter from taking the same location. On the other hand, isn't it meaningless if dark matter and dark energy can occupy the same space of ordinary matter and energy without interactions?
Category: Astrophysics

[1425] viXra:1712.0547 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-22 00:57:12

To Study on Examples! Nikitin V.N., Nikitin I.v. the Hypothesis of Emergence of Extraordinary Events on Earth – the Movement of Power Educations on the Internal Surface of the Pacific Plateau Causes a Tsunami, and on His Borders – Earthquakes and Volcanoe

Authors: Nikitin V.N., Nikitin I.V.
Comments: 2 Pages.

The hypothesis of emergence of extraordinary events on Earth – the movement of power educations on the internal surface of the Pacific plateau causes a tsunami, and on his borders – earthquakes and volcanoes.
Category: Astrophysics

[1424] viXra:1712.0518 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-19 19:54:51

Updated Kepler Exoplanet Discoveries Due to New Theory of Planet Formation

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 1 Page.

Utilizing the General Theory and the Radiation Principle of Stellar Evolution it is made clear that the actual count of discovered exoplanets is over 40,000,000 as of the publication date of this paper. Explanation is provided.
Category: Astrophysics

[1423] viXra:1712.0517 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-19 21:54:13

The Refutation of Gravitationa Attraction

Authors: Cres Huang
Comments: 12 Pages.

Gravitational acceleration is independent of composition, shape, size, surface, and distance by falling body experiments.

On the other hand, attraction acceleration is dependent on it's mass and composition (shape, size, surface, and distance are distribution of mass, or function of mass and distance).

Therefore,gravity is not attraction.


Category: Astrophysics

[1422] viXra:1712.0500 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-19 01:33:03

Никитин В.Н., Никитина Н.Н., Никитин И.В. ГОРОД БОГА – КВИНТЭССЕНЦИЯ ЭКСКЛЮЗИВНЫХ ГИПОТЕЗ ИЗ ГЛУБИНКИ Город Бога – это продукт галактического распада Вселенской Белой Дыры.

Authors: Nikitin V.N., Nikitina N.N., Nikitin I.V.
Comments: 1 Page.

Город Бога – это продукт галактического распада Вселенской Белой Дыры.
Category: Astrophysics

[1421] viXra:1712.0497 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-18 07:26:09

At the Bottom Nikitin V.N., Nikitin I.v., Nikitina N.N. the Flat Bottom of Lunar Craters is a Pripylenny Surface of the Frozen Liquid

Authors: Nikitin V.N., Nikitin I.V., Nikitina N.N.
Comments: 1 Page.

The flat bottom of lunar craters is a pripylenny surface of the frozen liquid.
Category: Astrophysics

[1420] viXra:1712.0496 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-18 07:44:53

Disproof of Bigbang

Authors: Ivo van der Rijt
Comments: 3 Pages. I am currently working on falsification of the big bang. Any comments can be directed to ivovanderrijt@hotmail.com. Both positive as negative feedback is welcome.

NA
Category: Astrophysics

[1419] viXra:1712.0472 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-15 16:18:36

Tying Gravitational Work to Energy Transformations and Other Principles in the General Theory of Stellar Metamorphosis

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 1 Page.

Gravitational work is defined as the star doing work on itself as it collapses into a "planet". This work translates to various energy transformations, due to Gravitational Potential energy being converted to kinetic energy and then to friction, heat and electrical energy and back to potential energy in different forms. Explanation is provided.
Category: Astrophysics

[1418] viXra:1712.0460 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-16 08:28:16

Stellar Metamorphosis: Astron Classification Table

Authors: Daniel Archer
Comments: 3 Pages.

I present a classification table of astrons made possible due to the theory of Stellar Metamorphosis(GTSM).
Category: Astrophysics

[1417] viXra:1712.0426 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-14 08:11:26

Without Dark Energy

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 40 Pages.

Three mathematicians have a different explanation for the accelerating expansion of the universe that does without theories of "dark energy." [26] The arrow of time and the accelerated expansion are two fundamental empirical facts of the universe. [25] The intensive, worldwide search for dark matter, the missing mass in the universe, has so far failed to find an abundance of dark, massive stars or scads of strange new weakly interacting particles, but a new candidate is slowly gaining followers and observational support. [24] “We invoke a different theory, the self-interacting dark matter model or SIDM, to show that dark matter self-interactions thermalize the inner halo, which ties ordinary dark matter and dark matter distributions together so that they behave like a collective unit.” [23] Technology proposed 30 years ago to search for dark matter is finally seeing the light. [22] They're looking for dark matter—the stuff that theoretically makes up a quarter of our universe. [21] Results from its first run indicate that XENON1T is the most sensitive dark matter detector on Earth. [20]
Category: Astrophysics

[1416] viXra:1712.0425 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-12 06:45:11

Particle Double Nature Reason

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 34 Pages.

How The Matter Is Created? Why The Particle Has Double Nature? What's The Gravity Reason And Mechanism? Does the gravity needs time to effect or works instantly? If the Planet moves by gravity, why does the moon revolve the Metonic cycle which the Earth doesn't? The Matter Creation is the main question I discuss in this paper, tries to explain why the Particle has double nature.. ( Paper Main Hypothesis: "The Matter Is Made Of Light")
Category: Astrophysics

[1415] viXra:1712.0409 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-12 21:42:30

A Brief Experiment of Space

Authors: Cres Huang
Comments: Pages.

We have learned to manipulating matter and energy since our first existence, however, never space. Luckily, there is vacuum sharing some properties of space. We can create and shape vacuum to some extent. The experiment observes the interactions of vacuum, mass and energy to derive a logical understanding of space.
Category: Astrophysics

[1414] viXra:1712.0406 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-13 02:55:57

On the Limit Energy of Cosmic Rays

Authors: Anatoly V. Belyakov
Comments: 4 Pages. 4 p., 1 fig.

It is established that the upper limit of cosmic-ray energy due to the Greisen-Zatsepin-Kuzmin effect is local. On the basis of the mechanistic interpretation of J. Wheeler's geometrodynamic concept, a more fundamental limitation on this limit was established, which, in the final analysis, depends on Planck's size (ђγ/c^3)^1/2 and for protons the limit is 4.51×10^18 eV. The inflection in the spectrum curve, the "knee", corresponds to the mass-energy of the vortex tube of the limiting proton-electron contour, 1.46×10^15 eV. For other nuclei these energies increase in proportion to the atomic number of the element.
Category: Astrophysics

[1413] viXra:1712.0398 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-12 06:21:21

Particle Double Nature Reason

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 34 Pages.

How The Matter Is Created? Why The Particle Has Double Nature? What's The Gravity Reason And Mechanism? Does the gravity needs time to effect or works instantly? If the Planet moves by gravity, why does the moon revolve the Metonic cycle which the Earth doesn't? The Matter Creation is the main question I discuss in this paper, tries to explain why the Particle has double nature.. ( Paper Main Hypothesis: "The Matter Is Made Of Light")
Category: Astrophysics

[1412] viXra:1712.0385 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-10 11:26:37

Time Arrow and Dark Energy

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 37 Pages.

The arrow of time and the accelerated expansion are two fundamental empirical facts of the universe. [25] The intensive, worldwide search for dark matter, the missing mass in the universe, has so far failed to find an abundance of dark, massive stars or scads of strange new weakly interacting particles, but a new candidate is slowly gaining followers and observational support. [24] “We invoke a different theory, the self-interacting dark matter model or SIDM, to show that dark matter self-interactions thermalize the inner halo, which ties ordinary dark matter and dark matter distributions together so that they behave like a collective unit.” [23] Technology proposed 30 years ago to search for dark matter is finally seeing the light. [22] They're looking for dark matter—the stuff that theoretically makes up a quarter of our universe. [21] Results from its first run indicate that XENON1T is the most sensitive dark matter detector on Earth. [20] Scientists at Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU) in Germany have now come up with a new theory on how dark matter may have been formed shortly after the origin of the universe. [19] Map of dark matter made from gravitational lensing measurements of 26 million galaxies in the Dark Energy Survey. [18] CfA astronomers Annalisa Pillepich and Lars Hernquist and their colleagues compared gravitationally distorted Hubble images of the galaxy cluster Abell 2744 and two other clusters with the results of computer simulations of dark matter haloes. [17] In a paper published July 20 in the journal Physical Review Letters, an international team of cosmologists uses data from the intergalactic medium— the vast, largely empty space between galaxies—to narrow down what dark matter could be. [16] But a new hypothesis might have gotten us closer to figuring out its identity, because physicists now suspect that dark matter has been changing forms this whole time - from ghostly particles in the Universe's biggest structures, to a strange, superfluid state at smaller scales. And we might soon have the tools to confirm it. [15] Superfluids may exist inside neutron stars, and some researchers have speculated that space-time itself may be a superfluid. So why shouldn’t dark matter have a superfluid phase, too? [14] "The best result on dark matter so far—and we just got started." This is how scientists behind XENON1T, now the most sensitive dark matter experiment world-wide, commented on their first result from a short 30-day run presented today to the scientific community. [13] The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron – proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter. SIMPs would resolve certain discrepancies between simulations of the distribution of dark matter, like this one, and the observed properties of the galaxies. In particle physics and astrophysics, weakly interacting massive particles, or WIMPs, are among the leading hypothetical particle physics candidates for dark matter.
Category: Astrophysics

[1411] viXra:1712.0382 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-10 19:43:19

Gravitational Waves Carry Negative Energy

Authors: Adrian Ferent
Comments: 90 Pages. © 2015 Adrian Ferent

“Gravitational waves carry negative energy” Adrian Ferent “Gravitational waves are carried by gravitons” Adrian Ferent This means gravitational waves carry gravitational energy and momentum. “The Gravitational waves have their energy contained in gravitons” Adrian Ferent “The gravitons give a negative momentum to mass-carrying particles to attract them.” Adrian Ferent “Gravitational force is mediated by gravitons faster than the speed of light, with negative momentum” Adrian Ferent The momentum of the graviton is negative p = - m × v and I calculated the speed of the graviton va. “Because the momentum is negative, the relativistic mass -m of the graviton is negative!” Adrian Ferent “The relativistic mass m of the graviton is negative, this implies that the energy of the graviton is negative, E = - m × va2.” Adrian Ferent This means: “Gravitation is caused by negative energy” Adrian Ferent “Gravitons have negative energy E = a × f and the speed higher than the speed of light” Adrian Ferent Einstein’s gravitational waves carry positive energy. That is why: “Einstein’s gravitational waves do not exist, how they can detect them?” Adrian Ferent This is another proof that LIGO is a fraud. The 2017 Nobel Prize in Physics has been awarded for a project, the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-wave Observatory (LIGO) not for a scientific discovery; they did not detect anything because Einstein’s gravitational waves do not exist. The same fraud was in 2013 with the Higgs Boson, the so-called “God particle”.
Category: Astrophysics

[1410] viXra:1712.0375 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-09 09:47:16

Black Hole's Magnetism

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 23 Pages.

In a paper published today in the journal Science, University of Florida scientists have discovered these tears in the fabric of the universe have significantly weaker magnetic fields than previously thought. The group explains their theory in a paper published in the journal Physical Review Letters—it involves the idea of primordial black holes (PBHs) infesting the centers of neutron stars and eating them from the inside out. [18] But for rotating black holes, there's a region outside the event horizon where strange and extraordinary things can happen, and these extraordinary possibilities are the focus of a new paper in the American Physical Society journal Physical Review Letters. [17] Astronomers have constructed the first map of the universe based on the positions of supermassive black holes, which reveals the large-scale structure of the universe. [16] Astronomers want to record an image of the heart of our galaxy for the first time: a global collaboration of radio dishes is to take a detailed look at the black hole which is assumed to be located there. [15] A team of researchers from around the world is getting ready to create what might be the first image of a black hole. [14] "There seems to be a mysterious link between the amount of dark matter a galaxy holds and the size of its central black hole, even though the two operate on vastly different scales," said Akos Bogdan of the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics (CfA). [13] If dark matter comes in both matter and antimatter varieties, it might accumulate inside dense stars to create black holes. [12] For a long time, there were two main theories related to how our universe would end. These were the Big Freeze and the Big Crunch. In short, the Big Crunch claimed that the universe would eventually stop expanding and collapse in on itself. This collapse would result in…well…a big crunch (for lack of a better term). Think " the Big Bang " , except just the opposite. That's essentially what the Big Crunch is. On the other hand, the Big Freeze claimed that the universe would continue expanding forever, until the cosmos becomes a frozen wasteland. This theory asserts that stars will get farther and farther apart, burn out, and (since there are no more stars bring born) the universe will grown entirely cold and eternally black. [11] Newly published research reveals that dark matter is being swallowed up by dark energy, offering novel insight into the nature of dark matter and dark energy and what the future of our Universe might be. [10] The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron – proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter.
Category: Astrophysics

[1409] viXra:1712.0371 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-09 14:11:00

Gravitational Collapse: A Mass and Energy Loss Phenomenon

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 3 Pages. 3 illustrations

For gravitational collapse to occur, a body needs to have mass and energy to lose. Explanation is provided.
Category: Astrophysics

[1408] viXra:1712.0370 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-09 19:33:05

Strong Support for the Mass Independence and Coherency Principles of the General Theory of Stellar Metamorphosis: NGTS-1b

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 1 Page. 3 references

The discovery of NGTS-1b strongly supports the principles of mass independence and coherency of stellar evolution and formation according to the general theory. Explanation is provided along with link to original discovery paper showing the issues.
Category: Astrophysics

[1407] viXra:1712.0345 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-07 11:31:38

Earth is Bombarded with Dark Matter

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 19 Pages.

University of Southern Denmark researchers have conducted simulations of dark matter particles hitting the Earth. [18] A global team of scientists, including two University of Mississippi physicists, has found that the same instruments used in the historic discovery of gravitational waves caused by colliding black holes could help unlock the secrets of dark matter, a mysterious and as-yet-unobserved component of the universe. [17] The lack of so-called " dark photons " in electron-positron collision data rules out scenarios in which these hypothetical particles explain the muon's magnetic moment. [16] By reproducing the complexity of the cosmos through unprecedented simulations, a new study highlights the importance of the possible behaviour of very high-energy photons. In their journey through intergalactic magnetic fields, such photons could be transformed into axions and thus avoid being absorbed. [15] Scientists have detected a mysterious X-ray signal that could be caused by dark matter streaming out of our Sun's core. Hidden photons are predicted in some extensions of the Standard Model of particle physics, and unlike WIMPs they would interact electromagnetically with normal matter. In particle physics and astrophysics, weakly interacting massive particles, or WIMPs, are among the leading hypothetical particle physics candidates for dark matter. The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron – proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter.
Category: Astrophysics

[1406] viXra:1712.0128 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-06 04:00:27

Basics of Astrophysics Revisited. III Supercritical Sun Idea.

Authors: Edgars Alksnis
Comments: 1 Page.

Supercritical state of solar matter might overcome some remaining difficulties of liquid Sun concept.
Category: Astrophysics

[1405] viXra:1712.0127 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-05 07:59:31

New Candidate for Dark Matter

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 37 Pages.

The intensive, worldwide search for dark matter, the missing mass in the universe, has so far failed to find an abundance of dark, massive stars or scads of strange new weakly interacting particles, but a new candidate is slowly gaining followers and observational support. [24] " We invoke a different theory, the self-interacting dark matter model or SIDM, to show that dark matter self-interactions thermalize the inner halo, which ties ordinary dark matter and dark matter distributions together so that they behave like a collective unit. " [23] Technology proposed 30 years ago to search for dark matter is finally seeing the light. [22] They're looking for dark matter—the stuff that theoretically makes up a quarter of our universe. [21] Results from its first run indicate that XENON1T is the most sensitive dark matter detector on Earth. [20] Scientists at Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU) in Germany have now come up with a new theory on how dark matter may have been formed shortly after the origin of the universe. [19] Map of dark matter made from gravitational lensing measurements of 26 million galaxies in the Dark Energy Survey. [18] CfA astronomers Annalisa Pillepich and Lars Hernquist and their colleagues compared gravitationally distorted Hubble images of the galaxy cluster Abell 2744 and two other clusters with the results of computer simulations of dark matter haloes. [17] In a paper published July 20 in the journal Physical Review Letters, an international team of cosmologists uses data from the intergalactic medium— the vast, largely empty space between galaxies—to narrow down what dark matter could be. [16]
Category: Astrophysics

[1404] viXra:1712.0106 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-05 01:44:27

What Cut the Dinosaurs

Authors: Nikitin V.N., Nikitin IV, Nikitina N.N.
Comments: 5 Pages.

High-energy currents of the Moon caused cataclysms on the Earth. The observed flares on the objects of the solar system are the result of explosions of energy bubbles.
Category: Astrophysics

[1403] viXra:1712.0096 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-05 07:04:09

Molecular Diffusion Model as an Alternative to Dark Energy

Authors: Karan R.Takkhi
Comments: 3 pages, 1 figure

Dark energy is rightfully considered to be the reason for causing the accelerated expansion of the universe. Universe expanding at an accelerated rate instead of slowing down or coming to a stop seems extremely uncanny. The Big Bang theory is strongly favoured and the most accepted theory for the origin of the universe. On the other hand the competing Steady State theory also has an equal importance. In this paper I present a theory that bridges the gap between the Big Bang theory and the Steady State theory. The molecular diffusion model has been introduced in this manuscript as an alternative to dark energy in order to explain the mysterious accelerated expansion of the Universe.
Category: Astrophysics

[1402] viXra:1712.0020 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-02 11:24:10

The Mass Modeling Principle of Stellar Evolution

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 1 Page.

In stellar metamorphosis stars lose mass as they evolve, therefore a simple principle can be drawn up regarding their mass loss and modeling for future scientists.
Category: Astrophysics

[1401] viXra:1712.0013 [pdf] submitted on 2017-12-01 16:28:58

The Angular Momentum Problem with Barycenters in Stellar Metamorphosis

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 1 Page.

A serious problem is brought to light concerning establishment's acceptance of stars not losing most of their mass and their acceptance of the permanence of orbits. This is due to the angular momentum of objects in the outer solar system being way too high to maintain a stable barycenter given stars lose considerable mass as they evolve.
Category: Astrophysics

[1400] viXra:1711.0449 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-27 18:51:15

Multilinear Extensions of Gerges Francis Twadrous Equation

Authors: NS Fugato
Comments: 5 Pages.

1. The Gerges Francis equation states: D = A R^2 Pi^n 2. Clearly this equation follows from the basic planetary chart and the seminal work of Gerges Francis. 3. If the read is not familiar with this basic equation, we refer to [1-5]. 4. This paper discusses multilinear extensions. 5. Much future research needs to be done.
Category: Astrophysics

[1399] viXra:1711.0394 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-24 06:05:26

Exclusive Condition of Existence of Life on Earth

Authors: Nikitina N.N, Nikitin I.V, Nikitin V.N.
Comments: 1 Page. 1

Life on Earth arose because of the anomalous structure of the solar system
Category: Astrophysics

[1398] viXra:1711.0393 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-24 06:09:28

Attention! We Pass the Cosmic Forecast of the Future

Authors: Nikitina NN, Nikitin IV, Nikitin VN
Comments: 3 Pages.

The climate of the solar system is predictable and entirely determined by the energy state of outer space
Category: Astrophysics

[1397] viXra:1711.0379 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-22 05:52:56

The Raspberry Shaped Multiverse, Pulsating Between Big Crunch and Big Bang, Based on Rigid Transformable Massless Axion Higgs Particles.

Authors: Leo Vuyk
Comments: 26 Pages.

In particle physics it is an interesting challenge to postulate that the rigid FORM and topological structure of elementary particles is the origin of different FUNCTIONS of rigid transformable string particles. The resulting model is called “Quantum FFF Theory” (FFF=Function Follows Form). As a consequence however, the standard model should be extended with an alternative Higgs boson of different mass series (recent LHC measurements) as a base for unstable microscopic dark matter black hole (DMBH) nuclei (for Ball Lightning as interference Higgs knots) up to stable (Sunspot and S-Nova) black hole nuclei merging into a cyclic Big Crunch/ Big Bang nucleus. Dark Energy of the vacuum is assume to be created by an oscillating massless springy stringy Axion/Higgs field virgin vacuum particle, being one half of a new emerging quantum gravity system combine with the opposing pressure of a pushing graviton. . The vacuum particles are assumed to oscillate in tandem inside spiral (chiral) flux tubes between photon communication nodes with a variable Planck length as a base, creating a tetrahedron based chiral vacuum lattice connected by nodes between two tetrahedrons. As a result, the dark matter black hole Big Bang was the cold explosion into dark matter black hole splinter chunks evaporating into the oscillating Axion/ Higgs field and series of smaller chunks, leaving a trail of Hydrogen creating stable black holes behind, also called the Lyman Alpha forest. So, the new extended standard model is based on different geometrical string structures for Higgs based dark matter black holes but also extended with a monopole photon/ Gluon system.
Category: Astrophysics

[1396] viXra:1711.0368 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-20 23:52:24

Die Umwandlung Der Rotationsenergie Der Erde in Elektr. Energie, Die X81 Zum Avancieren Und Die Dunkle Energie im Detail 1

Authors: Robert Stach
Comments: 10 Pages.

Aufgezeigt wird die Möglichkeit der Wechselwirkung zwischen der Rotationsenergie der Erde und ihrer Gravitationskraft zur Energieumwandlung ihrer Rotationsenergie in mechanische / elektrische Energie. Gezeigt wird eine technische Anwendung, bei der sich die Kreisel nicht tangential, sondern senktrecht von der Erde entfernen können. Hinweise zum Michelson-Experiment (richtige Wahl der Bezugssysteme), zur Konstanz der Lichtgeschwindigkeit und zur "Dunklen Energie" als elektromagnetische Strahlung
Category: Astrophysics

[1395] viXra:1711.0366 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-21 01:10:20

ИЛЛЮЗИЯ СУЩЕСТВОВАНИЯ ЧИСЛА «ПИ»

Authors: Nikitin V.N., Nikitin I.V.
Comments: 1 Page.

Асимметрия всего – вот главное условие существования Вселенной, а значит не существует абсолютной окружности и, как следствие этого, числа Пи.
Category: Astrophysics

[1394] viXra:1711.0347 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-17 15:50:05

Differences Between Establishment Dogma, Electric Universe and Stellar Metamorphosis (GTSM)

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 1 Page.

A diagram is presented to show the differences between establishment dogma, electric universe and stellar metamorphosis (GTSM). Additions will be made at a later date for further clarification.
Category: Astrophysics

[1393] viXra:1711.0344 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-18 00:38:43

Heretical Physics Pluto Without Newton

Authors: John E.Miller
Comments: 6 Pages.

Physics has been static for the last '400' years, hidebound by Newton's hypothesis of gravitational attraction between heavenly bodies. Such hypothesis is not proven, by existing published data. This paper will derive a solution that complies with published data and the correct application of mathematical laws by analyzing the orbiting, Pluto-Charon circular waltz. The ultimate pointer, to the failure of Newtonian theory and a correction to Kepler's laws. A previous paper "NEWTON CORRECTED", the theory of galaxy energy spheres will be applied to explain the complete mechanics for Pluto-Charon orbits and spins. The Universe is a mass packed solid, as is an ocean of water, when something moves everything else responds.
Category: Astrophysics

[1392] viXra:1711.0342 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-18 03:41:43

ЭКСКЛЮЗИВНОЕ УСЛОВИЕ СУЩЕСТВОВАНИЯ ЖИЗНИ НА ЗЕМЛЕ

Authors: Nikitin V.N.
Comments: 1 Page.

Жизнь на Земле возникла благодаря аномальному строению Солнечной системы
Category: Astrophysics

[1391] viXra:1711.0341 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-18 03:44:10

Внимание! Передаём космический прогноз будущего

Authors: Nikitina N.N., Nikitin I.V., Nikitin V.N.
Comments: 2 Pages.

Климат Солнечной системы предсказуем и всецело определяется энергетическим состоянием космического пространства.
Category: Astrophysics

[1390] viXra:1711.0329 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-17 01:34:00

The Most Romantic from the Most Current

Authors: Nikitin V.N., Nikitin I.V.
Comments: 4 Pages.

The steady growth of the number of arcanas of the mysterious universe is a sign of imperfection of existing theories and ideas about the surrounding world, which contributes to the creation of radically new alternative ideas and theories. New ideas should be piercing and understandable to everyone, to promote an adequate perception of reality and to be as much as possible interconnected with each other and with existing scientific knowledge. In this case, alternative ideas will inevitably become punchy! The results of long-term theoretical studies of abnormal physical phenomena of the processes of the origin and evolution of the universe are embodied in the exclusive hypotheses of the creative collective "NIKI" and are set forth here in a logical sequence, from the moment the Universe emerged to its transformation into "nothing."
Category: Astrophysics

[1389] viXra:1711.0327 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-15 07:17:40

The Einstein Cross Lensing Effect Explained by the Quadruple Dark Matter Formation Process of Edge-on Spiral Galaxies, According to Quantum FFF Theory.

Authors: Leo Vuyk
Comments: 17 Pages.

According to Quantum FFF Theory, it is assumed that the Galaxy formation process starts with the dual pairing process of so called dark matter black hole splinters created by the Big Bang nucleus explosion.. Galaxy stability is assumed to be based on the external (new physics) dual dark matter black hole configurations with a growing spiral shaped star and Super Nova black hole population in between, perpendicular to the dual Black Hole axis.. As a consequence, all spiral galaxies should show to the edge-on observer, a quadruple configuration of dark matter postulated to be the origin of the Einstein Cross effect. The successive central dark matter black hole, is supposed to be growing by smaller super nova black hole mergers, created inside the spiral galaxy plane.
Category: Astrophysics

[1388] viXra:1711.0293 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-13 10:01:33

Plausibility of Selected ‘ELECTRIC SUN’ Models Based on Mass-Density Considerations

Authors: Raymond HV Gallucci
Comments: 9 Pages.

Three proposed models for an ‘electric sun’ are examined here, with evaluation of their plausibility based on the required mass-density relationship of the proposed composition assuming our sun is comprised purely of hydrogen (an idealized examination). The three models include (1) the ‘Electric Sky’ hypothesis, first proposed by Juergens and since then championed by advocates of a plasma/electric universe; (2) a sun comprised of an interior of liquid metallic hydrogen, proposed for more than the past decade by Robitaille; and (3) a sun composed of a superconducting, ‘cold’ solid hydrogen core, more recently developed by Burchell. The three models are not necessarily contradictory, as each includes aspects of the other. An overview of each is presented, followed by a simple analysis of the required mass-density of a sun composed of a solid hydrogen ‘core’ with a gaseous hydrogen surrounding annulus, potentially consistent with each model.
Category: Astrophysics

[1387] viXra:1711.0282 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-13 03:00:34

Stellar Metamorphosis: Formation of Rings (Dust Belts)

Authors: Daniel Archer
Comments: 2 Pages. My first paper

The new finding of a dust belt around Proxima Centauri and the possibility of more planets than was first thought is interpreted through the lens of the General Theory of Stellar Metamorphosis.
Category: Astrophysics

[1386] viXra:1711.0251 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-09 05:32:17

No place for Dark Matter in Galaxy Clusters

Authors: Karan R.Takkhi
Comments: 3 pages

Galaxy clusters are one of the most mysterious large-scale structures in the universe. The extremely hot X-ray emitting gas (plasma) that constitutes the intracluster medium (ICM) is also quite mysterious. The observed gravitational lensing and the high velocity dispersion of galaxies within the cluster add another mysterious dimension to a galaxy cluster. There are many puzzling questions adhered to galaxy clusters, such as, what causes the ICM to remain confined within the cluster? Is it dark matter that confines the ICM, or does the ICM possesses certain properties of its own which gives it the added advantage to remain confined within the cluster, instead of just dispersing or diffusing out of the cluster? Is dark matter really required to explain certain observations related to galaxy clusters, such as, ICM confinement, velocity dispersion of galaxies and the spooky gravitational lensing arcs observed within the cluster? Are we underestimating the baryonic mass? In this paper I present the study of a random galaxy cluster to completely rule out the possibility of dark matter’s presence in all galaxy clusters. The study provides explanation for such discussed mysterious phenomena associated with galaxy clusters that would otherwise be difficult to explain without considering the presence of dark matter.
Category: Astrophysics

[1385] viXra:1711.0237 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-07 06:28:22

Higgs Particle Based SIMPs for Ancient and Future (Stone) Cutting Technology.

Authors: Leo Vuyk
Comments: 19 Pages.

Strong Interacting Massive Particles (SIMPs) are recently assumed to relate to the Dark Matter phenomenon. (J. R. Espinosa, et al.) In Quantum FFF Theory ( FFF= Function Follow Form) however, Strong Interacting Massive Particles (or SIMPs) are described already as complex Quantum Knot Bosons in the form of “electric dark matter black hole” based ball lightning, micro Comets or even micro scale evaporating energy bullets found in silicon discharge globule experiments by the author. These Silicon globule structures show strong differences with normal Silicon matter, which was reason to compare these complexities in detail and make suggestions for future research. One of the clear phenomena is, that all globules show internal traces of evaporating tunneling energy bullets, which is supposed to be a first sign of evaporating (decaying) Quantum Knots or Dark Matter particles with the characteristic of small fireballs or Ball Lightning often observed in the natural environment. According to Quantum FFF Theory, postulates that ball lightning nuclei are created by Magnetic particle interference into complex slow evaporating ( decaying) Higgs based quantum knots . At the same time the LHC experiments showed us, that there should be Higgs particles of different mass series of 125 and 375 GeV. and even higher, which is reason to postulate that these mass series could be based on a form mechanical origin of the rigid string model of Quantum FFF Theory. Future LHC results could give us more support for such mechanical –mass related Higgs series of 750- and 1625 GeV. as a support for such a rigid string based click-on model for the Higgs and the resulting decay time extension related to traveling distance.. If science is able to produce specific Higgs related SIMPs with exact decay times and travelling distances in the lab, then we also may be able to create new hand held technology for light saber (Star Wars) alike based cutting and smoothing hard stone as we find all over the world in ancient large and small stone cut- and smoothed artifacts.
Category: Astrophysics

[1384] viXra:1711.0233 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-06 21:23:34

Heretical Physics Venus Without Newton

Authors: John E.Miller
Comments: 4 Pages.

Much of Standard model physics defining Solar System orbits is founded on failure of mathematics to match DATA. The principle failure within the S.M. in diagnosing gravitational attraction as a property of planetary density, instead of the more correct conclusion that gravity is a property of EINSTEIN's CURVED SPACE. This paper will address Galaxy Energy Spheres(G.E.S.)as the driving force maintaining planetary orbits. WEB pages from NASA et. al. explain there is no explanation for VENUS and its opposite spin. This will be explained further as the subject matter for this paper
Category: Astrophysics

[1383] viXra:1711.0206 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-05 10:38:34

The General Theory of Stellar Metamorphosis

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski, Barrington James Taylor
Comments: 177 Pages.

This is a pre-print book of the General Theory of Stellar Metamorphosis. It includes the majority of the principles, laws, observations and refutations concerning the general theory and its development. Revisions will be done at a later date.
Category: Astrophysics

[1382] viXra:1711.0133 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-03 07:36:38

Copernicous Kepler Model Modification

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 43 Pages.

Copernicus-Kepler Model Modification: The sun is on the vertical level relative to the Earth. All solar planets are found on the horizontal level relative to the Earth The Sun is higher than the Earth, and higher than all solar planets The straight line from the Sun to the Earth is the main line in the solar group The planets revolve around this line, and not around the sun herself.. i.e. the Planets revolve around the line connected between the Sun and the Earth… That means when the planet revolve around the sun, he will revolve around the Earth also because both of them connected by this same one line That's why, the Ptolemy model lived very long time, because it was correct So if the planet revolve around the sun or around the Earth the result will be the same, because both of them contributed to create the main line in the solar group And because the sun is higher than the Earth, we see the sun hesitating motion to forward and backward with angle 63.7 degrees yearly, as a circle motion So the sun circle motion is NOT true, but resulted from our wrong vision for the sun motion… I claim, the planets from the Earth to Pluto move toward the sun, but Mercury and Venus move in the reverse direction The Earth daily displacement toward the sun = 1 km The previous modification can give us some explanation for the Egyptian astronomical phenomenon 2737, in which Mercury, Venus and Saturn were perpendicular on the Earth on 3/12/2012(on the Egyptian pyramids heads-appendix No.1), Which proves, that the planets Not only revolve around the sun but also revolve around the Earth, supports this modification.
Category: Astrophysics

[1381] viXra:1711.0112 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-02 07:58:37

Higgs Quantum Knots is Dark Matter is Black Holes or: Higgs Dark Matter Black Holes.

Authors: Leo Vuyk
Comments: 13 Pages.

In particle physics it is an interesting challenge to postulate that the rigid FORM and topological structure of elementary particles is the origin of different FUNCTIONS of these particles. The resulting model is called “Quantum Function Follows Form” model. As a consequence, the standard model could be extended with changes for an alternative Photonic Molecule based Higgs particle of different masses ( recent LHC measurements) based on different geometrical structures. At the same time there seems to open a new field of physics around quantum gravity, the planetary mass related local lightspeed drag, and a topological superconductive vacuum. In this paper I present possible 3D particle solutions based on only one complex 3-D ring shaped Axion-Higgs particle, which is equipped with three point like hinges and one splitting point, all four points divided equally over the ring surface. The 3-D ring itself is postulated to represent the “Virgin Mother” of all other particles and is coined Axion-Higgs particle, the ring is equipped with 3-hinges coded (OOO), which gives the particle the opportunity to transform after real mechanical collision with other particles into a different shape, with a different function and interlocking abilities with other particles to form Quarks quantum knots and all other particles. Thus in this Quantum Function Follows Form theory, the Axion-Higgs vacuum particle is interpreted as a massless singular transformer but rigid string particle able to create the universe by transforming its shape after real mechanical collision and merging with other shaped particles into complex and compound knots like quarks, W Z and Higgs particles of different masses and even ball lightning and other black hole nuclei. If we assume that different massive Higgs particle knots are the origin of different evaporation times, then there is reason to assume that the trajectory lengths measured from the source, before evaporation are covariant, without any radiation curvature. Reason to suggest that the idea to use such a process for “lightsaber” projects with restricted length has some logic.
Category: Astrophysics

[1380] viXra:1711.0041 [pdf] submitted on 2017-11-02 05:58:56

Solar System as “sandwich or Cell” Theory,and Extend of “law of Universal Gravitation”

Authors: Shaoyong zheng
Comments: 4 Pages.

This article explain "why sun and its planets mentained on one plane" and Solar system as “sandwich or cell” theory,and extend of “law of universal gravitation”
Category: Astrophysics

[1379] viXra:1710.0352 [pdf] submitted on 2017-10-30 20:36:11

Matter is Created From Non-Empty Space

Authors: Seamus McCelt
Comments: 3 Pages.

The Fabric-of-Space is not solid, liquid, gas nor plasma. It is a thread particle network made from individual yet connected quantum threads.

Space has all threads expanded to full length.
Matter has threads balled-up and or wrapped around the nucleus.

Creating matter from space? Yes, the basic ratio is four to one. Four units of space can make 2 protons and 2 electrons and that makes an Hydrogen gas molecule -- basic matter.

That means the thread network in space is the equivalent of 25% real matter, but since it is actually just the network that you cannot see, I guess you can call it Dark Matter.
Got it? If you think of all the particles in space that are filling the Universe and convert them into normal matter... you would get a Universe that is filled with 25% matter.
Category: Astrophysics

[1378] viXra:1710.0323 [pdf] submitted on 2017-10-29 10:17:52

Potential Energy Deficit as an Alternative for Dark Matter?

Authors: Marek Kurpiewski
Comments: 12 Pages.

The problem of gravitational potential energy is analyzed within a simple model, in which the 3-dimensional (3D) space is a curved hypersurface of a 4-dimensional (4D) Euclidean space. The analysis shows that the effect of gravitational potential energy deficit is present in the model. For a particular profile of hypersurface representing 3D space, the effects of aforementioned deficit are similar to effects attributed to dark matter, while not being contrary to Newton's law of gravity.
Category: Astrophysics

[1377] viXra:1710.0301 [pdf] submitted on 2017-10-26 23:58:12

Die Swastika Und Ihre Technische Bedeutung im Detail 3

Authors: Robert Stach
Comments: 10 Pages.

Aufgezeigt wird die Möglichkeit der Wechselwirkung zwischen der Rotationsenergie der Erde und ihrer Gravitationskraft zur Energieumwandlung ihrer Rotationsenergie in mechanische / elektrische Energie. Hinweise zum Michelson-Experiment (Wahl der Bezugssysteme), zur Konstanz der Lichtgeschwindigkeit und zu einer weiteren Form der Energie
Category: Astrophysics

[1376] viXra:1710.0292 [pdf] submitted on 2017-10-26 02:09:04

Nikitin V.N., Nikitin I.v., Nikitina N.N. Physical Bases of Divine Creation and Evolution of Galaxy «UNIVERSE» Description of the Process of Creation of the World and Breakthrough Exclusive Ideas in the Field of Cosmology and Astrophysics

Authors: Nikitin V.N., Nikitin I.V., Nikitina N.N.
Comments: 4 Pages.

Description of the process of creation of the world and breakthrough exclusive ideas in the field of cosmology and astrophysics relating to the Divine Universe.
Category: Astrophysics

[1375] viXra:1710.0291 [pdf] submitted on 2017-10-26 02:14:21

Nikitin V.N., Nikitin I.v. Exclusive Hypotheses, Disclosing the Secrets of Our Space Neighbors. the Steady Growth of the Number of Mysteries of the Mysterious Universe is a Sign of Imperfection of Existing Theories and Ideas About the Surrounding World...

Authors: Nikitin V.N., Nikitin I.V.
Comments: 3 Pages.

The steady growth of the number of mysteries of the mysterious universe is a sign of imperfection of existing theories and ideas about the surrounding world, which contributes to the creation of radically new alternative ideas and theories. New ideas should be piercing and understandable to everyone. They should also contribute to an adequate perception of reality and be as closely interrelated as possible with existing scientific knowledge. In this case, alternative ideas will inevitably become punchy! The results of long-term theoretical studies of the solar system nearest to us are given with the aim of revealing their secrets and riddles, as well as explaining various phenomena. A total of 14 exclusive hypotheses.
Category: Astrophysics

[1374] viXra:1710.0269 [pdf] submitted on 2017-10-24 03:18:24

КАК КАПЛЯ В МОРЕ Никитин В.Н., Никитин И.В. Разрушение космических объектов может быть вызвано изменением энергетической плотности пространства на пути их движения.

Authors: Nikitin V.N., Nikitin I.V.
Comments: 2 Pages.

Разрушение космических объектов может быть вызвано изменением энергетической плотности пространства на пути их движения.
Category: Astrophysics

[1373] viXra:1710.0268 [pdf] submitted on 2017-10-24 03:43:27

Exclusive Hypotheses of Natural Cataclysms of the Earth Nikitin V., Nikitin I. Steady Growth of Number of Riddles of the Mysterious Universe is a Sign of Imperfection of the Existing Theories and Ideas of the World Around that Promotes Creation of Cardina

Authors: Nikitin V., Nikitin I.
Comments: 4 Pages.

Steady growth of number of riddles of the mysterious Universe is a sign of imperfection of the existing theories and ideas of the world around that promotes creation of cardinally new alternative ideas and theories. The new ideas have to be penetrative and are clear to everyone, to promote adequate perception of reality and to be most interconnected among themselves and with the existing scientific knowledge. In this case, the alternative ideas inevitably will become penetrative! Results of long-term theoretical researches of structure and evolution of the Universe are given in interrelation with climatic cataclysms and physical properties of Earth.
Category: Astrophysics

[1372] viXra:1710.0255 [pdf] submitted on 2017-10-22 05:35:40

Heretical Physics Newton Corrected

Authors: John E. Miller
Comments: 6 Pages.

Much of the S.M. in Physics defining Solar System orbits is founded on corruption of Maths. standard rules.By correcting Newton's gravitational equations and correctly applying Kepler's constant to Dark Matter/ Dark Energy mass. It is possible to define mechanical physics in lieu of math. symbols to create orbits.
Category: Astrophysics

[1371] viXra:1710.0240 [pdf] submitted on 2017-10-22 17:16:18

Pulsar Frequency and Pulsar Tilted Axis Explained as Geodesic Precession Effects

Authors: E.P.J. de Haas
Comments: 10 Pages.

The hypothesis is presented that pulsar-time is geodesic precession rotation time, in both the causal sense and the quantitative sense (T-pulsar exactly equals T-geodesic). The causal sense implies the hypothesis that, in the outer crust of the neutron star, the curvature of the metric favors alignment of elementary particle magnetic moments along the geodesic precession. A consequence of this hypothesis is the partial decoupling of pulsar time and orbital rotation time. For a ``canonical'' neutron star, with 1.4 solar mass and a radius of 10 km, this implies that T-orbit equals approximately one fifth of T-pulsar. The pulsar time as being geodesic precession time explains the extreme stability of pulsar frequencies, despite strong magnetic turbulences. It also quite naturally explains the tilted axis of the neutron stars magnetic moment relative to its orbital axis. The hypothesis is formulated within the environment of the Ehlers-Pirani-Schild Weyl Space Free Fall Grid approach as developed in two previous papers, but it should be theory independent and thus be derivable in GR-Schwarzschild as well.
Category: Astrophysics

[1370] viXra:1710.0232 [pdf] submitted on 2017-10-21 03:45:00

ТАК ВОТ ГДЕ ЗАРОЖДАЮТСЯ КОМЕТЫ! Никитин В.Н., Никитин И.В. Кометы зарождались во внешних планетах Солнечной системы. Красное пятно на Юпитере является наглядным примером начального этапа формирования комет. Церера – остаток кометы Юпитера.

Authors: Nikitin V.N., Nikitin I.V.
Comments: 2 Pages.

Кометы зарождались во внешних планетах Солнечной системы. Красное пятно на Юпитере является наглядным примером начального этапа формирования комет. Церера – остаток кометы Юпитера.
Category: Astrophysics

[1369] viXra:1710.0230 [pdf] submitted on 2017-10-20 02:30:29

Пример, подтверждающий эксклюзивную гипотезу формирования и эволюции объектов Вселенной. Никитин В. Н., Никитин И. В. Чёрные дыры способны не только притягивать к себе тела, но и выталкивать их изнутри.

Authors: Nikitin V. N., Nikitin I. V.
Comments: 1 Page.

Чёрные дыры способны не только притягивать к себе тела, но и выталкивать их изнутри.
Category: Astrophysics

[1368] viXra:1710.0229 [pdf] submitted on 2017-10-20 02:39:17

ОНА ОКАЗАЛАСЬ СНАРУЖИ. Никитин В. Н., Никитин И. В. Недостающая часть тёмной материи находится в Антивселенной со своими физическими законами.

Authors: Nikitin V. N., Nikitin I. V.
Comments: 1 Page.

Недостающая часть тёмной материи находится в Антивселенной со своими физическими законами.
Category: Astrophysics

[1367] viXra:1710.0181 [pdf] submitted on 2017-10-16 12:58:45

Cargo Cult Science – Electromagnetic Harmonics and Heterodynes

Authors: Frank H. Makinson
Comments: 3 Pages.

The process that produces harmonics and heterodynes are assumed to be well understood. The textbook definitions of these two terms are being tagged herein as cargo cult science because they are incomplete. Harmonics and heterodynes are an effect created when electromagnetic waves interact within a plasma of charged particles. The textbook descriptions of harmonics and heterodynes are based upon fundamental electromagnetic waves, sine waves that represent a single frequency, a special case. The textbook descriptions are based upon interactions that occur within electronic devices, which is a special case. For heterodynes, textbooks do not mention that the interaction within electronic devices are collinear, which is a special case. Radio astronomers are detecting signals coming from space that have spectral characteristics unlike anything taught in the textbooks. Contemporary radio astronomers would be the primary group of individuals that would be misled by the incomplete information provided in the textbooks.
Category: Astrophysics

[1366] viXra:1710.0177 [pdf] submitted on 2017-10-16 14:04:05

Gravitational Waves GW150914 and Supernova Sn1987a

Authors: Nikitin A P
Comments: 7 Pages. (RUS)

This article discusses two grand cosmological events: an explosion of blue supergiant - a star Sanduleak-69º 202 to form Supernova SN1987A, which remains unexplained, compared with at least a grand merger event black holes GW150914, from which the LIGO Collaboration account gravitational wave (GW). From the point of view of the theory of energy - electrodynamics, developed by the author, in physical terms, these two events are not fundamentally different: in all cases, the motion of matter must be radiated GW as part of the whole spectrum of radiation. It is predicted, along with the gravitational, neutrino and photon radiation from GW150914. By analogy with SN1987A, in the case of the merger of black holes after GW150914 GW signal through 10720 s ± 4000 s (~3h 00m 00s ± 1h 06m 40s) to come back to Earth the first neutrino signal (if option is possible that the first neutrino signal came earlier gravity) through 112.9·106 s (~3.6 years) after gravitational signal - the second neutrino signal through 66.031·106 s (~ 2.0924 years) after which the photon flash should be observed. Neutrino signals can be recorded on the IceCube Neutrino Observatory and other neutrino observatories.
Category: Astrophysics

[1365] viXra:1710.0132 [pdf] submitted on 2017-10-13 10:47:52

GRT Experiment: Supernova Sn1987a

Authors: Nikitin A. P.
Comments: 6 Pages. (RUS)

General relativity (GRT), created by the genius of Einstein from 1907 to 1915 as a geometric theory of gravity, developing special theory of relativity (STR), has been 100 years does not rest and excites minds. Since then, it performed many experiments to confirm with great accuracy GRT. In this paper, we propose to draw attention to the possibility of direct experimental verification of the dependence of the velocity of light by the gravitational potential, what Einstein wrote in 1911 in his article «On the effect of gravity on light propagation» [1, V1, p.172 ]. We assume that nature itself has put this experiment in space in the presence of "dark matter", namely: February 23, 1987 in the Large Magellanic Cloud broke out amazing supernova SN1987A, from which the light came to Earth 2h 47m later neutrinos. On the basis of numerous observations are given an explanation of this fact in terms of changing the speed of light neutrinos, and depending on the time-varying gravitational potential of the Universe.
Category: Astrophysics

[1364] viXra:1710.0098 [pdf] submitted on 2017-10-10 02:30:13

Никитин В. Н., Никитин И. В. А что там дальше? Скорость света в энергетической оболочке Вселенной уменьшается до нуля. За её пределами начинается Антивселенная со своими физическими законами.

Authors: A chto tam daleshe?
Comments: 1 Page.

Скорость света в энергетической оболочке Вселенной уменьшается до нуля. За её пределами начинается Антивселенная со своими физическими законами.
Category: Astrophysics

[1363] viXra:1710.0062 [pdf] submitted on 2017-10-05 08:30:56

Gravitational Wave Detectors on Dark Matter

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 16 Pages.

A global team of scientists, including two University of Mississippi physicists, has found that the same instruments used in the historic discovery of gravitational waves caused by colliding black holes could help unlock the secrets of dark matter, a mysterious and as-yet-unobserved component of the universe. [17] The lack of so-called " dark photons " in electron-positron collision data rules out scenarios in which these hypothetical particles explain the muon's magnetic moment. [16] By reproducing the complexity of the cosmos through unprecedented simulations, a new study highlights the importance of the possible behaviour of very high-energy photons. In their journey through intergalactic magnetic fields, such photons could be transformed into axions and thus avoid being absorbed. [15] Scientists have detected a mysterious X-ray signal that could be caused by dark matter streaming out of our Sun's core. Hidden photons are predicted in some extensions of the Standard Model of particle physics, and unlike WIMPs they would interact electromagnetically with normal matter. In particle physics and astrophysics, weakly interacting massive particles, or WIMPs, are among the leading hypothetical particle physics candidates for dark matter. The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron – proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter.
Category: Astrophysics

[1362] viXra:1710.0058 [pdf] submitted on 2017-10-06 04:41:57

Explaining the Mass Discrepancy in Galaxy Clusters

Authors: Karan R.Takkhi
Comments: 2 pages

Galaxy clusters and mass discrepancy blend and dwell together quite harmoniously. Mass discrepancy is always stumbled upon when galaxy clusters are studied. The orbital velocities of galaxies within galaxy clusters are unusually higher than expected and the observable baryonic matter alone cannot account for all the mass and gravity for the overall observed stability of the cluster. The presence of additional matter in the form of dark matter is required to explain the gravitational stability at such high velocities as baryonic matter is insufficient to explain the anomaly. In this paper I present a theory that looks into the actual reason for causing the mass discrepancy within galaxy clusters without involving dark matter.
Category: Astrophysics

[1361] viXra:1710.0049 [pdf] submitted on 2017-10-04 13:02:59

Dark Photon

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 15 Pages.

The lack of so-called “dark photons” in electron-positron collision data rules out scenarios in which these hypothetical particles explain the muon’s magnetic moment. [16] By reproducing the complexity of the cosmos through unprecedented simulations, a new study highlights the importance of the possible behaviour of very high-energy photons. In their journey through intergalactic magnetic fields, such photons could be transformed into axions and thus avoid being absorbed. [15] Scientists have detected a mysterious X-ray signal that could be caused by dark matter streaming out of our Sun’s core. Hidden photons are predicted in some extensions of the Standard Model of particle physics, and unlike WIMPs they would interact electromagnetically with normal matter. In particle physics and astrophysics, weakly interacting massive particles, or WIMPs, are among the leading hypothetical particle physics candidates for dark matter. The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron – proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter.
Category: Astrophysics

[1360] viXra:1710.0047 [pdf] submitted on 2017-10-05 02:19:39

ВОЙДЫ – ОСТАТКИ ЧЁРНЫХ ДЫР Никитин В.Н., Никитин И.В. Войд – Чёрное Облако, оставшееся после разрушения Чёрной Дыры.

Authors: Nikitin V.N., Nikitin I.V.
Comments: 1 Page.

Войд – Чёрное Облако, оставшееся после разрушения Чёрной Дыры.
Category: Astrophysics

[1359] viXra:1710.0016 [pdf] submitted on 2017-10-02 02:31:57

Никитин В.Н., Никитин И.В. А ВЫ КАК НЕ КРУТИТЕСЬ, ОНА ВСЁ РАВНО ВЕРНЁТСЯ. Временное смещение оси Земли вызвано деформацией (сжатием) энергетического пространства Солнечной системы. Смещение оси вращения должно наблюдаться и на других объектах Солнечной си

Authors: V.N.Nikitin, I.V.Nikitin
Comments: 1 Page.

Временное смещение оси Земли вызвано деформацией (сжатием) энергетического пространства Солнечной системы. Смещение оси вращения должно наблюдаться и на других объектах Солнечной системы.
Category: Astrophysics

[1358] viXra:1710.0007 [pdf] submitted on 2017-10-01 04:49:27

Galaxy Rotation Problem: Dark Matter, Modified Gravity or just Baryons?

Authors: Karan R.Takkhi
Comments: 5 pages, 2 tables, 1 figure

The deviation of a galaxy from exhibiting a Keplerian curve either indicates the presence of dark matter or the breakdown of Newtonian dynamics. Dark matter still remaining undetected raises a concern whether it exists or not and can the galaxy rotation problem be addressed by modifying the laws of gravity. However, considering the baryonic matter distribution to solve this discrepant behaviour would prove to be a turning point. In this Letter I present the theoretical study regarding the kinematics and dynamics of spiral galaxies by considering the distribution of baryonic matter only. The study of Ultra Diffuse Galaxies (UDGs) and Low Surface Brightness (LSB) galaxies which are considered to be dominated by dark matter has also been taken into account. The distribution of baryonic matter throughout a galaxy and its role in influencing both; the nature of galaxy’s rotation curve as well as the nature of variation of gravitational acceleration throughout a galaxy has been discussed. We will also compare a planetary system with a galaxy to find out why a planetary system exhibits a Keplerian curve whereas a galaxy deviates from it. The study provides explanation for a galaxy’s non-declining rotation curve without considering the presence of dark matter and also without modifying the laws of gravity.
Category: Astrophysics

[1357] viXra:1710.0006 [pdf] submitted on 2017-10-01 05:36:13

Die Technische Bedeutung Einer Swastika im Detail

Authors: Robert Stach
Comments: 9 Pages.

Aufgezeigt wird die technische Bedeutung der Swastika zur Nutzung der Rotationsenergie der Erde im Detail.
Category: Astrophysics

[1356] viXra:1709.0419 [pdf] submitted on 2017-09-29 04:01:16

An Alternative View of the Red-Shift

Authors: Jeremy Dunning-Davies
Comments: 4 Pages.

Following discussions between people working in totally different fields and from totally different scientific backgrounds, an alternative explanation for the well-known red-shift in cosmology and astrophysics is offered. This alternative is very much in line with the way sound is attenuated in various media and owes everything to that piece of knowledge.
Category: Astrophysics

[1355] viXra:1709.0407 [pdf] submitted on 2017-09-28 01:23:28

Basics of Astrophysics Revisited. II. Mass Luminosity Rotation Relation for F, a, B, O and WR Class Stars

Authors: Edgars Alksnis
Comments: 5 Pages.

Small volume statistics show, that luminosity of bright stars is proportional to their angular momentums of rotation when certain relation between stellar mass and stellar rotation speed is reached. Cause should be outside of standard stellar model. Concept allows strengthen hypotheses of 1) fast rotation of Wolf-Rayet stars and 2) low mass central black hole of the Milky Way.
Category: Astrophysics

[1354] viXra:1709.0396 [pdf] submitted on 2017-09-27 03:17:28

Dual Solar Anchor Black Holes or Herbig Haro Hotspots, the Origin of Quick Star Formation.

Authors: Leo Vuyk
Comments: 17 Pages.

Dual Solar Anchor Black Holes or Herbig Haro hotspots, the origin of quick star formation. Leo Vuyk, Architect, Rotterdam, the Netherlands. Abstract, Function Follows Form in Quantum FFF Theory. The rigid FORM and Microstructure of elementary particles (rigid strings), is supposed to be the origin of functional differences between Higgs- Graviton- Photon- and Fermion particles. As a consequence, a new splitting, accelerating and pairing new paradigm Black Hole, (BH) seem to be able to convert vacuum particle energy (ZPE) into real plasma which could explain quick Galaxy- and Star formation, by so called Galaxy- or Stellar Anchor Black Holes (GABHs respectively SABHs). These Anchor Black Holes can be observed as Herbig Haro ( HH) Hotspots or Bowshocks. Recent observation of two High Energy Cosmic Ray Hotspots, (HECRHs) at solar polar locations, ( Big Dipper and Southern cross) is reason to assume that this represents the locations of our Solar Anchor Black Hole (the North-and South SABHs). At the same time in the Quantum FFF model, it is proposed that early Galaxies also are created by dual black hole ( HH) systems being former Big Bang black hole splintered primordial black holes. They will be called Galaxy Anchor Black Holes ( GABHs)
Category: Astrophysics

[1353] viXra:1709.0388 [pdf] submitted on 2017-09-26 06:49:53

Splitting Dark Matter Black Hole Big Bang as the Origin of Ultra-Energetic-Cosmic-Rays-From Far-Away

Authors: Leo Vuyk
Comments: 24 Pages.

Recent UHECR ( Ultra High Energetic Cosmic Rays) observations come from the Pierre Auger Observatory, a huge cosmic ray detector array in Argentina. The finding gives the first solid evidence that the rays don't just come from all over, but mainly from a restricted area outside our own galaxy. Reason to compare the restricted UHECR area with the location of the Splitting Dark Matter Black Hole Big Bang (DMBH.BB) suggested earlier by Quantum FFF Theory. ( Function Follows Form) The first simple comparison do indeed show evidence for a clear match of these areas. The so called “Cold Spot” well known to be present in the Cosmic Background Radiation (CMBR) is surprisingly located in the middle of the restricted UHECR area and connected with the Large Quasar Groups found by Roger Clowes. ( 2013 University of Central Lancashire). As a consequence I suggest, that the UHECR particles are produced by the Big Bang black hole splitting process of the early universe, located in the restricted area of an early Lyman Alpha system. The early larger black hole chunks of the Big Bang splitting process are supposed to be origin of largest particle accelerators, more powerful than the smaller black hole chunks of later era. To understand the forming of early ultra high energy atom nuclei around splitting black holes however, we should follow the new black hole paradigm of Qauntum FFF Theory.
Category: Astrophysics

[1352] viXra:1709.0331 [pdf] submitted on 2017-09-22 14:21:13

The Earth Moves with Light Velocity Relative to the Sun

Authors: Gerges Francis Tawdrous
Comments: 56 Pages.

The Earth moves with C velocity (light velocity) relative to the Sun i.e. The light is produced by The Earth Motion, where The Earth transforms her motion mechanical waves into light waves, producing the light beams These light beams travel to the sun and reflect on her where the sun is just a mirror. The Earth Motion means and equal "The Solar Planets Daily Velocities Total based on a new time rate defined by the Earth".
Category: Astrophysics

[1351] viXra:1709.0317 [pdf] submitted on 2017-09-21 10:05:49

Relativity: The Theory vs The Principle

Authors: Edward G. Lake
Comments: 13 Pages.

While it appears to be a common practice today to refer to the “Theory of Relativity” as if it were the same as the “Principle of Relativity,” according to Albert Einstein, his “Theory of Relativity” is that the “Principle of Relativity” is an illusion.
Category: Astrophysics

[1350] viXra:1709.0316 [pdf] submitted on 2017-09-21 12:04:19

Oscillating Gravitational Waves

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 18 Pages.

Using data from the first-ever gravitational waves detected last year, along with a theoretical analysis, physicists have shown that gravitational waves may oscillate between two different forms called "g" and "f"-type gravitational waves. [7] Astronomy experiments could soon test an idea developed by Albert Einstein almost exactly a century ago, scientists say. [6] It’s estimated that 27% of all the matter in the universe is invisible, while everything from PB&J sandwiches to quasars accounts for just 4.9%. But a new theory of gravity proposed by theoretical physicist Erik Verlinde of the University of Amsterdam found out a way to dispense with the pesky stuff. [5] The proposal by the trio though phrased in a way as to suggest it's a solution to the arrow of time problem, is not likely to be addressed as such by the physics community—it's more likely to be considered as yet another theory that works mathematically, yet still can't answer the basic question of what is time. [4] The Weak Interaction transforms an electric charge in the diffraction pattern from one side to the other side, causing an electric dipole momentum change, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The Neutrino Oscillation of the Weak Interaction shows that it is a General electric dipole change and it is possible to any other temperature dependent entropy and information changing diffraction pattern of atoms, molecules and even complicated biological living structures.
Category: Astrophysics

[1349] viXra:1709.0260 [pdf] submitted on 2017-09-17 12:39:48

Self-Interacting Dark Matter

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 31 Pages.

Self-Interacting Dark Matter " We invoke a different theory, the self-interacting dark matter model or SIDM, to show that dark matter self-interactions thermalize the inner halo, which ties ordinary dark matter and dark matter distributions together so that they behave like a collective unit. " [23] Technology proposed 30 years ago to search for dark matter is finally seeing the light. [22] They're looking for dark matter—the stuff that theoretically makes up a quarter of our universe. [21] Results from its first run indicate that XENON1T is the most sensitive dark matter detector on Earth. [20] Scientists at Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU) in Germany have now come up with a new theory on how dark matter may have been formed shortly after the origin of the universe. [19] Map of dark matter made from gravitational lensing measurements of 26 million galaxies in the Dark Energy Survey. [18] CfA astronomers Annalisa Pillepich and Lars Hernquist and their colleagues compared gravitationally distorted Hubble images of the galaxy cluster Abell 2744 and two other clusters with the results of computer simulations of dark matter haloes. [17] In a paper published July 20 in the journal Physical Review Letters, an international team of cosmologists uses data from the intergalactic medium— the vast, largely empty space between galaxies—to narrow down what dark matter could be. [16] But a new hypothesis might have gotten us closer to figuring out its identity, because physicists now suspect that dark matter has been changing forms this whole time-from ghostly particles in the Universe's biggest structures, to a strange, superfluid state at smaller scales. And we might soon have the tools to confirm it. [15] Superfluids may exist inside neutron stars, and some researchers have speculated that space-time itself may be a superfluid. So why shouldn't dark matter have a superfluid phase, too? [14] "The best result on dark matter so far—and we just got started." This is how scientists behind XENON1T, now the most sensitive dark matter experiment worldwide , commented on their first result from a short 30-day run presented today to the scientific community. [13] The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron – proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter. SIMPs would resolve certain discrepancies between simulations of the distribution of dark matter, like this one, and the observed properties of the galaxies. In particle physics and astrophysics, weakly interacting massive particles, or WIMPs, are among the leading hypothetical particle physics candidates for dark matter.
Category: Astrophysics

[1348] viXra:1709.0235 [pdf] submitted on 2017-09-15 09:01:14

Light Dark Matter

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 30 Pages.

Technology proposed 30 years ago to search for dark matter is finally seeing the light. [22] They're looking for dark matter—the stuff that theoretically makes up a quarter of our universe. [21] Results from its first run indicate that XENON1T is the most sensitive dark matter detector on Earth. [20] Scientists at Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU) in Germany have now come up with a new theory on how dark matter may have been formed shortly after the origin of the universe. [19] Map of dark matter made from gravitational lensing measurements of 26 million galaxies in the Dark Energy Survey. [18] CfA astronomers Annalisa Pillepich and Lars Hernquist and their colleagues compared gravitationally distorted Hubble images of the galaxy cluster Abell 2744 and two other clusters with the results of computer simulations of dark matter haloes. [17] In a paper published July 20 in the journal Physical Review Letters, an international team of cosmologists uses data from the intergalactic medium— the vast, largely empty space between galaxies—to narrow down what dark matter could be. [16] But a new hypothesis might have gotten us closer to figuring out its identity, because physicists now suspect that dark matter has been changing forms this whole time-from ghostly particles in the Universe's biggest structures, to a strange, superfluid state at smaller scales. And we might soon have the tools to confirm it. [15] Superfluids may exist inside neutron stars, and some researchers have speculated that space-time itself may be a superfluid. So why shouldn't dark matter have a superfluid phase, too? [14] "The best result on dark matter so far—and we just got started." This is how scientists behind XENON1T, now the most sensitive dark matter experiment worldwide , commented on their first result from a short 30-day run presented today to the scientific community. [13] The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron – proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter. SIMPs would resolve certain discrepancies between simulations of the distribution of dark matter, like this one, and the observed properties of the galaxies. In particle physics and astrophysics, weakly interacting massive particles, or WIMPs, are among the leading hypothetical particle physics candidates for dark matter.
Category: Astrophysics

[1347] viXra:1709.0209 [pdf] submitted on 2017-09-13 13:44:29

Pioneer Anomaly Predictions Confirmed

Authors: John C. Hodge
Comments: 1 Page.

The STOE explains many mysterious phenomena from diverse observational disciplines. Some predictions of the STOE in 2006 concerning the Pioneer Anomaly (PA) that no other model predicted have been published in 2009 and 2011.
Category: Astrophysics

[1346] viXra:1709.0129 [pdf] submitted on 2017-09-11 04:33:50

Basics of Astrophysics Revisited. I. Mass Luminosity Relation for K, M and G Class Stars

Authors: Edgars Alksnis
Comments: 5 Pages.

Small volume statistics show, that luminosity of slow rotating stars is proportional to their angular momentums of rotation. Cause should be outside of standard solar model. Slow rotating giants and dim dwarfs are not out of „main sequence” in this concept. Predictive power of stellar mass-radius- equatorial rotation speed-luminosity relation has been offered to test in numerous examples.
Category: Astrophysics

[1345] viXra:1709.0127 [pdf] submitted on 2017-09-11 05:48:31

X-ray Binary Black Hole

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 20 Pages.

When matter from the normal star accretes onto the black hole, a jet of charged particles is ejected at relativistic (near-light) speeds, and these particles emit strong X-ray radiation. [16] New data from NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory and other telescopes has revealed details about this giant black hole, located some 145 million light years from Earth. [15] A team of researchers from around the world is getting ready to create what might be the first image of a black hole. [14] "There seems to be a mysterious link between the amount of dark matter a galaxy holds and the size of its central black hole, even though the two operate on vastly different scales," said Akos Bogdan of the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics (CfA). [13] If dark matter comes in both matter and antimatter varieties, it might accumulate inside dense stars to create black holes. [12] For a long time, there were two main theories related to how our universe would end. These were the Big Freeze and the Big Crunch. In short, the Big Crunch claimed that the universe would eventually stop expanding and collapse in on itself. This collapse would result in…well…a big crunch (for lack of a better term). Think " the Big Bang " , except just the opposite. That's essentially what the Big Crunch is. On the other hand, the Big Freeze claimed that the universe would continue expanding forever, until the cosmos becomes a frozen wasteland. This theory asserts that stars will get farther and farther apart, burn out, and (since there are no more stars bring born) the universe will grown entirely cold and eternally black. [11] Newly published research reveals that dark matter is being swallowed up by dark energy, offering novel insight into the nature of dark matter and dark energy and what the future of our Universe might be. [10] The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron – proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter.
Category: Astrophysics

[1344] viXra:1709.0119 [pdf] submitted on 2017-09-11 02:16:10

1

Authors: Nikitin V.N., Nikitin I.V.
Comments: 1 Page.

Главное различие между астероидами и кометами заключается не в их составе, а в их структуре.
Category: Astrophysics

[1343] viXra:1709.0118 [pdf] submitted on 2017-09-11 02:29:49

Никитин В.Н., Никитин И.В. «ПИОНЕРЫ» ОСТАНУТСЯ ДОМА. Космические аппараты не улетели за пределы Солнечной системы, а просто застряли в её энергетической оболочке.

Authors: Nikitin V.N., Nikitin I.V.
Comments: 1 Page.

Космические аппараты не улетели за пределы Солнечной системы, а просто застряли в её энергетической оболочке.
Category: Astrophysics

[1342] viXra:1709.0117 [pdf] submitted on 2017-09-11 02:55:30

ПАРАД УРАГАНОВ ПРОДОЛЖИТСЯ… Никитин В.Н., Никитин И.В. Ураган – результат направленного вертикального движения энергетических потоков, источником которых являются энергетические образования мантии, движущейся относительно коры Земли.

Authors: Nikitin V.N., Nikitin I.V.
Comments: 1 Page.

Ураган – результат направленного вертикального движения энергетических потоков, источником которых являются энергетические образования мантии, движущейся относительно коры Земли.
Category: Astrophysics

[1341] viXra:1709.0107 [pdf] submitted on 2017-09-10 06:02:27

Theory of Dark Matter and Dark Energy-Annex a

Authors: Thierry Delort
Comments: 6 Pages.

In a first article (1) we have exposed a Theory of Dark matter and a Theory of Dark energy. In this article we are going to bring complements to each of the 2 theories. Concerning the Theory of dark matter, we are going to study the flat rotation curve of galaxies with a flat rotation curve close to the centre of those galaxies (r close to 0), and then the collisions between dark matter and baryonic matter. We will also show how obtaining the Tully-Fisher’s law taking into account the plasma constituting the Inter Cluster Medium (ICM). Concerning the Theory of dark energy, we are going to study the phenomena in the early Universe that are the origin of the great structures observed today.
Category: Astrophysics

[1340] viXra:1709.0105 [pdf] submitted on 2017-09-09 13:08:00

Universe Became a Light-Filled State

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 30 Pages.

But the big mystery lies in how it actually emerged from the dark into its light-filled state, and that's what researchers from the University of Iowa set out to solve. [25] A team of astronomers from the Inter University Centre for Astronomy & Astrophysics (IUCAA), and Indian Institute of Science Education and Research (IISER), both in Pune, India, and members of two other Indian universities, have identified a previously unknown, extremely large supercluster of galaxies located in the direction of constellation Pisces. [24] Enigmatic 'dark energy', thought to make up 68% of the universe, may not exist at all, according to a Hungarian-American team. [23] Astronomers in the US are setting up an experiment which, if it fails – as others have – could mark the end of a 30-year-old theory. [22] Russian scientists have discovered that the proportion of unstable particles in the composition of dark matter in the days immediately following the Big Bang was no more than 2 percent to 5 percent. Their study has been published in Physical Review D. [21] Researchers from the University of Amsterdam's (UvA) GRAPPA Center of Excellence have just published the most precise analysis of the fluctuations in the gamma-ray background to date. [20] The Dark Energy Spectroscopic Instrument, called DESI, has an ambitious goal: to scan more than 35 million galaxies in the night sky to track the expansion of our universe and the growth of its large-scale structure over the last 10 billion years. [19] If the axion exist and it is the main component of Dark Matter, the very relic axions that would be bombarding us continuously could be detected using microwave resonant (to the axion mass) cavities, immersed in powerful magnetic fields. [18] In yet another attempt to nail down the elusive nature of dark matter, a European team of researchers has used a supercomputer to develop a profile of the yet-to-be-detected entity that appears to pervade the universe. [17] MIT physicists are proposing a new experiment to detect a dark matter particle called the axion. If successful, the effort could crack one of the most perplexing unsolved mysteries in particle physics, as well as finally yield a glimpse of dark matter. [16] Researches at Stockholm University are getting closer to light dark-matter particle models. Observations rule out some axion-like particles in the quest for the content of dark matter. The article is now published in the Physical Review Letters. [15] Scientists have detected a mysterious X-ray signal that could be caused by dark matter streaming out of our Sun's core. Hidden photons are predicted in some extensions of the Standard Model of particle physics, and unlike WIMPs they would interact electromagnetically with normal matter. In particle physics and astrophysics, weakly interacting massive particles, or WIMPs, are among the leading hypothetical particle physics candidates for dark matter. The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron – proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter.
Category: Astrophysics

[1339] viXra:1709.0104 [pdf] submitted on 2017-09-09 13:42:22

Fixing Astronomy, Astrophysics and Geophysics

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 1 Page.

Establishment dogma has a false worldview, they have justified compartmentalization of stars with classification based on mass. Stars were classified to be mutually exclusive of planets/exoplanets, yet a star is a young hot exoplanet/planet. The stars lose mass as they evolve.
Category: Astrophysics

[1338] viXra:1709.0097 [pdf] submitted on 2017-09-08 13:23:08

Simulation of Magnetic Reconnection

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 21 Pages.

Jonathan Ng, a Princeton University graduate student at the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL), has for the first time applied a fluid simulation to the space plasma process behind solar flares northern lights and space storms. [12] Scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL) and Princeton University have proposed a groundbreaking solution to a mystery that has puzzled physicists for decades. At issue is how magnetic reconnection, a universal process that sets off solar flares, northern lights and cosmic gamma-ray bursts, occurs so much faster than theory says should be possible. [11] New method of superstrong magnetic fields’ generation proposed by Russian scientists in collaboration with foreign colleagues. [10] By showing that a phenomenon dubbed the "inverse spin Hall effect" works in several organic semiconductors - including carbon-60 buckyballs - University of Utah physicists changed magnetic "spin current" into electric current. The efficiency of this new power conversion method isn't yet known, but it might find use in future electronic devices including batteries, solar cells and computers. [9] Researchers from the Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU) and the University of Cambridge in the UK have demonstrated that it is possible to directly generate an electric current in a magnetic material by rotating its magnetization. [8] This paper explains the magnetic effect of the electric current from the observed effects of the accelerating electrons, causing naturally the experienced changes of the electric field potential along the electric wire. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the wave particle duality and the electron’s spin also, building the bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The changing acceleration of the electrons explains the created negative electric field of the magnetic induction, the changing relativistic mass and the Gravitational Force, giving a Unified Theory of the physical forces. Taking into account the Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators also, we can explain the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions.
Category: Astrophysics

[1337] viXra:1709.0091 [pdf] submitted on 2017-09-08 08:00:36

Photons Transformed into Axions

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 14 Pages.

By reproducing the complexity of the cosmos through unprecedented simulations, a new study highlights the importance of the possible behaviour of very high-energy photons. In their journey through intergalactic magnetic fields, such photons could be transformed into axions and thus avoid being absorbed. [15] Scientists have detected a mysterious X-ray signal that could be caused by dark matter streaming out of our Sun's core. Hidden photons are predicted in some extensions of the Standard Model of particle physics, and unlike WIMPs they would interact electromagnetically with normal matter. In particle physics and astrophysics, weakly interacting massive particles, or WIMPs, are among the leading hypothetical particle physics candidates for dark matter. The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron – proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter.
Category: Astrophysics

[1336] viXra:1709.0056 [pdf] submitted on 2017-09-05 07:59:56

Dark Matter Candidates

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 28 Pages.

They're looking for dark matter—the stuff that theoretically makes up a quarter of our universe. [21] Results from its first run indicate that XENON1T is the most sensitive dark matter detector on Earth. [20] Scientists at Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU) in Germany have now come up with a new theory on how dark matter may have been formed shortly after the origin of the universe. [19] Map of dark matter made from gravitational lensing measurements of 26 million galaxies in the Dark Energy Survey. [18] CfA astronomers Annalisa Pillepich and Lars Hernquist and their colleagues compared gravitationally distorted Hubble images of the galaxy cluster Abell 2744 and two other clusters with the results of computer simulations of dark matter haloes. [17] In a paper published July 20 in the journal Physical Review Letters, an international team of cosmologists uses data from the intergalactic medium— the vast, largely empty space between galaxies—to narrow down what dark matter could be. [16] But a new hypothesis might have gotten us closer to figuring out its identity, because physicists now suspect that dark matter has been changing forms this whole time-from ghostly particles in the Universe's biggest structures, to a strange, superfluid state at smaller scales. And we might soon have the tools to confirm it. [15] Superfluids may exist inside neutron stars, and some researchers have speculated that space-time itself may be a superfluid. So why shouldn't dark matter have a superfluid phase, too? [14] "The best result on dark matter so far—and we just got started." This is how scientists behind XENON1T, now the most sensitive dark matter experiment worldwide , commented on their first result from a short 30-day run presented today to the scientific community. [13] The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron – proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter. SIMPs would resolve certain discrepancies between simulations of the distribution of dark matter, like this one, and the observed properties of the galaxies. In particle physics and astrophysics, weakly interacting massive particles, or WIMPs, are among the leading hypothetical particle physics candidates for dark matter.
Category: Astrophysics

[1335] viXra:1709.0054 [pdf] submitted on 2017-09-05 08:14:20

Fundamental Laws of Physics

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 31 Pages.

The research probes whether the fundamental laws of physics are the same everywhere in the universe. [25] A team of astronomers from the Inter University Centre for Astronomy & Astrophysics (IUCAA), and Indian Institute of Science Education and Research (IISER), both in Pune, India, and members of two other Indian universities, have identified a previously unknown, extremely large supercluster of galaxies located in the direction of constellation Pisces. [24] Enigmatic 'dark energy', thought to make up 68% of the universe, may not exist at all, according to a Hungarian-American team. [23] Astronomers in the US are setting up an experiment which, if it fails – as others have – could mark the end of a 30-year-old theory. [22] Russian scientists have discovered that the proportion of unstable particles in the composition of dark matter in the days immediately following the Big Bang was no more than 2 percent to 5 percent. Their study has been published in Physical Review D. [21] Researchers from the University of Amsterdam's (UvA) GRAPPA Center of Excellence have just published the most precise analysis of the fluctuations in the gamma-ray background to date. [20] The Dark Energy Spectroscopic Instrument, called DESI, has an ambitious goal: to scan more than 35 million galaxies in the night sky to track the expansion of our universe and the growth of its large-scale structure over the last 10 billion years. [19] If the axion exist and it is the main component of Dark Matter, the very relic axions that would be bombarding us continuously could be detected using microwave resonant (to the axion mass) cavities, immersed in powerful magnetic fields. [18] In yet another attempt to nail down the elusive nature of dark matter, a European team of researchers has used a supercomputer to develop a profile of the yet-to-be-detected entity that appears to pervade the universe. [17] MIT physicists are proposing a new experiment to detect a dark matter particle called the axion. If successful, the effort could crack one of the most perplexing unsolved mysteries in particle physics, as well as finally yield a glimpse of dark matter. [16] Researches at Stockholm University are getting closer to light dark-matter particle models. Observations rule out some axion-like particles in the quest for the content of dark matter. The article is now published in the Physical Review Letters. [15] Scientists have detected a mysterious X-ray signal that could be caused by dark matter streaming out of our Sun's core. Hidden photons are predicted in some extensions of the Standard Model of particle physics, and unlike WIMPs they would interact electromagnetically with normal matter. In particle physics and astrophysics, weakly interacting massive particles, or WIMPs, are among the leading hypothetical particle physics candidates for dark matter. The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron – proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter.
Category: Astrophysics

[1334] viXra:1709.0052 [pdf] submitted on 2017-09-04 22:35:29

Feasibility Analysis of Interstellar Migration under Current Technical Conditions

Authors: Yuan Kai
Comments: 4 Pages.

Under the current technical conditions Interstellar Migration has a realistic feasibility.Immigration spacecraft carrying a certain amount of human fertilized eggs which were under frozen storage. When the migrant spacecraft arrives at the destination planet, the artificial intelligence robot take out the human fertilized eggs, then starts the artificial uterine hatching system in the spacecraft to cultivate human beings. Once the human babies were born under the artificial uterine cultivation,the AI robots will nurture human babies' growth,and educate the babies properly with all the existing human knowledge.The migrating human will rebuild the human civilization in the new planet under the help of AI robots.
Category: Astrophysics

[1333] viXra:1709.0050 [pdf] submitted on 2017-09-05 03:06:23

Origin of Cosmic Rays

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 16 Pages.

Researchers at the University of Southampton have cast doubt over established explanations for certain behaviours in pulsars-highly magnetised rotating neutron stars, formed from the remains of supernovae. [8] Installed on the International Space Station, by mid-July it will commence its scientific work – to study the exotic astrophysical objects known as neutron stars and examine whether they could be used as deep-space navigation beacons for future generations of spacecraft. [7] NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory has discovered the first direct evidence for a superfluid, a bizarre, friction-free state of matter, at the core of a neutron star. Superfluids created in laboratories on Earth exhibit remarkable properties, such as the ability to climb upward and escape airtight containers. The finding has important implications for understanding nuclear interactions in matter at the highest known densities. [6] This paper explains the Accelerating Universe, the Special and General Relativity from the observed effects of the accelerating electrons, causing naturally the experienced changes of the electric field potential along the moving electric charges. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the wave particle duality and the electron's spin also, building the bridge between the Classical and Relativistic Quantum Theories. The Big Bang caused acceleration created the radial currents of the matter and since the matter composed of negative and positive charges, these currents are creating magnetic field and attracting forces between the parallel moving electric currents. This is the gravitational force experienced by the matter, and also the mass is result of the electromagnetic forces between the charged particles. The positive and negative charged currents attracts each other or by the magnetic forces or by the much stronger electrostatic forces. The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy.
Category: Astrophysics

[1332] viXra:1709.0023 [pdf] submitted on 2017-09-02 22:48:23

An Axiom-free Relativizing of Newtonian Physics Predicts the Gravitational Redshift as Good as General Relativity

Authors: Ramzi Suleiman
Comments: 6 Pages.

Of the most important predictions of General Relativity theory, are its success in predicting the light bending near massive celestial objects, and the gravitational redshift, suffered by light emitted from such objects. In a recent article we showed that an axiom-free relativizing of Newtonian Physics, termed Information Relativity theory, predicts, at least as good as General Relativity, the degree of solar light bending observed during all investigated Solar eclipses. Here we demonstrate that the theory also matches the predictions of General Relativity for the gravitational redshift.
Category: Astrophysics

[1331] viXra:1709.0020 [pdf] submitted on 2017-09-02 05:09:39

Morphogenesis of Gravitational Structures Through a Non-Differentiable Approach

Authors: Maricel Agop, Mugur B. Răuţ, Mihai Pricop
Comments: 6 Pages.

The present paper analyzes the morphogenesis of gravitational structures, assuming that dynamics of a test particle in a gravitational field takes place on continuous but non-differentiable curves. The dynamics of such gravitational system is described by an equation for a complex speed that characterizes its rheological behavior. Moreover, the separation of movements on interaction scales in the dynamics equation implies a non-differentiable hydrodynamical model. Finally, such an approach was applied both to one and two body problems and, via numerical simulation, to the morphogenesis of gravitational structures. Consequently, quantization at intragalactic (Solar System) and extragalactic scales (Tifft’s effect) as well as certain modifications of Newton’s force occur. At the same time there is a tendency to form gravitational structures at any epoch, without inflationary phase.
Category: Astrophysics

[1330] viXra:1709.0014 [pdf] submitted on 2017-09-02 02:51:53

Gold from Black Holes

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 23 Pages.

UCLA physicists have proposed new theories for how the universe's first black holes might have formed and the role they might play in the production of heavy elements such as gold, platinum and uranium. [17] A long-standing but unproven assumption about the X-ray spectra of black holes in space has been contradicted by hands-on experiments performed at Sandia National Laboratories' Z machine. [16] New data from NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory and other telescopes has revealed details about this giant black hole, located some 145 million light years from Earth. [15] A team of researchers from around the world is getting ready to create what might be the first image of a black hole. [14] "There seems to be a mysterious link between the amount of dark matter a galaxy holds and the size of its central black hole, even though the two operate on vastly different scales," said Akos Bogdan of the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics (CfA). [13] If dark matter comes in both matter and antimatter varieties, it might accumulate inside dense stars to create black holes. [12] For a long time, there were two main theories related to how our universe would end. These were the Big Freeze and the Big Crunch. In short, the Big Crunch claimed that the universe would eventually stop expanding and collapse in on itself. This collapse would result in…well…a big crunch (for lack of a better term). Think " the Big Bang " , except just the opposite. That's essentially what the Big Crunch is. On the other hand, the Big Freeze claimed that the universe would continue expanding forever, until the cosmos becomes a frozen wasteland. This theory asserts that stars will get farther and farther apart, burn out, and (since there are no more stars bring born) the universe will grown entirely cold and eternally black. [11] Newly published research reveals that dark matter is being swallowed up by dark energy, offering novel insight into the nature of dark matter and dark energy and what the future of our Universe might be. [10] The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron – proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter.
Category: Astrophysics

[1329] viXra:1709.0001 [pdf] submitted on 2017-09-01 03:39:54

Magnetic Universe

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 26 Pages.

The magnetic field of a galaxy five billion light-years from Earth has been detected by astronomers. [18] When NASA's Magnetospheric Multiscale—or MMS—mission was launched, the scientists knew it would answer questions fundamental to the nature of our universe—and MMS hasn't disappointed. [17] Magnetic reconnection, a universal process that triggers solar flares and northern lights and can disrupt cell phone service and fusion experiments, occurs much faster than theory says that it should. [16] A surprising new class of X-ray pulsating variable stars has been discovered by a team of American and Canadian astronomers led by Villanova University's Scott Engle and Edward Guinan. [15] Late last year, an international team including researchers from the Kavli Institute for Astronomy and Astrophysics (KIAA) at Peking University announced the discovery of more than 60 extremely distant quasars, nearly doubling the number known to science - and thus providing dozens of new opportunities to look deep into our universe's history. [14] Fuzzy pulsars orbiting black holes could unmask quantum gravity. [13] Cosmologists trying to understand how to unite the two pillars of modern science – quantum physics and gravity – have found a new way to make robust predictions about the effect of quantum fluctuations on primordial density waves, ripples in the fabric of space and time. [12] Physicists have performed a test designed to investigate the effects of the expansion of the universe—hoping to answer questions such as "does the expansion of the universe affect laboratory experiments?", "might this expansion change the lengths of solid objects and the time measured by atomic clocks differently, in violation of Einstein's equivalence principle?", and "does spacetime have a foam-like structure that slightly changes the speed of photons over time?", an idea that could shed light on the connection between general relativity and quantum gravity. [11] Einstein's equivalence principle states that an object in gravitational free fall is physically equivalent to an object that is accelerating with the same amount of force in the absence of gravity. This principle lies at the heart of general relativity and has been experimentally tested many times. Now in a new paper, scientists have experimentally demonstrated a conceptually new way to test the equivalence principle that could detect the effects of a relatively new concept called spin-gravity coupling. [10] A recent peer-reviewed paper by physicist James Franson from the University of Maryland in the US has initiated a stir among physics community. Issued in the New Journal of Physics, the paper points to evidence proposing that the speed of light as defined by the theory of general relativity, is slower than originally thought. [9] Gravitational time dilation causes decoherence of composite quantum systems. Even if gravitons are there, it’s probable that we would never be able to perceive them. Perhaps, assuming they continue inside a robust model of quantum gravity, there may be secondary ways of proving their actuality. [7] The magnetic induction creates a negative electric field, causing an electromagnetic inertia responsible for the relativistic mass change; it is the mysterious Higgs Field giving mass to the particles. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron’s spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The self maintained electric potential of the accelerating charges equivalent with the General Relativity space-time curvature, and since it is true on the quantum level also, gives the base of the Quantum Gravity. The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the relativistic quantum theory.
Category: Astrophysics

[1328] viXra:1708.0442 [pdf] submitted on 2017-08-29 06:23:32

Alternative Reflections on the "Pioneer Anomaly"

Authors: Johann Albers
Comments: 7 Pages.

Since the unexpected acceleration effects of the so called Pioneer anomaly were realized, an enormous number of articles appeared with possible explanations of this mystery. Meanwhile, however, an anisotropic radiation pressure due to heat loss is commonly accepted as source of this acceleration. On the basis of the Alternative Reflections on Gravitation (ARG), however, a quite different source must be expected: When a satellite moves in the sea of gravitons it produces retarding forces, proportional to its speed v and against the direction of its motion, comparable to a ship when it moves on the ocean. The projection of these retarding forces towards the line of sight determines the anomalous acceleration of the Pioneer anomaly. The behavior of this acceleration can easily be calculated by use of freely available positional data of both Pioneer satellites. The calculated data, however, appear to be so confusing, that it is understandable, that most of the related Doppler-data were not published. In the case of Pioneer11, data are available of the anomalous acceleration at distances behind the Saturn-Flyby. And these data are very well compatible with the results of the ARG-calculations.
Category: Astrophysics

[1327] viXra:1708.0425 [pdf] submitted on 2017-08-29 01:09:09

Black Hole Models Contradicted

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 22 Pages.

A long-standing but unproven assumption about the X-ray spectra of black holes in space has been contradicted by hands-on experiments performed at Sandia National Laboratories' Z machine. [16] New data from NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory and other telescopes has revealed details about this giant black hole, located some 145 million light years from Earth. [15] A team of researchers from around the world is getting ready to create what might be the first image of a black hole. [14] "There seems to be a mysterious link between the amount of dark matter a galaxy holds and the size of its central black hole, even though the two operate on vastly different scales," said Akos Bogdan of the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics (CfA). [13] If dark matter comes in both matter and antimatter varieties, it might accumulate inside dense stars to create black holes. [12] For a long time, there were two main theories related to how our universe would end. These were the Big Freeze and the Big Crunch. In short, the Big Crunch claimed that the universe would eventually stop expanding and collapse in on itself. This collapse would result in…well…a big crunch (for lack of a better term). Think " the Big Bang " , except just the opposite. That's essentially what the Big Crunch is. On the other hand, the Big Freeze claimed that the universe would continue expanding forever, until the cosmos becomes a frozen wasteland. This theory asserts that stars will get farther and farther apart, burn out, and (since there are no more stars bring born) the universe will grown entirely cold and eternally black. [11] Newly published research reveals that dark matter is being swallowed up by dark energy, offering novel insight into the nature of dark matter and dark energy and what the future of our Universe might be. [10] The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron – proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter.
Category: Astrophysics

[1326] viXra:1708.0413 [pdf] submitted on 2017-08-28 09:05:32

Infrared Spectral Survey of the Entire Sky

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 15 Pages.

Proposed astrophysics mission to conduct the first infrared spectral survey of the entire sky. [11] Researchers have created a 3D printed cosmic microwave background-a map of the oldest light in the universe-and provided the files for download. [10] In a new study researchers at the Swedish Institute of Space Physics have used measurements from NASA's MMS (Magnetospheric MultiScale) satellites to reveal that there are ripples, or surface waves, moving along the surface of shocks in space. Such ripples in shocks can affect how plasma is heated and are potential sites of particle acceleration. [9] The universe is not spinning or stretched in any particular direction, according to the most stringent test yet. [8] A discrepancy in the measurement of how quickly the universe is expanding has been found by researchers at the John Hopkins University in Baltimore, and released online. [7] Dark matter and dark energy are two of the greatest mysteries of the universe, still perplexing scientists worldwide. Solving these scientific conundrums may require a comprehensive approach in which theories, computations and ground-based observations are complemented by a fleet of spacecraft studying the dark universe. One of the space missions that could be essential to our understanding of these mysteries is European Space Agency's (ESA) Euclid probe, designed to unveil the secrets of dark energy and dark matter by accurately measuring the acceleration of the universe. [6] This paper explains the Accelerating Universe, the Special and General Relativity from the observed effects of the accelerating electrons, causing naturally the experienced changes of the electric field potential along the moving electric charges. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the wave particle duality and the electron's spin also, building the bridge between the Classical and Relativistic Quantum Theories. The Big Bang caused acceleration created the radial currents of the matter and since the matter composed of negative and positive charges, these currents are creating magnetic field and attracting forces between the parallel moving electric currents. This is the gravitational force experienced by the matter, and also the mass is result of the electromagnetic forces between the charged particles. The positive and negative charged currents attracts each other or by the magnetic forces or by the much stronger electrostatic forces. The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy.
Category: Astrophysics

[1325] viXra:1708.0403 [pdf] submitted on 2017-08-27 13:44:12

Rocks do not Self-Assemble in Outer Space

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 2 Pages.

Observations are made completely falsifying the idea that rocks can self-assemble in outer space.
Category: Astrophysics

[1324] viXra:1708.0371 [pdf] submitted on 2017-08-26 11:23:46

Cargo Cult Science - The Michelson-Morley Experiment

Authors: Frank H. Makinson
Comments: 4 Pages.

Richard Feynman introduced the 1974 graduation class of the California Institute of Technology to the concept of cargo cult science. Cargo cult science is a process that gives the appearance of the scientific method. The term ether and its basic definition was known long before it was determined light was a wave. It had been postulated that the ether was responsible for the ability of light to transit a vacuum. The purpose of the Michelson-Morley (1887) experiment was to determine whether the ether existed. The experiment produced a null result, indicating the ether did not exist and space was empty. Acceptance of the experiment result has had a profound impact on scientific thought and allowed theories to be promulgated based upon space being empty. The expanding Universe is taught as a fact and the validity of that conclusion is discussed.
Category: Astrophysics

[1323] viXra:1708.0334 [pdf] submitted on 2017-08-24 08:55:33

Black Holes eat Neutron Stars

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 23 Pages.

The group explains their theory in a paper published in the journal Physical Review Letters—it involves the idea of primordial black holes (PBHs) infesting the centers of neutron stars and eating them from the inside out. [18] But for rotating black holes, there's a region outside the event horizon where strange and extraordinary things can happen, and these extraordinary possibilities are the focus of a new paper in the American Physical Society journal Physical Review Letters. [17] Astronomers have constructed the first map of the universe based on the positions of supermassive black holes, which reveals the large-scale structure of the universe. [16] Astronomers want to record an image of the heart of our galaxy for the first time: a global collaboration of radio dishes is to take a detailed look at the black hole which is assumed to be located there. [15] A team of researchers from around the world is getting ready to create what might be the first image of a black hole. [14] "There seems to be a mysterious link between the amount of dark matter a galaxy holds and the size of its central black hole, even though the two operate on vastly different scales," said Akos Bogdan of the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics (CfA). [13] If dark matter comes in both matter and antimatter varieties, it might accumulate inside dense stars to create black holes. [12] For a long time, there were two main theories related to how our universe would end. These were the Big Freeze and the Big Crunch. In short, the Big Crunch claimed that the universe would eventually stop expanding and collapse in on itself. This collapse would result in…well…a big crunch (for lack of a better term). Think " the Big Bang " , except just the opposite. That's essentially what the Big Crunch is. On the other hand, the Big Freeze claimed that the universe would continue expanding forever, until the cosmos becomes a frozen wasteland. This theory asserts that stars will get farther and farther apart, burn out, and (since there are no more stars bring born) the universe will grown entirely cold and eternally black. [11] Newly published research reveals that dark matter is being swallowed up by dark energy, offering novel insight into the nature of dark matter and dark energy and what the future of our Universe might be. [10] The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron – proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter.
Category: Astrophysics

[1322] viXra:1708.0297 [pdf] submitted on 2017-08-23 12:13:38

X-Rays from Mystery Supernovas

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 18 Pages.

Exploding stars lit the way for our understanding of the universe, but researchers are still in the dark about many of their features. [12] A team of scientists from Russia and China has developed a model explaining the nature of high-energy cosmic rays (CRs) in our galaxy. These CRs have energies exceeding those produced by supernova explosions by one or two orders of magnitude. [11] Researchers at the University of Southampton have cast doubt over established explanations for certain behaviours in pulsars-highly magnetised rotating neutron stars, formed from the remains of supernovae. [8] Installed on the International Space Station, by mid-July it will commence its scientific work – to study the exotic astrophysical objects known as neutron stars and examine whether they could be used as deep-space navigation beacons for future generations of spacecraft. [7] NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory has discovered the first direct evidence for a superfluid, a bizarre, friction-free state of matter, at the core of a neutron star. Superfluids created in laboratories on Earth exhibit remarkable properties, such as the ability to climb upward and escape airtight containers. The finding has important implications for understanding nuclear interactions in matter at the highest known densities. [6] This paper explains the Accelerating Universe, the Special and General Relativity from the observed effects of the accelerating electrons, causing naturally the experienced changes of the electric field potential along the moving electric charges. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the wave particle duality and the electron's spin also, building the bridge between the Classical and Relativistic Quantum Theories. The Big Bang caused acceleration created the radial currents of the matter and since the matter composed of negative and positive charges, these currents are creating magnetic field and attracting forces between the parallel moving electric currents. This is the gravitational force experienced by the matter, and also the mass is result of the electromagnetic forces between the charged particles. The positive and negative charged currents attracts each other or by the magnetic forces or by the much stronger electrostatic forces. The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy.
Category: Astrophysics

[1321] viXra:1708.0296 [pdf] submitted on 2017-08-23 12:37:54

The Origin of “Ultra Diffuse Galaxies”in Galaxy Cluster Centers.

Authors: Leo Vuyk
Comments: 18 Pages.

The origin of “Ultra Diffuse Galaxies” ( UDGs) in galaxy cluster centers, according to Quantum FFF Theory, is assumed to be based on very stable concentrations of multiple external electric dark matter black hole (EDMBH) configuration . "We asked ourselves how the sensitive ultra-diffuse galaxies could survive at all in an environment as unsettled as a galaxy cluster," explains Carolin Wittmann. Quantum FFF Theory seems to have the answer: by Fermion repelling Black Holes called EDMBHs ( Electric Dark Matter Black Holes.) crowded over the centers of these galaxy clusters. All galaxies are equipped with external so called GABHs (new physics Galaxy Ancho Black Holes). Thus, in the center of galaxy clusters, these GABHs are crowding all around and they seem to form a geometrical network of Dark Matter Galaxy Anchor Black Holes, polarizing the vacuum in between into multiple directions leading to Ultra Diffuse galaxies in the centers. In contrast, between TWO BHs there is a vacuum sucking for plasma to form spiral galaxy formation, as we learned in the early universe by Herbig Haro systems with only two GABHs. However in between three of more BHs there is a much more complex vacuum present sucking for plasma creating UDGs, diffuse open galaxies, just like our Magellan dwarf galaxies. According to Quantum FFF Theory, ( Function Follows Form) early Galaxies have growing potential by the number and size of external primordial dark matter black holes initially formed as big bang splinters able to pair into Quasars with stars-galaxies in between the dual black hole hotspots, called Galaxy Anchor Black Holes ( GABHs) which can merge with other galaxy-systems into complex spirals and elliptical. Irregular galaxies and Dwarf galaxies are supposed to be the result of secondary star forming interaction between GABHs after a merging process.. Later after Supernova black hole production these smaller black holes are able to pair as hotspots or “bow shocks” into Herbig Haro open star cluster systems,. If no galaxy merger candidates are available in the neighborhood, the galaxy will soon reach a maximum size and die by the merging of smaller black holes into the central black hole..
Category: Astrophysics

[1320] viXra:1708.0292 [pdf] submitted on 2017-08-23 10:08:28

KIC 8462852—Windows of Opportunity: Cyclic Periodicities, Light Dimming Episodes and the Star’s 0.88-day Rotational Period

Authors: "Andrew Collins" "Rodney Hale"
Comments: 16 Pages.

KIC 8462862, an F-type main sequence star in the constellation of Cygnus, experienced strange light dimming episodes during the initial Kepler mission between 2009 and 2013. These continue with further events in 2017. The authors use Kepler and post-Kepler data to create folding plots to examine the relationship between the star’s reported 0.88-day rotational period and suspected periodicities noted in connection with the light dimming episodes. This reveals a new possible periodicity of 9.68 days (11 stellar rotations). Confirmation of a mathematical relationship between suspected periodicities and the star’s rotational period would begin to eliminate some of the proposed explanations for the star’s strange fluctuations in light, while at the same time bringing to the fore other possible theories to account for both the short term and long term dimming events.
Category: Astrophysics

[1319] viXra:1708.0266 [pdf] submitted on 2017-08-23 02:02:36

Silent Dark Matter Search

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 25 Pages.

Results from its first run indicate that XENON1T is the most sensitive dark matter detector on Earth. [20] Scientists at Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU) in Germany have now come up with a new theory on how dark matter may have been formed shortly after the origin of the universe. [19] Map of dark matter made from gravitational lensing measurements of 26 million galaxies in the Dark Energy Survey. [18] CfA astronomers Annalisa Pillepich and Lars Hernquist and their colleagues compared gravitationally distorted Hubble images of the galaxy cluster Abell 2744 and two other clusters with the results of computer simulations of dark matter haloes. [17] In a paper published July 20 in the journal Physical Review Letters, an international team of cosmologists uses data from the intergalactic medium— the vast, largely empty space between galaxies—to narrow down what dark matter could be. [16] But a new hypothesis might have gotten us closer to figuring out its identity, because physicists now suspect that dark matter has been changing forms this whole time-from ghostly particles in the Universe's biggest structures, to a strange, superfluid state at smaller scales. And we might soon have the tools to confirm it. [15] Superfluids may exist inside neutron stars, and some researchers have speculated that space-time itself may be a superfluid. So why shouldn't dark matter have a superfluid phase, too? [14] "The best result on dark matter so far—and we just got started." This is how scientists behind XENON1T, now the most sensitive dark matter experiment worldwide , commented on their first result from a short 30-day run presented today to the scientific community. [13] The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron – proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter. SIMPs would resolve certain discrepancies between simulations of the distribution of dark matter, like this one, and the observed properties of the galaxies. In particle physics and astrophysics, weakly interacting massive particles, or WIMPs, are among the leading hypothetical particle physics candidates for dark matter.
Category: Astrophysics

[1318] viXra:1708.0241 [pdf] submitted on 2017-08-20 11:29:40

Self-Sterilization vs. Host Sterilization in Stellar Metamorphosis

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 1 Page.

In stellar metamorphosis a star can self-sterilize while keeping its atmosphere, or become sterilized by a host. This is in reference to life, as stellar metamorphosis is a life centered worldview, in that stars cool and evolve, forming life on them.
Category: Astrophysics

[1317] viXra:1708.0228 [pdf] submitted on 2017-08-19 10:48:58

Astronomical Pseudoscience Via Linguistics and Culture

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 2 Pages.

Since the mystery of planet formation is solved by the discovery that planets are older stars (stellar evolution is planet formation), the continued mystery of planet formation as accepted by establishment dogma is pseudoscientific. Thus a different type of pseudoscience is present, the ignoring of discoveries. The only problem now with getting the discovery recognized is a deep culturally rooted belief that they are mutually exclusive, regardless if the facts of nature are in direct contradiction of the culture.
Category: Astrophysics

[1316] viXra:1708.0215 [pdf] submitted on 2017-08-18 08:08:14

Mysterious Behavior of Cosmic Rays

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 17 Pages.

A team of scientists from Russia and China has developed a model explaining the nature of high-energy cosmic rays (CRs) in our galaxy. These CRs have energies exceeding those produced by supernova explosions by one or two orders of magnitude. [11] Researchers at the University of Southampton have cast doubt over established explanations for certain behaviours in pulsars-highly magnetised rotating neutron stars, formed from the remains of supernovae. [8] Installed on the International Space Station, by mid-July it will commence its scientific work – to study the exotic astrophysical objects known as neutron stars and examine whether they could be used as deep-space navigation beacons for future generations of spacecraft. [7] NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory has discovered the first direct evidence for a superfluid, a bizarre, friction-free state of matter, at the core of a neutron star. Superfluids created in laboratories on Earth exhibit remarkable properties, such as the ability to climb upward and escape airtight containers. The finding has important implications for understanding nuclear interactions in matter at the highest known densities. [6] This paper explains the Accelerating Universe, the Special and General Relativity from the observed effects of the accelerating electrons, causing naturally the experienced changes of the electric field potential along the moving electric charges. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the wave particle duality and the electron's spin also, building the bridge between the Classical and Relativistic Quantum Theories. The Big Bang caused acceleration created the radial currents of the matter and since the matter composed of negative and positive charges, these currents are creating magnetic field and attracting forces between the parallel moving electric currents. This is the gravitational force experienced by the matter, and also the mass is result of the electromagnetic forces between the charged particles. The positive and negative charged currents attracts each other or by the magnetic forces or by the much stronger electrostatic forces. The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy.
Category: Astrophysics

[1315] viXra:1708.0213 [pdf] submitted on 2017-08-17 13:59:26

Feeding the Universe, Quantum Scaling and Stable Neutrinos

Authors: Evgeny A Novikov
Comments: 5 Pages.

Based on the quantum modification of the general relativity (Qmoger), it is shown, that the Vacuum is continuously feeding the universe with ultralight particles (vacumo). Vacumos are transforming into more heavy (but still ultralight) gravitons, which form quantum condensate even for high temperature. The condensate, under gravitational pressure in galaxies, produces and expels from the hot places the first generation of "ordinary" massive fermions, with are identified with neutrinos. It explains the stability of all three neutrinos, which was a puzzle in the Standard Model. The mass of neutrino, estimated in terms of a new scaling in Qmoger, satisfies the experimental bound. The oscillations of neutrino are explained in terms of interaction with the background condensate of gravitons. The electric dipole moment of neutrino is also estimated. The situation with neutrinos is an example of interface between dark and ordinary matter (Idom), introduced before in explanation of the phenomena of subjectivity.
Category: Astrophysics

[1314] viXra:1708.0173 [pdf] submitted on 2017-08-15 11:50:11

Newton’s Gravitational Constant is not a Constant

Authors: Ilija Barukčić
Comments: Pages.

BACKGROUND AND AIM: Despite of one of the longest history of measurements in physics, a definite value of Newton's gravitational constant γ is still not in sight. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A thought experiment is performed to analyze the log- ical structure of the claim that Newton's gravitational constant γ is a constant. Two masses in deep space are accelerated (non-inertial frames of reference). After a period of time the acceleration stops. The behavior of Newton's gravitational constant γ is ana- lyzed. RESULTS: The assumption of the constancy of Newton's gravitational constant γ leads straightforward to a logical contradiction. Thus far, if we accept that Newton's gravita- tional constant γ we must accept too that +1=+0.
Category: Astrophysics

[1313] viXra:1708.0170 [pdf] submitted on 2017-08-15 05:27:43

Action Without Reaction Symmetry for em Space Propulsion Thruster Technology.

Authors: Leo Vuyk
Comments: 34 Pages.

According to Quantum FFF model (Function Follows Form at the quantum level) the magnetic quantum field has always TWO different rigid string shaped monopole vector components: a North- and a South ( N+S) vector field component. Two different monopole stringy particle are also suggested for the dual electric quantum field, equipped with Plus and Minus vector components. Based on observation of iron filing-powder patterns close to direct currents in a wire, it is assumed that these monopole ( N+S) particle/ wave dualities travel only locally parallel to each other without a magnetic field effect inside the oscillating Axion-Higgs field. This in contrast with the natural opposing curvature of the so called B field. . As a result, the magnetic field strength- created by the wire itself-locally drops down to zero, with a up to zero reduced Lorentz force on the iron filing atoms. As a consequence, this is in contradiction with Maxwell’s magnetic field formulas around an electric direct current wire and I call it the “tubular local magnetic dropping zone” ( dead zone) around the electric wire, which can be used for reaction less drive propulsion and Levitation in combination with different forms of tubular or spiral magnets. Magnet optimization is suggested to form spiral configurations of high performance magnet plating with spiraling electric coils in between. The Lorentz force created on the wire by the static magnetic field of the tubular or spiral magnet (s) is supposed to be the only force in the system, by the absence of a reaction force on the magnet due to the local magnetic dropping zone. Three circular anti-Maxwell propulsion systems in triangle configuration, should be enough to create stable piloting and flight Experiments with coiled magnetized iron tubes has already shown this new physics reaction less propulsion effect.
Category: Astrophysics

[1312] viXra:1708.0160 [pdf] submitted on 2017-08-14 07:09:58

Laser on High-Energy-Density

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 23 Pages.

Those are among the reasons the University of Rochester has turned its attention to the relatively new field of high-energy-density physics. [15] Using ultrashort laser pulses an international team at Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitaet (LMU) in Munich and the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics has managed to manipulate the positions of atoms in hydrocarbon molecules in a targeted fashion. [14] Experiment suggests it might be possible to control atoms entangled with the light they emit by manipulating detection. [13] Now, researchers have come up with a rather simple scheme for providing quantum error controls: entangle atoms from two different elements so that manipulating won't affect the second. Not only is this highly effective, the researchers show that they can construct quantum logic gates with the setup. And while they were at it, they demonstrate the quantum nature of entanglement with a precision that's 40 standard deviations away from classic physical behavior. [12] A team of quantum physicists from Harvard University measured a property called entanglement entropy, which quantifies the apparent randomness that comes with observing just a portion of an entangled whole. Markus Greiner and colleagues used lasers to create an optical cage with four compartments, each of which held a rubidium atom chilled to nearly absolute zero. The researchers could tweak the laser settings to adjust the height of the walls between compartments. If the walls were low enough, atoms could exploit their strange quantum ability to occupy multiple compartments at once. As the four atoms jumped around, they interacted and established a state of entanglement. [11] Physicists in the US and Serbia have created an entangled quantum state of nearly 3000 ultracold atoms using just one photon. This is the largest number of atoms ever to be entangled in the lab, and the researchers say that the technique could be used to boost the precision of atomic clocks. [10] The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the Wave-Particle Duality and the electron's spin also, building the Bridge between the Classical and Quantum Theories. The Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators explains the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions by the diffraction patterns. The Weak Interaction changes the diffraction patterns by moving the electric charge from one side to the other side of the diffraction pattern, which violates the CP and Time reversal symmetry. The diffraction patterns and the locality of the self-maintaining electromagnetic potential explains also the Quantum Entanglement, giving it as a natural part of the relativistic quantum theory. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron – proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter.
Category: Astrophysics

[1311] viXra:1708.0145 [pdf] submitted on 2017-08-14 01:40:40

Known and Unknown about Dark Matter

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 23 Pages.

Scientists at Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU) in Germany have now come up with a new theory on how dark matter may have been formed shortly after the origin of the universe. [19] Map of dark matter made from gravitational lensing measurements of 26 million galaxies in the Dark Energy Survey. [18] CfA astronomers Annalisa Pillepich and Lars Hernquist and their colleagues compared gravitationally distorted Hubble images of the galaxy cluster Abell 2744 and two other clusters with the results of computer simulations of dark matter haloes. [17] In a paper published July 20 in the journal Physical Review Letters, an international team of cosmologists uses data from the intergalactic medium— the vast, largely empty space between galaxies—to narrow down what dark matter could be. [16] But a new hypothesis might have gotten us closer to figuring out its identity, because physicists now suspect that dark matter has been changing forms this whole time-from ghostly particles in the Universe's biggest structures, to a strange, superfluid state at smaller scales. And we might soon have the tools to confirm it. [15] Superfluids may exist inside neutron stars, and some researchers have speculated that space-time itself may be a superfluid. So why shouldn't dark matter have a superfluid phase, too? [14] "The best result on dark matter so far—and we just got started." This is how scientists behind XENON1T, now the most sensitive dark matter experiment worldwide , commented on their first result from a short 30-day run presented today to the scientific community. [13] The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron – proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter. SIMPs would resolve certain discrepancies between simulations of the distribution of dark matter, like this one, and the observed properties of the galaxies. In particle physics and astrophysics, weakly interacting massive particles, or WIMPs, are among the leading hypothetical particle physics candidates for dark matter.
Category: Astrophysics

[1310] viXra:1708.0144 [pdf] submitted on 2017-08-13 12:51:24

Kepler-438b, Life or No Life?

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 2 Pages. 1 illustrative diagram

It is well understood that establishment astronomy and astrophysics (the dogma for short) does not understand that planets are evolving, evolved/dead stars. The two objects, planets and stars, were never mutually exclusive. They were assumed to be exclusive in light of the complete absence of data concerning stars in all mass ranges. What they did is claim to understand how stars evolved, while simultaneously ignoring the evolved/evolving stars by calling them “exoplanets/planets”. This essentially means that all their models and theories concerning planet formation/star evolution are built on mountains of false knowledge. They simply do not have good enough theories or data interpretation to explain what is actually happening. We can determine if life is on Kepler 438b by using the life hypothesis of the general theory of stellar metamorphosis and the MVT principles as coupled to the principle of biostellar evolution in the general theory.
Category: Astrophysics

[1309] viXra:1708.0139 [pdf] submitted on 2017-08-12 13:46:01

Numbers Added to the Mobility, Volume and Time Principles of the Biostellar Evolution Principle of Stellar Metamorphosis

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 2 Pages.

Numbers are added to the MVT Principles of the Biostellar evolution principle of the general theory of stellar metamorphosis.
Category: Astrophysics

[1308] viXra:1708.0138 [pdf] submitted on 2017-08-12 22:28:20

Feeding the Universe and Neutrino

Authors: Evgeny A Novikov
Comments: 4 Pages.

Based on the quantum modification of the general relativity (Qmoger), it is shown, that the Vacuum is continuously feeding the universe with ultralight particles (vacumo). Vacumos are transforming into more heavy (but still ultralight) gravitons, which form quantum condensate even for high temperature. The condensate, under gravitational pressure in galaxies, produces the first generation of "ordinary" massive particles, with are identified with neutrinos. The estimated in this theory mass of neutrino satisfies the experimental bound. The oscillations of neutrino are explained in terms of interaction with the background condensate of gravitons. The electric dipole moment of neutrino is estimated.
Category: Astrophysics

[1307] viXra:1708.0135 [pdf] submitted on 2017-08-12 04:41:56

Mysteries of Cosmic Rays

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 15 Pages.

Researchers at the University of Southampton have cast doubt over established explanations for certain behaviours in pulsars-highly magnetised rotating neutron stars, formed from the remains of supernovae. [8] Installed on the International Space Station, by mid-July it will commence its scientific work – to study the exotic astrophysical objects known as neutron stars and examine whether they could be used as deep-space navigation beacons for future generations of spacecraft. [7] NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory has discovered the first direct evidence for a superfluid, a bizarre, friction-free state of matter, at the core of a neutron star. Superfluids created in laboratories on Earth exhibit remarkable properties, such as the ability to climb upward and escape airtight containers. The finding has important implications for understanding nuclear interactions in matter at the highest known densities. [6] This paper explains the Accelerating Universe, the Special and General Relativity from the observed effects of the accelerating electrons, causing naturally the experienced changes of the electric field potential along the moving electric charges. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the wave particle duality and the electron's spin also, building the bridge between the Classical and Relativistic Quantum Theories. The Big Bang caused acceleration created the radial currents of the matter and since the matter composed of negative and positive charges, these currents are creating magnetic field and attracting forces between the parallel moving electric currents. This is the gravitational force experienced by the matter, and also the mass is result of the electromagnetic forces between the charged particles. The positive and negative charged currents attracts each other or by the magnetic forces or by the much stronger electrostatic forces. The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy.
Category: Astrophysics

[1306] viXra:1708.0112 [pdf] submitted on 2017-08-10 11:18:20

The Foundation of Ξ Theory

Authors: douG aka Douglas D Snell
Comments: 62 Pages. Copyrighted, All Rights Reserved

The Foundation of Ξ Theory explains the cosmological redshift is merely due to gravity's affects on light; explaining the lost energy (mass) of the photon, redshifting, occurs during curvature. Ξ Theory uses Einstein's W= withdraw and R= curvature equations to qualify the lost energy unique to the electromagnetic spectrum energies (light etc). With the Sum of the kinetic energy lost from emission to observance quantified, cosmological redshift is merely an 'effect'. Accounting for the effect Ξ Theory presents a Universe that is contracting at an increasing rate, via Gravity, being a sum of its contracting parts; requiring no hypotheticals dark energy opposing gravity.
Category: Astrophysics

[1305] viXra:1708.0101 [pdf] submitted on 2017-08-09 14:30:07

Coronal Heating Problem

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 20 Pages.

It is known that the sun's corona—the outermost layer of the sun's atmosphere—is roughly 100 times hotter than its photosphere—the sun's visible layer. [16] A team led by scientists from the University of California, Los Angeles and the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory has reached another milestone in developing a promising technology for accelerating particles to high energies in short distances: They created a tiny tube of hot, ionized gas, or plasma, in which the particles remain tightly focused as they fly through it. [15] Using the Continuous Electron Beam Accelerator Facility (CEBAF) at the Department of Energy's Jefferson Lab, a team of researchers has, for the first time, demonstrated a new technique for producing polarized positrons. The method could enable new research in advanced materials and offers a new avenue for producing polarized positron beams for a proposed International Linear Collider and an envisioned Electron-Ion Collider. [14] A study led by researchers from the has demonstrated a new, efficient way to accelerate positrons, the antimatter opposites of electrons. The method may help boost the energy and shrink the size of future linear particle colliders-powerful accelerators that could be used to unravel the properties of nature's fundamental building blocks. [13] More realistic versions of lattice QCD may lead to a better understanding of how quarks formed hadrons in the early Universe. The resolution of the Proton Radius Puzzle is the diffraction pattern, giving another wavelength in case of muonic hydrogen oscillation for the proton than it is in case of normal hydrogen because of the different mass rate. Taking into account the Planck Distribution Law of the electromagnetic oscillators, we can explain the electron/proton mass rate and the Weak and Strong Interactions. Lattice QCD gives the same results as the diffraction patterns of the electromagnetic oscillators, explaining the color confinement and the asymptotic freedom of the Strong Interactions.
Category: Astrophysics

[1304] viXra:1708.0098 [pdf] submitted on 2017-08-09 11:20:20

Pulsating Blue Stars

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 14 Pages.

Researchers at the University of Southampton have cast doubt over established explanations for certain behaviours in pulsars-highly magnetised rotating neutron stars, formed from the remains of supernovae. [8] Installed on the International Space Station, by mid-July it will commence its scientific work – to study the exotic astrophysical objects known as neutron stars and examine whether they could be used as deep-space navigation beacons for future generations of spacecraft. [7] NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory has discovered the first direct evidence for a superfluid, a bizarre, friction-free state of matter, at the core of a neutron star. Superfluids created in laboratories on Earth exhibit remarkable properties, such as the ability to climb upward and escape airtight containers. The finding has important implications for understanding nuclear interactions in matter at the highest known densities. [6] This paper explains the Accelerating Universe, the Special and General Relativity from the observed effects of the accelerating electrons, causing naturally the experienced changes of the electric field potential along the moving electric charges. The accelerating electrons explain not only the Maxwell Equations and the Special Relativity, but the Heisenberg Uncertainty Relation, the wave particle duality and the electron's spin also, building the bridge between the Classical and Relativistic Quantum Theories. The Big Bang caused acceleration created the radial currents of the matter and since the matter composed of negative and positive charges, these currents are creating magnetic field and attracting forces between the parallel moving electric currents. This is the gravitational force experienced by the matter, and also the mass is result of the electromagnetic forces between the charged particles. The positive and negative charged currents attracts each other or by the magnetic forces or by the much stronger electrostatic forces. The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy.
Category: Astrophysics

[1303] viXra:1708.0093 [pdf] submitted on 2017-08-09 05:48:21

Black Holes Pervade the Universe

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 22 Pages.

After conducting a cosmic inventory of sorts to calculate and categorize stellar-remnant black holes, astronomers from the University of California, Irvine have concluded that there are probably tens of millions of the enigmatic, dark objects in the Milky Way-far more than expected. [17] Astrophysicists at the University of Birmingham have made progress in understanding a key mystery of gravitational-wave astrophysics: how two black holes can come together and merge. [16] Astronomers want to record an image of the heart of our galaxy for the first time: a global collaboration of radio dishes is to take a detailed look at the black hole which is assumed to be located there. [15] A team of researchers from around the world is getting ready to create what might be the first image of a black hole. [14] "There seems to be a mysterious link between the amount of dark matter a galaxy holds and the size of its central black hole, even though the two operate on vastly different scales," said Akos Bogdan of the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics (CfA). [13] If dark matter comes in both matter and antimatter varieties, it might accumulate inside dense stars to create black holes. [12] For a long time, there were two main theories related to how our universe would end. These were the Big Freeze and the Big Crunch. In short, the Big Crunch claimed that the universe would eventually stop expanding and collapse in on itself. This collapse would result in…well…a big crunch (for lack of a better term). Think " the Big Bang " , except just the opposite. That's essentially what the Big Crunch is. On the other hand, the Big Freeze claimed that the universe would continue expanding forever, until the cosmos becomes a frozen wasteland. This theory asserts that stars will get farther and farther apart, burn out, and (since there are no more stars bring born) the universe will grown entirely cold and eternally black. [11] Newly published research reveals that dark matter is being swallowed up by dark energy, offering novel insight into the nature of dark matter and dark energy and what the future of our Universe might be. [10] The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron – proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter.
Category: Astrophysics

[1302] viXra:1708.0088 [pdf] submitted on 2017-08-09 03:16:30

Origin of Dark Matter

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 23 Pages.

Scientists at Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU) in Germany have now come up with a new theory on how dark matter may have been formed shortly after the origin of the universe. [19] Map of dark matter made from gravitational lensing measurements of 26 million galaxies in the Dark Energy Survey. [18] CfA astronomers Annalisa Pillepich and Lars Hernquist and their colleagues compared gravitationally distorted Hubble images of the galaxy cluster Abell 2744 and two other clusters with the results of computer simulations of dark matter haloes. [17] In a paper published July 20 in the journal Physical Review Letters, an international team of cosmologists uses data from the intergalactic medium— the vast, largely empty space between galaxies—to narrow down what dark matter could be. [16] But a new hypothesis might have gotten us closer to figuring out its identity, because physicists now suspect that dark matter has been changing forms this whole time-from ghostly particles in the Universe's biggest structures, to a strange, superfluid state at smaller scales. And we might soon have the tools to confirm it. [15] Superfluids may exist inside neutron stars, and some researchers have speculated that space-time itself may be a superfluid. So why shouldn't dark matter have a superfluid phase, too? [14] "The best result on dark matter so far—and we just got started." This is how scientists behind XENON1T, now the most sensitive dark matter experiment worldwide , commented on their first result from a short 30-day run presented today to the scientific community. [13] The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron – proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter. SIMPs would resolve certain discrepancies between simulations of the distribution of dark matter, like this one, and the observed properties of the galaxies. In particle physics and astrophysics, weakly interacting massive particles, or WIMPs, are among the leading hypothetical particle physics candidates for dark matter.
Category: Astrophysics

[1301] viXra:1708.0083 [pdf] submitted on 2017-08-08 04:15:26

Dipole Repeller Gravity Effects at Different Universal Scales as the Origin of Large Scale and Local Quantum Gravity and Hubble Redshift.

Authors: Leo Vuyk
Comments: 36 Pages.

According to Quantum Function Follows Form Theory, the Big Bang was the evaporation and splitting of a former Big Crunch black hole nucleus of compressed Axion Higgs particles into the oscillating Axion /Higgs field vacuum lattice respectively chunky nuclei of dark matter black holes. The vacuum Lattice is supposed to represent a dynamic reference frame and the so called Dark Energy or Zero Point Energy acting as the motor for all Fermion spin and as the transfer medium for all photon information, leading to local lightspeed and local time. The energetic vacuum lattice is also assumed to act as a Gravity Quantum Dipole Repeller because gravitons do not supposed to attract- but repel Fermions with less impulse than the vacuum dark energy particles. So, Feynman diagrams become more complex than before.. Recent measurements by Yehuda Hoffman et al. did show the large scale repelling effect of “empty space” in opposition of the “attracting gravity effect” of super clusters which he called “Dipole Repeller” effect. This seems to be a great support for the dual Quantum gravity proposal of Quantum FFF Theory, as opposing quantum push effects between vacuum particles and gravitons on Fermion around massive objects. Recently I found that the merging of galaxy clusters itself show dynamic observational signs of a contraction of the vacuum inside the merging galaxy clusters by the anomalous central clustering of the dark matter black hole content which seems to be stripped from the individual galaxy clusters located at the borders of the new super cluster. ( see Abell 520 and bullet cluster: “no inertia effect of dark matter black holes”.) If there is vacuum absorption inside galaxy clusters, (Black Holes EAT the vacuum (Axion Higgs Field) then we also may assume that the universal vacuum between galaxy clusters should be also subjected to this absorption process, ( which surpass the redshift of relative speed) as a sign for universal contraction and negative entropy, leading to a cyclic universe. All Black holes EAT the dark energy Axion-Higgs vacuum lattice supposed to be the origin of the Hubble redshift and universal contraction.
Category: Astrophysics

[1300] viXra:1708.0058 [pdf] submitted on 2017-08-06 09:10:22

Dominance of Matter in the Universe

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 40 Pages.

The international T2K Collaboration announces a first indication that the dominance of matter over antimatter may originate from the fact that neutrinos and antineutrinos behave differently during those oscillations. [13] Neutrinos are a challenge to study because their interactions with matter are so rare. Particularly elusive has been what's known as coherent elastic neutrino-nucleus scattering, which occurs when a neutrino bumps off the nucleus of an atom. [12] Lately, neutrinos – the tiny, nearly massless particles that many scientists study to better understand the fundamental workings of the universe – have been posing a problem for physicists. [11] Physicists have hypothesized the existence of fundamental particles called sterile neutrinos for decades and a couple of experiments have even caught possible hints of them. However, according to new results from two major international consortia, the chances that these indications were right and that these particles actually exist are now much slimmer. [10] The MIT team studied the distribution of neutrino flavors generated in Illinois, versus those detected in Minnesota, and found that these distributions can be explained most readily by quantum phenomena: As neutrinos sped between the reactor and detector, they were statistically most likely to be in a state of superposition, with no definite flavor or identity. [9] A new study reveals that neutrinos produced in the core of a supernova are highly localised compared to neutrinos from all other known sources. This result stems from a fresh estimate for an entity characterising these neutrinos, known as wave packets, which provide information on both their position and their momentum. [8] It could all have been so different. When matter first formed in the universe, our current theories suggest that it should have been accompanied by an equal amount of antimatter – a conclusion we know must be wrong, because we wouldn't be here if it were true. Now the latest results from a pair of experiments designed to study the behaviour of neutrinos – particles that barely interact with the rest of the universe – could mean we're starting to understand why. [7] In 2012, a tiny flash of light was detected deep beneath the Antarctic ice.
Category: Astrophysics

[1299] viXra:1708.0052 [pdf] submitted on 2017-08-06 04:36:49

The First Five Minutes in the Universe

Authors: Islam Atef Aly
Comments: 1 Page. 1

From about 14 billions years ago all of the universe was contained in a single point called singularity, the point had infinite temperature and density and smaller than the size of a proton, space-time in the laws of physics didn't exist in this singularity and then it expands to form space and time.
Category: Astrophysics

[1298] viXra:1708.0045 [pdf] submitted on 2017-08-05 04:59:02

Stellar Nucleosynthesis

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 24 Pages.

Astronomers like to say we are the byproducts of stars, stellar furnaces that long ago fused hydrogen and helium into the elements needed for life through the process of stellar nucleosynthesis. [18] But for rotating black holes, there's a region outside the event horizon where strange and extraordinary things can happen, and these extraordinary possibilities are the focus of a new paper in the American Physical Society journal Physical Review Letters. [17] Astronomers have constructed the first map of the universe based on the positions of supermassive black holes, which reveals the large-scale structure of the universe. [16] Astronomers want to record an image of the heart of our galaxy for the first time: a global collaboration of radio dishes is to take a detailed look at the black hole which is assumed to be located there. [15] A team of researchers from around the world is getting ready to create what might be the first image of a black hole. [14] "There seems to be a mysterious link between the amount of dark matter a galaxy holds and the size of its central black hole, even though the two operate on vastly different scales," said Akos Bogdan of the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics (CfA). [13] If dark matter comes in both matter and antimatter varieties, it might accumulate inside dense stars to create black holes. [12] For a long time, there were two main theories related to how our universe would end. These were the Big Freeze and the Big Crunch. In short, the Big Crunch claimed that the universe would eventually stop expanding and collapse in on itself. This collapse would result in…well…a big crunch (for lack of a better term). Think " the Big Bang " , except just the opposite. That's essentially what the Big Crunch is. On the other hand, the Big Freeze claimed that the universe would continue expanding forever, until the cosmos becomes a frozen wasteland. This theory asserts that stars will get farther and farther apart, burn out, and (since there are no more stars bring born) the universe will grown entirely cold and eternally black. [11] Newly published research reveals that dark matter is being swallowed up by dark energy, offering novel insight into the nature of dark matter and dark energy and what the future of our Universe might be. [10] The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron – proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter.
Category: Astrophysics

[1297] viXra:1708.0039 [pdf] submitted on 2017-08-04 10:29:25

Dark Energy Survey

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 22 Pages.

Map of dark matter made from gravitational lensing measurements of 26 million galaxies in the Dark Energy Survey. [18] CfA astronomers Annalisa Pillepich and Lars Hernquist and their colleagues compared gravitationally distorted Hubble images of the galaxy cluster Abell 2744 and two other clusters with the results of computer simulations of dark matter haloes. [17] In a paper published July 20 in the journal Physical Review Letters, an international team of cosmologists uses data from the intergalactic medium— the vast, largely empty space between galaxies—to narrow down what dark matter could be. [16] But a new hypothesis might have gotten us closer to figuring out its identity, because physicists now suspect that dark matter has been changing forms this whole time-from ghostly particles in the Universe's biggest structures, to a strange, superfluid state at smaller scales. And we might soon have the tools to confirm it. [15] Superfluids may exist inside neutron stars, and some researchers have speculated that space-time itself may be a superfluid. So why shouldn't dark matter have a superfluid phase, too? [14] "The best result on dark matter so far—and we just got started." This is how scientists behind XENON1T, now the most sensitive dark matter experiment worldwide , commented on their first result from a short 30-day run presented today to the scientific community. [13] The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron – proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter. SIMPs would resolve certain discrepancies between simulations of the distribution of dark matter, like this one, and the observed properties of the galaxies. In particle physics and astrophysics, weakly interacting massive particles, or WIMPs, are among the leading hypothetical particle physics candidates for dark matter.
Category: Astrophysics

[1296] viXra:1708.0035 [pdf] submitted on 2017-08-03 22:51:09

Relative and Absolute Ages in Stellar Metamorphosis

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 1 Page.

Relative and absolute ages are mentioned in stellar metamorphosis.
Category: Astrophysics

[1295] viXra:1708.0015 [pdf] submitted on 2017-08-02 07:29:13

The Cyclic Universe Through the Origins

Authors: Islam Atef Aly
Comments: 4 pages

I report the result of the cyclic universe theory and connect it to the origin of science and God showing some discussions about the cyclic model and the string theory, the cyclic model and the cosmological constant. And discussing the equation of Albert Einstein of the relation between mass and energy.
Category: Astrophysics

[1294] viXra:1708.0014 [pdf] submitted on 2017-08-02 07:37:51

The Taylor Threshold

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 1 Page.

It was mentioned by Baz Taylor that life could have existing on the Moon. A threshold for the formation of life, given it has had enough time to evolve on any individual star is presented. In short, the star had to have evolved on long enough timescales to host life. If it evolves too fast, then no life will form, regardless of the chemicals present.
Category: Astrophysics

[1293] viXra:1707.0412 [pdf] submitted on 2017-07-31 09:19:27

The Milky Way Should Be Constantly Expanding

Authors: Yibing Qiu
Comments: 1 Page.

Abstract: showinga viewpoint about the state of the Milky Way.
Category: Astrophysics

[1292] viXra:1707.0407 [pdf] submitted on 2017-07-30 17:46:31

Iron Core Deposition Rate

Authors: Jeffrey Joseph Wolynski
Comments: 2 Pages. 1 table

It is hypothesized in stellar metamorphosis that the iron/nickel core deposition rate is the same for all stars. An equation showing the variables is given to determine how long an iron core took to form.
Category: Astrophysics

[1291] viXra:1707.0383 [pdf] submitted on 2017-07-28 15:09:05

Sterile Spheres: Small Rovers with Planet-Wide Range

Authors: Colin Bruce Jack
Comments: 6 Pages.

Small unmanned vehicles deployed from a single landing point can comprehensively explore Mars in a few months. Each vehicle comprises a hermetically sealed transparent container, an ellipsoidal shell of low-expansion glass whose surface has been totally sterilised by flash heating to temperature sufficient to decompose all organic chemicals. An inner shell contains gas at Earth-standard temperature and pressure. All moving parts are housed within this inner shell, so off-the-shelf motors, bearings and lubricants with robustly verified working lifetimes can be used, minimizing development cost and ensuring circumplanetary range. A vacuum gap between the inner and outer shells provides thermal insulation and contains solar cells and cameras.
A substantial part of the vehicle’s mass is mounted within the inner shell, connected to a central axle about which it can be turned so as to cause the vehicle to roll forward. This mass can also be displaced sideways so that the vehicle turns as it rolls.
Continuous thrust produced in this way is at most about one-third of the vehicle’s weight. However a second propulsion method can extract the vehicle from almost any pit, slippery sand area or other potential trap. A flywheel, normally stationary, is spun up to high speed then braked suddenly. The resulting large torque causes the vehicle to turn end-over-end. Thus it can climb a steep slope, move across soft sand with a scooping effect like a paddle wheel, or leap up a small cliff or across a crevasse with a pole-vault style takeoff.
The vehicle can navigate autonomously for long periods. Several methods by which it can harvest information about its immediate environment, and periodically return large volumes of data, are described.
Category: Astrophysics

[1290] viXra:1707.0381 [pdf] submitted on 2017-07-28 20:12:02

Quantum Cosmology, New Scaling, Mass of Oscillating Neutrino and Life

Authors: Evgeny A. Novikov
Comments: 3 Pages.

From the quantum modification of general relativity (Qmoger), supported by cosmic data (without fitting), a new quantum scaling is derived. This scaling indicates a mechanism of formation new particles from the background matter. Based on this scaling, mass of neutrino is estimated in agreement with experimental bounds. The neutrino oscillations are explained in terms of interaction with the background quantum condensate of gravitons. Subjective experiences (qualia) and functioning of living cell are also connected with the background condensate.
Category: Astrophysics

[1289] viXra:1707.0365 [pdf] submitted on 2017-07-28 03:03:52

Никитин В.Н., Никитин И.В. ГИПОТЕЗА СУЩЕСТВОВАНИЯ СПУТНИКОВ СОЛНЕЧНОЙ СИСТЕМЫ Космический объект «Баффи» – спутник Солнечной системы

Authors: Nikitin V.N., Nikitin I.V.
Comments: 1 Page.

Космический объект «Баффи» – спутник Солнечной системы
Category: Astrophysics

[1288] viXra:1707.0364 [pdf] submitted on 2017-07-28 03:21:44

Dark Matter Particle is a Neutral Electron

Authors: Antonio Puccini
Comments: 32 Pages.

Cosmological observations showed that the ordinary matter, or ordinary visible mass, is only  4% of the total mass of the Universe. Non observable mass, or missing mass, is  96% of the total mass, of which 23% is invisible matter, or Dark Matter (DM). Cosmological considerations seem to exclude that the DM is under the shape of a normal baryonic matter. Therefore, the Dark Matter Particle (DMP) very probably is a lepton particle. The DMP was formed in the first fractions of second after the Big Bang. In order not to contradict the value of the critical density of the universe ordinary matter, the primordial nucleosynthesis can have generated only light elements and particles. DMP has existed since the Big Bang, this means it is a very stable particle. Moreover, since it does not emit and does not reflect light, and it never interacts with ordinary matter or with other DMPs, it implies that it is insensitive to Electro-Magnetic and Nuclear Interactions, therefore it is a neutral particle. Thus the DMP is a stable, light, neutral, non-interacting lepton. It was supposed to be a neutrino but, still in relation to nucleosynthesis, the value of its infinitely small mass, i.e. ≤0.01 electronic masses, contradicts the value of critical density. For opposite reasons, even WIMPs cannot identify with DMP (the value attributed to their mass is excessive: ≥ 100 proton masses). Therefore we may think of an electron, but they carry electric charge, and highly react with the surrounding matter. It does not work. Unless we assume the DMP can equally identify with an electron, but without the electric charge: a neutral electron (e°). According to Majorana’s mathematical formalism, the mathematical substrate in support of the e°, leads to consider it as a self-conjugated spinor, where the charge conjugation may give it a certain stability and make it unable to interact. The physical substrate is represented by the lack of a R process on the e°. Consequently, it will never, or almost never, undergo a Wave Function Collapse, so it will not be traceable as a common particle, but, according to Quantum Mechanics, it keeps travelling as a wave, undisturbed, delocalized, and propagating as a superimposition of quantum states.
Category: Astrophysics

[1287] viXra:1707.0363 [pdf] submitted on 2017-07-27 07:16:44

Is the Black Hole a Mass of Antimatter? 

Authors: Terubumi Honjou
Comments: 4 Pages.

The hypothesis of the elementary particle pulsation principle advocated in 1980 has been studied to examine all areas of physics. For the first time, I tried to verify the black hole based on the pulsating hypothesis. The image of the black hole resembles the physics of the negative particle stroke in the principle of particle pulsation. The particle of the negative particle process is an empty depletion space in the vacuum space, and it is observed like the hole of the empty and empty darkness as observing four-dimensional space from three-dimensional space. It corresponds to the anti-substance shown in the model of the pulsating hypothesis if it guesses. Electrons and positron, protons and anti-protons, neutrons and anti-neutrons, the existence of the anti-material is always confirmed in the elementary particles.
Category: Astrophysics

[1286] viXra:1707.0334 [pdf] submitted on 2017-07-26 03:49:20

Dark Matter Doppler Effect

Authors: George Rajna
Comments: 21 Pages.

A NASA rocket experiment could use the Doppler effect to look for signs of dark matter in mysterious X-ray emissions from space. [18] CfA astronomers Annalisa Pillepich and Lars Hernquist and their colleagues compared gravitationally distorted Hubble images of the galaxy cluster Abell 2744 and two other clusters with the results of computer simulations of dark matter haloes. [17] In a paper published July 20 in the journal Physical Review Letters, an international team of cosmologists uses data from the intergalactic medium— the vast, largely empty space between galaxies—to narrow down what dark matter could be. [16] But a new hypothesis might have gotten us closer to figuring out its identity, because physicists now suspect that dark matter has been changing forms this whole time-from ghostly particles in the Universe's biggest structures, to a strange, superfluid state at smaller scales. And we might soon have the tools to confirm it. [15] Superfluids may exist inside neutron stars, and some researchers have speculated that space-time itself may be a superfluid. So why shouldn't dark matter have a superfluid phase, too? [14] "The best result on dark matter so far—and we just got started." This is how scientists behind XENON1T, now the most sensitive dark matter experiment worldwide , commented on their first result from a short 30-day run presented today to the scientific community. [13] The gravitational force attracting the matter, causing concentration of the matter in a small space and leaving much space with low matter concentration: dark matter and energy. There is an asymmetry between the mass of the electric charges, for example proton and electron, can understood by the asymmetrical Planck Distribution Law. This temperature dependent energy distribution is asymmetric around the maximum intensity, where the annihilation of matter and antimatter is a high probability event. The asymmetric sides are creating different frequencies of electromagnetic radiations being in the same intensity level and compensating each other. One of these compensating ratios is the electron – proton mass ratio. The lower energy side has no compensating intensity level, it is the dark energy and the corresponding matter is the dark matter. SIMPs would resolve certain discrepancies between simulations of the distribution of dark matter, like this one, and the observed properties of the galaxies. In particle physics and astrophysics, weakly interacting massive particles, or WIMPs, are among the leading hypothetical particle physics candidates for dark matter.
Category: Astrophysics

[1285] viXra:1707.0332 [pdf] submitted on 2017-07-25 10:42:52

Beyond Einstein and the Big Bang

Authors: Solomon Budnik
Comments: 90 Pages. NextGen Physics and Astrophysics

This book provides new insights in the interaction of light and matter, explains the true origin of our universe, resolves the matter-antimatter dilemma, reveals the quantum gravity creation of so-called black holes and dark matter, describes physical processes and technologies that enable the creation of quantum fusion, flexible quantum nano-computers and quantum devices for telecom and medicine, 3D remote space computers and TV displays in augmented reality, quantum propulsion with levitation and teleportation, and a nuclear accelerator in space that enables spacetime travel beyond time and space dimensions. Breakthrough quantum technologies revealed in this book materialize the Quantum Fusion (QF) Hypothesis which is applicable in the fields of molecular, quantum and computational mechanic,, material science, quantum physics and astrophysics, and electronics.
Category: Astrophysics

Replacements of recent Submissions

[517] viXra:1801.0121 [pdf] replaced on 2018-01-11 04:52:23

Quantum FFF Theory, a Conscious String Theory with Different Vacuum Trajectories for Axion-Higgs Field/ Photons Respectively Fermions, Gluons and Bosons.

Authors: Leo Vuyk
Comments: 12 Pages.

This conscious string theory also called Quantum FFF Theory, (FFF = Function Follows Form) is a semi classical theory based on a symmetrical cold Big Bang evaporation into 8 or 12 CP ( Charge Parity) symmetric copy (anti) material universes. It can be called a semi classical theory because it describes reality by the real collision and shape transformation processes of real sub quantum shaped rigid stringy entangled particles. Each particle is supposed to be conscious by its entanglement with 7 or 11 CP symmetric copy particles located inside the other 7 or 11 CP symmetric universal bubbles at long distance with raspberry shape. The Q-FFF theory is called Semi classical because in addition to the ring shaped transformable rigid string particles, all universal bubbles are assumed to be each others Charge Parity (CP) mirror symmetric universal bubbles which are assumed to be instant entangled down to each individual string particle created out of the Axion Higgs splitting cold Big Bang. So each particle has to compete for wavefunction collapse with 7 or 11 anti copy particles and each person’s choice ( free will) also. So: we live inside 8 or 12 quantum particle based instant entangled pinball machines making choices for our own reptile brain based flash intuition down to single particle slit interference. However our frontal cortex seems to be able to make social corrections ( Vetos) within 300 msec. The sheer simplicity of such a system is perhaps the reason that I could not find comparable proposals for other theories.
Category: Astrophysics

[516] viXra:1712.0496 [pdf] replaced on 2018-01-13 03:31:07

Disproof of Bigbang

Authors: Ivo van der Rijt
Comments: 6 Pages.

NA
Category: Astrophysics

[515] viXra:1712.0496 [pdf] replaced on 2017-12-28 05:47:58

Disproof of Bigbang

Authors: Ivo van der Rijt
Comments: 4 Pages.

NA
Category: Astrophysics

[514] viXra:1712.0096 [pdf] replaced on 2018-01-13 04:39:42

Molecular Diffusion Model as an Alternative to Dark Energy

Authors: Karan R.Takkhi
Comments: 4 pages, 1 figure

Dark energy is rightfully considered as the reason for causing the accelerated expansion of the Universe. Universe expanding at an accelerated rate instead of slowing down or coming to a stop seems extremely uncanny. The Big Bang theory is strongly favoured and the most accepted theory for the origin of the Universe. On the other hand the competing Steady State theory also has an equal importance for some scientists. In this paper I present a theory that bridges the gap between the Big Bang theory and the Steady State theory. A theory/model has also been introduced in order to explain the mysterious accelerated expansion of the Universe. According to this theory/model, the large-scale structures are receding away from each other at an accelerated rate instead of space undergoing accelerated expansion.
Category: Astrophysics

[513] viXra:1712.0096 [pdf] replaced on 2017-12-26 04:13:27

Molecular Diffusion Model as an Alternative to Dark Energy

Authors: Karan R.Takkhi
Comments: 3 pages, 1 figure

Dark energy is rightfully considered to be the reason for causing the accelerated expansion of the Universe. Universe expanding at an accelerated rate instead of slowing down or coming to a stop seems extremely uncanny. The Big Bang theory is strongly favoured and the most accepted theory for the origin of the Universe. On the other hand the competing Steady State theory also has an equal importance. In this paper I present a theory that bridges the gap between the Big Bang theory and the Steady State theory. A novel theory/model has also been introduced in order to explain the mysterious accelerated expansion of the Universe. According to this theory/model, the large-scale structures are receding away from each other at an accelerated rate instead of space undergoing accelerated expansion.
Category: Astrophysics

[512] viXra:1711.0379 [pdf] replaced on 2017-11-23 03:47:16

The Raspberry Shaped Multiverse, Pulsating Between Big Crunch and Big Bang, Based on Rigid Transformable Massless Axion Higgs Particles.

Authors: Leo Vuyk
Comments: 26 Pages. sorry.

In particle physics it is an interesting challenge to postulate that the rigid FORM and topological structure of elementary particles is the origin of different FUNCTIONS of rigid transformable string particles. The resulting model is called “Quantum FFF Theory” (FFF=Function Follows Form). As a consequence however, the standard model should be extended with an alternative Higgs boson of different mass series (recent LHC measurements) as a base for unstable microscopic dark matter black hole (DMBH) nuclei (for Ball Lightning as interference Higgs knots) up to stable (Sunspot and S-Nova) black hole nuclei merging into a cyclic Big Crunch/ Big Bang nucleus. Dark Energy of the vacuum is assume to be created by an oscillating massless springy stringy Axion/Higgs field virgin vacuum particle, being one half of a new emerging quantum gravity system combine with the opposing pressure of a pushing graviton. . The vacuum particles are assumed to oscillate in tandem inside spiral (chiral) flux tubes between photon communication nodes with a variable Planck length as a base, creating a tetrahedron based chiral vacuum lattice connected by nodes between two tetrahedrons. As a result, the dark matter black hole Big Bang was the cold explosion into dark matter black hole splinter chunks evaporating into the oscillating Axion/ Higgs field and series of smaller chunks, leaving a trail of Hydrogen creating stable black holes behind, also called the Lyman Alpha forest. So, the new extended standard model is based on different geometrical string structures for Higgs based dark matter black holes but also extended with a monopole photon/ Gluon system.
Category: Astrophysics

[511] viXra:1711.0251 [pdf] replaced on 2017-11-24 05:55:57

No place for Dark Matter in Galaxy Clusters

Authors: Karan R.Takkhi
Comments: 4 pages

Galaxy clusters are one of the most mysterious large-scale structures in the universe. The extremely hot X-ray emitting gas (plasma) that constitutes the intracluster medium (ICM) is also quite mysterious. The observed gravitational lensing and the high velocity dispersion of galaxies within the cluster add another mysterious dimension to a galaxy cluster. There are many puzzling questions adhered to galaxy clusters, such as, what causes the ICM to remain confined within the cluster? Is it dark matter that confines the ICM, or does the ICM possesses certain properties of its own which gives it the added advantage to remain confined within the cluster, instead of just dispersing or diffusing out of the cluster? Is dark matter really required to explain certain observations related to galaxy clusters, such as, ICM confinement, velocity dispersion of galaxies and the spooky gravitational lensing arcs observed within the cluster? Are we underestimating the baryonic mass? In this paper I present the study of a random galaxy cluster to completely rule out the possibility of dark matter’s presence in all galaxy clusters. The study provides explanation for such discussed mysterious phenomena associated with galaxy clusters that would otherwise be difficult to explain without considering the presence of dark matter.
Category: Astrophysics

[510] viXra:1710.0240 [pdf] replaced on 2017-10-23 04:55:36

Pulsar Frequency and Pulsar Tilted Axis Explained as Geodetic Precession Effects

Authors: E.P.J. de Haas
Comments: 10 Pages.

The hypothesis is presented that pulsar-time is geodetic precession rotation time, in both the causal sense and the quantitative sense (T-pulsar exactly equals T-geodetic). The causal sense implies the hypothesis that, in the outer crust of the neutron star, the curvature of the metric favors alignment of elementary particle magnetic moments along the geodetic precession. A consequence of this hypothesis is the partial decoupling of pulsar time and orbital rotation time. For a ``canonical'' neutron star, with 1.4 solar mass and a radius of 10 km, this implies that T-orbit equals approximately one fifth of T-pulsar. The pulsar time as being geodetic precession time explains the extreme stability of pulsar frequencies, despite strong magnetic turbulences. It also quite naturally explains the tilted axis of the neutron stars magnetic moment relative to its orbital axis. The hypothesis is formulated within the environment of the Ehlers-Pirani-Schild Weyl Space Free Fall Grid approach as developed in two previous papers, but it should be theory independent and thus be derivable in GR-Schwarzschild as well.
Category: Astrophysics

[509] viXra:1710.0181 [pdf] replaced on 2017-10-25 20:36:58

Cargo Cult Science – Electromagnetic Harmonics and Heterodynes

Authors: Frank H. Makinson
Comments: 4 Pages.

The process that produces electromagnetic wave harmonics and heterodynes are assumed to be well understood. The textbook definitions of these terms are being tagged herein as cargo cult science because they are incomplete. The effects these term describe occur when electromagnetic waves, singularly or in combination, interact within a non-linear medium. The textbook descriptions of these terms are based upon fundamental electromagnetic waves, sine waves that represent a single frequency, interactions that occur within electronic devices and interactions that are collinear. Each of these interactions are a special case. Radio astronomers are detecting signals coming from space that have spectral characteristics unlike anything taught in the textbooks. The manner in which textbooks describe EM wave interactions in nonlinear mediums can result in incorrect interpretation of spectral signatures. Radio astronomers need to be aware that artificial modification of the Earth's ionosphere can modify the signals they are detecting coming from celestial sources.
Category: Astrophysics

[508] viXra:1710.0078 [pdf] replaced on 2017-10-10 09:24:22

Review of Internal Inconsistencies in GRT and Comparisons to MTG

Authors: Jaroslav Hynecek
Comments: 4 Pages. version 2

This paper is mostly philosophical in its nature thus avoiding many equations and computations, which casual readers do not necessarily understand. Paper investigates and compares side by side in detail assumptions with their logical consequences and resulting internal inconsistencies in both; the General Relativity Theory (GRT) and the Metric Theory of Gravity (MTG). It is found that the GRT has many such internal inconsistencies, which have to be corrected by unusual and difficult to believe assumptions that are not backed up by a typical experience one encounters in a real life, while the MTG avoids such problems. For the readers who are interested in proofs of discussed findings the paper provides internet links to papers where such proofs are available. The key differences between the GRT and MTG theories are: the gravitational mass dependence on velocity, the nature of “empty” space, the finite or infinite size of the Universe, the existence of Black Holes (BH) with their Event Horizons (EH), the creation of Universe by the Big Bang (BB), and the relation between the Cosmic Microwave Background Radiation (CMBR) temperature, and the Hubble constant that characterizes the velocity of receding Galaxies.
Category: Astrophysics

[507] viXra:1710.0058 [pdf] replaced on 2017-11-09 05:49:18

Mass Defect in Galaxy Clusters

Authors: Karan R.Takkhi
Comments: 2 pages

Galaxy clusters and mass discrepancy blend and dwell together quite harmoniously. Mass discrepancy is always stumbled upon when galaxy clusters are studied. The orbital velocities of galaxies within galaxy clusters are unusually higher than expected and the observable baryonic matter alone cannot account for all the mass and gravity for the overall observed stability of the cluster. The presence of additional matter in the form of dark matter is required to explain the gravitational stability at such high velocities as baryonic matter is insufficient to explain the anomaly. In this paper I present a theory to account for the mass discrepancy within galaxy clusters without involving dark matter.
Category: Astrophysics

[506] viXra:1710.0058 [pdf] replaced on 2017-10-17 04:55:53

Explaining the Mass Discrepancy in Galaxy Clusters

Authors: Karan R.Takkhi
Comments: 2 pages

Galaxy clusters and mass discrepancy blend and dwell together quite harmoniously. Mass discrepancy is always stumbled upon when galaxy clusters are studied. The orbital velocities of galaxies within galaxy clusters are unusually higher than expected and the observable baryonic matter alone cannot account for all the mass and gravity for the overall observed stability of the cluster. The presence of additional matter in the form of dark matter is required to explain the gravitational stability at such high velocities as baryonic matter is insufficient to explain the anomaly. In this paper I present a theory to account for the mass discrepancy within galaxy clusters without involving dark matter.
Category: Astrophysics

[505] viXra:1710.0007 [pdf] replaced on 2017-12-26 04:20:01

Galaxy Rotation Problem: Dark Matter, Modified Gravity or just Baryons?

Authors: Karan R.Takkhi
Comments: 5 pages, 2 tables, 1 figure

The deviation of a galaxy from exhibiting a Keplerian curve either indicates the presence of dark matter or the breakdown of Newtonian dynamics. Dark matter still remaining undetected raises a concern whether it exists or not and can the galaxy rotation problem be addressed by modifying the laws of gravity. However, considering the baryonic matter distribution to solve this discrepant behaviour would prove to be a turning point. In this paper I present the theoretical study regarding the kinematics and dynamics of spiral galaxies by considering the distribution of baryonic matter only. The study of Ultra Diffuse Galaxies (UDGs) and Low Surface Brightness (LSB) galaxies which are considered to be dominated by dark matter has also been taken into account. The distribution of baryonic matter throughout a galaxy and its role in influencing both; the nature of galaxy’s rotation curve as well as the nature of variation of gravitational acceleration throughout a galaxy has been discussed. We will also compare a planetary system with a galaxy to find out why a planetary system exhibits a Keplerian curve whereas a galaxy deviates from it. The study provides explanation for a galaxy’s non-declining rotation curve without considering the presence of dark matter and also without modifying the laws of gravity.
Category: Astrophysics

[504] viXra:1709.0396 [pdf] replaced on 2017-09-29 05:26:18

Dual Solar Anchor Black Holes or Herbig Haro Hotspots, the Origin of Quick Star Formation.

Authors: Leo Vuyk
Comments: 24 Pages.

Function Follows Form in Quantum FFF Theory. The rigid FORM and Microstructure of elementary particles (rigid strings), is supposed to be the origin of functional differences between Higgs- Graviton- Photon- and Fermion particles. As a consequence, a new splitting, accelerating and pairing new paradigm Black Hole, (BH) seem to be able to convert vacuum particle energy (ZPE) into real plasma which could explain quick Galaxy- and Star formation, by so called Galaxy- or Stellar Anchor Black Holes (GABHs respectively SABHs). These Anchor Black Holes can be observed as Herbig Haro ( HH) Hotspots or Bowshocks. Recent observation of two High Energy Cosmic Ray Hotspots, (HECRHs) at solar polar locations, ( Big Dipper and Southern cross) is reason to assume that this represents the locations of our Solar Anchor Black Hole (the North-and South SABHs). At the same time in the Quantum FFF model, it is proposed that early Galaxies also are created by dual black hole ( HH) systems being former Big Bang black hole splintered primordial black holes. They will be called Galaxy
Category: Astrophysics

[503] viXra:1709.0396 [pdf] replaced on 2017-09-27 10:10:57

Dual Solar Anchor Black Holes or Herbig Haro Hotspots, the Origin of Quick Star Formation.

Authors: Leo Vuyk
Comments: 22 Pages.

Function Follows Form in Quantum FFF Theory. The rigid FORM and Microstructure of elementary particles (rigid strings), is supposed to be the origin of functional differences between Higgs- Graviton- Photon- and Fermion particles. As a consequence, a new splitting, accelerating and pairing new paradigm Black Hole, (BH) seem to be able to convert vacuum particle energy (ZPE) into real plasma which could explain quick Galaxy- and Star formation, by so called Galaxy- or Stellar Anchor Black Holes (GABHs respectively SABHs). These Anchor Black Holes can be observed as Herbig Haro ( HH) Hotspots or Bowshocks. Recent observation of two High Energy Cosmic Ray Hotspots, (HECRHs) at solar polar locations, ( Big Dipper and Southern cross) is reason to assume that this represents the locations of our Solar Anchor Black Hole (the North-and South SABHs). At the same time in the Quantum FFF model, it is proposed that early Galaxies also are created by dual black hole ( HH) systems being former Big Bang black hole splintered primordial black holes. They will be called Galaxy Anchor Black Holes ( GABHs)
Category: Astrophysics

[502] viXra:1708.0173 [pdf] replaced on 2017-08-17 16:39:28

Newton’s Gravitational Constant is not a Constant

Authors: Ilija Barukčić
Comments: 8 pages. Copyright © 2017 by Ilija Barukčić, Jever, Germany. Published by:

BACKGROUND AND AIM: Despite of one of the longest history of measurements in physics, a definite value of Newton's gravitational constant γ is still not in sight. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A thought experiment is performed to analyze the log- ical structure of the claim that Newton's gravitational constant γ is a constant. Two masses in deep space are accelerated (non-inertial frames of reference). After a period of time the acceleration stops. The behavior of Newton's gravitational constant γ is ana- lyzed. RESULTS: The assumption of the constancy of Newton's gravitational constant γ leads straightforward to a logical contradiction. Thus far, if we accept that Newton's gravita- tional constant γ we must accept too that +1=+0.
Category: Astrophysics

[501] viXra:1708.0138 [pdf] replaced on 2017-08-13 18:40:18

Feeding the Universe, Quantum Scaling and Neutrino

Authors: Evgeny A Novikov
Comments: 5 Pages.

Based on the quantum modification of the general relativity (Qmoger), it is shown, that the Vacuum is continuously feeding the universe with ultralight particles (vacumo). Vacumos are transforming into more heavy (but still ultralight) gravitons, which form quantum condensate even for high temperature. The condensate, under gravitational pressure in galaxies, produces the first generation of "ordinary" massive particles, with are identified with neutrinos. The estimated in this theory mass of neutrino satisfies the experimental bound. The oscillations of neutrino are explained in terms of interaction with the background condensate of gravitons. The electric dipole moment of neutrino is estimated. A connection of this theory with the Standard Model is discussed.
Category: Astrophysics

[500] viXra:1707.0412 [pdf] replaced on 2017-07-31 22:49:19

The Milky Way Should Be Constantly Expanding

Authors: Yibing Qiu
Comments: 1 Page.

Abstract: showinga viewpoint about the state of the Milky Way.
Category: Astrophysics